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<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1818-88) Born in Elkton, Cecil County, Md., he attended the public schools, was a civil engineer's assistant; attended the local academy at Elkton; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in Elkton; served as a Whig U.S. Congressman from Maryland, 1847-53.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Alexander Evans, Elkton, Maryland.  <b>For The Army in 1781


American Revolutionary War Document</b>


6 1/2 x 3 5/8, imprinted receipt, filled out in ink. State Of Connecticut. Pay-Table Office, Hartford, Oct. 9, 1781. Sir, Pay unto Ralph Pomeroy, Esq. D.Q.M. or Order, Three Pounds in Lawful Silver Money, out of the Tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence on the ground, granted by the General Assembly in May last, and charge the State. John Lawrence, Esq., Treasurer. Signed by 3 members of the Committee, on the obverse, William Moseley, Eleazer Wales, and signed vertically by General Samuel Wyllys. Docketed and signed on the reverse by Ralph Pomeroy, No. 6576, L3 order, R. Pomeroy, D.Q.M., Oct. 9, 1781. For Ralph Pomeroy, D.Q.M. William Adams, A.D.Q.M. Very fine and quite desirable Revolutionary War document.


This receipt is dated only 10 days before the British defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781.


The military finances for the Colony of Connecticut were handled by the Committee called the Pay-Table during the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Pay Table members during this period included jurist Oliver Ellsworth, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr., (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide-de-camp to General Jedediah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys. 


 


Criswell #85. Authorized By The Act of Congress, C.S.A., Of August 18, 1861. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and 3 female allegorical figures. Lithographed by B. Duncan, Columbia, S.C. Total number of bonds issued 1,491. Rarity 7. With 10 coupons attached. Very fine.  


<b>The author of this letter attended and witnessed and writes about a "Whore Ball" in Huntsville, Alabama!


Also includes content regarding famous Presbyterian clergyman, Frederick A. Ross, who had a national feud with the famous Methodist preacher William G. Brownlow of Tennessee!</b>


4 pages, 5 1/8 x 8 1/4, in in ink, written by W. Mastin to his friend Tom. 


<b><u>Huntsville, [Alabama], Jany. 18th [1861]</b></u>

 

Dear Tom,


I suppose you think Bob Shields* was very near true when he said I was a very poor correspondent as it has been nearly a week since I recd. your most welcome epistle.  You have heard ere this time that Dr. Patton was joined in holy wedlock with Mrs. Moore a few weeks ago. They took an extensive pleasure trip from here to Savannah and back and Miss Mary Beirne accompanied them.  They had a safe and pleasant journey and have now returned home.  Mrs. Moore looks a little the worst for wear and the Dr. looks fat & hearty rejoicing over his good luck.  The celebrated Dr. F. Ross is in our town and he has set the whole place in commotion.[1] "All must go and hear him" is the constant bawl of some person who busy interest about such foolishness.  I as a matter of course had to hear his lordship Sunday and was not as well pleased with him as I expected to be.  I had heard so much of him that I concurred Daniel Webster [2] would be no "whar" by the side of him.  The Methodist cry for [William G.] Brownlow [3] to come and give him hell. <b><I>We have a great amount of fun now.  We have what we term a stunning party ever Friday night. A crowd of young ladies & boys collect at some house without any invitation and dance until 11 or 12 o’clock then we politely retire and as it is Friday now, we would have one tonight, but for Mr. Ross.</b></I>  All the boys and girls Mothers will make them trot to hear "Brother Ross" as he is affectionately styled by all the Church members.  In my last letter I made several inquiries about Sam Matthews.**  You did not answer them.  How is old Sam coming on.  <b><I>I witnessed a pleasant little circumstance the other night in Huntsville.  We had a regular "Whore Ball" here and some boys got a little drunk and went in to see the dance I among them.  The men would dance to the women throw their arm around their necks, kiss them & hug them and after it broke up no doubt screw them, but I began to get tighter & tighter and drunker until I feared I could not get away and that some old man might find me in such a place so I left.</b></I> Will you give my love to old Sam. Write soon.


Your friend,

W. Mastin


Wat says he will write as soon as he has time. He is keeping book for McCausey and it keeps him very busy as he has acct. the asst. to draw off this month. Old Chris stays with Tobe most all the time now. Charlie Masters is as damned a rascal as ever. He drinks privately yet I am the same old chap. I always was, only I don’t use ardent spirits since my introduction to Mr. Peck.


Very neat and well written letter on blue stationary. This letter is extremely rare to find as moral values being as strict as they were in the 1860's people were discouraged from writing sexual content in their letters, or if they were brave, or brazen enough to ignore the common decency expected of them during this era of history, such letters were usually destroyed so as not to be found among the possessions of the recipients, or in the case of the Civil War, a person would not want to find such a letter among the possessions of a deceased soldier, or amongst the possessions kept by a friend or a loved one of a deceased soldier. It was very common for soldiers to throw away pipes, tobacco, playing cards, dice, and other objects that they didn't want to be sent home with their possessions should they be killed in battle. Sexual content items were even more taboo during this period. In my 39 plus years in business I have never seen a letter referring to a "whore ball" before!! Extremely rare!! Written examples with sexual contact from the Civil War are exceedingly rare to find!!  


Based on the information that was provided to me when I acquired this extremely rare letter, combined with the diligent research I did myself, this is what I know about the letter. It was once in the collection of a now deceased prominent Civil War collector, and out of respect I will not use their name in my description. This letter was found inside of a Confederate envelope that had been endorsed by Captain Thomas F. Spence, of Company E, 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles who was very probably the recipient of the letter. All of the letters written to Captain Spence during the war period were addressed, "Dear Tom," as was this letter. Captain Spence enlisted on July 15, 1861, as a captain, and was commissioned into the above named regiment. He was killed in action at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on December 31, 1862. 


The letter writer, W. Mastin, mentions that it is Friday when he is writing and when I looked at my Civil War almanac the only January 18th that fell on a Friday during the war period was 1861. So Mastin no doubt wrote this letter on January 18, 1861, from Huntsville, Alabama, less than 2 months before the first guns of the war were fired. In researching all of the Mastin's that fought for the Confederacy that came from Alabama, assuming Mastin joined the Confederate army, I was only able to find two possibilities. One was William Mastin who enlisted on November 15, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into Co. A, 4th Alabama Cavalry. The second one was William F. Mastin, who enlisted on May 1, 1861, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. D, 7th Alabama Infantry.


[1] <u>Frederick Augustus Ross</u>: (1796-1883) Was a Presbyterian New School clergyman in Huntsville, Alabama, a slave owner, publisher and pro-slavery author of the book, "Slavery As Ordained of God" that was published in 1857. In the late 1840s, Ross began quarreling with Methodist minister and Whig newspaper publisher William G. Brownlow. Ross had earlier "declared war" on Methodism as a co-editor in his Calvinist Magazine, published from 1827 to 1832. Brownlow initially responded to Ross with a running column, "F.A. Ross' Corner," in the Jonesborough Whig. In 1847, he launched a separate paper, the Jonesborough Quarterly Review, which was dedicated to refuting Ross's attacks, and embarked on a speaking tour that summer. He derided Ross as a "habitual adulterer" and the son of a slave, and accused his relatives of stealing and committing indecent acts (Ross's son responded to the latter charge with a death threat). This quarrel between the two men continued until Brownlow moved his newspaper to Knoxville in 1849. Ross would go on to author a book in 1857 (written in response to the earlier 1852 book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin: or Life among the Lowly," by Harriet Beecher Stowe) that he entitled "Slavery As Ordained of God." Abraham Lincoln later read "Slavery As Ordained of God" and found in Ross's interpretation of the divine will pertaining to the national question of slavery as material for a telling passage as to how slavery advocates and owners themselves benefit from slavery within the 1858 Lincoln–Douglas debates. Ross died in Huntsville, Alabama in 1883. 


[2] <u>Daniel Webster</u>: (1782-1852) American statesman, lawyer and orator. Served as a United States Congresman, 1813-17, and 1823-27; United States Senator, 1827-41, and 1845-50; and United States Secretary of State, 1841-43, and 1850-52. He was one of the greatest orators of his time, well known for his brilliant speeches and eloquent public addresses. 


[3] <u>William G. Brownlow</u>: (1805-77) A leading Tennessee Unionist during the Civil War. He was originally a Methodist minister, thus earning the lifelong nickname of "Parson." He became editor of the Knoxville Whig in 1849. Although a strong pro-slavery man, he violently opposed secession in 1861 and soon became a leader of Unionist elements in east Tennessee. Confederate authorities suppressed his newspaper and later imprisoned him for several months during the winter of 1861-62 on suspicion of complicity in the bridge burning that so incensed Jefferson Davis. Later released, he became a firm advocate of a hard war against the South. He was elected governor of Tennessee on the Republican ticket in 1865, and again in 1867. In 1869, he became a U.S. Senator.


* I found a Robert G. Shields, who enlisted on May 1, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into the 37th Alabama Infantry. He was the only one with that last name and the first name of either Bob or Robert that I could find in an Alabama regiment.


** I found a Samuel H.B. Matthews, who served in Co. I, 4th Alabama Cavalry, the same regiment that I found a William Mastin serving in. This Matthews enlisted on October 1, 1862. There is no way to be certain these soldiers are the same men from this letter, but it does add another connecting dot that makes it a possibility.

Autograph, Alexander Evans $10.00

 

The Continental Connecticut Quartermaste $100.00

 

1861 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $150.00

 

Extremely Rare 1861 Letter, Sex in the C $350.00




<b>THE CIVIL WAR HAS BEGUN!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was hand tinted in color and published in the April 27, 1861 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: The Interior Of Fort Sumter During The Bombardment. 15 1/2 x 10 3/4. Harper's Weekly and the date are printed in the margin. Extremely desirable April 1861 illustration showing the explosions and sheer devastation caused inside of the fort with Union officers and soldiers looking on. 


Spectacular view of the interior of Fort Sumter, while it was under heavy bombardment from the various Confederate batteries around Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. At about 4:30 A.M. on the morning of April 12, 1861, the Confederate States of America fired upon the Union fort, the last bastion representing the United States Government in South Carolina, and one of the fiercest and bloodiest wars in modern history began. When it was all said and done, and the Confederacy laid down their arms and battle flags in defeat in 1865, approximately 622,000 American lives were lost!   <b>Regarding Cotton


Folded letter used as the envelope to mail the correspondence from Augusta, Ga. to Graniteville, S.C.</b>


7 1/2 x 8 1/2, in ink, written by B.S. Dunbar to Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co. in Graniteville, South Carolina. The letter which bears the date line of Augusta, (Ga.), Dec. 3d, 1862 discusses the cotton business. It is signed, "Very Truly, B.S. Dunbar." The letter was folded in such a way as to create a blank panel that was used in the same way that an envelope would be used to address the letter to the recipient. In this particular instance it is addressed to "Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co., Graniteville, S.C." This folded letter was mailed through the Confederate States of America postal system as it has a dark blue, Ten Cents, Thomas Jefferson postage stamp, (Paterson 2b) which has been tied on nicely with an Augusta, Ga. postmark. The date "3" is also clearly visible within the oval Augusta, Ga. postmark, so this letter was mailed on (Dec.) 3, (1862) since the letter is dated Dec. 3rd, 1862. There is also a docket on the reverse, "B.S. Dunbar, Dec. 3d, 1862." There is a tiny whole in the paper at the upper left which does not affect any of the content. This was most likely caused by gluing the letter closed and occurred when it was opened. There is also a very small piece of the upper right edge torn off, probably for the same reason. Small area of paper loss at the lower left edge which does not affect any of the content. Fine war date (1862) Confederate postage usage in folded letter format from Augusta, Ga. with a very nice dark blue 10 cents Thomas Jefferson Confederate postage stamp, and mailed to Graniteville, South Carolina.


WBTS Trivia: B.S. Dunbar were buyers of cotton on commission during the War Between the States. J.J. Gregg & Co. were clients of Dunbar who were engaged in the Confederate manufacturing business.     In a collecting field steeped with variations requiring a specialized appreciation of those variations, there is likely someone out there that will recognize this attractive Zouave fez as indicative to a particular regiment but we will leave that to the experts. With that said our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful crimson red fez.   Fashioned from that classic period wool felt that it seems was most desirable to hungry moths, original examples seldom survive in any kind of condition yet while this example exhibits some minor moth tracking as evidence of age and originality it is solid with no holes and retains its original bright crimson coloration with no fading.  An especially nice, high profile Zouave fez complete with its original leather sweat band and false bullion regimental number, this early Civil War fez will go well on its own or in any period headgear collection.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

The Bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Ca

 

1862 Confederate Business Letter From Au $150.00

 

exceptional ! high profile Civil War er $895.00

 

antique turned bone & leather POUCH $65.00

Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 Believed first made for export in the 1850s, the <I>Ring of Rings Puzzle</I> has existed to ancient times in China with the earliest known Western written reference set down by an Italian mathematician associate of Leonardo da Vinci in 1500.  Credited to craftsmen in Canton, China who first fashioned their cow bone <I>Ring of Rings</I> puzzle for export in the 1850s the now rarely surviving puzzle became a popular diversion throughout Europe and the Americas.  This period example remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains yet with good evidence of age and period construction. The puzzle remains complete even to its original, period appropriate, <I>rose-head</I> brass wires.  We will send the purchaser an internet link containing the puzzle resolution, that is to remove all nine bone rings trapped on the decoratively carved handle.  (This can be accomplished in 341 steps by following two simple rules.) <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our photos should do best to describe this nice original die-struck mounted artillery hat device except to offer that it is completely original, in fine unissued condition and is of the Civil War period  The piece measures approximately 1 15/16 inches wide with soldered brass wire fasteners. (Note that 2 wires are missing.)  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired this piece several years ago now when we were fortunate enough to purchase a number of items brought home by a W. Stokes Kirk clerk when the Philadelphia based Civil War surplus dealer closed up shop in 1976.  Founded in 1874, W. Stokes Kirk like Bannerman in New York purchased large quantities of Civil War surplus at government auction. Seems like an impossibility  now but we can remember wares of the two offering original Civil War material as late as the 1950s.  This piece offers a now rare opportunity to acquire such an item from what for years now has become an ever dwindling and now a nearly nonexistent supply. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  An attractive <I>General Grant</I> board game turned from American walnut with a full complement of 32 period clay marble game pieces.    This example measures approximately 7 ¾  inches in diameter, a more desirable size than the larger more frequently encountered  <I>parlor</I> size that would have been less likely to have seen use in the field.   A similar to the old <I>Fox & Geese</I> peg board solitaire game that was so popular in the period of the American Revolution, this game was played utilizing marbles rather than pegs as with its earlier cousin but with the same principal of jumping one game piece with another.   A successful player would finish the game with only one game piece left on the board.  A popular solitaire game of strategy among the military, the Civil War era marble variation became commonly known as the <I>General Grant Game</I> as it was a favorite diversion of the hard drinking cigar smoking Civil War Union Commander.  This  outstanding <I>field size</I> example is in pleasing condition with a <U>full complement of period clay marbles</U>.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long $65.00

 

19th century Antique Cantonese Puzzle – $175.00

 

W. STOKES KIRK - Civil War surplus - Mou $95.00

 

Original ! Gen. GRANT Civil War era BO $225.00

A large example, (shown here with a quarter for size comparison) intricately carved with dog and stag, our illustrations will likely do best to describe this attractive old hunting motif meerschaum tobacco pipe.  With lots of rich color as comes to natural meerschaum with many a pleasant smoke and a good period char as additional evidence of age and originality, this old hand carved pipe remains in pleasing condition and will display well in any tobacciana or period grouping.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 Found in a costal Maine attic, this approximately 37 X 25 inch piece of homespun linen is hand bound at the edges and retains a pinned on, meticulously penned, period notation preserving the relic as a: <I><B> Piece of English officer’s table cloth Used at the siege of Sebastopol</I></B> (Sevastopol) <B><I> Crimean war, 1855.  Brought home by Capt. John Lincoln Of Brunswick, Maine </B></I>  Our research of period census records produced a single John Lincoln in Brunswick, Maine.  The household consisted of John’s mother, his wife Mary, a brother George, an Englishman named William A. Stevens, his wife Clara and a dressmaker, Peabbecca Farrin.  <U>All three males were recorded as mariners. </U>   A faded red oval stamp in one corner to the table cloth is not discernable to us but may be of note to a collector of period British material. (see photo)  A neat old piece that will likely have a story to tell with some research, one must be fascinated with a connection between the Maine mariner and British sea service at the great Siege of Sebastopol?  Was Capt. John Lincoln simply a shrewd Maine seafarer who was enticed by the high profits nautical life of dangerous parts of the world or was he somehow more closely associated with the military aspects of the infamous siege.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! : </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Our photo illustrations will likely do best to describe this little baking utensil except to advise that remains in nice original condition with a pleasing natural age patina to brass and wood.   Obviously hand crafted and completely original, this little  pastry or <I>pie</I> crimper as they are commonly referred to, will lay in nicely with additional period kitchen collectables without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 


Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Augusta, Ga. C.D.S. Dietz Type B all in violet, 2 APR. (1864). The envelope has been boldly endorsed by a Confederate Georgia officer at the top left, "R.H. Atkinson, Capt. 1st Ga. Regulars." Very nicely addressed to "Mrs. E.A. Atkinson, Macon, Georgia." Coarse paper cover which is probably homemade. Very fine war period Confederate Georgia cover.


Robert Holt Atkinson was commissioned second lieutenant in Company G, 1st Georgia Regulars, on February 1, 1861. He was promoted to first lieutenant in Company A, on September 3, 1861. He served as the regimental adjutant for a period and then was promoted to captain of Company C, at the Battle of Olustee, Florida, on February 20, 1864. He survived the war and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. 


In the book, "Footprints of a Regiment; A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865," by W.H. Andrews, Andrews described Lieutenant Atkinson at the Battle of Second Manassas, Virginia, "To the right of me and walking down the line was our Adjutant Lieutenant R.H. Atkinson, with our flag in one hand and his sword in the other. Our colors had fallen for the fourth time. Our gallant color bearer Sergeant Baldwin had lost his life, besides two others who were killed who had lifted the colors up by the time they had struck the ground, the fourth man being wounded. Then Lieutenant Atkinson raised them up. He was certainly making a conspicuous target of himself, but fear was a stranger to him." 


This cover originated from Confederate philatelic expert John L. Kimbrough, and it has been in an advanced private Confederate collection for the last almost ten years before I was fortunate enough to acquire it. Mr. Kimbrough has signed and dated the cover in pencil on the reverse.


WBTS Trivia: The 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Macon, Georgia, in April 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were from Atlanta and Brunswick, and Glynn and Montgomery counties. It was brigaded under General Robert Toombs and in April, 1862, contained 367 effectives. Transferred to G.T. Anderson's Brigade, the unit fought gallantly with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. It was then ordered to Florida, assigned to G.P. Harrison's Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and fought at the battle of Olustee, Florida, the only major battle to be fought in Florida during the War Between the States. During the summer of 1864, it was stationed in the Charleston area and later saw action at Savannah and in North Carolina. The regiment reported 3 killed and 19 wounded at Savage's Station, had 27 killed and 77 wounded at Second Manassas, and lost 3 killed and 25 wounded at Olustee. Only 45 officers and men surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. [Source: Units of the Confederate Armies by Joseph H. Crute, Jr].

vintage – Dog & Stag MEERSCHAUM TOBACCO $95.00

 

c. 1855 Siege of Sebastopol / Crimean W $145.00

 

earlier to mid1800s PASTRY CRIMPER $45.00

 

Confederate Cover From Captain, 1st Geor $250.00




Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 7, 1864 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/2 x 11. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. Very desirable war date slave related sketch done by the celebrated illustrator A.R. Waud.  <b>Artillery


Writes of the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia not long after the battle of Gettysburg!</b>


4 pages, 5 x 7 1/4, in ink, written by Private Philip Samuel Mosby, to his sister, Polly G. Woodson. Very neat and well written Confederate letter.


<b><u>Orange Ct. House, [Virginia] Aug.19th, 1863</b></u>


My Dear Sister,


I joyfully received you kind favor of the 22nd of July and hasten to reply the morning after getting it. I got one of the same date from Nancy, and it really looked to me that fortune had smiled upon me getting two letters from home at once although they took 26 days to reach me.  All that you both wrote was news to me. It is useless for me to say anything about Merry as the last I saw of him he belonged to Company I, a loafer, if he has not been home before now you may look for him soon. I hope he will stay in "I" as long as the war lasts if he can, and if there is any chance for him to do so without imposing his hand, I hope he will as he is no danger now since getting to be as the only danger "I" is in far from home the Yankees may play the grub game on them, but they will soon release them as they soon prove a curse to any country. Merry and myself go to see each other whenever we get in striking distance and have a good deal of our old dry fun. You will remember his old expression that there is no harm in old dry. I wish I could see him now but you may rest assured he is all right as I have heard from him on this side of the Potomac and the Yanks did not get him. Polly I reckon you are better able to judge what kind of creatures we are fighting since you have seen them. I was glad to hear the thieves treated you as respectfully as they did. We never have met them yet that we did not make them get further. I don’t feel under any obligations to the creatures for not calling on me.  I look upon that as providential and feel that our creator is heaping blessings upon me.  I was glad to hear from John and Joe as I haven’t heard from them since I went to Yankee land.  John feels to me if possible more than a brother. I never will forget his and Martin’s kindness to my family. He did not stay in service long enough to learn the slight of hand in pressing things into service. While in Yankee land I did not eat anything but my rations for I could not press as many of our men did and would not offer to buy as they had no use for our money. I have cleared my conscience thus far throughout the war and mean to do so as long as I stay in service. I was truly glad to hear B.F. Wittshire has gotten home. I hope the poor fellow will be able to stay. I am truly sorry for Mrs. Whittshire. I hope Frank will not be permanently injured as so much depends on him. Present my best regards to him and the family. As you all have heard of all of the boys before now I will not say anything about them more than I believe they are all safe that you inquired about. I was very sorry to hear of the death of Thommy Johnson. I hope the poor fellow is better off. I am truly sorry for your Uncle Peter. He has had a great deal of trouble. I hope it will put him to thinking of the future. I reckon poor Zence is not long for this world but she will be better off.  I told Josiah of the report of his being wounded it was true he was struck by a ball, but the skin was not broken. Joe sends his respects to you all. He is as good a fellow as ever lived. We are together all of the time. I saw J.H. Duggins [1] a few days ago. He is well and as dry and jokey as ever. Lucien Simms is also well, as well as the rest of the boys in his company from our neighborhood. A.B. Nacholds came to camp the other day and brought me the most glorious tidings that could possibly have reached my ears. I hope it is all true you must let me hear in your next. The news was this that all of you all and Nancy had joined the church after making a public profession of eternal happiness in the world. Polly you can’t imagine my feelings when I heard it. It is just what I have been praying for mos. When only my God and myself knew of it, my sister it seems to me that this war must end as there is so much religion in our land, great revivals are going on at home as well as in the army. We have meetings right here at us every night here of late. Joe and myself go every night together. Last night I did not sleep more than 3 hours after getting from meeting as I had to go on guard soon after getting to camp.  Last night I saw upwards of twenty men go up to join the church. You can’t imagine the pleasantness of my feelings when I witnessed it and thought of those so dear to me at home. I wish I could be with you all now and hope and pray and believe I will ere long as our army seems so much bent on seeking the Lord while he may be found. To see the men in the woods with their muskets stacked around them day and night on their knees asking God to have mercy on their souls is a glorious sight to one who feels an interest in the future. Nan told me in her last that Martin had an idea of joining my company. I hope he will as we might be very useful to each other as company besides all of this. I think this much the safest branch of service and I think it is the duty of every married man to save himself in any honorable way so he can in times like these. Martin feels as a dear brother to me. Tell him and all to write to me. Give my best love to all and tell them to write to me. You must write often. My greatest pleasure is to read a letter from some of you. I must close praying the blessing of our heavenly father on us all.


From your affect. brother,

Phil

Direct to Longstreet’s Corps, Alexander’s Battln., Woolfolk’s Co.


Philip Samuel Mosby enlisted as a private in the Hanover Light Artillery in Hanover County, Virginia, on March 25, 1862. When the battery broke up in October 1862, Mosby transferred to the Ashland Light Artillery on the eight day of that month. At some point during the month of July 1864, Mosby was detailed to the Medical Department of than General Edward Porter Alexander's Artillery Battalion for duty under Surgeon, Doctor Henry Vincent Gray, where he no doubt saw the horrors of war from an even closer more personal perspective. Discharged from the Confederate Army on November 12, 1864, Mosby returned to Hanover County where he began a successful career as a carpenter. 


Very well written letter by Philip S. Mosby a month and a half after General Lee's defeat at the battle of Gettysburg, as Lee's army regroups in Orange Court House, Virginia. There is some excellent content in the letter regarding the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia, and more. This letter was sold by Raynor's Historical Collectibles Auctions in November 2005 and clearly documents that the letter writer was Philip S. Mosby, of the Ashland Light Artillery. A copy of the auction lot write up will be included with this letter. I recently acquired it from the private collection it has been in since the Raynor Auction 12 years ago.


[1] The J.H. Duggins that Mosby mentions in his letter was Josiah H. Duggins, who enlisted on August 16, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was wounded in action at the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. His place and date of discharge are unknown. He does however appear active on Confederate muster rolls as late as January 15, 1865.


In Mosby's closing he directs his sister to have the folks direct their letters to Longstreet's Corps, Alexander's Battalion, Woolfolk's Company. He is referring to General James Longstreet, commander of the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia; Colonel Edward Porter Alexander, Chief of General Longstreet's Artillery Corps; and Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr., the commander of the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. Captain Woolfolk was severely wounded on July 2, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, receiving a severe gunshot wound to his right shoulder. Woolfolk was later captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Ky., when Longstreet's Corps transferred to The Army of Tennessee. Woolfolk was confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del., until being exchanged at Fortress Monroe, Va., on September 1, 1864.


Very desirable and scarce 1863 Confederate Ashland Virginia Light Artillery letter!


WBTS Trivia: Of the 103 members of the Ashland Light Artillery engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, 27 per cent were killed or wounded. This hard fought Virginia Artillery regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with only 2 officers and 64 men left. Captain Picheqru Woolfolk, Jr. was in command.             



  


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia


Loyal Virginia Unionist during the Civil War!


Arrested multiple times by the Confederate Government


Arrested in his home in Culpeper County, Virginia by General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863</b>


(1802-69) Born in Dumfries, Va., he was a lawyer and politician who stayed true to the Union. The most conspicuous arrest made during the Civil War under the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was that of this prominent Virginia citizen who had been a large part of the political life of Virginia for 30 years. He had served as a member of the Virginia State Legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a staunch opponent of secession declaring his state had no right to secede, and said that the leaders in the South were conspirators. He was arrested on March 2, 1862, in his home in Richmond, and confined in jail for several weeks. Through a personal interview with Confederate Secretary of War, George W. Randolph, he finally obtained permission to remain in his own home in Richmond, upon taking an oath to say nothing more that was prejudicial to the Confederacy. Tiring of confinement in his house, he purchased a farm in Culpeper County, Va., and moved there in January 1863. From there he started up again to denounce secession. His home was always full of Confederate officers and Union generals and he was arrested once again by orders of General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863, but was soon released without further molestation.


<u>Signature</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, Jno. M. Botts. Very desirable autograph!  Measuring approximately 7 ½ inches in total length (not counting the lanyard loop) this antique awl shows the original draw file marks under a deep natural iron patina on the metal and sports a grip of sail cord macramé.  A <I>must have</I> hand tool of the 19th century working sailor, aloft and on the deck, a stout awl suspended from a neck lanyard was ever present to aid in sail repair, <I>picking</I> knots or, in a pinch would serve as an effective weapon.  Entirely hand made with a classic nautical macramé grip this piece retains a collection inventory number.  A nice original period piece for the Civil War era nautical enthusiast.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery $75.00

 

1863 Confederate Artillery Letter, Ashla $350.00

 

Autograph, John Minor Botts $50.00

 

antique macramé – SAILOR’S AWL $65.00




Criswell #125. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and nice view of the Confederate capitol city of Richmond, Virginia, at the upper right. Dejected figure of Liberty at the bottom. Some of the original coupons are still attached. One of the most popular of all War Between the States Confederate bonds. Very fine.  


Unused, 8 x 10 3/4, illustrated letter sheet with a beautiful, large panoramic view of the city of Washington, D.C. Published by Charles Magnus & Co., 12 Frankfort St., N. York. Extremely desirable Magnus Civil War era letter sheet featuring our nation's capitol city. Excellent condition.  


1863 Confederate postage stamps. Scott #11. Corner block of four 10 cents, Confederate States of America, postage stamps with bust of President Jefferson Davis. Printed by Archer & Daly, Richmond, Va. Large portion of the blank sheet is visible to the left of the stamps. Light corner and edge wear but in unused condition.  

 <b>in the Department of North Carolina


Signed by Archer Anderson, who was severely wounded at the bloody battle of Sharpsburg, Md., and was the son of prominent Confederate General Joseph Reid Anderson!


Also includes an A.E.S. by Lieutenant Colonel Charles W. Broadfoot</b>


8 x 10, imprinted form, filled out in ink.


Head-Quarters Department of North Carolina,

Wilmington, N. Carolina, Feby. 7th, 1865


Special Orders

No.35


Leaves of absence are granted to the following officers for the periods set opposite their names:


Lieut. Col. C.W. Broadfoot, 1st Regiment Reserves for 14 days.


Trav. furnished in Kind from Raleigh to Fayetteville, No. 906, Feb. 20th, 1865.


J.M. McGowan

Capt. A.Q.M.


By order of General Bragg

Archer Anderson

A.A.G.


To Lieut. Col. Broadfoot

Through Brig. Genl. Baker


<u>Endorsements on the reverse</u>:


Trans. furnished in kind from Kinston to Raleigh, N.C., No. 405, Feby.16/65

O.S. Dewey

Capt. & A.G.


Kinston, N.C.

Feb. 16/65


I certify that I have been an enlisted man in the C.S. Army for more than twelve months and have never had transportation in kind or commutation of money in lieu thereof.


C.W. Broadfoot

Lt. Col. 1st R.R.N.C.


Light age toning and wear. Tiny paper chip out of the upper left corner not affecting any of the content. Scarce and very desirable Department of North Carolina imprinted form with the signature of the prominent Confederate officer and later President of the famous Tredegar Ironworks Archer Anderson, and a war date autograph endorsement signed by prominent North Carolinian Charles W. Broadfoot, as well as two other Confederate officers.


<u>Charles W. Broadfoot</u>: (1842-1919) He was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle. On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911. His father, William Giles Broadfoot, was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina.


<u>Colonel Archer Anderson</u>: Born at the home of his maternal grandfather, Robert Archer, at Old Point Comfort, at Fortress Monroe, he was the eldest of the dozen children of Confederate General Joseph Reid Anderson. After they moved to Richmond in 1841, his father became an industrial leader and played an important role in the Confederate war effort. Archer Anderson attended Turner's Classical School and then entered the University of Virginia at the age of fifteen. He completed his degree in two years and traveled to Europe where he studied at the University of Berlin before returning to the University of Virginia in 1858 to study law. In 1859, he returned to Europe and married Mary Anne Mason, daughter of the United States Minister to France. He served in Co. F, 1st Virginia Volunteers, a militia unit consisting of prominent men from Richmond, Va. When the War Between the States broke out, they became part of the 21st Virginia Infantry and fought in the Seven Days Battles and at Sharpsburg, where Archer Anderson was severely wounded and he lay unconscious on the field for almost ten hours. He was transferred to the Army of Tennessee, and fought at the battle of Chickamauga. Promoted to rank of lieutenant colonel, he participated at that Army's last battle at Bentonville, N.C. Thereafter he joined his father at the Tredegar Ironworks in Richmond, and in 1867 was appointed as secretary and treasurer. After his father's death in 1892, he was elected as the president of Tredegar Ironworks. Under his leadership the firm realized strong dividends. He was also active in a variety of civic and veterans organizations and delivered the oration at the dedication of the statue of General Robert E. Lee on Monument Ave., in Richmond, Virginia, in 1890.


<u>Oliver S. Dewey</u>: was a staff officer of the Confederate General Staff.


I was unable to find any further information about Captain McGowan other than he was a Confederate staff officer.

1863 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $125.00

 

City of Washington, D. C. Illustrated Let $35.00

 

Corner Block of Four Confederate 10 Cent $125.00

 

Leave of Absence for Confederate Lieuten $250.00

An especially nice item for the antique writing instrument collector, an attractive companion piece laid in a writing desk or displayed with a period ink well, we have a small number of original writing quills and are offering them here <U>individually priced</U> for the collector who would enjoy an original example for display.  Each of these original goose writing quills measures approximately 9 1/2 inches in length and remains in fine un-used condition.  These writing quills were acquired in their period slip top box with original label proclaiming the content as <B>CONGRESS QUILL PENS</B><U> which identifies the pens as the product of </U> <B>E. DeYoung</B> who is listed as a New York quill cutter from 1846 to 1854.  (see: <I>New York Historical Society Museum</I> and the <I>American Antiquarian Society,</I> Worcester, Massachusetts collections. (Each period quill pen will come with a copy of the original CONGRESS QUILL PENS label.)  A scarce acquisition for the antique writing instrument enthusiast.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Our illustrations will do best to describe this Civil War vintage item except to advise that the two piece rock maple shoe last measures 10 7/16 inches from toe to the back of the heal and both pieces are marked <B>WHITMARSH PAT. 1864</B>   Our research identified the patentee as <I>Henry M. Whitmarsh</I>, listed as a resident <I>manufacturer</I> of Abington, Massachusetts in the 1860 U. S. Census.  A bit of a variation from the 1864 drawing, this example has the subject iron plate on the heel rather than the toe as illustrated in the drawing.   Well established as a <I>one industry</I>town (shoemaking) by the 19th century, at the time of the outbreak of the Civil War, Abington, Mass. was well positioned to respond to the Union’s desperate demand for footwear with major contracts for boots and shoes satisfied by Abington cobblers. 


 This Type III Grand Army of the Republic membership medal remains in excellent condition with its original ribbon remaining in equally nice condition.  Of significance to the <I>deep-dish</I> GAR enthusiast will be that this example offers the rarely seen numbers on back side points.  While such numbering was reserved for the earliest Type III medals held for issue to <B> National Officers</B>, this is the only known example of the appearance of <U>two</U> numbers on each of two points (see illustration).   Not to be confused with the letter and serial number appearing on the <U>edge</U> of later design membership medals, the information on these numbered Type III medals may be found in Robert J. Wolz’s fine G.A.R. reference <I>GRAND ARMY MEN – The GAR and its male organizations </I>.  Per Wolz who refers to Gen. Frederick Starring who designed the Type III, stating that the first of the new medals <U>were presented to national officers and numbered</U>.  Starring received No. 1 which remains in the family to this day.  Frequently referred to as the Medal of Honor type for its similarity to the Congressional Medal (particularly the design of the eagle), the type three was patent dated <B>Dec. 28, 1869</B> (see illustration) and was the first of the eagle with suspended star variations.  Some variation in color from medal to medal is attributed to the GAR requiring that the medals be struck from the bronze of captured Confederate cannon.  As this supply ran out, later examples were struck from standard (consistent) alloy.  A rare early example from the largest and most influential of  Civil War veteran organizations.  

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!


 Measuring approximately 7 inches in total length, this wonderful old feather cockade remains in excellent original condition as you can see and comes as found with its period straight pin for fastening.  The un-backmarked period one piece disk button shows a pleasing age patina.  A rare accessory for your original Civil War or earlier military hat, we acquired four of these from an attic storage box years ago and as we <I>thin out</I> have decided to keep one and offer the remaining cockades individually priced.  Most frequently associated with uniform <I>slouch</I> and <I>Hardee</I> type headgear, these embellishments will go equally well on a forage cap.

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

original c. 1846-54 CONGRESS QUILL PENN b $55.00

 

Henry M. Whitmarsh - PAT. 1864 SHOE LAS $95.00

 

Rare!! NUMBERED - Type III G. A. R. Memb $425.00

 

Original Civil War & earlier - ostrich f $125.00




<b>Important note dealing with the concern caused by the inflation of Confederate Bonds & Currency in late 1863!</b>


4 pages, 7 3/4 x 12 1/4.


State of North Carolina


Know all men by these presents that I William G. Broadfoot of the County of Cumberland & State of North Carolina am held & firmly bound unto Geo. B. Wetmore, of the County of Rowan & same state in the sum of Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars good & lawful money which sum will & truly be paid to him the said George B. Wetmore, his heirs, executors, administrators & assigns.  I bind myself, my heirs, executors, administrators & assigns firmly by these presents.  Witness my hand & seal this 19th day of Sept. A.D., 1863.


The condition of this obligation is such that whereas the above bounder, William G. Broadfoot hath this day borrowed from the said, Geo. B. Wetmore, the sum of Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars in Confederate Bonds & notes and whereas such funds are greatly depreciated in value so that Gold & Silver are worth therein a premium of One Thousand to Twelve Hundred per cent- Bank notes, Lands & Slaves are worth about three times their old value, Provisions & Fabrics from six to twelve times- and whereas the money hereby borrowed has been raised by the sale of the Rockingham Hotel for which the said Geo. B. Wetmore has this day received in Confederate Bonds & money three times as much as it would bring under a sound state of the currency to wit.  Three Thousand Five Hundred Dollars- And whereas the said George B. Wetmore does not wish to receive in payment of the debt hereby incurred the same funds nor any similar thereto except under circumstances greatly changed, but prefers to receive at some future date in Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto a much smaller amount to wit the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars, and whereas the said William G. Broadfoot being able to use the money here by borrowed to advantage at this time, doth agree, whether the present war shall result in favor of the Confederate States or adversely to them, at some future day to wit, whenever either by the establishment of peace, by the resumption of Specie Payment on the part of the banks, or by any other means, Gold & Silver or any funds equivalent thereto shall become a part of the regular currency of our country, to pay to the said George B. Wetmore the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto- he the said William G. Broadfoot being entitled if he claims the same to three months notice.  And whereas the said William G. Broadfoot hath agreed to pay to the said Geo. B. Wetmore the annual sum of Two Hundred & Ten Dollars as interest on the aforesaid debt in Confederate notes & in case of such notes becoming incurrent the said such interest to be paid in some current funds worth in proportion to prices as heretofore set forth, not less that the value now of Confederate notes and whereas in case of such of both the parties hereto or their legal representatives (if either or both of them should die before final settlement) it is agreed that the said William G. Broadfoot shall pay such sum at another time & in other funds as may be satisfactory to all concerned to be determined either by themselves or failing that, then by arbitrators and to be chosen by either side & or third by the two thus chosen all to be done by agreement & consent- And any such settlement other than that provided in chief in Gold & Silver or equivalent Gold & Silver herein agreed upon, also with reference to the prices of Land, Slaves & other things already alluded to as such things sell compared with the prices which they may be at the time of settlement. Now then if the said William G. Broadfoor shall pay to the said Geo. B. Wetmore the annual interest of Two Hundred & Ten Dollars or herein agreed & shall also pay a final settlement in Gold & Silver or in funds equivalent thereto the sum of One Thousand Seven Hundred & Fifty Dollars & shall otherwise comply with the agreement herein contained. Then this obligation to be void, otherwise to remain in full force & effect.


Notations and figures written on the last page, Bk. of Fayetteville, Sept. 19, 1863.


Light age toning and some scattered light staining.


William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the borrower, was the father of two Confederate soldiers, Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot. William Giles Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


George B. Wetmore, the lender, was a lawyer and Episcopal priest from Rowan County, North Carolina.


This is an important Confederate North Carolina promissory note dealing with the repayment of a loan in the amount of $3,500. By late 1863 concerns were being raised in the Confederacy over the value of C.S.A. bonds and currency which causes the lender in this case, George B. Wetmore, to want the repayment of this note to be made in gold and silver instead of Confederate bonds and currency. Wetmore has even agreed to settle for half the amount owed him if paid in gold and silver. This note is a rare commentary on the inflation of Confederate bonds and currency in 1863! Very desirable war date Confederate bonds and currency related document.    

  


<b>Chief of Artillery, of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia


It was Alexander's guns that bombarded the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for the immortal Pickett's Charge, at Gettysburg, on July 3, 1863!


From Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Ashland Virginia Light Artillery, who was severely wounded during the battle of Gettysburg and captured at Bowling Green, Kentucky!</b>


War date Confederate envelope with pair of 5 cents Jeff Davis (Scott #7) postage stamps, with ink cancellation. Addressed by Confederate Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, in ink, to Col. E.P. Alexander, Care Genl. Longstreet, Bragg's Army, Kingston, Georgia. Milford, Va., Sept. 24, is written in ink at the top of the cover, and it is docketed at the left edge in a bold pencil hand, Pich. Woolfolk, Sept. 24/63. Very fine. Extremely desirable!


<b><u>General Edward Porter Alexander</b></u>: (1835-1910) Born in Washington, Ga., he graduated from West Point in the class of 1857. He was appointed a captain of engineers in the Confederate army in May of 1861, and served as General Beauregard's signal officer at the battle of 1st Manassas, Va. Afterwards, he became chief of ordnance of the Army of Northern Virginia, with rank of lieutenant colonel, then chief of artillery of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps. He participated in most of the early battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, and it was at Gettysburg where Alexander's 75 guns raked the Union line on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for Pickett's Charge, on July 3, 1863. He accompanied Longstreet to Chickamauga, Ga., and Knoxville, Tenn., and was in the thick of the fighting at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Va., where he was severely wounded. He rejoined the army in time to make their last march to Appomattox Court House where he surrendered.


<b><u>Captain Pichegru Woolfolk</b></u>: He enlisted on August 14, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a captain, and was commissioned into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was cited for gallantry by Colonel E.P. Alexander in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. He was severely wounded by a gunshot wound to the right shoulder on July 2, 1863, during the battle of Gettysburg. He was captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Kentucky, and confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., Fort Delaware, Delaware, and was exchanged on September 1, 1864, at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. He returned to duty and was recommended for promotion to major on March 24, 1865. Described as being 6 foot tall with black hair, he was killed on April 27, 1870, when the floor of the Virginia State Capitol, in Richmond, Va., collapsed. 

 


2 pages, 6 1/2 x 8, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official during the war, to his son Charles who was a Confederate officer.


<b><u>Fayetteville, [North Carolina], Aug. 30th, 1865</b></u>

 

My Dear Charles,


Yours of the 23d inst. was recd. yesterday. I write today in reply as your Mother writes & as you know the family turn is to do what has to be done & be done with it while the letter will not leave till day after tomorrow morning. I have not been so much gratified in many months as I was & am by the tenor & temper of your letter. I bless & thank God for it- my son it is only in this manner that the trials & troubles & grinding hardships even of this life may be borne in comfort & finally surmounted. Let patience have her perfect work, take calmly as we may the annoyances & drawbacks we meet suffering do discouragement at the proficiency we seem to be making, keeping our object steadily in view- and keep more or less abundant is surely  to come- again I bless God that he keeps & directs my son. The chances are all against us in the political world. We may at least hold back and not aid in running the machine to ruin- this now seems to be all that true men can do but let us ever remember that God ruleth. Let us endeavor to bear our misfortunes like men- in good time we shall recognize His fatherly hand. My warmest regards to your Uncle & every member of his household. Johnny Hinsdale is anxious to know if you rec. his letter or letters. I forget which. God bless my son.


Your aft.[affectionate] F.[ather]   


Bold and neatly written letter with some excellent end of war content whereby the elder Broadfoot contemplates about their future after losing the war.   


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this letter, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.   


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia 


Civil War Congressman; Serving in West Virginia's First Delegation to the U.S. Congress!</b>


(1800-84) Born in Kingwood, Preston County, Virginia (now West Virginia), he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1823, and commenced practice in Kingwood, Va. Was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1832 and 1840-43. Served as a U.S. Congressman, 1845-49. Was a delegate to the Virginia State constitutional conventions in 1850 and 1861. Delegate to the Democratic National Conventions at Charleston, S.C., and Baltimore, Md., in 1860. He was elected as a Unionist to the 37th U.S. Congress serving 1861-63. Upon the admission of West Virginia as a state into the Union he was elected as an Unconditional Unionist from West Virginia and served 1863-65.  


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 x 2, in ink, Wm. G. Brown, Kingwood, Va.

1863 North Carolina Promissory Note $150.00

 

1863 Confederate Cover Addressed to Colo $250.00

 

Letter to Ex-Confederate North Carolina $65.00

 

Autograph, William G. Brown $25.00




8 x 5, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who would be a Confederate colonel during the war. The letter has no place or date. Oftentimes Mr. Broadfoot would include note and letters to Charles in letters that his mother was sending him so he was informal in including the place and date of his letters. 


Dear Charles,


I rec’d yours of the last week & was pleased with its tone & sentiments while we ought to be careful of reflections on others & especially on those of common connections- and now is the time for all Southern people to forget the causes of our troubles & unite as well as we may- in meeting them as men driven to their last citadel & I trust there are many who have contributed much to bring us to the wall- seeing their error will be in the front rank to bring us safely out of our danger.  I am so busy just now.  I can’t write.  I send you a ck. $50- which I hope you will use without difficulty- $10 in notes which is about the same I supposed you will want to bring you home after paying off your other scores.


Yrs.

W.G.B. [William G. Broadfoot]


Written on the reverse is: Could not get the ck. of $50 in time for today’s mail.


Boldly written with excellent content.   


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this letter, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.  

 


<b>Written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!


1861 letter with excellent references to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


4 pages, 7 1/4 x 9 1/8, in ink, written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, to his wife.

 

<b><u>Clarmount, Va., July 30/61</b></u>


Dear Wife,


I have wrote you some three or four times since I rec. a letter from you the last letter I rec. from you was dated July 17th.  I have been looking for a letter from you the last week.  All the letters I have sent you of late was in frank[ed] envelope[s] and I begin to think you do not receive my letters.  I sent Frank a letter and papers not long since.  I think you are at Waterfall or Hayesburg or you would have written before now. Write me as soon as you receive this. Has Kate got home. Why cannot she write me if you cannot. We are now at Clarmount about four miles from Alexandria and about thirteen miles to Washington. We have the mail received to W.[ashington] every day after it is written. I am now writing on a box in my little tent, not the tent we had at Camp Preble, one not more than half as long. John B. Walker [1] is not very well. I think he will have to go to Washington or some place and have the best of care to stand this climate and still I think it is a beautiful climate, but we are on a low piece of land that a good many will have the shakes or fever ague as it is [a] common disease in this part of the country.  I am well as I was when I left Camp Preble, but not so heavy.  Tell Monroe’s wife that he is well and tuff.  J.B. Hammond [2] is pretty smart. David is in good health and the most of the boys, some of them have got colds, but will be better after they get where the Bull Run fight.  I see some of the Portland papers.  I have not seen a true account of it in any eastern paper, yet I see by the E. Augus[ta] that there was not but two or three officers on the field of battle, but it was a great mistake about all of [the] officers was on the field from one to two hours.  I want you to write me all of the news, write about the children, if they go to school, if they learn well, how they get along.

 

Wednesday Morning, July 31/61


Dear Wife,


I find myself well this morning and I hope you and all of the children are the same.  It is a beautiful morning here in old Va.  The country is beautiful but the Army make everything look bad where it goes.  There is not a garden in this vicinity.  The Boys are up to all sort of depredations.  I would say that I have not heard a word from W.B. Robertson, [3] C. Freeman, [4] and I do not think either one of them are killed.  Robertson & Charley was seen by our Regt. after the battle was over so the folks need not be alarmed about them as they will turn up by & by.  I would say that I am a going out on guard duty tonight and hope I shall have a good time.  It is a little risky business sometimes. Our Regt. is in rather bad condition.  We have not more than quarter tents enough as our tents was with the teams at Bull Run.  We also loss about all of our cooking ware, but are expecting the tents and ware of the First Regt.  They leave for home today by R.[ail] Road.  Some of them I think will be back in a few weeks again.  That is the way they talk.  They have had an easy time compared with our Regt.  They went into camp at Meridian Hill and have been there ever since.  Our Regt. has been on the move ever since we left Camp Preble.  Freeman is going home soon.  I do not know but what he goes today with the First Maine Regt.  He is quite unwell and has been for some time.  There is quite a number of this Regt. that is going home with the First Regt.  Some of them are sick and some of them are afraid they will have to go to Bull Run again, but some of them are really sick.  John Winship [5] is one of that number.  He is a going home today.  I must close as the mail leaves soon.  I cannot think of much to write as I have written you all of the news from day to day.  There was a man in the Saco Co. [Co. C, 5th Maine Infantry] that had a finger shot off by his pistol, but we think nothing of a man getting his finger or hand shot as it is so common a thing.  If you do [not] answer this I shall stop writing as I have not received but five letters from home since I came from Portland.  I write to C. & C.H. Mason a day or two ago and hope they will answer it soon.  Give my love or best respects to the people of Bethel.  Tell them I am alive and doing well and shall go home sometime between this and Dec.  I think Frank, Nellie, Waldo and Mason be good little children, and kiss the baby for me.


Good By for this time,


C.S. Edwards


Light staining. Very fine. Excellent content with references to the recently fought 1st battle of Bull Run which the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in. Signed with nice full signature.


[1] John B. Walker, was a 27 year old resident from Bethel, Maine when he enlisted as a 1st lieutenant, on June 24, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to captain in 1862, and discharged for disability on January 18, 1863.


[2] J.B. Hammond, was a 36 year old resident of Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a sergeant, on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on September 27, 1861.


[3] Washington B. Robertson, was a 33 year old resident from Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a private on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was then sent to Alabama. He deserted on June 15, 1862, and was discharged from the service on September 12, 1862.


[4] Charles Freeman, a 14 year old resident of Bethel, enlisted on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy, and was mustered into the 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was released on November 15, 1861, at Richmond, and was discharged for disability on Christmas Day, December 25, 1861.


[5] John O. Winship, was a 22 year old resident of Gorham, Maine, when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to 1st sergeant, June 1, 1861, and was discharged on July 28, 1861.    


<b>With Christmas Message


Original pencil sketches on the reverse of the broadside</b>


5 7/8 x 9, imprint.


Our Subscription Books


Are Now Open For 1897


Winter is coming and the evenings are long; why not make a CHRISTMAS PRESENT to some one, of the POPULAR MAGAZINES. We have one advantage over our competitors- we get them earlier and deliver them at once by newsboys to any part of the city.


Review Of Reviews. McClure's. Cosmopolitan. Ladies' Home Journal. Century. Munsey. Harper's. Scribner's. And any other Publication you may want.


CARTER & LUPTON.


Printed by Evans. Light age toning and wear. Archival tape repairs on the reverse.


Interestingly there are 3 original pencil sketches on the reverse. Their origins are unknown.  


7 3/4 x 9 3/4, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who would be a Confederate colonel later in the war. 


<b><u>Fay.[etteville], [North Carolina], Apl. 30/61</b></u>


Dear Charles,


Your Mother got your letter by Dobbin & I sent another by mail to her this morning- but do not know anything of its contents.  I had occasion to write Col. [Theophilus] Holmes** & took occasion to say to him that you might soon be at his disposal & possibly when, &c.  If the college breaks up come home & by Raleigh- and we then can better concert what’s best to be done.  Indeed you might go & see your uncle, &c.  Let me know what you will want and if a ck. on Wilmington will serve to pay your bills at Chapel Hill [he is referring to his attendance at The University of North Carolina] & get anything over in cash for travelling expenses- but above all do not stain your character by participation in any sort of insubordination at Chapel Hill or anywhere else- my dear Boy- disregard of authority is the root from which our present frightful evils all spring- discipline is the first quality of the soldier- God bless & preserve you.


Your F.[ather]


Boldly written. Excellent content, early war letter as a father gives his son some prudent advice as he is getting ready to leave college to join the Confederate army. The young Broadfoot would in fact serve as an aide-de-camp on the staff of then General Theophilus Holmes who was his uncle later in the war. (see below)  


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this letter, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.

Letter Written to Confederate North Caro $75.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter $195.00

 

1897 Advertising Broadside For Carter & $20.00

 

Letter to Future Confederate North Carol $100.00




<b>Signed and addressed by a Confederate captain who was wounded at Sharpsburg, Md., and Fort Harrison, Va.</b>


Confederate war period used postal envelope. The cover has been signed and addressed by Captain Winsmith as follows. Written at the upper left corner is, "From Capt. Winsmith, Co. H, 1st S.C.V." He has addressed it to his father, "Dr. J. Winsmith, Glenn Springs P.O., South Carolina." The cover has a C.D.S. from Winchester, Va., Oct. 18, and it has been stamped in black at the upper right, "Due 10." Light corner wear but otherwise a very nice war date Confederate cover.


John Christopher Winsmith, was a resident of Spartanburg, South Carolina, when he enlisted as a private on March 1, 1861, and was mustered into the 1st South Carolina Volunteers. He was promoted to lieutenant, and then captain of Co. H, the dates of his commissions being unknown. During the War Between the States, Winsmith was twice wounded; the first time being in the bloody battle of Sharpsburg, Md., in 1862, and his second wound was received in 1864 during action at Fort Harrison, Va., which was a very important part of the Confederate defenses of Richmond. 


The hard fought 1st Regiment of South Carolina Infantry were assigned to the brigades of Generals' Maxey Gregg and Samuel McGowan, and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor. It then participated in the very difficult Petersburg, Va. campaign and siege, and in the Appomattox campaign. The regiment lost 20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days Battles, had 53 percent disabled of the 283 engaged at Second Manassas, and had 4 killed and 30 wounded at Sharpsburg. It suffered 73 casualties at Fredericksburg, and 104 at Chancellorsville, and then lost 34 percent of the 328 that fought at Gettysburg. There were 16 killed, 114 wounded, and 7 missing at The Wilderness, and 19 killed, 51 wounded, and 9 missing at Spotsylvania. On April 9, 1865, the regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with 18 officers and 101 men.            


Austin, June 11, 1862. Under Act of Jany. 14, 1862, for Military Service. The Treasurer of the State of Texas Will Pay Five Dollars. Vignette of George Washington holding sword at the left. Printed on light blue paper with green overprinting. Roman numeral "V" at upper right. Fancy "FIVE" overprint at the bottom. You will seldom find these not cut cancelled like this one. Choice condition.  


<b>Revolutionary War Currency</b>


One Shilling is printed in red at the top. This Bill of One Shilling. Proclamation, is emitted by a Law of the Colony of New Jersey, passed in the Fourteenth Year of the Reign of his Majesty, King George the Third. Dated March 25, 1776. One shilling printed in red. Vignette at the left. Signed by Robt. Smith, Jno. Johnston and John Smyth. The reverse of the note has an illustration of a leaf with the imprint, One Shilling. 'Tis Death to counterfeit. Burlington in New Jersey. Printed by Isaac Collins, 1776. Rounded corners with vertical split at the center. This colonial note is currently 241 years old! Colonial New Jersey items are always in demand.  


7 3/4 x 5 1/4, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who would be a Confederate colonel later in the war. This note has no date or place, but was most likely written in early 1861.


Dear Charles,


I have acknowledged the receipt of yrs. of the 26th made in a short note before & now can only add another not having the time to spare to write at length as I wish to do.  Give yourself no uneasiness about money matters.  If you can make your pay over your own expenses, and in the purchase of a horse I hope your only care will be to secure a good one without merely considering the price.  I hope you have made the most of your acquaintance with Bishop Lay.  I have a very high opinion of him that is of his character not knowing him personally.  I believe him a true & good son of the Church- this while the highest donor here is a passport to a higher & better state hereafter.  My regards to all- & may God direct my son.



Yr. Aff. F.[ather]


Boldly written. 


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot, and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this note, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


*This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. It was oftentimes the habit of Mr. Broadfoot to include a note to Charles in the same letter that his mother wrote to him. Based on other letters and notes he wrote to Charles this was most likely written in 1861.


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.

Confederate Cover From Captain of 1st So $150.00

 

1862 State of Texas $5 Treasury Warrant $125.00

 

1776 Colony of New Jersey One Shilling N $125.00

 

Letter to Future Confederate North Carol $25.00




(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U.S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort. His Anacondona Plan proved to be very sound. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in Nov. 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union.


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Outdoor seated view of General Scott in his dress uniform with epaulettes and holding his sword. This view was taken at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., circa 1861. Period ink ID written (not in Scott's hand) in ink on the front mount. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York, From Photographic Negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Very fine.    

 


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in Harper's Weekly. Illustration of a negro man with a hoe and pick and several negroes working in the field can be seen in the background, while the plantation family sits on their porch. A caption from the mouth of the plantation owner says, "My boy we've toiled and taken care of you long enough. Now you've got to work." Caption below: The Great Labor Question From a Southern Point of View. 9 1/2 x 9 1/2.  


<b>Featuring Confederate Generals' R.E. Lee, Hood, Ewell and Toombs!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: PARDON. Columbia- Shall I Trust These Men. Executed by the notable illustrator Thomas Nast. Interesting scene showing Columbia sitting in a chair that looks like a throne with Union patriotic symbols all around her. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, down on one knee, is bowing before her as he presents his sword and a battle flag. At Lee's right is Confederate General Roger A. Pryor, a former U.S. Congressman, who is holding out a large document or newspaper to her. Among the notable Confederates seen kneeling in the view are Captain Raphael Semmes, C.S.N., commander of the famous Confederate raider, the C.S.S. Alabama; Governor John Letcher of Virginia; Confederate Secretary of State, and General Robert Toombs, who before the war was a U.S. Congressman and Senator from Georgia; General Richard S. Ewell, of Gettysburg fame; and General John Bell Hood, of Gettysburg fame, and who later was commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee; and others. 10 1/8 x 15. Light age toning. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Very desirable Nast illustration.  


<b>Featuring a wounded, amputee U.S. Negro Soldier!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: FRANCHISE, And Not This Man? This poignant illustration shows Columbia with patriotic adornments all around the scene. Columbia is standing with her hand on the shoulder of a wounded negro soldier in uniform. The soldier is holding his kepi in one hand while he proudly stands wearing the uniform of the Union Army with his U.S. belt plate clearly visible. He is standing on two crutches as one of his legs has been amputated above the knee. Executed by the famous illustrator Thomas Nast. Light age toning in the border areas. 10 x 15 1/4. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Very desirable negro Civil War soldier related illustration, and a positive piece of black Americana history!

CDV General Winfield Scott $125.00

 

Slave With Hoe and Axe $45.00

 

Pardon, Shall I Trust These Men $95.00

 

Franchise, And Not This Man? $95.00




Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the June 20, 1863 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: The Battle Of Black River Bridge, May 17, 1863. Sketched by Mr. Theodore R. Davis. 15 1/4 x 10 1/2. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. Some edge tears have been repaired on the reverse with archival document tape.  <b>For Port Hudson, May 21, 1863</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the June 20, 1863 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Departure Of General Banks's Troops From Simmesport, Louisiana, For Port Hudson, May 21, 1863. Sketched by Mr. J.R. Hamilton. 15 x 10 3/4. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin.  An original 4 ¾ X 7 inch, March 1858, <B>L. M. Hoffman & Co.</B> auction bid card complete with bidders penciled in notations.  The commodities auction will offer 232 hogsheads of <B>PRIME NEW ORLEANS SUGAR</B>.  A family business founded in 1795 with the commission auction house of Hoffman & Seton doing business at No. 67 Wall Street.  Hoffman continued business with various partners until 1822 / 23 when L. M. Hoffman joined the house with the addition of & Co. to the firm name.  The old firm continued to grow under various partner combinations always including a Hoffman until 1834 when the firm became L. M. Hoffman & Co.  The auction house continued under that name and under the watchful eye of L. M. Hoffman until his death in 1861.   (see: The Old Merchants of New York City: By Walter Barrett )  While early commodity auction catalogues appear rarely as they were sometimes preserved in firm records, bid cards utilized by bidders to manage and launch their bids very rarely survived as they were cast away at the auction’s closing.  A rare piece of antebellum Americana from one of the country’s earliest and most successful commission auction houses.  Entirely original with good evidence of age and originality while remaining pleasing condition with no rips, folds or repairs.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 At first glance our <I>well got up</I> young man will not make an exceptional impression on the Civil War enthusiast but little more than a glance at the back of the mount quickly arouses interest as we consider the period brown ink penned identification of <I><B>J. B. Montgomery   Sutler</I></B>.   A quick look at Francis Lord’s early reference <I>Civil War Sutlers and their Wares</I> (see our item # 5784) identifies our subject as <U>Camp Convalescent - Sutler</U>, <I>James B. Montgomery</I>.  The photographer back mark <B>MONITOR  GALLERY – L. H. LARRABEE - <U>Camp Hamilton, Va.</U></B> offers additional interest as the neighboring Union camp was the first to be located on Virginia soil after secession. It was established in May 1861 at the foot of Sutlers Hill, Alexandria, Virginia. (see our item # 4512)  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

The Battle of Black River Bridge, 1863

 

Departure of General Banks's Troops From

 

1858 L. M. Hoffman & Co. - AUCTION BID C

 

Civil War- Camp Convalescent, Virginia ( $225.00

This attractive old  table knife and fork set  is maker marked by Landers, Frary & Clark (<B><I>L.F.&C</I></B>) and remains in pleasing condition, un-touched and as found, with good evidence of age and originality yet remaining in pleasing condition, solid with no cracks, stains, nicks or other issues.  Sturdy enough for use yet with that attractive patina that comes to bone and pewter only with decades of age after careful period use, this set of four knives and four matching forks will go nicely in any 19th century table grouping. (note: Incorporated as <I>Landers, Fray & Clark</I> in 1862, <I>L.F.&C</I> was a housewares company based in New Britain, Connecticut.)  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  


8 1/2 x 5 1/4, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who would be a Confederate colonel later in the war.


<b><u>Fay.[etteville], [North Carolina], Feb. 2/61</b></u>


Dear Charles,


I enclose twenty dollars as requested in letter to yr. mother recd. today.  I am glad to hear that your boarding house is fixed with one that I have formed a high opinion of from a rapid hearing of your acc.[ount] of her.  I trust that it may be proved all that I fancy & hope for & that it will be permanent.  I am glad that you have deferred moving for the present & think the charge exorbitant.  Stick to your studies & let politics only enlist your attention when nothing more valuable may or ought to have attention- let it not above all color your feelings on intercourse with any one decision with moderation.  God preserve my boy.


Yr. F.[ather]


Boldly written. Tiny edge chip at the bottom of the paper which does not affect any of the content. Sensible advice is trying to be given by the elder Broadfoot to his son by telling him to stick to his studies and not let politics consume his attention. In 2 1/2 short months after this letter was written the country would be embroiled in a bitter civil war lasting over 4 years and costing over 625,000 American lives. In February 1861 emotions were running very hot in both the North and the South and W.G. Broadfoot, like many parents at that time, were worried about the fate of their sons. By the summer of 1861 young Charles Broadfoot would be serving in the Confederate army like so many other young North Carolinians.


This letter was written by William Giles  Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry), prior to the start of the War Between the States, while Charles was still a student at the University of North Carolina. The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina. 


The recipient of this note, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911.


*This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. It was oftentimes the habit of Mr. Broadfoot to include a note to Charles in the same letter that his mother wrote to him.


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes. 

 


<b>War Date Document Signed concerning an officer of the 136th New York Infantry</b>


(1831-78) Graduated in the West Point class of 1853. Military service: 2nd lieutenant, 4th U.S. Artillery, July 1, 1853; promoted to 1st lieutenant, May 1, 1856; regimental adjutant, Dec. 14, 1857, to Apr. 24, 1861; promoted to captain, 15th U.S. Infantry, May 14, 1861; promoted to major, a.d.c., July 3, 1862; promoted to lieutenant colonel, a.a.g., Aug. 20, 1862; served on the staff of Generals' Nathaniel P. Banks and John A. Dix; he was cited for gallantry at the battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., appointed brevet brigadier general, March 13, 1865, for valuable, distinguished and meritorious service in the field during the Civil War. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. 


<u>War Date Document Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 10 1/4, imprinted form, filled out in ink. 


War Department,

Washington City, July 7th, 1864


Sir:


I am directed by the Secretary of War to inform you that you have been reported to this Department by the Second Comptroller as having failed to render your accounts for the month of April 1864 within the period prescribed by the act of July 17, 1862, a copy of which is hereto annexed. [the order referenced is printed below the signature of General Pelouze]. 


You are therefore instructed, immediately upon receipt of this communication, to forward your accounts to the proper office, and submit to this Department such explanation as you may desire to make in order to relieve yourself from the penalty of the act above cited.


Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Louis H. Pelouze

Asst. Adjt. Genl.


[to]: Orange Sackett, Jr., Capt. 136th N.Y. Vols., A.C.S.


Below this is the "Act" referenced in the body of the document: 


"AN ACT to provide for the more prompt settlement of the accounts of Disbursing Officers," approved July 17, 1862. [Please click on the enlargement to read the entire contents of this "Act." 


Very fine.


Orange Sackett, Jr., was 27 years old when he enlisted at Portage, New York, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 136th New York Infantry. He was promoted to captain, on March 18, 1863; and mustered out of the service on June 13, 1865, at Washington, D.C. 


<u>136th New York Infantry</u>


The 136th New York Volunteer Infantry were known as the "Ironclads," and the regiment was recruited in the counties of 

Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming and they  rendezvoused at Portage, New York, where it was mustered into the U.S. service for three years on Sept. 25-26, 1862. It left the state on Oct. 3; was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Steinwehr's) division, 11th corps; went into winter quarters with the corps at Stafford, Va.; fought its first battle at Chancellorsville, Va., losing a few men killed, wounded and missing; and was heavily engaged at Gettysburg on the first two days of the battle, losing 109 men in killed, wounded and missing.


In Sept., 1863, it was ordered to Tennessee with the 11th and 12th corps and was engaged the following month at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., losing 6 killed and wounded. It was active at Missionary Ridge in the Chattanooga-Ringgold campaign, losing 11 killed and wounded. When the 20th corps was formed in April, 1864, it was attached to the 3d brigade, 3d (Butterfield's) division of that corps, moving on into the Atlanta campaign early in May.


It was active at the battles of Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain and in the siege of Atlanta. Its heaviest loss was incurred at Resaca, where the casualties were 13 killed, 68 wounded and 1 missing.  


After the fall of Atlanta it remained there until November, when it marched with Sherman to the sea, engaged in siege of Savannah, and closed its active service with the Carolinas campaign, in which it was engaged at Fayetteville, Averasboro, Bentonville, Raleigh and at the Bennett's House, losing 45 men in killed and wounded in the battles of Averasboro and Bentonville.


After the close of the war it marched with its corps to Washington, D.C., where it took part in the grand review, and was mustered out on June 13, 1865.

  

The regiment lost by death during its Civil War service, 2 officers and 74 men, killed and mortally wounded; 1 officer and 91 men, died of disease and other causes, a total deaths of 168.


Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2


 <b>, C.S.A.


Wounded 3 times during the War Between the States!


Frequently led General N.B. Forrest's immortal Kentucky Brigade into battle!


United States Congressman from Kentucky</b>


(1827-81) Born in Hickman County, Kentucky, he completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1852 and began practice at Clinton, Hickman County, Ky. Taking a leading place in the community he was chosen as the first Sheriff of Hickman County and served, 1851-1852. He was a member of the Kentucky State House of Representatives, 1857-1858. Crossland was among the first to organize companies for service in the Confederate States Army, and he was commissioned captain of the 1st Kentucky Infantry on April 23, 1861. He was soon promoted to major of the regiment and then to lieutenant colonel on April 19, 1862. The 1st Kentucky Infantry, was disbanded on May 14, 1862, after serving their one year term of enlistment, and Crossland was then commissioned to be the colonel of the 7th Kentucky Infantry on May 20, 1862. He commanded the regiment at the battle's of Baton Rouge, Corinth, Champion's Hill, and Jackson. Early in 1864, the 7th, 3rd and 8th Kentucky regiments were mounted and joined the command of the legendary Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. He served under Forrest until the end of the war, participating in the battle of Brice's Crossroads and in other famous combats in Mississippi, the operations on the Tennessee River, the cavalry fighting of General John Bell Hood in Tennessee, including the defense of the rear guard on the retreat, and in the engagement with General Wilson's Union cavalry forces in the spring of 1865, when he was in command of the famous Kentucky Brigade. He received a serious wound at the battle of Paducah, Kentucky, on March 25, 1864, and barely escaped murder by local guerrillas the following night while recovering from his wounds at a nearby farm. He was also seriously wounded on July 15, 1864, at Old Town Creek, Mississippi, and again on November 21, 1864, at Butler Creek, Alabama. He surrendered on May 6, 1865, at Columbus, Mississippi. After the war Colonel Crossland returned to his home and was elected judge of the court of common pleas of the first judicial district of Kentucky, in August 1867, and he served on the bench until his resignation on November 1, 1870, to run for a seat in the U.S. Congress. Elected as a Democrat, he served from 1871-1875. He then resumed the practice of law in Mayfield, Graves County, Ky.; was elected judge of the circuit court for the first judicial district of Kentucky in August 1880, and served until his death in Mayfield, Ky., on September 11, 1881. He is buried in Maplewood Cemetery, in Mayfield.


<u>Signature as a Member of the U.S. Congress</u>: 3 1/2 x 1 1/8, in ink, Edward Crossland. Imprinted above his signature is "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES," and at the lower right corner is, "M.[ember] C.[ongress]" Cut slightly irregular. Very desirable Kentucky Confederate related item.

Bone & Pewter mounted - TABLEWARE - KNIF $75.00

 

Letter to Future Confederate North Carol $50.00

 

Autograph, General Louis Henry Pelouze $75.00

 

Autograph, Colonel Edward Crossland, 7th $75.00

<b>at Vicksburg</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published on the front page of the May 30, 1863 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: The Tug "Rumsey" Accoutered For Running The Rebel Batteries At Vicksburg. 11 x 15 3/4. Includes the ornately illustrated masthead of Harper's Weekly, A Journal Of Civilization, at the top of the page, which also has some hand tinting to it. Date line, New York, Saturday, May 30, 1863.    


<b>The elite 1st Virginia Cavalry was commanded by the legendary Confederate Cavalryman Colonel J.E.B. Stuart in 1861!


Autograph Document Signed by a Confederate officer in J.E.B. Stuart's command who was wounded by a cannon ball in 1862!</b>


7 3/4 x 7 1/2, manuscript in ink, Autograph Document Signed, by Lieutenant John Milton Lock, 1st Regiment Virginia Cavalry.


The Confederate States, To John H. Brown, Dr., 1861 Nov. 26th, To Hire of Horse from Oct. 1st to Nov. 26th @.40 $23.80. 


I certify that the above account is correct and just, that the services were rendered as stated, and that they were necessary for the public service. John M. Lock, Lt. & A.Q.M., 1st Regt. Va. Cav. 


Very fine, neatly written, early war 1861 document from an extremely desirable Confederate cavalry regiment!


John Milton Lock, was a 30 year old farmer from Berryville, Virginia, when he enlisted on June 23, 1861, at Camp Jefferson Davis, Va. as a private, and he was mustered into Co. A, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Lock was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on July 1, 1861, and served for a time as the Regimental Quartermaster and Commissary of the Regiment. He was promoted to captain on April 23, 1862, and was wounded in action on November 1, 1862, when he was hit in the leg by a cannon ball. He was absent from his regiment as he convalesced from his wound until being assigned to command the Confederate post at Harrisonburg, Va., in the Shenandoah Valley, on May 15, 1864. Still needing the service of this gallant and experienced Confederate officer he was later transferred into the Veteran Reserve Corps. The date and place of his official discharge are unknown. After the war Captain Lock was a hotel owner in Harrisonburg, Va. He died on March 30, 1889, and is buried in the Green Hill Cemetery, at Berryville, Va.


<u>WBTS Trivia</u>: After fighting in the First Battle of Manassas, Va., the 1st Virginia Cavalry was brigaded under Generals J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee, Williams Carter Wickham, and Thomas T. Munford. It participated in more than 200 engagements of various types including the Seven Days Battles and General J.E.B. Stuart's famous ride around General George B. McClellan's Yankee army in 1862. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church, and Cold Harbor. Later it was involved in General Jubal Early's 1864 operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and in the Appomattox Campaign.


In April, 1862, the unit totaled 437 men, they lost 25 men at Gettysburg, and had 318 men fit for duty in September, 1864. The regiment cut through the Yankee lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from the regiment was present to surrender at Appomattox Court House! Among the regiment's most celebrated field officers were colonels J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee and William E. "Grumble" Jones, all going on to become famous Confederate generals, with Stuart and Jones both being killed during the war! [Source: Units Of The Confederate States Army].


<b><u>First Virginia Cavalry</b></u>


The Field Report of Colonel J.E.B. Stuart, First Virginia Cavalry, at the 1st Battle of Manassas.


HDQRS. FIRST VIRGINIA CAVALRY REGIMENT,

  

July 26, 1861


GENERAL: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of my regiment in the battle of Manassas:


I received your order to charge the enemy's flank, and proceeded immediately across the run to his left flank, but finding that it would be easier to attain his right flank, I immediately returned and marched rapidly towards the heaviest fire. As I approached the ground General T.J. Jackson, whose brigade was then engaged, sent me word to protect his flanks, but particularly his left flank. I divided the regiment, giving Major Swan half(I had but 300 men for duty), and with the remainder hurried up to Jackson's left, leaving his right to Swan. Entering a skirt of woods, I received intelligence that the enemy was rapidly outflanking us. I hastened forward through several fences just as a regiment dressed in red was running in disorder towards a skirt of woods where the fire had been heaviest. I took them to be ours, and exclaimed with all my might: "Don't run, boys; we are here." They paid very little attention to this appeal. When passing in column of two's through a narrow gap to gain the same field and very close to them, I saw in their hands the U.S. flag. I ordered the charge, which was handsomely done, stopping their flank movement and checking the advance upon Jackson. I rallied again for another charge, as only a portion of my command was in the first, owing to the difficulty of closing up; but finding the enemy had gained the woods to my right and front, leaving no ground for charging, I retired to the next field to give them another dash if they penetrated beyond the woods, which, however, they did not attempt.


In this encounter the enemy's line, or rather column, was broken and many killed. Captain Carter's company on which the heaviest of the action fell, lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, and 18 horses killed. Captain Carter's horse was shot dead as he was gallantly leading his company into the enemy.


Of the gallantry of those engaged I cannot speak in too high terms. The regiment charged was the Fire Zouaves, and I am informed by prisoners subsequently taken that their repulse by the cavalry began the panic so fearful afterwards in the enemy's ranks.


Just after the charge our reenforcements arrived upon the field and formed rapidly on right into line. The first was Colonel Falkner's regiment of Mississippians, whose gallantry came under my own observation. As these reenforcements formed I gradually moved off to the left, where I soon found myself joined by a battery, under the direction of Lieutenant Beckham, which my cavalry supported. This battery made great havoc in the enemy's ranks and finally put them in full retreat. The principal credit here was due to this battery; but having thrown forward vedettes far out on the eminences, the important information I was thus enabled to give the battery as to position and movements must have contributed greatly to its success, and here I may add that this information was also sent back to the infantry, which was still far to our right, notifying what woods could be gained, &c.


The enemy being now in full retreat, I followed with the cavalry as rapidly as possible, but was so much encumbered with prisoners, whom I sent as fast as possible back to the infantry, that my command was soon too much reduced to encounter any odds, but I nevertheless followed our success until I reached a point twelve miles from Manassas, when, by sending back so many detachments with prisoners, I had but a squad left. The rear of the enemy was protected by a squadron of cavalry and some artillery. We cut off a great many squads, many of whom fired upon us as we approached, and the artillery gave us a volley of grape. One man of ours was killed and another was wounded at this point. I have no idea how many prisoners were taken.


I encamped that night on Sudley farm, where was a large church, used as a hospital by the enemy, containing about 300 wounded, the majority mortally.


I cannot speak in too high praise of those whom I had the honor to command on the field, but to Mr. L.T. Brian, and Mr. P.W. Hairston and Mr. J.F. Brown, having no commissions, whose meritorious conduct and worth have been made the subject of previous letters to the general, I was specially

indebted for their valuable assistance.


Of my regiment the acting chaplain, Reverend Mr. Ball, was conspicuously useful, while my attention was particularly attracted to the adjutant, Lieutenant W.W. Blackford; the sergeant major, Philip H. Powers, and Lieutenant Cummings, whose good conduct on this as on every other occasion deserves the highest commendation. Lieutenant Beckham deserves high praise for the success of his battery, as he acted as gunner to each piece himself. In the pursuit Lieutenant William Taylor alone captured six of the enemy with arms in their hands. A large number of arms, quantities of clothing and hospital stores, and means of transportation were found abandoned on the road.


Most respectfully, your obedient servant,


J.E.B. STUART,

Colonel First Virginia Cavalry


To: General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON


  

Source:  Official Records

[CHAPTER IX.] THE BULL RUN CAMPAIGN. 

[Series I. Vol. 2. Serial No. 2.]

    


8 1/4 x 5, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who later in the war would be a Confederate colonel.


<b><u>Fay.[etteville], [North Carolina], Apl. 4/61</b></u>


Dear Charles,


I enclose report as promised in my note of yesterday- and am happy now to add that your Mother impressed herself highly pleased with the whole record- & I trust that you will maintain a quiet & steady [?] at your studies without over taxing your faculties, strive to deserve without caring much how the honors may be awarded- & above all be without reproach- and your father assures you again he is satisfied- & looks forward without a shadow on your future- May God direct & preserve my son.


Yr. F.[ather]


I sent another paper today.


This letter was written by William Giles Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry), only 8 days before the bombardment of Fort Sumter and the start of the War Between the States, while Charles was still a student at the University of North Carolina and only 3 1/2 months away from him joining the Confederate Army. The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina.


The recipient of this note, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911. 


*This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. It was oftentimes the habit of Mr. Broadfoot to include a note to Charles in the same letter that his mother wrote to him.


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.  

 




7 3/4 x 5, in ink, written by William G. Broadfoot, a Confederate Treasury Official, to his son Charles who later in the war would be a Confederate colonel.


<b><u>Fay.[etteville], [North Carolina], Sep. 14/61</b></u>


Dear Son,


Your Uncle William arrived here today from Rowan where he has been spending some time with his brother George- & will go from Kin.[ston] to Newbern & think this move is on the advice of Bishop A.- whether he will remain there as supposed cannot be determined now.  I told him he would have to go armed with carnal as well as spiritual armor and your cousin John is now in Raleigh & is expected here in a day or two- at the first of this week.  I did not think it would pass without some decisive blow or move at least- but tis not so- Well we must be patient & endeavor to [be] ready at all points & in every way.  God bless my Son.


Yr. F.[ather]


This letter was written by William Giles  Broadfoot, (1806-72), the father of Confederate soldiers Charles W. Broadfoot and George B. Broadfoot, (1844-85) (5th North Carolina Cavalry). The elder Broadfoot was a Confederate official in the C.S.A. Depository at Fayetteville, North Carolina.


The recipient of this note, Charles Wetmore Broadfoot, (1842-1919), was an 18 year old student at the University of North Carolina when he enlisted as a private on July 15, 1861, and was mustered into Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. He was mustered out of this regiment on November 12, 1861. He then served in Company D, 43rd North Carolina Infantry, also known as the "Cumberland Plough Boys," and was discharged for promotion on September 7, 1862, being commissioned 1st Lieutenant and Aide-de-Camp, on the staff of General Theophilus H. Holmes, who was his uncle.** On July 1, 1864, he was commissioned into the Field & Staff of the 1st North Carolina Reserve Infantry, with rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel. His date and method of discharge are unknown. After the war, in 1870, Charles was elected to the state legislature. He served as Dean of the Cumberland County Bar, and was elected as a trustee of the University of North Carolina in 1911. 


** Frances "Fannie" Rebecca Wetmore Broadfoot (1825-92), was the wife of William G. Broadfoot, and the mother of Charles W. Broadfoot. Fannie's older sister, Laura Jane Wetmore, was married to Confederate General Theophilus H. Holmes.  



*This note came out of a small grouping of Broadfoot family letters and documents that I acquired a couple of years ago. It was oftentimes the habit of Mr. Broadfoot to include a note to Charles in the same letter that his mother wrote to him.

The Tug Rumsey Accoutered For Running Th

 

1st Virginia Cavalry Receipt For Hire of $150.00

 

Letter to Future Confederate North Carol $50.00

 

Letter to Future Confederate North Carol $50.00

Unlike the heavier and more commonly encountered British style snake buckle that saw common use in England, Canada and yes in the American Civil War where quantities were shipped to this country via blockade runner intended for issue by the Confederacy, collectors will note that this excavated example is the lighter, more finely detailed two headed snake most commonly associated with those marketed by <B>Isaac Campbell & Co.</B>  (see illustrations: <I>Suppliers to the Confederacy</I> by Barry & Burt) as they filled orders from the Southern Confederacy for all manner of arms and accoutrements. This example is offered as found without its ringed keeper but remaining in excellent original condition with a pleasing deep natural age patina. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Measuring a mear 2 1/16 inches from end to end, this all original and period little turned maple rundlet remains in wonderful condition and is without the usual split along its length so frequently seen in the body of this type.  Scarce in any size, these handmade flasks are most frequently at least two or three times larger than this example.  Quite possibly intended for medical use to carry some potion, or simply to hold rum or other spirit, this little <I>emergency</I> swigler will set in nicely with and colonial through Civil War era grouping.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  


<b>United States Congressman from Mississippi


United States Secretary of the Interior


Inspector General in the Confederate Army


Confederate Secret Agent</b>


(1810-85) Born in Caswell County, North Carolina, he attended Bingham Academy, graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1831, and served as a member of their faculty in 1831-32. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1834, and commenced practice in Pontotoc, Mississippi. He was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Congress, and served from 1839-51. He was the chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs in the 29th Congress. He was appointed U.S. Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President James Buchanan and served from March 6, 1857, to January 8, 1861, when he resigned to throw his lot in with the Confederacy. Horace Greeley's New York Daily Tribune denounced Thompson as "a traitor," remarking, "Undertaking to overthrow the Government of which you are a sworn minister may be in accordance with the ideas of cotton growing chivalry, but to common men cannot be made to appear creditable." He served as Inspector General in the Confederate States Army during the War Between the States. Thompson later served as an aide to General P.G.T. Beauregard at the Battle of Shiloh, and was present at several other battles in the Western Theater of the war, including Vicksburg, Corinth, and Tupelo. He later was the leader of the Confederate Secret Service in Canada in 1864 and 1865. From there, he directed a failed plot to free Confederate prisoners of war on Johnson's Island, off Sandusky, Ohio. He also arranged the purchase of a steamer, with the intention of arming it to harass shipping in the Great Lakes. Regarded in the North as a schemer and conspirator, many devious plots were associated with his name. On June 13, 1864, Thompson met with former New York governor Washington Hunt at Niagara Falls. According to the testimony of Peace Democrat Clement Vallandigham, Hunt met Thompson, talked to him about creating a Northwestern Confederacy, and obtained money for arms, which was routed to a subordinate. Thompson gave Ben Woods, the owner of the New York Daily News, money to purchase arms. One plot was a planned burning of New York City on November 25, 1864, in retaliation for Union Generals' Philip H. Sheridan and William Tecumseh Sherman's scorched-earth tactics in the south. Some speculate that John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, met with Thompson, but this has not been proven. Thompson worked hard to clear his name of involvement in the assassination in the years after the war. His manor, called "Home Place," in Oxford, Mississippi was burned down by Union troops in 1864. After the war, Thompson fled to England and later returned to Canada as he waited for passions to cool in the United States. He eventually came home and settled in Memphis, Tennessee, to manage his extensive holdings. Thompson was later appointed to the board of the University of the South at Sewanee and was a great benefactor of the school. He died in Memphis in 1885 and is buried in Elmwood Cemetery.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 4 3/4 x 1, in ink, J. Thompson, Oxford, Miss. Cut irregular at the top which does not affect any of his handwriting. Very desirable Confederate secret agent's autograph.  H 110in. x W 196in. x D 22in.

Isaac Campbell type - Confederate SNAKE $165.00

 

outstanding little 1700s early 1800s - R $175.00

 

Autograph, Jacob Thompson $125.00

 

H 110in. x W 196in. x D 22in. $0.00




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