War Between the States

For 1st Pennsylvania Light Artilleryman wounded at Petersburg, Va.

Signed by an officer cited for gallantry in the battles of 2nd Bull Run and Gettysburg

8 x 10, imprinted form, filled out in ink.

Harewood U.S. Army General Hospital, Washington, D.C., 1864.

Receipt for a pair of trowsers that were issued to Private James Vanhorne, Battery F, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, while he was in the hospital.

The document has been signed by D.J. Downing, Capt. V.R.C. & Milt. Asst. Light age toning and wear.

James H. Vanhorne, was a 21 years old blacksmith, when he enlisted on Feb. 24, 1864, at Williamsport, Pa., as a private, and was mustered into Battery F, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery. He was wounded in action on June 19, 1864, at Petersburg, Va.

The 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery saw action at 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania and Petersburg, to name but a few places.

Gettysburg: Batteries F & G, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery, were commanded by Captain R. Bruce Ricketts during the battle of Gettysburg. They were very heavily engaged on July 2, 1863, being posted on Cemetery Hill. After fighting in the afternoon on the 2nd, a heavy column of Confederates charged their batteries at about 8 p.m. and succeeded in capturing and spiking their left piece. In his Gettysburg report in the Official Records, Rickett's writes, "the cannoneers fought them hand to hand with handspikes, rammers, and pistols, and succeeded in checking them for a moment, when a part of the 2nd Corps charged in and drove them back. During the charge I expended every round of canister in the battery, and then fired case shot without the fuses. The enemy suffered severely." His report goes on to state that he lost 6 killed, 14 wounded, 3 missing, 20 horses killed and 1,200 rounds of ammunition spent.

Dennis J. Downing, served 1861-66, and prior to his position in the Veteran Reserve Corps, he had served in the 42nd and 97th New York Infantry Regiments respectively. He was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel in 1865, and was cited for gallantry in the 2nd battle of Bull Run and in the battle of Gettysburg.

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