War Between the States

7 x 9 1/4, manuscript in ink.

Ord.[nance] Office
Smith's Division
April 29th, 1863


Hereafter the weekly returns will show the no. of rounds per man in the regimental ord. wagons or depot instead of the total no. of rounds in wagons or depot.

M. McDonald
Capt. & Div. Ord. Off.

[to] Capt. Wiggs, Ord. Off.
Lee's Brigade

Light age toning and wear. Very fine. Desirable Vicksburg campaign Confederate circular.

Marshall McDonald, who signed this document, was a Confederate staff officer, and Division Ordnance Officer. He was one of 5 brothers who fought for the Confederacy. He surrendered with the garrison at the fall of Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863. After the war he served as U.S. fish commissioner in the administration of President Grover Cleveland.

James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordnance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E.R.S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Miss., on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Miss., on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary, and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."

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