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H 13in. x W 36in. x D 24in.  H 132in. x W 60in. x D 3in.  

<b>The Hero of Fort Sumter</b>

(1805-1871) Graduated in the West Point class of 1825.  He participated in the Black Hawk, Florida and Mexican Wars and was twice brevetted for gallantry.  In November 1860, he was ordered to Charleston Harbor to command the three United States forts there; Castle Pickney, Fort Moultrie, and Fort Sumter, in the face of South Carolina's imminent secession.  Anderson refused a formal demand for his surrender and in the early morning hours of April 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was bombarded, and the Civil War began. His small garrison withstood 36 hours under fire before being compelled to surrender. Anderson became a national hero for his gallant actions. He personally raised the U.S. flag over Fort Sumter on April 14, 1865, exactly four years after he had hauled it down.

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card.  Bust view in uniform. There is a tiny chip out of the photographic paper at the upper right edge, well away from the subject. Backmark: R.A. Lewis, 152 Chatham Street, New York, with a 2 cents, George Washington, revenue tax stamp. Period ink inscription written on the reverse, "Major Anderson of Fort Sumter." Light age toning and wear.   


<b>United States Congressman and Senator from Massachusetts</b>

(1826-1904) From a famous political family, he was the son of Samuel Hoar and the brother of Ebenezer R. Hoar. Born in Concord, Massachusetts, he was educated at Concord Academy and at Harvard, where he graduated in 1846.  He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1849, and began a practice in Worcester, Massachusetts.  He was a member of the Massachusetts house of representatives in 1852, and of the state senate in 1857, and was then elected Republican U.S. Congressman, serving from 1869-1877.  He declined a renomination to congress, was elected United States Senator, taking his seat March 5, 1877, and was reelected in 1883.  He was a delegate to the Republican national conventions of 1876, 1880, and 1884, one of the managers on the part of the house of representatives of the William W. Belknap (President Grant's Secretary of War) impeachment trial in 1876, and a member of the electoral commission in that year.  He was an overseer of Harvard in 1874-80, and regent of the Smithsonian institution in 1880.

<u>Signature</u>: 3 1/4 x 1/2, in ink, Geo. F. Hoar.





CDV, General Robert Anderson $75.00


Autograph, George F. Hoar $10.00

H 21in. x W 27in. x W 8in.  H 44in. x W 56in.  

12 x 7 1/2, two sided imprinted form, filled out in ink.

The Crescent Consolidated Regiment of Louisiana. Lists four Louisiana soldiers from Company G, by name, date of enlistment, and clothing given to them during their enlistment, and its value. Also listed are the dates of distribution. Includes accounts of Peter McGrath, E.W. Knight, P.J. Verchon, and B.H. Breaut. McGrath was formerly a member of the 24th Louisiana. "This state militia regiment transferred to Confederate service in New Orleans on March 6, 1862, for ninety days with 945 men. The regiment went immediately to Corinth, Mississippi, to reinforce General P.G.T. Beauregard's army. On April 6, the regiment played an important role in the capture of two Union divisions at the Hornet's Nest during the battle of Shiloh. The next day, the men supported the 5th Company, Washington Artillery, and prevented the enemy from capturing three of the battery's guns. In the battle, 23 of the regiment's men were killed, 84 were wounded, and 20 were missing. Retreating with the army to Corinth, the regiment was disbanded on June 3rd by General Braxton Bragg at the expiration of their term of service. Most of the men then went into the 18th Louisiana Regiment. On September 17th, the Confederate War Department reorganized the regiment and ordered it to report to General Richard Taylor in south Louisiana. The reorganization occurred at New Iberia on October 16th, when Colonel McPheeters reclaimed the men serving with the 18th Louisiana. On October 27th, the regiment fought in the battle of Labadieville and retreated with the army to the lower Bayou Teche. After spending several weeks at Bisland, the men moved to Avery Island on December 19th. The regiment went to Butte a la Rose on January 11, 1863. On February 16th, Companies F, G, and H, while on picket on Grand River, fired on and drove off the enemy steamer Grey Cloud. The regiment returned to Bisland on April 7th and fought in the battle there on April 12th and 13th. Retreating with General Taylor's army through Opelousas and Alexandria to Natchitoches, the regiment returned to south Louisiana in June. The men garrisoned Brashear City in June and July while the army conducted operations on Bayou Lafourche. During the next three months, the regiment marched with General Alfred Mouton's brigade back and forth across south Louisiana. On November 3rd, the 11th and 12th [Confederate Guards] Louisiana Infantry battalions were added to the regiment at Simmsport to form the Consolidated Crescent Regiment." The regiment played a major role in the battle of Mansfield, on April 8th. In the attack on the enemy, more than 175 of the regiment's men were killed or wounded; and the regiment became the only Louisiana regiment to lose all 3 field officers in one battle. The next day, April 9th, at the battle of Pleasant Hill, the regiment saw limited fighting since its division constituted the army's reserve force. Pursuing General Nathaniel P. Banks' army back down the Red River, the regiment participated in the battle of Yellow Bayou, on May 18th. Portions, if not all, of the regiment supported the 2nd Louisiana Battery in a skirmish with enemy gunboats on the Atchafalaya north of Simmsport on June 8th. When the army marched through north Louisiana into southern Arkansas in the fall, the regiment remained at Alexandria and then marched to Shreveport. After several months in the garrison at Shreveport, the regiment returned to Alexandria. The brigade joined the regiment there in January 1865, and occupied camps in the vicinity until spring. In May, the brigade marched to Mansfield; it disbanded there on May 19th, prior to the surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Department."

The paper is very crisp and in excellent condition and is written in a very neat hand. Very nice war date Louisiana document. [Please note that the left and right edges of the document appear to be closely cropped. This is because the document is slightly larger than my scanner bed. The original document is full and none of the words are cut off as they appear here].      

(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U. S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort. His Anacondona Plan proved to be very sound. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in Nov. 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union.

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 1/2 x 4 3/8 card. Seated view in uniform with epaulettes, sword and holding his chapeau hat. No imprint. Excellent condition.



CUSTOM PIPE LIGHT #1287 $1200.00


Clothing Account For Louisiana Confedera


CDV, General Winfield Scott $35.00

Postally used envelope with 1861 Marietta, Ohio postmark, and 3 cents embossed George Washington postage stamp with bulls eyes cancellation. Addressed to Miss Susan R. Fiske, C. Johnson, Esq., Chestnut St., Boston, Mass. Docket at left edge, Sister, April 25th, 1861. Light edge wear.  

Authentic, antique 1800's post Civil War period playing cards. Includes: 2 of hearts, 3 of diamonds, 4 of diamonds, 6 of clubs, 8 of hearts and 10 of hearts. Printed on thick card stock with two different styles of red backs. Excellent condition. These would be nice for a river boat or old west gambling display.  

<b>United States Congressman & Senator from Maine</b>

(1831-1911) Born at Lewiston, Maine, he was a lawyer by occupation, and served as a Republican Congressman from Maine, 1871-81, establishing himself as a top debater and an industrious committee worker. Elected U.S. Senator in 1881, he served until his death. He was one of the "Old Guard" under Presidents' Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, serving for a long period as the chairman of the Committee on Commerce, and a member of the Foreign Relations Committee. 

<u>Signature</u>: 3 3/8 x 1/2, in ink, Wm. P. Frye.  

<b>Extremely rare communication detailing "a plan for making a new kind of [Confederate] gun that we will call a packet cannon!"</b>

2 pages, 7 3/8 x 9 1/2, in ink, written by J. Henry Hammond, (12th Georgia Artillery)  to Georgia Governor Joseph E. Brown, with a diagram of the gun at the center of page 1.

<b><u>Camp Jackson, Savannah, [Ga.], Feb. 24th, 1862</b></u>

To his Excellency

Jos. E. Brown

Dear Sir,

Below find a plan for making a new kind of gun that we will call a "Packet Cannon." It suggested itself to my mind as the best weapon that can be used against our foe among the mountains of our northern borders. If it meets your approval, let me hear from you. My aims would be satisfied if I had a battery of 20 pieces & 100 men & was allowed to meet the vandals on the north with them. Take the plan for what it is worth. [there is a diagram of the gun at the center of page 1 of the letter].


a= The gun, 36 inches long, 3 inches in diameter at the muzzle with the proper proportion of increase  for the first- "reinforce," 1 inch or 1 ¼ inches in caliber, rifled & shooting the minie balls & having 2 good sights, without trunnions; to lay in the trunnion irons- f- f- weighing 150 or 200 pounds.


b= A universal joint- made to adjust the piece & give facility in firing ability.


c= The arms of the gun, like the tripod of a common transit, the front arms about 3 ½ feet & the rear arms 5 feet in length, stout enough to support the piece & stand the firing.

d= A bolt fastened in the rear arms & placed in notches in the gun to brace it- & prevent a rebound in firing. These braces would give the piece sufficient solidity- & prevent its kicking over.

e= The frame of the universal joint of iron, 16 inches long & the pieces at the end of the frame 2 inches high.

f= Trunnion irons, or bed for the gun. Any alteration founded upon judgment & preserving the intention of the weapon would be allowed.

Designed to be manned by 5 gunners- 2 to carry the piece on their shoulders any short distance with speed during the engagement & to perform the flank movements easily & to mask without trouble, 1 to transport to "pads," 1 the powder & rammer & 1 to carry the balls.


Let me hear from [you].

Respectfully &c,

J. Henry Hammond

Written at the right edge of page 1 is: Address- J. Henry Hammond, Savannah, Care of Col. W.F. Wright.

Written at the left edge of page 2 is: J. Henry Hammond, and cross written below that is Plan of Gun, Feby. 25/62.

Light age toning and edge wear. There are 4 small pieces of old tape repairs at the top of page 2. Extremely rare content written to the war governor of Georgia discussing detailed plans for the invention of a new Confederate gun! These types of letters are rarely found.

The author of this letter, J. Henry Hammond, was born in 1836 in South Carolina. By 1860, he was a resident of Newnan, Georgia, in Coweta County, and lists his occupation as a mechanic. At the time of his letter, it appears he was working at Camp Jackson in Savannah, and on May 1, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 12th Georgia Artillery at Newnan.

Colonel W.F. Wright was a local political figure, also of Newnan, Georgia. It is believed his military title was honorary. In January 1865 he was elected to the Georgia Assembly, and during reconstruction he was a leading figure in the re-building of Newnan.

1861 Cover Sent From Marietta, Ohio to B


Group Lot of 6 Antique Playing Cards $15.00


Autograph, William P. Frye $10.00


1862 Letter to Joseph E. Brown, Governor $450.00

Civil War patriotic imprint with vignette of a crowing rooster and the slogan, "Up boys and at 'em!" printed above. 

***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.  


Shreveport, March 1, 1864. Vignette of three ships and fort at center. Liberty at left. About uncirculated condition.  

(1826-1901) He served in the Mexican War as a private in the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry. Soon after he became well known in the field of gardening, meantime maintaining an interest in military affairs by a continuing association with the local militia. He rose to brigadier general of the 18th division and in 1861 was put in charge of organizing and equipping volunteers in the Pittsburgh area. That summer he served under General Robert Patterson and on February 6, 1862, was appointed a brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers. Meanwhile he was sent to Kentucky and served with General Buell's army until the fall of 1862, when General Braxton Bragg's army invaded Kentucky. Buell marched northward leaving Negley to defend Nashville. At the battle of Stone's River, Negley commanded a division under General George H. Thomas and was promoted to major general for his services. His capabilities were again ably demonstrated when General Bragg was driven out of Tennessee. At the battle of Chickamauga however, Negley was critcized by his fellow division commanders which all but ended his military career. Negley served in Congress during his post war career.

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Bust view in uniform with rank of brigadier general. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York. Very fine.  An unusual piece for the American Revolutionary War / Colonial Americana enthusiast, this massive blacksmith wrought knife is reminiscent of the classic period <I>hook bill</I> fascine knife best known for Rev. War military use (see: <I>COLLECTOR'S ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA of the AMERICAN REVOLUTION</I> by Newmann & Kravic ) except that the cutting edge on this variation is on the opposite side than the typical <I>hook bill</I>.  With clear evidence of originality this knife measures approximately 20 in total length with a 15 inch blade measuring 2 1/5 inches at its widest point.  The blade and classic turned maple grip sport a pleasing natural age patina while the iron offers good evidence of hand forging with period use evident by virtue of the unmistakable marks left by the slow turning hand crank or foot treadle stone sharpening wheel.  All this is set off by the classic  tang <I>pig tail</I> securing the blade to its grip.  Whether utilitarian, intended as a weapon, or both this is an outstanding piece of Americana.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

Up Boys and at 'em $5.00


1864 State of Louisiana 50 Cents Note $45.00


CDV, General John Negley $75.00


massive Colonial / Revolutionary War era $165.00

8 pages. Front page headlines: AFFAIRS IN THE SOUTHWEST. Gen. Grant and the Trade Regulations of the Mississippi. Proposed Opening of the Cotton Trade to all Loyal Citizens. A Cavalry Expedition From Corinth. Rebel Conscripts Reporting for Duty in the National Army. The War in the Far West. Gen. Blunt's Position. Danger Thereof. A Battle Imminent. Rebel Officers. Union Men in Arkansas. Sufferings of the Loyalists. Important From North Carolina. Shameful Inefficiency of the Blockade at Wilmington. Seventeen Large Steamers Arrived There Within a Few Days. Immense Stores For the Rebel Army. A Speech by General Burnside. Later From Charleston. Our Batteries on Morris Island Trying Their Range on Fort Sumter. The Monitors Ready For Action. The Fight Expected to Take Place on Saturday or Sunday Last. Proclamation by Governor Seymour. A Warning Against Resistance to the Draft. European Intelligence. Arrival of the City of Washington and the Bremen. Further Captures by the Rebel Pirates on the South American Coast. English Views of American Affairs. The Liverpool Chamber of Commerce Anticipating Peace. A British Cooperhead's Estimate of Archbishop Hughes' Speech to the Rioters. The American Question. View of the English Press. Vallandigham. Other headlines and news: News From Washington: Further Reports of the Demoralization of Lee's Army. Stuart's Cavalry Defeated by Deserters. No Movement of the Rebels by Way of Dumfries. The Case of General Milroy. News From Fortress Monroe. Funeral of Commodore Morris, U.S. Navy. Loses by Running the Blockade, and much more. Very fine.  

<b>News of the War of 1812</b>

16 pages, 6 x 9 1/2. Internal Improvement; Report of the commissioners appointed by the legislature of New York, on the 8th of March, 1814, to provide for the internal improvement of the state. Trial of General Hull, of the United States Army, having been submitted to the President of the United States, for the charges of treason against the United States, cowardice, neglect of duty, and un-officer like conduct all during the War of 1812; Outlines in great detail all of the charges and specifications, etc. (9 pages of content). Unprovoked War. A General Statement Of the several stocks transferred to the United States to the 31st December, 1812, the interest which on which, by the acts of the 8th May, 1792, and the 3d March, 1795, is appropriated for the redemption of the Public Debt. (Includes full page itemized statement). Statement Of the Debt of the United States, on the 1st of January, 1813. Events of the War; Aiding the Enemy, Convention For The Exchange Of Prisoners, Head Quarters, Montreal; Sackett's Harbor; Victory Over The Creek Indians (with battle formation diagram). From the North, Extract of a Letter from General Wilkinson; Naval Action, The Pique, The Essex, The Adams, Blockade of the Chesapeake. Congressional Report. Mary Ann Clarke. The New York Election. Scattered light staining and wear.

Trivia: The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and England from June 1812 to February 1815. One of the casualties of this war was the burning of the White House in Washington, D.C. by British forces on August 24, 1814.         A neat item for the game board collector or Indian War era personal item enthusiast, this original <B><I>ECLIPSE STATIONARY PACKET</B></I> measures approximately 7 5/8 X 5 X 1 ½ inches closed opening to offer a 10 X 7 5/8 inch writing surface, checker board and, on the inside, a backgammon board.  Fine print in several locations advises that the piece was <I>Entered according to Act of Congress in the year <B>1871</B> by J. C. Clark & Co.</I>.  <U>The packet retains a full complement of 30 original baked clay game pieces</U>, an unused ream of period stationary and a red-cedar graphite pencil.  A really nice writing and game box combination we have had this piece set aside in our own accumulation for years and have never seen another, complete or otherwise.  A really special item for the right collector.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


<b>Served as Major General of the Colorado Militia during the Civil War

United States Senator from Colorado

United States Secretary of the Interior</b> 

(1830-1914) Born in Granger, Allegany County, N.Y., he studied law and was admitted to the bar in Binghamton, N.Y. in 1858. Moving to Colorado, he became a leading figure in that territory and served as major general of Colorado Militia, 1862-64. Upon the admission of Colorado to the Union in 1876, he was elected as U.S. Senator, serving 1876-82. He served as U.S. Secretary of the Interior, 1882-85, then returned to the U.S. Senate where he served until 1909. He was known as an outspoken advocate of silver remonetization, and for the government's regulation of big business. The "Teller Resolution" which pledged the United States to an independent Cuba was named for him. He strongly opposed U.S. policy in the Philippines as well as President Theodore Roosevelt's policy toward Panama. During his time in the senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment; and the Committee on Mines and Mining. He also served as a member of the Committee on Pensions; Committee on Patents; Committee on Privileges and Elections; Committee on Claims; Committee on Private Land Claims; and the U.S. Monetary Commission. 

<u>Signature</u>: 3 1/2 x 1/2, in ink, H.M. Teller.

The New York Times, August 18, 1863 $35.00


Niles Weekly Register, Baltimore, May 7, $50.00


c. 1871 STATIONARY / GAME BOX $275.00


Autograph, General Henry M. Teller $25.00

<b>Signature With Rank</b>

(1810-78) Born at Newburyport, Mass., he served as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps, 1834-37. Transferring to the 8th U.S. Infantry, he was cited for gallantry in the campaign against the Florida Seminoles. During the Civil War he served with the 1st, 11th and 7th U.S. Infantry Regiments, rising to rank of colonel in the latter regiment. When stationed with the 1st U.S. Infantry in Texas at the beginning of the war he was taken prisoner by General David Twiggs, but was later released on parole. He also served as Chief of Staff to General John Pope. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1865, and was the son-in-law of Mexican War General William J. Worth.

<u>Signature With Rank</u>: 8 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Your Obt. Servant, John T. Sprague, Colonel 7th U.S. Infantry, Commanding. The signature only is in the hand of Sprague.  <b>to Richmond, Virginia 

Mailed to Captain Will O. Crutcher of the "King Cotton Guards" of Mississippi</b>

War date, Confederate cover, addressed to Captain Will O. Crutcher, King Cotton Guards, Box No. 1041, Richmond, Virginia, with Nov. 20, Vicksburg, Miss., double circle postmark and matching PAID 10 stamped in black. The envelope measures 5 3/8 x 2 3/8. Scarce. Very desirable war date Confederate Vicksburg cover.  

William O. Crutcher was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, on September 8, 1838. He enlisted in the Confederate Army on May 6, 1861, at Vicksburg, and was elected captain of a Warren County infantry company called the "King Cotton Guards." The "King Cotton Guards" were attached to the Second Battalion, Mississippi Infantry, at Jackson, Mississippi, on October 16, 1861 by an order issued from the Confederate War Department. While stationed at Fredericksburg, Virginia in November 1862, they were joined with other small units and re-designated the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment, the "King Cotton Guards" comprising Company E. Fighting under General Robert E. Lee in his immortal Army of Northern Virginia, Captain Crutcher, and the "King Cotton Guards" distinguished themselves in the bloody battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Cold Harbor. Captain Crutcher would also endure the dangers and privations of the Petersburg & Appomattox campaigns, and surrender with General Lee's Army at Appomattox Court House, on April 9, 1865. Returning home to his native Vicksburg to try and pick up the pieces of his broken life, Crutcher died on November 29, 1866, in Vicksburg. He is buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery in that city.

WBTS Trivia: The 48th Mississippi Infantry had 10 men killed and 44 wounded at Fredericksburg, and 31 out of the 256 engaged in the battle of Gettysburg were disabled. This hard fought regiment surrendered at Appomattox with 11 officers and 87 men, Captain William O. Crutcher among them.

Vicksburg, Mississippi, located atop a high bluff overlooking the Mississippi River, and thought to be impregnable by the assault of Union forces, was surrendered on July 4, 1863, after a 47 day siege specifically intended to starve the city into submission. This victory gave the Federals complete control of the Mississippi River. 

The Confederate forces were commanded by General John C. Pemberton, and the Union forces by General Ulysses S. Grant.


Used Civil War envelope with double C.D.S. Fredericksburg, Va., Jun. 7, with embossed 3 cents rose George Washington postage stamp. Addressed to Mrs. L. Lewis Taylor, Williamsport, Point Coupee Cty., [Parish], Louisiana. Very fine.

WBTS Trivia: Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana is located near Baton Rouge. The Battle of Baton Rouge was a land and naval battle fought on August 5, 1862. The Union victory halted Confederate attempts to recapture the capital city of Louisiana.  This attractive light aqua hand blown whiskey bottle stands approximately 9 1/4 inches and sports a patriotic motif of clasped hands over <I>UNION</I> on one face with EAGLE & BANNER on the other.   The calabash style flask sports a classic iron pontil which retains a good portion of its original graphite residue.  Topped by an applied double collar mouth this period flask saw considerable popularity in the Civil War era.  All original and period with no chips, cracks or condition issues this colorful patriotic flask will set well in any period grouping. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

Autograph, General John T. Sprague $25.00


Confederate Cover Sent From Vicksburg, M $165.00


Cover Sent From Fredericksburg, Va. to P


Union & Clasped Hands - PATRIOTIC WHISKE $165.00

First merchandised in the Civil War period as one of a number of combination mess utensils designed for easy carrying and sales appeal to a growing camp sutler and individual sales market, this popular design has been well documented Civil War camp site <I>diggers</I> who’s study and excavation efforts have served the collector community so well.  Recently acquired from an old collection put together when such quality could be found this exceptionally nice 19th century example is maker marked <B>F. ASMAN & Co.  SHEFFIELD </B> and remains in crisp, as new and unused condition yet with good evidence of age originality.  With no evidence of sharpening or use, this piece will appeal to the discriminating  antique knife collector as well as the Civil War buff looking for an especially nice example of the type. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

 Our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful old <I>Apple Lady</I> but for the <I>word search</I> folks we will advise that this classic view of a grizzled old street lady remains in pleasing condition with strong contrast and sharp focus.  The back bears only a period penciled title<I>Apple Stand</I> with no photographer identification. An outstanding occupational and wonderful insight into a piece of 1800s Americana.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  A most desirable instrument in style, condition and maker, this beautiful fife remains in wonderful condition measuring 17 inches in length with the classic 2 inch long silver ferrules indicative of the time.  Despite some wear from period use and carrying the marks of the Civil War era New York musical instrument maker  <B><I>GEO. Cloos</B></I> with the intertwined <B><I>G. C.</B></I> familiar to period musical instrument collectors is clearly desirable.  (see: Garofalo & Elrod’s <I>Civil War era MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS</I> )  Of special interest  to the <I>deep dish</I> collector will be that the fife retains its boldly signed <I>THE CLOOS</I> cheater.  With use of these pewter cheaters well verified by Civil War relic hunters, signed examples are extremely scarce.     All original and in outstanding condition with just enough evidence of careful period use to add to its charm and desirability. <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. (located at the top of the thumbnail page)   A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. 

 This <U>complete</U> set of old hand cut bone dominos remain in excellent condition and are housed in their original partitioned slide top game box along with a pair of period bone dice.  Extremely difficult to find on today’s market despite the popularity of the game of dominos in the era, it seems that as such miniature sets did not lend themselves to the conveyance of play of full size sets, thus were not preserved once the easy transport of the miniature sets was not a popular need.   This rare set will go especially well in any quality Civil War vintage personal item or gaming grouping.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

19th century traveling Knife & Fork – SH $175.00


mid 1800s Apple Vendor STEREO-VIEW $65.00


Civil War era Geo. CLOOS signed FIFE w $225.00


1800s pocket or haversack size – Traveli $175.00

These little penny sized coins were struck in the early years of the American Civil War to fill a commercial need when people began hording hard currency.  By July of 1862 even the lowly copper cent had all but disappeared from public circulation.  Though the U. S. Mint began issuing substitute paper money in the usual coinage denominations and folks began using postage stamps to augment that effort, commercial needs demanded something more familiar and more durable. The private minting of what collectors refer to as <I>HARD-TIME</I> TOKENS began to appear in the fall of 1862.   These private issue coins fell in two categories, the <I>patriotic token</I> which did not carry the name of a specific redeemer and the so called <I>store-card</I> type which carried the name of a specific merchant.  The little private issue ‘penny’  filled the commercial need and soon enjoyed general acceptance as a means of exchange usually allotted the value of one cent.  The little copper cent was minted in several variations and designs (usually patriotic) and were almost immediately a collectable accounting for some limited availability of nice condition examples still available on today’s collectors market.  Not a common find outside of collector circles though, as the short lived Civil War token was outlawed by act of Congress in 1864 when the issuance of currency in any form by private individuals was forbidden.  We have acquired a small collection of these little relics and are offering them individually in our online shop for the collector who would enjoy a nice original example to go in a Civil War grouping or coin collection.  The patriotic example offered here remains in pleasing, uncirculated condition with a natural age patina.  (Will make a neat original Civil War vintage gift without spending lots of money.)You may view all of these that are currently on our site by entering <I> patriotic token </I>  in our search feature.  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

 A classic <I>make-do</I> for want of iron, this nicely shaped knife measures 8 ½ inches in total length and is hand forged from a well-worn cast away horse shoe.  Stout enough to stand up to any task wheather carried as a belt knife or used around camp this product of blacksmith ingenuity will go well as a <I>user</I>or in any period collection as a display piece.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

 Illustrated here with a US quarter for size comparison is nice old pair of buttonhole shears marked <B><I>B S & Co.</I></B>(BARNARD - SON & Co. Waterbury, CT) <B><I>PATDE. 1864</I></B>.  A nice pair of scissors, dated with good evidence of age and period use yet remaining in pleasing, functional condition.  A nice sewing basket or soldiers <I>house wife</I> item.  ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!! Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques ! 


<b>Hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War

General-in-Chief of the United States Army

Autograph Letter Signed

Written to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur concerning the presidency of "Old Hickory," Andrew Jackson!</b>

(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Winfield Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U.S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort as the impending Civil War grew ever closer. His "Anacondona Plan" proved to be very sound and helped to defeat the Confederacy. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in November 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union. His service as the Commanding General of the United States Army for twenty years was the longest that any officer ever held  that position.  

<u>Autograph Letter Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 9 3/4, in ink. This is the post script of a folded letter written by Winfield Scott to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur, who was both the nephew, and son-in-law of U.S. President James Monroe. The content is excellent and this post script stands on its own merits as it is both signed and dated by Winfield Scott. Known as a folded letter, this letter sheet was used not only to write the letter on, but it was then folded using a blank panel on the reverse side to address it as an envelope would be. It is entirely addressed in the hand of Winfield Scott: "To Samuel L. Gouverneur, Esqr., Post Master, New York," and it has been free franked, stamped in red, "FREE." 

P.S. The debate on the deposit question was this morning postponed till tomorrow, some five sets of resolutions on the subject having been yesterday referred to a Commissioner & a report made thereon this morning, it became necessary to print the new resolutions. Rely upon it, the removal of the deposits will be strongly condemned by an immense majority. This condemnation, I think cannot [but help] to break the administration phalanx in the U.S.H. of Representatives & induce some thirty or forty Jackson** men to vote for a restoration. Rely also upon the appearance that the President will not dare to veto the Resolution if it passes the two Houses of Congress.

Yrs. truly,

Winfield Scott

Jan. 14, 1834

**General Winfield Scott is referring to President Andrew Jackson, who was serving as the 7th President of the United States when this event happened.

The letter is in very good condition with light age toning and wear and some paper loss at the upper left corner which does not affect any of the content. There is another area of paper loss at the left edge which does cause the loss of 2 words, and there are remnants of the original red wax seal at the right edge which does not affect any of the content. Very desirable.

The recipient of this letter, Samuel L. Gouverneur, was a prominent attorney, civil servant, and both the nephew and son-in-law of the 5th President of the United States James Monroe. Born in 1799 in New York City, his mother was the sister of President Monroe's wife. After his graduation from Columbia in 1817, he served as the private secretary of his uncle President James Monroe. Gouverneur married President Monroe's daughter (his first cousin), Maria Hester Monroe, on March 9, 1820, and it was the first wedding ever held in the White House for a child of a President of the United States. General Thomas Jesup served as groomsman at the wedding. Gouverneur was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1825, and he served as Postmaster of New York City from 1828 to 1836. He  helped former president Monroe press his claims to the U.S. Congress to repay mounting debts, and after Monroe's wife's death in 1830, the former president lived with his nephew/son-in-law until his own death in 1831. Gouverneur was executor of Monroe's estate, which had to be sold off to pay the debts. Monroe was buried in the Gouverneur family vault at the New York City Marble Cemetery, until descendants had the remains moved to the James Monroe Tomb in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. Monroe's personal papers were left to Gouverneur, who started work on publishing them, but the project was never finished. The Gouverneur's later moved to Washington, D.C., where he worked in the consular bureau of the U.S. Department of State from 1844 to 1849. After congress agreed to buy the papers of President Monroe, Gouverneur proposed a similar arrangement, which was finally concluded in 1850. After his wife Maria died in 1850, he married Mary D. Lee, granddaughter of Thomas S. Lee, and they retired to the Lee estate called "Needwood," near Frederick, Maryland. The family relations reached a breaking point during the Civil War, as Gouverneur supported President Lincoln and the Federal Government, while his in-laws were deeply rooted in the Confederacy. Samuel L. Gouverneur died on September 29, 1865, living long enough to see the Federal victory, and peace restored to the Union that his uncle President James Monroe helped to create as one of the "Founding Fathers."

Civil War ARMY & NAVY Patriotic / ‘HARD- $35.00


KNIFE - Blacksmith Forged from a Horse


Civil War era - Pat. 1864 BUTTONHOLE SC $45.00


Autograph, General Winfield Scott

This outstanding heavy cast and turned bronze # 8 mortar and pestle set dates to the earlier through mid 1800s and remains in eye appealing condition with good evidence of age and period use while remaining in excellent condition with a nice untouched natural age patina.  The heavy bronze mortar stands approximately 5 3/8 inches high , is 5 3/8 inches in diameter at the mouth and 3 3/8 inches across the base.  The bronze pestle is size number 8 marked as is the mortar and measures about 9 7/8 inches in length.  Not to be confused with more frequently encountered later examples or the common Chinese castings, this rarely found 19th century bronze apothecary mortar & pestle set will make a nice addition to any quality medical grouping or will go well simply as a period decorative piece. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  

<b>He was stricken with yellow fever and died in 1862!</b>

(1809-1862) Graduated in the West Point class of 1829. In the next 7 years he served as an instructor at the United States Military Academy, studied law, was admitted to the bar, resigned from the army, and became a member of the faculty of Cincinnati College where he taught astronomy, philosophy and mathematics. It was as a dedicated student of astronomy that Mitchel gained his claim to fame. He was largely responsible for establishing the Naval Observatory, the Harvard Observatory, the Cincinnati Observatory, and the Dudley Observatory. On August 9, 1861, President Lincoln appointed him a brigadier general of volunteers and he was assigned as commander of the Department of the Ohio. In March 1862, he seized the Memphis and Charleston Railroad at Huntsville, Alabama, and sent raiding parties into Stevenson and Decatur to secure the tracks for the Union army. He was promoted to major general on April 11, 1862. He then commanded the Department of the South and was stricken with yellow fever and died at Beaufort, S.C., on October 30, 1862. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Seated view in uniform with rank of major general, posing with his arms folded across his chest and wearing his gauntlets. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York, made from a photographic negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Pencil inscription on the reverse, "Maj. Gen. Mitchell, deceased." Very sharp image. Scarce view. Very desirable photograph.  Fresh seasoning was a premium to the pallet in Colonial America through the Civil War and into the later 19th century.   By that time improved refrigeration and food preservation reduced the common use of seasoning to something more pleasurable than masking the taint of <I>gone buy</I> food.  Salt and pepper were the most commonly used seasonings with the heavy use of salt as a drying agent and preservative the most familiar.  Next in line, not as a preservative but as a masking agent was the nutmeg.  So prized  was the nutmeg in the 18th century that the walnut size woody seed  was commonly used as tender for trade and bartering.  This traveling grater with its’ lidded storage compartment  for the pungent little nut falls in the waining days of the time when the nutmeg was so well thought of that fakes were carved from dark hardwood for trade.  A neat piece of Americana of the Civil War period, this example retains much of its’ original <I>japanning</I> lacquer finish. (illustrated here with a U.S. quarter for size comparison)  A neat <I>common item</I> seldom considered worthy of preservation original period examples are seldom encountered in this condition.  A neat little personal item for the Civil War haversack without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

 This attractive bronze collar bell measures approximately 4 7/8 inches across the mouth and stands about 4 1/4 inches high.  The bell sports an attractive cast in panoply of American Eagles with shield, banner and star bursts. ( Examples of these bells, with an account of their origin, may be seen in the U. S. Army Quartermaster Museum collection at Fort Lee Virginia.)   These bells were cast under contract to the U. S. Army during the Pierce and Buchanan administrations for use by experimental Army camel pack trains moving from Texas to the West Coast.  (Camels were trained to follow the lead or <I>Bell Camel</I> during long marches from Texas to the West coast).   Bells remaining in arsenal storage are said to have been pressed into use by the Union Army later in the Civil War with collectors of that era referring to the artifacts as <I>Union Cavalry Bells</I> referencing Dr. Francis Lord’s <I>Civil War Collectors Encyclopedia</I>.  Rarely seen in any size, these bells were cast in three sizes, this example being the intermediate of the three.  Sand cast and machined to a smooth surface at the mouth, this bell has a period blacksmith forged iron clapper and strap loop.  An attractive piece of Americana, this Army issue bell will go well with frontier West through Civil War era collectables.  (<B>NOTE: </B> Collectors are cautioned that modern cast reproductions of this bell are showing up.  Like most cast reproductions however, they are generally easily discernible to the experienced eye.) As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Vintage - Bronze APOTHECARY MORTAR & PES $125.00


CDV, General Ormsby M. Mitchel $125.00


antique traveling NUTMEG GRATER $45.00


Civil War & earlier U. S. ARMY BELL $245.00

A great size for display, this 15 ¼ X 5 1/8 inch sheet brass marking stencil is for the <B>RULOFSON & De GARMO’S  IMPROVED  STRAIGHT DRAFT PLOW  PATENTED MARCH 12, 1861</B>.  The stencil sports a rich natural patina with good evidence of age, originality and period use.  It bears the marking of the stencil cutter <I>H. J. HOGGSON  NEW HAVEN Ct.</I>; fore-runner to the later <I>J. J. Hoggson & Pettis Manufacturing Co.</I>, New Haven makers of stamps and marking devices. (see: spring 1861 <I>RURAL NEW YORKER</I> for particulars on this Pat. 1861 plow)  An eye-catching Civil War vintage agricultural, rural Americana item. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


(1815-1872) Graduated 3rd in the West Point class of 1839. An assistant professor while still an undergraduate at the Military Academy, he first worked upon the fortifications of New York Harbor, and in 1844 inspected those of France. Upon his return to the U.S., he wrote a Report on the Means of National Defence, which was published by Congress and won him an invitation from the Lowell Institute of Boston to deliver a series of lectures. These were published as Elements of Military Art and Science, a work which enjoyed wide circulation among soldiers for many years. He received a brevet as captain in the Mexican War. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Winfield Scott recommended to Abraham Lincoln that Halleck be appointed major general in the regular service. In November 1861, Halleck relieved General Fremont at St. Louis and in a demonstration of his talents as an administrator quickly brought order out of the chaos in which his predecessor had plunged the Department of the Missouri. A series of successes by his subordinates at Forts Henry & Donelson, Pea Ridge, Island No. 10 and Shiloh, caused Halleck to shine in reflective glory, and his domain enlarged to include Ohio and Kansas. President Lincoln later recalled him to Washington to serve as general in chief of the U.S. Armies. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Standing view of Halleck in uniform with rank of major general striking a Napoleonic pose. Backmark: D. Appleton & Co., 443 & 445 Broadway, N.Y., A.A. Turner, Photographer. "Genl. Halleck" is written in period script on the reverse. Very fine view of the Union general nicknamed "Old Brains."  

Time Life Books, Alexandria, Va., 1996. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4, hardcover with dust jacket, 168 pages, illustrated, index. New condition.

This book is by and of the soldiers and civilians who experienced the Atlanta campaign. Through their words and images you can relive the emotions, the terrifying rush of events, the horrors- and even the human comedy- of one of the Civil War's major campaigns. Thus, you hold in your hands an album of personal recollections from letters, diaries, photographs, sketches and artifacts.

To compile this special volume, we combed hundreds of sources, both published and unpublished.  We were able to assemble a dramatic narrative told from many perspectives; manuscript letters and journals- some previously unpublished- regimental histories, privately printed memoirs, articles in little known historical society publications, and more. Then, we set about the painstaking task of locating photographs of the soldiers and townsfolk to accompany their personal accounts. 

That so many firsthand accounts survived is due to a few accidents of history. Soldiers could mail a letter home for only three cents. And the mail system set up by the opposing armies were amazingly reliable. Mail packets were even exchanged across enemy lines. A surprising number of recruits could write, and write vividly. Sam Watkins of the 1st Tennessee Infantry described the beginning of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, "It seemed that the arch-angel of Death stood and looked on with outstretched wings, while all the earth was silent, when all at once a hundred guns from the Federal line opened upon us, and for more than an hour they poured their solid shot, grape and shrapnel right upon this salient point, defended by our regiment alone..."

Field sketches abound, too. Before photoengraving was developed to reproduce photographs in newspapers and magazines, periodicals such as Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly employed artists who traveled with the army to depict events for readers. These correspondents, or "specials," drew virtually everything of possible interest; pitched battles, lounging soldiers, the odd piece of military equipment. Sketches dashed off in a few moments during a battle- often at great personal peril- were taken by courier to the publication, where they were transformed into woodblock engravings suitable for printing.

Another element that adds to the unique texture of this album is the photographs. Technical innovations during the 1850's brought the fledgling craft into its own, and the Civil War was the first in history to be extensively recorded by the camera. In the blockaded South, photographers lacked supplies and equipment and rarely covered the action. The North's activities, by contrast, are extensively chronicled, thanks to the efforts of men who endured great hardship. Travel was tedious with cumbersome equipment and portable darkrooms mounted on wagon beds. But photographers like Mathew Brady and his assistants spent months following the army, etching with light the brave faces of the soldiers, as well as the bodies stiffened on the field. When Brady's stark photographs of the dead were first exhibited in New York City in 1862, the public thought, albeit briefly, that such horrific images could actually bring the war to an end.

So you hold in your hands living testimony from the battlefields that led to the fall of the South's Gate City. As you look into the eyes of these husbands and wives, sons and daughters, as you read the words of soldiers and civilians dazed by the violence around them or the grief that follows the fighting, perhaps it will be possible to perceive more clearly the shattering experience that was the Atlanta campaign.

Front cover illustration: A scene at the intersection of Peachtree Street and the Georgia Railroad tracks shows some of the damage that was wrought in Atlanta after Sherman's troops ravaged the business district in mid November 1864.        

<b>4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry Volunteers

Signed by their gallant Colonel Joseph Drake commanding the regiment, who was captured at the fall of Fort Donelson!</b>

7 1/4 x 12, imprinted Confederate form on blue paper, filled out and signed in ink.

Form No. 3. Officers' Pay Account. The Confederate States to Lt. A.M. Reasons. For pay as a Lt. from 24th Aug. to 1st Dec., 1861. Co. F, 4th Regt. Miss. Vols. For 3 months and 8 days. Pay Per Month, 80.00. Amount 261.33. Stationed at Fort Henry with the account dated Dec. 22nd, 1861. There is a large imprinted paragraph at the center of the document certifying the accuracy of this account, etc.....It continues, "that I am not in arrears with the Confederate States on any account whatsoever; and that the last payment I received was from Paymaster was mustered into Service and to the 24 day of Aug. 1861. I at the same time acknowledge that I have received of H.T. Massengale Paymaster, this 24 day of Dec., 1861, the sum of Two Hundred Sixty One, 261, and 33 cents, being the amount in full of said account.

The document has a large A.E.S. as follows, "Approved, Joseph Drake, Col. 4th Regmt. Miss. Vols."

Signed very nicely at the bottom of the form by the officer whose pay account this is as, "A.M. Reasons, 3rd Lieut., 4th Reg. Miss. Vols."

Content on the reverse:

No. 382

Form No.3.

Officers' Pay Account.

A.M. Reasons

2 Lt.

From 24 Aug/61

To 1 Dec/61


Ornate Confederate imprinted form in excellent condition. Rare document from Fort Henry, Tennessee only about 6 weeks before the fort was captured by the Federal forces commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant. This was the first important Union victory in the western theater and it was the start of General Grant's star rising in the Northern press and among its citizenry. Very desirable Confederate document.

<u>Joseph Drake</u>: (1806-78) He was a lawyer, judge, and plantation owner, Confederate Colonel during the War Between the States, who led a brigade in two important battles, and served as a member of the Mississippi State Legislature before and during the war. His grandfather, Joseph Drake, was one of Daniel Boone's Kentucky "Long Hunters" who was killed by Indians near Boonesborough, Kentucky, in August of 1778. He attended Washington College in Lexington, Virginia in 1825-26, studied law, and was sworn in as an attorney in Carroll County, Mississippi in 1834. In 1835, Drake served as district attorney of the Circuit Court of the county, and he represented Carroll County in the Mississippi State House of Representatives from 1838–39, and served as probate Judge of Carroll County, from 1855-61. Drake was elected Captain of Company H, "Carroll County Rebels," which mustered into the  Mississippi State service at Carrollton, on August 24, 1861, and was organized at Grenada, Mississippi, as the 4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry, in the Second Brigade, Army of Mississippi, and they were enlisted for twelve months. He was elected Colonel of the regiment on September 11, 1861, in a camp near Trenton, Tennessee. The 4th Mississippi Infantry was then put under General Earl Van Dorn's command. After being promoted to major general on September 19, 1861, Van Dorn was transferred to Virginia under General Joseph E. Johnston. The 4th Mississippi infantry, which had been detached from Van Dorn's division was one of the two regiments at Fort Henry which were experienced in war, and the men conducted themselves as veterans. Colonel Joseph Drake sent two companies of Mississippians to meet the first advance of the enemy on February 4th, who held the rifle-pits alone until reinforced. During the bombardment of the 6th, which resulted in the surrender of Fort Henry, Colonel Drake commanded General Tilghman's 2nd Brigade. After the naval attack compelled the surrender of Fort Henry, Drake retreated to Fort Donelson, where he commanded General Bushrod Johnson's 3rd brigade. The 4th Mississippi was under fire in the trenches at Donelson during February 13th and 14th, and participated in the assault which was made on the 15th for the purpose of opening a line of retreat. General Johnson reported that Drake's Brigade, under its very gallant, steady and efficient commander, moved in admirable precision, almost constantly under fire, driving the enemy slowly from hill to hill until about 1 p.m., when he was instructed to return to the rifle pits. This left Drake's Brigade unsupported for a time, until Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest went to Drake's support and advised him to fall back, which he did without disorder. Colonel Smith's brigade advanced a short distance up the hill, repeatedly rushing and then falling to the ground in the prone position, all the while listening to taunts from Drake's Confederate Brigade opposing them. The surrender of Fort Donelson followed on the 16th. It is said that Colonel Drake broke his sword and threw it in the river when told of the surrender. Colonel Drake went on a monumental journey after his capture initially being imprisoned at Johnson's Island; he was then admitted to the Prison Hospital, at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois, on February 21, 1862; then transferred to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, on March 1st; transferred again on March 6th, to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor; and was released on parole on April 7, 1862, for the purpose of being exchanged for Union Colonel Milton Cogswell, of the 42nd New York Volunteers. He retired from the Confederate army after he was exchanged on August 27, 1862, considered to be too old for active service at 56 years of age. Colonel Joseph Drake then returned to his plantation and served as a member the Mississippi State Senate from Carroll County in 1864. He had a son, John Breckenridge Drake, (1840–1922) who served in Company K, of the 30th Mississippi Infantry, and who  surrendered on April 26, 1865, at Durham Station, North Carolina.

A.M. Reasons, enlisted on August 1, 1861, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. F, 4th Mississippi Infantry. He resigned on June 17, 1862. On September 1, 1862, he was commissioned captain in Co. F, 2nd Mississippi Partisan Rangers Cavalry. His date of discharge is not known.

Large period agricultural stencil – Pate $225.00


CDV, General Henry W. Halleck $95.00


Voices of the Civil War, Atlanta $20.00


Confederate Officer's Pay Account From F $250.00

(1815-83) He was born in Cooperstown, N.Y., his maternal grandfather was a general during the Revolutionary War, and his father was a major general in the N.Y. State Militia, and at the time of his death was chief justice of the Michigan State Supreme Court. Morell graduated #1 in the West Point class of 1835. In the early part of 1861, he served as colonel and quartermaster on the staff of the major general commanding the New York militia, organizing and forwarding regiments to the seat of war. He then served in the Washington defenses and on August 9, 1861, was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade of General Fitz John Porter's division of the 5th Corps during the 1862 Virginia Peninsular campaign, and rose to division command when Porter took over the corps. He fought gallantly and skillfully in the Seven Days battles, at 2nd Bull Run and Antietam, and was promoted to major general to rank from July 4, 1862. However, the court martial of Fitz John Porter destroyed Morell's career. It has been said that Porter was ruined because of his devotion to McClellan. It could equally be said that Morell was ruined because of his devotion to Porter. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 3 3/4 card. Chest up view in uniform with rank of colonel. Backmark: Larcombe, Photographist, No. 25 Public Square, (S.W. Corner), Nashville, Tenn. The card has been trimmed and there is a horizontal crease which goes through the face of the subject. There is a small area of loss to the albumen paper at the upper right corner of the card which does not affect the subject. If this card were in excellent condition it would easily be priced somewhere between $150.00 and $250.00.  

<b>Written by Major Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment

He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!

Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!

1862 eight page letter with original cover signed twice by Major Edwards with excellent content defending the Army of the Potomac and citing some of their recent battles!

"we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the Peninsula, and thousands of them are left at So. Mt., Crampton Pass, and Antietam."</b>

(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.

The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

8 pages, 5 x 8, in ink, written by Major Clark S. Edwards, to his wife. Comes with the original envelope which has been signed twice by Edwards, once with rank. Addressed in the hand of Major Edwards to his wife, "Mrs. C.S. Edwards, Bethel, Maine." Edwards has franked the envelope at the upper right corner, "Soldiers Letter, C.S. Edwards, Maj. 5th Me. Vo[l]." Manuscript "due" is written below his signature for postage due on the letter. Docketed at the upper left edge as the letter was in route to Maine, "Keedysville, Md., Oct. 31st." The docket at the left edge of the envelope, "Oct. 30th/62" was written by Mrs. Edwards. It was her habit to write the dates on the envelopes that her husband's letters were written on. This made it easier for her if she was looking for a letter from a certain date or time period.   


<b><u>Thursday Afternoon, Near Bakersville, Md., Oct. 30, 1862</b></u>

We are still on the old camp, but left it yesterday and went on picket at dawn [at] No. 4, but was relieved in the night by one of the Mass. Regts. and got into camp about midnight and I found a letter from you dated Oct. 21st, so you see it takes a full week for a letter to reach us.  Our mail matters is very bad or irregular of late.  I am very glad to hear the little ones are better.  I am glad you have become reconciled to my staying a time longer or at least are willing.  I should do what I thought for the best.  I am sorry to hear you are breaking down or getting worn out.  The little boys are old enough to do considerable in the way of chores.  I am sorry to hear of Dr. Luce’s  troubles, but it’s different from what it would have been if he had been killed in battle and left on here with our unknown as thousands are.  In regard to his good wishes towards me I am thankful of them, but in regard to my next promotion I know nothing about it or no more than you do and I presume not as much.  I am glad to hear that Mary is getting along well.  What is her opinion about having babies now, not so very bad after all.  Tell her she has got her hand in and she must keep it up.  You think I judged wrong in regard to the Bethel folks feeling bad because no more is killed.  I did not mean Bethel in particular, all the North.  <b>We of the Potomac Army are now called the stand still army by these Northern croakers.  Is it not enough to raise the indignation of any people after going through what we have since the first of Apl. [April] last, than we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the [Virginia] Peninsula and thousands of them are left at So.[South] Mt. [Mountain], Crampton Pass, and Antietam, more than sixty thousand are left.  We have marched and countermarched for thousands of miles and fought the greatest battles this country ever have, and still because the great object is not obtained, that is the taking of Richmond, why the Potomac Army has done nothing in the mind of those that is all the time finding fault.  If Richmond had been taken in the first part of the season what then, why their army that has been opposing us would have been somewhere else to fight us where there would have been as much or more at stake.  The Rebels loss in Va. & Md. the past season cannot amount to less than one hundred & twenty thousand.  If Richmond was in our possession, what then?  Why that is one place out of ten thousand.  We hold more now than we can take care of.  A large part of Tenn. & Kentucky we have lost within the past year, but I will say no more on the subject as I may say too much.</b>  In regard to the New York ladies I think they will not compare with the Maine women.  I would not fear to have you come here and if we go into camp near the R.R. I will send for you.

Thursday Evening

As I have a few leisure moments I will close this.  It is now seven o’clock and I am in my tent alone as the Dr. is out.  We have orders to move in the morning at five o’clock, but I cannot tell you anything about where we go, but by the order about our baggage we are going on one of our long marches again, perhaps before this reaches you we will see more fighting, but the sooner it comes the sooner [its] over.  Our camp is all alive as the boys are fixing up to leave at an early hour, but we little know what we are going into.  I think we shall go into winter quarters within two or three weeks if the fall’s rains come on as early as usual, then as I have always write you.  I will try to go home.  I think you must be glad that I did not go at the time I first talked of.  If I had gone then I should not been in the two last fights and you know it is an honor to anyone to be in a fight.  You can see that by the way the 7th [Maine Infantry] was received in Portland.   We are in a beautiful camp here and I do not like the idea of moving, but we go as we are bid to go.  Our camp is in a beautiful grove and just outside the army tents is the grave of some poor soldier.  I did not notice it till after I put up my [tent] and as it was hardly finished I had it fixed up and a stone put at the head & foot.  It is within twenty feet of my [?].  I do not know the history of the poor fellow but as [the] Fourth Division was in camp on this ground I presumed it was one of them, perhaps one of that immortal 7th.  We think but little of camping down with the dead.  I find its any different from what I expected that is in myself in regard to these things, but after a man has been in the army a year & a half he can do most anything.  I must close this soon as I have got some packing up to do so to leave early.  I wish it was towards Maine and the whole Regt. was to go, but I do not know when that will be.  I will write you again as soon as we get to a place so I can.  I do not know how I will get along tomorrow as Mc [Mac] is lame and Findley, about every horse in the Regt. is at this time.  It is a sort of a disease among the horses, something like the scratches only a good deal worse.  You may say to [?] that I think they can have the sutlership of the Regt.  I will write them as soon as I get time.  I know they can make more money out of it, but it wants two to carry it on, one to buy & haul in, the other to sell.  If they think of coming it must be done soon as we shall have a sutler as soon as we go into winter quarters.  My love to all the little ones and regards to all.


Very fine 8 page letter. Excellent content with references to the recently fought  battles that the Army of the Potomac and the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in, and much more interesting news! Comes with the original cover bearing 2 signatures of Major Clark S. Edwards, one with rank. The cover shows edge wear from when it was originally opened and some edge chipping.  Tender with some tattering as  good evidence of age and originality, yet nicely displayable with lots of eye appeal, this approximately 10 X 13 inch, July 16, 1864 weekly issue of <I>The Scientific American</I> is complete and contains an account of George Custer’s U. S. Patent <I>improved</I> horse shoe design.  An appealing design line drawing is presented over the bold heading <B>CUSTER’S HORSE-SHOE</B> with an accompanying description of the design and intended <I>improvement</I> over the old standard design.  The little known <B>George Armstrong Custer</B> effort in the patent arena has been largely forgotten and lost in time with what may have been a <I>nail in the coffin</I> with respect to historical credit being a subsequent transcription error from period hand written 1870 U. S. Census records.  Very simply the name of George <B>A.</B> Custer was mistakenly transcribed in a research reference as <I>George <B>C</B> Custer</I>.  This simple transcription inaccuracy from the original record led to a conclusion published in Mike O’Keefe’s <I>Custer, the Seventh Cavalry & the Little Big Horn</I> that the subject patent was not issued by George A. Custer but another George Custer.  A look at renderings of original hand written census records will show that George A. Custer <U>was the only George Custer with a Monroe, Michigan</U> address as provided in official U. S. Patent documents.  (This offering will come with <U>convincing</U> research notes with respect to the above.)  Framed up or simply laid out with Civil War or Western Indian War material, this piece will add  A neat piece of Americana!   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


Civil War patriotic imprint with a full color vignette of General George Washington holding his sword aloft while holding an American flag in his opposite hand. Motto at the left edge, "Success To Our Volunteers." Slogan at the top, "Never Surrender." Imprint with lines to write in the name of the recipient, as well as the Regt., Co., Capt., State Volunteers, Col. Com'ding and Camp. Staining and light edge wear. 

***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.

CDV General George W. Morell $10.00


5th Maine Infantry Letter


July 16 1864 Scientific American - C $95.00


Success To Our Volunteers, Never Surrend $5.00

T-66. Richmond, Feb. 17, 1864. Bust view of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Fancy blue reverse. Very tiny chip at bottom center edge. With red Treasury Seal stamped on obverse and reverse corners. Crisp note that is in about uncirculated condition. 


Used Civil War envelope that has been addressed to Mrs. Mary Varnam, Lawrence, Mass., with bold stamped "Due 3." At the top of the cover is written, "Soldier Letter, A.P. Browne, Adjt. 40th Mass." Light wear from being opened. 

Able Parker Browne, who mailed this envelope was a 26 year old clerk from Salem, Mass., when he enlisted on May 26, 1862, as a 1st sergeant, and was mustered into the Salem Cadets Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. On May 25, 1862, Union Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, sent out an alarm for militia troops from various states to be sent to Washington, D.C. immediately because of the route of the forces of General Nathaniel P. Banks by Confederate General Stonewall Jackson stating that the enemy were in large force and advancing on Washington. The Salem Cadets were one of the organizations called upon in this emergency. Browne was discharged for promotion on August 25, 1862, and on September 5, 1862, he was commissioned into the field and staff of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry serving as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the regiment. He was promoted to major on August 26, 1863, and resigned his commission on March 5, 1864. After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post #113, the Edward W. Kinsely Post, in Boston, Mass.  

Civil War patriotic imprint with a vignette of Miss Liberty and a flag on a standard with the word "Union" and stars in the field, and a liberty cap on the top end of the standard. Slogan at the top, Onward to Victory. Light age toning and wear. 

***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.  <b>For The Army in 1781

American Revolutionary War Document</b>

6 1/2 x 3 5/8, imprinted receipt, filled out in ink. State Of Connecticut. Pay-Table Office, Hartford, Oct. 9, 1781. Sir, Pay unto Ralph Pomeroy, Esq. D.Q.M. or Order, Three Pounds in Lawful Silver Money, out of the Tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence on the ground, granted by the General Assembly in May last, and charge the State. John Lawrence, Esq., Treasurer. Signed by 3 members of the Committee, on the obverse, William Moseley, Eleazer Wales, and signed vertically by General Samuel Wyllys. Docketed and signed on the reverse by Ralph Pomeroy, No. 6576, L3 order, R. Pomeroy, D.Q.M., Oct. 9, 1781. For Ralph Pomeroy, D.Q.M. William Adams, A.D.Q.M. Very fine and quite desirable Revolutionary War document.

This receipt is dated only 10 days before the British defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781.

The military finances for the Colony of Connecticut were handled by the Committee called the Pay-Table during the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Pay Table members during this period included jurist Oliver Ellsworth, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr., (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide-de-camp to General Jedediah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys.

1864 Confederate $50 Note $75.00


Cover Sent by Adjutant of the 40th Massa $15.00


Onward to Victory $5.00


The Continental Connecticut Quartermaste $100.00

In a collecting field steeped with variations requiring a specialized appreciation of those variations, there is likely someone out there that will recognize this attractive Zouave fez as indicative to a particular regiment but we will leave that to the experts. With that said our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful crimson red fez.   Fashioned from that classic period wool felt that it seems was most desirable to hungry moths, original examples seldom survive in any kind of condition yet while this example exhibits some minor moth tracking as evidence of age and originality it is solid with no holes and retains its original bright crimson coloration with no fading.  An especially nice, high profile Zouave fez complete with its original leather sweat band and false bullion regimental number, this early Civil War fez will go well on its own or in any period headgear collection.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Our photo illustrations should do best to describe this nice old document except to advise that it is entirely original with a most appealing natural age patina and bears the name <B><I>C. C. Rise</I></B>.   please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!  Believed first made for export in the 1850s, the <I>Ring of Rings Puzzle</I> has existed to ancient times in China with the earliest known Western written reference set down by an Italian mathematician associate of Leonardo da Vinci in 1500.  Credited to craftsmen in Canton, China who first fashioned their cow bone <I>Ring of Rings</I> puzzle for export in the 1850s the now rarely surviving puzzle became a popular diversion throughout Europe and the Americas.  This period example remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains yet with good evidence of age and period construction. The puzzle remains complete even to its original, period appropriate, <I>rose-head</I> brass wires.  We will send the purchaser an internet link containing the puzzle resolution, that is to remove all nine bone rings trapped on the decoratively carved handle.  (This can be accomplished in 341 steps by following two simple rules.) <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our photos should do best to describe this nice original die-struck mounted artillery hat device except to offer that it is completely original, in fine unissued condition and is of the Civil War period  The piece measures approximately 1 15/16 inches wide with soldered brass wire fasteners. (Note that 2 wires are missing.)  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired this piece several years ago now when we were fortunate enough to purchase a number of items brought home by a W. Stokes Kirk clerk when the Philadelphia based Civil War surplus dealer closed up shop in 1976.  Founded in 1874, W. Stokes Kirk like Bannerman in New York purchased large quantities of Civil War surplus at government auction. Seems like an impossibility  now but we can remember wares of the two offering original Civil War material as late as the 1950s.  This piece offers a now rare opportunity to acquire such an item from what for years now has become an ever dwindling and now a nearly nonexistent supply. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

exceptional ! high profile Civil War er $895.00


1700s early 1800s brass DOCUMENT SEAL $65.00


19th century Antique Cantonese Puzzle – $175.00


W. STOKES KIRK - Civil War surplus - Mou $95.00

A large example, (shown here with a quarter for size comparison) intricately carved with dog and stag, our illustrations will likely do best to describe this attractive old hunting motif meerschaum tobacco pipe.  With lots of rich color as comes to natural meerschaum with many a pleasant smoke and a good period char as additional evidence of age and originality, this old hand carved pipe remains in pleasing condition and will display well in any tobacciana or period grouping.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

 Our photo illustrations will likely do best to describe this little baking utensil except to advise that remains in nice original condition with a pleasing natural age patina to brass and wood.   Obviously hand crafted and completely original, this little  pastry or <I>pie</I> crimper as they are commonly referred to, will lay in nicely with additional period kitchen collectables without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Augusta, Ga. C.D.S. Dietz Type B all in violet, 2 APR. (1864). The envelope has been boldly endorsed by a Confederate Georgia officer at the top left, "R.H. Atkinson, Capt. 1st Ga. Regulars." Very nicely addressed to "Mrs. E.A. Atkinson, Macon, Georgia." Coarse paper cover which is probably homemade. Very fine war period Confederate Georgia cover.

Robert Holt Atkinson was commissioned second lieutenant in Company G, 1st Georgia Regulars, on February 1, 1861. He was promoted to first lieutenant in Company A, on September 3, 1861. He served as the regimental adjutant for a period and then was promoted to captain of Company C, at the Battle of Olustee, Florida, on February 20, 1864. He survived the war and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. 

In the book, "Footprints of a Regiment; A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865," by W.H. Andrews, Andrews described Lieutenant Atkinson at the Battle of Second Manassas, Virginia, "To the right of me and walking down the line was our Adjutant Lieutenant R.H. Atkinson, with our flag in one hand and his sword in the other. Our colors had fallen for the fourth time. Our gallant color bearer Sergeant Baldwin had lost his life, besides two others who were killed who had lifted the colors up by the time they had struck the ground, the fourth man being wounded. Then Lieutenant Atkinson raised them up. He was certainly making a conspicuous target of himself, but fear was a stranger to him." 

This cover originated from Confederate philatelic expert John L. Kimbrough, and it has been in an advanced private Confederate collection for the last almost ten years before I was fortunate enough to acquire it. Mr. Kimbrough has signed and dated the cover in pencil on the reverse.

WBTS Trivia: The 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Macon, Georgia, in April 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were from Atlanta and Brunswick, and Glynn and Montgomery counties. It was brigaded under General Robert Toombs and in April, 1862, contained 367 effectives. Transferred to G.T. Anderson's Brigade, the unit fought gallantly with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. It was then ordered to Florida, assigned to G.P. Harrison's Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and fought at the battle of Olustee, Florida, the only major battle to be fought in Florida during the War Between the States. During the summer of 1864, it was stationed in the Charleston area and later saw action at Savannah and in North Carolina. The regiment reported 3 killed and 19 wounded at Savage's Station, had 27 killed and 77 wounded at Second Manassas, and lost 3 killed and 25 wounded at Olustee. Only 45 officers and men surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. [Source: Units of the Confederate Armies by Joseph H. Crute, Jr].  

Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 7, 1864 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/2 x 11. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. War date slave related sketch done by the celebrated illustrator A.R. Waud.

vintage – Dog & Stag MEERSCHAUM TOBACCO $95.00


earlier to mid1800s PASTRY CRIMPER $45.00


Confederate Cover From Captain, 1st Geor $185.00


Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery $50.00


Writes of the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia not long after the battle of Gettysburg!</b>

4 pages, 5 x 7 1/4, in ink, written by Private Philip Samuel Mosby, to his sister, Polly G. Woodson. Very neat and well written Confederate letter.

<b><u>Orange Ct. House, [Virginia] Aug.19th, 1863</b></u>

My Dear Sister,

I joyfully received you kind favor of the 22nd of July and hasten to reply the morning after getting it. I got one of the same date from Nancy, and it really looked to me that fortune had smiled upon me getting two letters from home at once although they took 26 days to reach me.  All that you both wrote was news to me. It is useless for me to say anything about Merry as the last I saw of him he belonged to Company I, a loafer, if he has not been home before now you may look for him soon. I hope he will stay in "I" as long as the war lasts if he can, and if there is any chance for him to do so without imposing his hand, I hope he will as he is no danger now since getting to be as the only danger "I" is in far from home the Yankees may play the grub game on them, but they will soon release them as they soon prove a curse to any country. Merry and myself go to see each other whenever we get in striking distance and have a good deal of our old dry fun. You will remember his old expression that there is no harm in old dry. I wish I could see him now but you may rest assured he is all right as I have heard from him on this side of the Potomac and the Yanks did not get him. Polly I reckon you are better able to judge what kind of creatures we are fighting since you have seen them. I was glad to hear the thieves treated you as respectfully as they did. We never have met them yet that we did not make them get further. I don’t feel under any obligations to the creatures for not calling on me.  I look upon that as providential and feel that our creator is heaping blessings upon me.  I was glad to hear from John and Joe as I haven’t heard from them since I went to Yankee land.  John feels to me if possible more than a brother. I never will forget his and Martin’s kindness to my family. He did not stay in service long enough to learn the slight of hand in pressing things into service. While in Yankee land I did not eat anything but my rations for I could not press as many of our men did and would not offer to buy as they had no use for our money. I have cleared my conscience thus far throughout the war and mean to do so as long as I stay in service. I was truly glad to hear B.F. Wittshire has gotten home. I hope the poor fellow will be able to stay. I am truly sorry for Mrs. Whittshire. I hope Frank will not be permanently injured as so much depends on him. Present my best regards to him and the family. As you all have heard of all of the boys before now I will not say anything about them more than I believe they are all safe that you inquired about. I was very sorry to hear of the death of Thommy Johnson. I hope the poor fellow is better off. I am truly sorry for your Uncle Peter. He has had a great deal of trouble. I hope it will put him to thinking of the future. I reckon poor Zence is not long for this world but she will be better off.  I told Josiah of the report of his being wounded it was true he was struck by a ball, but the skin was not broken. Joe sends his respects to you all. He is as good a fellow as ever lived. We are together all of the time. I saw J.H. Duggins [1] a few days ago. He is well and as dry and jokey as ever. Lucien Simms is also well, as well as the rest of the boys in his company from our neighborhood. A.B. Nacholds came to camp the other day and brought me the most glorious tidings that could possibly have reached my ears. I hope it is all true you must let me hear in your next. The news was this that all of you all and Nancy had joined the church after making a public profession of eternal happiness in the world. Polly you can’t imagine my feelings when I heard it. It is just what I have been praying for mos. When only my God and myself knew of it, my sister it seems to me that this war must end as there is so much religion in our land, great revivals are going on at home as well as in the army. We have meetings right here at us every night here of late. Joe and myself go every night together. Last night I did not sleep more than 3 hours after getting from meeting as I had to go on guard soon after getting to camp.  Last night I saw upwards of twenty men go up to join the church. You can’t imagine the pleasantness of my feelings when I witnessed it and thought of those so dear to me at home. I wish I could be with you all now and hope and pray and believe I will ere long as our army seems so much bent on seeking the Lord while he may be found. To see the men in the woods with their muskets stacked around them day and night on their knees asking God to have mercy on their souls is a glorious sight to one who feels an interest in the future. Nan told me in her last that Martin had an idea of joining my company. I hope he will as we might be very useful to each other as company besides all of this. I think this much the safest branch of service and I think it is the duty of every married man to save himself in any honorable way so he can in times like these. Martin feels as a dear brother to me. Tell him and all to write to me. Give my best love to all and tell them to write to me. You must write often. My greatest pleasure is to read a letter from some of you. I must close praying the blessing of our heavenly father on us all.

From your affect. brother,


Direct to Longstreet’s Corps, Alexander’s Battln., Woolfolk’s Co.

Philip Samuel Mosby enlisted as a private in the Hanover Light Artillery in Hanover County, Virginia, on March 25, 1862. When the battery broke up in October 1862, Mosby transferred to the Ashland Light Artillery on the eight day of that month. At some point during the month of July 1864, Mosby was detailed to the Medical Department of than General Edward Porter Alexander's Artillery Battalion for duty under Surgeon, Doctor Henry Vincent Gray, where he no doubt saw the horrors of war from an even closer more personal perspective. Discharged from the Confederate Army on November 12, 1864, Mosby returned to Hanover County where he began a successful career as a carpenter. 

Very well written letter by Philip S. Mosby a month and a half after General Lee's defeat at the battle of Gettysburg, as Lee's army regroups in Orange Court House, Virginia. There is some excellent content in the letter regarding the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia, and more. This letter was sold by Raynor's Historical Collectibles Auctions in November 2005 and clearly documents that the letter writer was Philip S. Mosby, of the Ashland Light Artillery. A copy of the auction lot write up will be included with this letter. I recently acquired it from the private collection it has been in since the Raynor Auction 12 years ago.

[1] The J.H. Duggins that Mosby mentions in his letter was Josiah H. Duggins, who enlisted on August 16, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was wounded in action at the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. His place and date of discharge are unknown. He does however appear active on Confederate muster rolls as late as January 15, 1865.

In Mosby's closing he directs his sister to have the folks direct their letters to Longstreet's Corps, Alexander's Battalion, Woolfolk's Company. He is referring to General James Longstreet, commander of the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia; Colonel Edward Porter Alexander, Chief of General Longstreet's Artillery Corps; and Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr., the commander of the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. Captain Woolfolk was severely wounded on July 2, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, receiving a severe gunshot wound to his right shoulder. Woolfolk was later captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Ky., when Longstreet's Corps transferred to The Army of Tennessee. Woolfolk was confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del., until being exchanged at Fortress Monroe, Va., on September 1, 1864.

Very desirable and scarce 1863 Confederate Ashland Virginia Light Artillery letter!

WBTS Trivia: Of the 103 members of the Ashland Light Artillery engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, 27 per cent were killed or wounded. This hard fought Virginia Artillery regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with only 2 officers and 64 men left. Captain Picheqru Woolfolk, Jr. was in command.             


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia

Loyal Virginia Unionist during the Civil War!

Arrested multiple times by the Confederate Government

Arrested in his home in Culpeper County, Virginia by General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863</b>

(1802-69) Born in Dumfries, Va., he was a lawyer and politician who stayed true to the Union. The most conspicuous arrest made during the Civil War under the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was that of this prominent Virginia citizen who had been a large part of the political life of Virginia for 30 years. He had served as a member of the Virginia State Legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a staunch opponent of secession declaring his state had no right to secede, and said that the leaders in the South were conspirators. He was arrested on March 2, 1862, in his home in Richmond, and confined in jail for several weeks. Through a personal interview with Confederate Secretary of War, George W. Randolph, he finally obtained permission to remain in his own home in Richmond, upon taking an oath to say nothing more that was prejudicial to the Confederacy. Tiring of confinement in his house, he purchased a farm in Culpeper County, Va., and moved there in January 1863. From there he started up again to denounce secession. His home was always full of Confederate officers and Union generals and he was arrested once again by orders of General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863, but was soon released without further molestation.

<u>Signature</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, Jno. M. Botts. Very desirable autograph!  

<b>Confederate President Jefferson Davis</b>

Criswell #125. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and nice view of the Confederate capitol city of Richmond, Virginia, at the upper right. Dejected figure of Liberty at the bottom. Some of the original coupons are still attached. One of the most popular of all War Between the States Confederate bonds. Very fine.  

1863 Confederate postage stamps. Scott #11. Corner block of four 10 cents, Confederate States of America, postage stamps with bust of President Jefferson Davis. Printed by Archer & Daly, Richmond, Va. Large portion of the blank sheet is visible to the left of the stamps. Light corner and edge wear but in unused condition.

1863 Confederate Artillery Letter, Ashla $300.00


Autograph, John Minor Botts $50.00


1863 Confederate $1, 000 Bond $125.00


Corner Block of Four Confederate 10 Cent $125.00

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