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(1826-1901) He served in the Mexican War as a private in the 1st Pennsylvania Infantry. Soon after he became well known in the field of gardening, meantime maintaining an interest in military affairs by a continuing association with the local militia. He rose to brigadier general of the 18th division and in 1861 was put in charge of organizing and equipping volunteers in the Pittsburgh area. That summer he served under General Robert Patterson and on February 6, 1862, was appointed a brigadier general of U.S. Volunteers. Meanwhile he was sent to Kentucky and served with General Buell's army until the fall of 1862, when General Braxton Bragg's army invaded Kentucky. Buell marched northward leaving Negley to defend Nashville. At the battle of Stone's River, Negley commanded a division under General George H. Thomas and was promoted to major general for his services. His capabilities were again ably demonstrated when General Bragg was driven out of Tennessee. At the battle of Chickamauga however, Negley was critcized by his fellow division commanders which all but ended his military career. Negley served in Congress during his post war career.

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Bust view in uniform with rank of brigadier general. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York. Very fine.  

8 pages. Front page headlines: AFFAIRS IN THE SOUTHWEST. Gen. Grant and the Trade Regulations of the Mississippi. Proposed Opening of the Cotton Trade to all Loyal Citizens. A Cavalry Expedition From Corinth. Rebel Conscripts Reporting for Duty in the National Army. The War in the Far West. Gen. Blunt's Position. Danger Thereof. A Battle Imminent. Rebel Officers. Union Men in Arkansas. Sufferings of the Loyalists. Important From North Carolina. Shameful Inefficiency of the Blockade at Wilmington. Seventeen Large Steamers Arrived There Within a Few Days. Immense Stores For the Rebel Army. A Speech by General Burnside. Later From Charleston. Our Batteries on Morris Island Trying Their Range on Fort Sumter. The Monitors Ready For Action. The Fight Expected to Take Place on Saturday or Sunday Last. Proclamation by Governor Seymour. A Warning Against Resistance to the Draft. European Intelligence. Arrival of the City of Washington and the Bremen. Further Captures by the Rebel Pirates on the South American Coast. English Views of American Affairs. The Liverpool Chamber of Commerce Anticipating Peace. A British Cooperhead's Estimate of Archbishop Hughes' Speech to the Rioters. The American Question. View of the English Press. Vallandigham. Other headlines and news: News From Washington: Further Reports of the Demoralization of Lee's Army. Stuart's Cavalry Defeated by Deserters. No Movement of the Rebels by Way of Dumfries. The Case of General Milroy. News From Fortress Monroe. Funeral of Commodore Morris, U.S. Navy. Loses by Running the Blockade, and much more. Very fine.  

<b>News of the War of 1812</b>

16 pages, 6 x 9 1/2. Internal Improvement; Report of the commissioners appointed by the legislature of New York, on the 8th of March, 1814, to provide for the internal improvement of the state. Trial of General Hull, of the United States Army, having been submitted to the President of the United States, for the charges of treason against the United States, cowardice, neglect of duty, and un-officer like conduct all during the War of 1812; Outlines in great detail all of the charges and specifications, etc. (9 pages of content). Unprovoked War. A General Statement Of the several stocks transferred to the United States to the 31st December, 1812, the interest which on which, by the acts of the 8th May, 1792, and the 3d March, 1795, is appropriated for the redemption of the Public Debt. (Includes full page itemized statement). Statement Of the Debt of the United States, on the 1st of January, 1813. Events of the War; Aiding the Enemy, Convention For The Exchange Of Prisoners, Head Quarters, Montreal; Sackett's Harbor; Victory Over The Creek Indians (with battle formation diagram). From the North, Extract of a Letter from General Wilkinson; Naval Action, The Pique, The Essex, The Adams, Blockade of the Chesapeake. Congressional Report. Mary Ann Clarke. The New York Election. Scattered light staining and wear.

Trivia: The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and England from June 1812 to February 1815. One of the casualties of this war was the burning of the White House in Washington, D.C. by British forces on August 24, 1814.         A neat item for the game board collector or Indian War era personal item enthusiast, this original <B><I>ECLIPSE STATIONARY PACKET</B></I> measures approximately 7 5/8 X 5 X 1 ½ inches closed opening to offer a 10 X 7 5/8 inch writing surface, checker board and, on the inside, a backgammon board.  Fine print in several locations advises that the piece was <I>Entered according to Act of Congress in the year <B>1871</B> by J. C. Clark & Co.</I>.  <U>The packet retains a full complement of 30 original baked clay game pieces</U>, an unused ream of period stationary and a red-cedar graphite pencil.  A really nice writing and game box combination we have had this piece set aside in our own accumulation for years and have never seen another, complete or otherwise.  A really special item for the right collector.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

CDV, General John Negley $75.00


The New York Times, August 18, 1863 $35.00


Niles Weekly Register, Baltimore, May 7, $50.00


c. 1871 STATIONARY / GAME BOX $275.00

<b>Served as Major General of the Colorado Militia during the Civil War

United States Senator from Colorado

United States Secretary of the Interior</b> 

(1830-1914) Born in Granger, Allegany County, N.Y., he studied law and was admitted to the bar in Binghamton, N.Y. in 1858. Moving to Colorado, he became a leading figure in that territory and served as major general of Colorado Militia, 1862-64. Upon the admission of Colorado to the Union in 1876, he was elected as U.S. Senator, serving 1876-82. He served as U.S. Secretary of the Interior, 1882-85, then returned to the U.S. Senate where he served until 1909. He was known as an outspoken advocate of silver remonetization, and for the government's regulation of big business. The "Teller Resolution" which pledged the United States to an independent Cuba was named for him. He strongly opposed U.S. policy in the Philippines as well as President Theodore Roosevelt's policy toward Panama. During his time in the senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment; and the Committee on Mines and Mining. He also served as a member of the Committee on Pensions; Committee on Patents; Committee on Privileges and Elections; Committee on Claims; Committee on Private Land Claims; and the U.S. Monetary Commission. 

<u>Signature</u>: 3 1/2 x 1/2, in ink, H.M. Teller.  

<b>Signature With Rank</b>

(1810-78) Born at Newburyport, Mass., he served as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps, 1834-37. Transferring to the 8th U.S. Infantry, he was cited for gallantry in the campaign against the Florida Seminoles. During the Civil War he served with the 1st, 11th and 7th U.S. Infantry Regiments, rising to rank of colonel in the latter regiment. When stationed with the 1st U.S. Infantry in Texas at the beginning of the war he was taken prisoner by General David Twiggs, but was later released on parole. He also served as Chief of Staff to General John Pope. He was promoted to brigadier general in 1865, and was the son-in-law of Mexican War General William J. Worth.

<u>Signature With Rank</u>: 8 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Your Obt. Servant, John T. Sprague, Colonel 7th U.S. Infantry, Commanding. The signature only is in the hand of Sprague.  <b>to Richmond, Virginia 

Mailed to Captain Will O. Crutcher of the "King Cotton Guards" of Mississippi</b>

War date, Confederate cover, addressed to Captain Will O. Crutcher, King Cotton Guards, Box No. 1041, Richmond, Virginia, with Nov. 20, Vicksburg, Miss., double circle postmark and matching PAID 10 stamped in black. The envelope measures 5 3/8 x 2 3/8. Scarce. Very desirable war date Confederate Vicksburg cover.  

William O. Crutcher was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, on September 8, 1838. He enlisted in the Confederate Army on May 6, 1861, at Vicksburg, and was elected captain of a Warren County infantry company called the "King Cotton Guards." The "King Cotton Guards" were attached to the Second Battalion, Mississippi Infantry, at Jackson, Mississippi, on October 16, 1861 by an order issued from the Confederate War Department. While stationed at Fredericksburg, Virginia in November 1862, they were joined with other small units and re-designated the 48th Mississippi Infantry Regiment, the "King Cotton Guards" comprising Company E. Fighting under General Robert E. Lee in his immortal Army of Northern Virginia, Captain Crutcher, and the "King Cotton Guards" distinguished themselves in the bloody battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Cold Harbor. Captain Crutcher would also endure the dangers and privations of the Petersburg & Appomattox campaigns, and surrender with General Lee's Army at Appomattox Court House, on April 9, 1865. Returning home to his native Vicksburg to try and pick up the pieces of his broken life, Crutcher died on November 29, 1866, in Vicksburg. He is buried in Cedar Hill Cemetery in that city.

WBTS Trivia: The 48th Mississippi Infantry had 10 men killed and 44 wounded at Fredericksburg, and 31 out of the 256 engaged in the battle of Gettysburg were disabled. This hard fought regiment surrendered at Appomattox with 11 officers and 87 men, Captain William O. Crutcher among them.

Vicksburg, Mississippi, located atop a high bluff overlooking the Mississippi River, and thought to be impregnable by the assault of Union forces, was surrendered on July 4, 1863, after a 47 day siege specifically intended to starve the city into submission. This victory gave the Federals complete control of the Mississippi River. 

The Confederate forces were commanded by General John C. Pemberton, and the Union forces by General Ulysses S. Grant.


Used Civil War envelope with double C.D.S. Fredericksburg, Va., Jun. 7, with embossed 3 cents rose George Washington postage stamp. Addressed to Mrs. L. Lewis Taylor, Williamsport, Point Coupee Cty., [Parish], Louisiana. Very fine.

WBTS Trivia: Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana is located near Baton Rouge. The Battle of Baton Rouge was a land and naval battle fought on August 5, 1862. The Union victory halted Confederate attempts to recapture the capital city of Louisiana.

Autograph, General Henry M. Teller $25.00


Autograph, General John T. Sprague $25.00


Confederate Cover Sent From Vicksburg, M $165.00


Cover Sent From Fredericksburg, Va. to P

This attractive light aqua hand blown whiskey bottle stands approximately 9 1/4 inches and sports a patriotic motif of clasped hands over <I>UNION</I> on one face with EAGLE & BANNER on the other.   The calabash style flask sports a classic iron pontil which retains a good portion of its original graphite residue.  Topped by an applied double collar mouth this period flask saw considerable popularity in the Civil War era.  All original and period with no chips, cracks or condition issues this colorful patriotic flask will set well in any period grouping. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

 First merchandised in the Civil War period as one of a number of combination mess utensils designed for easy carrying and sales appeal to a growing camp sutler and individual sales market, this popular design has been well documented Civil War camp site <I>diggers</I> who’s study and excavation efforts have served the collector community so well.  Recently acquired from an old collection put together when such quality could be found this exceptionally nice 19th century example is maker marked <B>F. ASMAN & Co.  SHEFFIELD </B> and remains in crisp, as new and unused condition yet with good evidence of age originality.  With no evidence of sharpening or use, this piece will appeal to the discriminating  antique knife collector as well as the Civil War buff looking for an especially nice example of the type. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

 Our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful old <I>Apple Lady</I> but for the <I>word search</I> folks we will advise that this classic view of a grizzled old street lady remains in pleasing condition with strong contrast and sharp focus.  The back bears only a period penciled title<I>Apple Stand</I> with no photographer identification. An outstanding occupational and wonderful insight into a piece of 1800s Americana.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  A most desirable instrument in style, condition and maker, this beautiful fife remains in wonderful condition measuring 17 inches in length with the classic 2 inch long silver ferrules indicative of the time.  Despite some wear from period use and carrying the marks of the Civil War era New York musical instrument maker  <B><I>GEO. Cloos</B></I> with the intertwined <B><I>G. C.</B></I> familiar to period musical instrument collectors is clearly desirable.  (see: Garofalo & Elrod’s <I>Civil War era MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS</I> )  Of special interest  to the <I>deep dish</I> collector will be that the fife retains its boldly signed <I>THE CLOOS</I> cheater.  With use of these pewter cheaters well verified by Civil War relic hunters, signed examples are extremely scarce.     All original and in outstanding condition with just enough evidence of careful period use to add to its charm and desirability. <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. (located at the top of the thumbnail page)   A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best.

Union & Clasped Hands - PATRIOTIC WHISKE $165.00


19th century traveling Knife & Fork – SH $175.00


mid 1800s Apple Vendor STEREO-VIEW $65.00


Civil War era Geo. CLOOS signed FIFE w $225.00

This <U>complete</U> set of old hand cut bone dominos remain in excellent condition and are housed in their original partitioned slide top game box along with a pair of period bone dice.  Extremely difficult to find on today’s market despite the popularity of the game of dominos in the era, it seems that as such miniature sets did not lend themselves to the conveyance of play of full size sets, thus were not preserved once the easy transport of the miniature sets was not a popular need.   This rare set will go especially well in any quality Civil War vintage personal item or gaming grouping.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  These little penny sized coins were struck in the early years of the American Civil War to fill a commercial need when people began hording hard currency.  By July of 1862 even the lowly copper cent had all but disappeared from public circulation.  Though the U. S. Mint began issuing substitute paper money in the usual coinage denominations and folks began using postage stamps to augment that effort, commercial needs demanded something more familiar and more durable. The private minting of what collectors refer to as <I>HARD-TIME</I> TOKENS began to appear in the fall of 1862.   These private issue coins fell in two categories, the <I>patriotic token</I> which did not carry the name of a specific redeemer and the so called <I>store-card</I> type which carried the name of a specific merchant.  The little private issue ‘penny’  filled the commercial need and soon enjoyed general acceptance as a means of exchange usually allotted the value of one cent.  The little copper cent was minted in several variations and designs (usually patriotic) and were almost immediately a collectable accounting for some limited availability of nice condition examples still available on today’s collectors market.  Not a common find outside of collector circles though, as the short lived Civil War token was outlawed by act of Congress in 1864 when the issuance of currency in any form by private individuals was forbidden.  We have acquired a small collection of these little relics and are offering them individually in our online shop for the collector who would enjoy a nice original example to go in a Civil War grouping or coin collection.  The patriotic example offered here remains in pleasing, uncirculated condition with a natural age patina.  (Will make a neat original Civil War vintage gift without spending lots of money.)You may view all of these that are currently on our site by entering <I> patriotic token </I>  in our search feature.  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

 Illustrated here with a US quarter for size comparison is nice old pair of buttonhole shears marked <B><I>B S & Co.</I></B>(BARNARD - SON & Co. Waterbury, CT) <B><I>PATDE. 1864</I></B>.  A nice pair of scissors, dated with good evidence of age and period use yet remaining in pleasing, functional condition.  A nice sewing basket or soldiers <I>house wife</I> item.  ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!! Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques ! 


<b>Hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War

General-in-Chief of the United States Army

Autograph Letter Signed

Written to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur concerning the presidency of "Old Hickory," Andrew Jackson!</b>

(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Winfield Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U.S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort as the impending Civil War grew ever closer. His "Anacondona Plan" proved to be very sound and helped to defeat the Confederacy. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in November 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union. His service as the Commanding General of the United States Army for twenty years was the longest that any officer ever held  that position.  

<u>Autograph Letter Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 9 3/4, in ink. This is the post script of a folded letter written by Winfield Scott to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur, who was both the nephew, and son-in-law of U.S. President James Monroe. The content is excellent and this post script stands on its own merits as it is both signed and dated by Winfield Scott. Known as a folded letter, this letter sheet was used not only to write the letter on, but it was then folded using a blank panel on the reverse side to address it as an envelope would be. It is entirely addressed in the hand of Winfield Scott: "To Samuel L. Gouverneur, Esqr., Post Master, New York," and it has been free franked, stamped in red, "FREE." 

P.S. The debate on the deposit question was this morning postponed till tomorrow, some five sets of resolutions on the subject having been yesterday referred to a Commissioner & a report made thereon this morning, it became necessary to print the new resolutions. Rely upon it, the removal of the deposits will be strongly condemned by an immense majority. This condemnation, I think cannot [but help] to break the administration phalanx in the U.S.H. of Representatives & induce some thirty or forty Jackson** men to vote for a restoration. Rely also upon the appearance that the President will not dare to veto the Resolution if it passes the two Houses of Congress.

Yrs. truly,

Winfield Scott

Jan. 14, 1834

**General Winfield Scott is referring to President Andrew Jackson, who was serving as the 7th President of the United States when this event happened.

The letter is in very good condition with light age toning and wear and some paper loss at the upper left corner which does not affect any of the content. There is another area of paper loss at the left edge which does cause the loss of 2 words, and there are remnants of the original red wax seal at the right edge which does not affect any of the content. Very desirable.

The recipient of this letter, Samuel L. Gouverneur, was a prominent attorney, civil servant, and both the nephew and son-in-law of the 5th President of the United States James Monroe. Born in 1799 in New York City, his mother was the sister of President Monroe's wife. After his graduation from Columbia in 1817, he served as the private secretary of his uncle President James Monroe. Gouverneur married President Monroe's daughter (his first cousin), Maria Hester Monroe, on March 9, 1820, and it was the first wedding ever held in the White House for a child of a President of the United States. General Thomas Jesup served as groomsman at the wedding. Gouverneur was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1825, and he served as Postmaster of New York City from 1828 to 1836. He  helped former president Monroe press his claims to the U.S. Congress to repay mounting debts, and after Monroe's wife's death in 1830, the former president lived with his nephew/son-in-law until his own death in 1831. Gouverneur was executor of Monroe's estate, which had to be sold off to pay the debts. Monroe was buried in the Gouverneur family vault at the New York City Marble Cemetery, until descendants had the remains moved to the James Monroe Tomb in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. Monroe's personal papers were left to Gouverneur, who started work on publishing them, but the project was never finished. The Gouverneur's later moved to Washington, D.C., where he worked in the consular bureau of the U.S. Department of State from 1844 to 1849. After congress agreed to buy the papers of President Monroe, Gouverneur proposed a similar arrangement, which was finally concluded in 1850. After his wife Maria died in 1850, he married Mary D. Lee, granddaughter of Thomas S. Lee, and they retired to the Lee estate called "Needwood," near Frederick, Maryland. The family relations reached a breaking point during the Civil War, as Gouverneur supported President Lincoln and the Federal Government, while his in-laws were deeply rooted in the Confederacy. Samuel L. Gouverneur died on September 29, 1865, living long enough to see the Federal victory, and peace restored to the Union that his uncle President James Monroe helped to create as one of the "Founding Fathers."

1800s pocket or haversack size – Traveli $175.00


Civil War ARMY & NAVY Patriotic / ‘HARD- $35.00


Civil War era - Pat. 1864 BUTTONHOLE SC $45.00


Autograph, General Winfield Scott

This outstanding heavy cast and turned bronze # 8 mortar and pestle set dates to the earlier through mid 1800s and remains in eye appealing condition with good evidence of age and period use while remaining in excellent condition with a nice untouched natural age patina.  The heavy bronze mortar stands approximately 5 3/8 inches high , is 5 3/8 inches in diameter at the mouth and 3 3/8 inches across the base.  The bronze pestle is size number 8 marked as is the mortar and measures about 9 7/8 inches in length.  Not to be confused with more frequently encountered later examples or the common Chinese castings, this rarely found 19th century bronze apothecary mortar & pestle set will make a nice addition to any quality medical grouping or will go well simply as a period decorative piece. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  

<b>He was stricken with yellow fever and died in 1862!</b>

(1809-1862) Graduated in the West Point class of 1829. In the next 7 years he served as an instructor at the United States Military Academy, studied law, was admitted to the bar, resigned from the army, and became a member of the faculty of Cincinnati College where he taught astronomy, philosophy and mathematics. It was as a dedicated student of astronomy that Mitchel gained his claim to fame. He was largely responsible for establishing the Naval Observatory, the Harvard Observatory, the Cincinnati Observatory, and the Dudley Observatory. On August 9, 1861, President Lincoln appointed him a brigadier general of volunteers and he was assigned as commander of the Department of the Ohio. In March 1862, he seized the Memphis and Charleston Railroad at Huntsville, Alabama, and sent raiding parties into Stevenson and Decatur to secure the tracks for the Union army. He was promoted to major general on April 11, 1862. He then commanded the Department of the South and was stricken with yellow fever and died at Beaufort, S.C., on October 30, 1862. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Seated view in uniform with rank of major general, posing with his arms folded across his chest and wearing his gauntlets. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York, made from a photographic negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Pencil inscription on the reverse, "Maj. Gen. Mitchell, deceased." Very sharp image. Scarce view. Very desirable photograph.  Fresh seasoning was a premium to the pallet in Colonial America through the Civil War and into the later 19th century.   By that time improved refrigeration and food preservation reduced the common use of seasoning to something more pleasurable than masking the taint of <I>gone buy</I> food.  Salt and pepper were the most commonly used seasonings with the heavy use of salt as a drying agent and preservative the most familiar.  Next in line, not as a preservative but as a masking agent was the nutmeg.  So prized  was the nutmeg in the 18th century that the walnut size woody seed  was commonly used as tender for trade and bartering.  This traveling grater with its’ lidded storage compartment  for the pungent little nut falls in the waining days of the time when the nutmeg was so well thought of that fakes were carved from dark hardwood for trade.  A neat piece of Americana of the Civil War period, this example retains much of its’ original <I>japanning</I> lacquer finish. (illustrated here with a U.S. quarter for size comparison)  A neat <I>common item</I> seldom considered worthy of preservation original period examples are seldom encountered in this condition.  A neat little personal item for the Civil War haversack without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

 This attractive bronze collar bell measures approximately 4 7/8 inches across the mouth and stands about 4 1/4 inches high.  The bell sports an attractive cast in panoply of American Eagles with shield, banner and star bursts. ( Examples of these bells, with an account of their origin, may be seen in the U. S. Army Quartermaster Museum collection at Fort Lee Virginia.)   These bells were cast under contract to the U. S. Army during the Pierce and Buchanan administrations for use by experimental Army camel pack trains moving from Texas to the West Coast.  (Camels were trained to follow the lead or <I>Bell Camel</I> during long marches from Texas to the West coast).   Bells remaining in arsenal storage are said to have been pressed into use by the Union Army later in the Civil War with collectors of that era referring to the artifacts as <I>Union Cavalry Bells</I> referencing Dr. Francis Lord’s <I>Civil War Collectors Encyclopedia</I>.  Rarely seen in any size, these bells were cast in three sizes, this example being the intermediate of the three.  Sand cast and machined to a smooth surface at the mouth, this bell has a period blacksmith forged iron clapper and strap loop.  An attractive piece of Americana, this Army issue bell will go well with frontier West through Civil War era collectables.  (<B>NOTE: </B> Collectors are cautioned that modern cast reproductions of this bell are showing up.  Like most cast reproductions however, they are generally easily discernible to the experienced eye.) As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Vintage - Bronze APOTHECARY MORTAR & PES $125.00


CDV, General Ormsby M. Mitchel


antique traveling NUTMEG GRATER $45.00


Civil War & earlier U. S. ARMY BELL $245.00

A great size for display, this 15 ¼ X 5 1/8 inch sheet brass marking stencil is for the <B>RULOFSON & De GARMO’S  IMPROVED  STRAIGHT DRAFT PLOW  PATENTED MARCH 12, 1861</B>.  The stencil sports a rich natural patina with good evidence of age, originality and period use.  It bears the marking of the stencil cutter <I>H. J. HOGGSON  NEW HAVEN Ct.</I>; fore-runner to the later <I>J. J. Hoggson & Pettis Manufacturing Co.</I>, New Haven makers of stamps and marking devices. (see: spring 1861 <I>RURAL NEW YORKER</I> for particulars on this Pat. 1861 plow)  An eye-catching Civil War vintage agricultural, rural Americana item. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


(1815-1872) Graduated 3rd in the West Point class of 1839. An assistant professor while still an undergraduate at the Military Academy, he first worked upon the fortifications of New York Harbor, and in 1844 inspected those of France. Upon his return to the U.S., he wrote a Report on the Means of National Defence, which was published by Congress and won him an invitation from the Lowell Institute of Boston to deliver a series of lectures. These were published as Elements of Military Art and Science, a work which enjoyed wide circulation among soldiers for many years. He received a brevet as captain in the Mexican War. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Winfield Scott recommended to Abraham Lincoln that Halleck be appointed major general in the regular service. In November 1861, Halleck relieved General Fremont at St. Louis and in a demonstration of his talents as an administrator quickly brought order out of the chaos in which his predecessor had plunged the Department of the Missouri. A series of successes by his subordinates at Forts Henry & Donelson, Pea Ridge, Island No. 10 and Shiloh, caused Halleck to shine in reflective glory, and his domain enlarged to include Ohio and Kansas. President Lincoln later recalled him to Washington to serve as general in chief of the U.S. Armies. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Standing view of Halleck in uniform with rank of major general striking a Napoleonic pose. Backmark: D. Appleton & Co., 443 & 445 Broadway, N.Y., A.A. Turner, Photographer. "Genl. Halleck" is written in period script on the reverse. Very fine view of the Union general nicknamed "Old Brains."  

Time Life Books, Alexandria, Va., 1996. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4, hardcover with dust jacket, 168 pages, illustrated, index. New condition.

This book is by and of the soldiers and civilians who experienced the Atlanta campaign. Through their words and images you can relive the emotions, the terrifying rush of events, the horrors- and even the human comedy- of one of the Civil War's major campaigns. Thus, you hold in your hands an album of personal recollections from letters, diaries, photographs, sketches and artifacts.

To compile this special volume, we combed hundreds of sources, both published and unpublished.  We were able to assemble a dramatic narrative told from many perspectives; manuscript letters and journals- some previously unpublished- regimental histories, privately printed memoirs, articles in little known historical society publications, and more. Then, we set about the painstaking task of locating photographs of the soldiers and townsfolk to accompany their personal accounts. 

That so many firsthand accounts survived is due to a few accidents of history. Soldiers could mail a letter home for only three cents. And the mail system set up by the opposing armies were amazingly reliable. Mail packets were even exchanged across enemy lines. A surprising number of recruits could write, and write vividly. Sam Watkins of the 1st Tennessee Infantry described the beginning of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, "It seemed that the arch-angel of Death stood and looked on with outstretched wings, while all the earth was silent, when all at once a hundred guns from the Federal line opened upon us, and for more than an hour they poured their solid shot, grape and shrapnel right upon this salient point, defended by our regiment alone..."

Field sketches abound, too. Before photoengraving was developed to reproduce photographs in newspapers and magazines, periodicals such as Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly employed artists who traveled with the army to depict events for readers. These correspondents, or "specials," drew virtually everything of possible interest; pitched battles, lounging soldiers, the odd piece of military equipment. Sketches dashed off in a few moments during a battle- often at great personal peril- were taken by courier to the publication, where they were transformed into woodblock engravings suitable for printing.

Another element that adds to the unique texture of this album is the photographs. Technical innovations during the 1850's brought the fledgling craft into its own, and the Civil War was the first in history to be extensively recorded by the camera. In the blockaded South, photographers lacked supplies and equipment and rarely covered the action. The North's activities, by contrast, are extensively chronicled, thanks to the efforts of men who endured great hardship. Travel was tedious with cumbersome equipment and portable darkrooms mounted on wagon beds. But photographers like Mathew Brady and his assistants spent months following the army, etching with light the brave faces of the soldiers, as well as the bodies stiffened on the field. When Brady's stark photographs of the dead were first exhibited in New York City in 1862, the public thought, albeit briefly, that such horrific images could actually bring the war to an end.

So you hold in your hands living testimony from the battlefields that led to the fall of the South's Gate City. As you look into the eyes of these husbands and wives, sons and daughters, as you read the words of soldiers and civilians dazed by the violence around them or the grief that follows the fighting, perhaps it will be possible to perceive more clearly the shattering experience that was the Atlanta campaign.

Front cover illustration: A scene at the intersection of Peachtree Street and the Georgia Railroad tracks shows some of the damage that was wrought in Atlanta after Sherman's troops ravaged the business district in mid November 1864.        

<b>4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry Volunteers

Signed by their gallant Colonel Joseph Drake commanding the regiment, who was captured at the fall of Fort Donelson!</b>

7 1/4 x 12, imprinted Confederate form on blue paper, filled out and signed in ink.

Form No. 3. Officers' Pay Account. The Confederate States to Lt. A.M. Reasons. For pay as a Lt. from 24th Aug. to 1st Dec., 1861. Co. F, 4th Regt. Miss. Vols. For 3 months and 8 days. Pay Per Month, 80.00. Amount 261.33. Stationed at Fort Henry with the account dated Dec. 22nd, 1861. There is a large imprinted paragraph at the center of the document certifying the accuracy of this account, etc.....It continues, "that I am not in arrears with the Confederate States on any account whatsoever; and that the last payment I received was from Paymaster was mustered into Service and to the 24 day of Aug. 1861. I at the same time acknowledge that I have received of H.T. Massengale Paymaster, this 24 day of Dec., 1861, the sum of Two Hundred Sixty One, 261, and 33 cents, being the amount in full of said account.

The document has a large A.E.S. as follows, "Approved, Joseph Drake, Col. 4th Regmt. Miss. Vols."

Signed very nicely at the bottom of the form by the officer whose pay account this is as, "A.M. Reasons, 3rd Lieut., 4th Reg. Miss. Vols."

Content on the reverse:

No. 382

Form No.3.

Officers' Pay Account.

A.M. Reasons

2 Lt.

From 24 Aug/61

To 1 Dec/61


Ornate Confederate imprinted form in excellent condition. Rare document from Fort Henry, Tennessee only about 6 weeks before the fort was captured by the Federal forces commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant. This was the first important Union victory in the western theater and it was the start of General Grant's star rising in the Northern press and among its citizenry. Very desirable Confederate document.

<u>Joseph Drake</u>: (1806-78) He was a lawyer, judge, and plantation owner, Confederate Colonel during the War Between the States, who led a brigade in two important battles, and served as a member of the Mississippi State Legislature before and during the war. His grandfather, Joseph Drake, was one of Daniel Boone's Kentucky "Long Hunters" who was killed by Indians near Boonesborough, Kentucky, in August of 1778. He attended Washington College in Lexington, Virginia in 1825-26, studied law, and was sworn in as an attorney in Carroll County, Mississippi in 1834. In 1835, Drake served as district attorney of the Circuit Court of the county, and he represented Carroll County in the Mississippi State House of Representatives from 1838–39, and served as probate Judge of Carroll County, from 1855-61. Drake was elected Captain of Company H, "Carroll County Rebels," which mustered into the  Mississippi State service at Carrollton, on August 24, 1861, and was organized at Grenada, Mississippi, as the 4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry, in the Second Brigade, Army of Mississippi, and they were enlisted for twelve months. He was elected Colonel of the regiment on September 11, 1861, in a camp near Trenton, Tennessee. The 4th Mississippi Infantry was then put under General Earl Van Dorn's command. After being promoted to major general on September 19, 1861, Van Dorn was transferred to Virginia under General Joseph E. Johnston. The 4th Mississippi infantry, which had been detached from Van Dorn's division was one of the two regiments at Fort Henry which were experienced in war, and the men conducted themselves as veterans. Colonel Joseph Drake sent two companies of Mississippians to meet the first advance of the enemy on February 4th, who held the rifle-pits alone until reinforced. During the bombardment of the 6th, which resulted in the surrender of Fort Henry, Colonel Drake commanded General Tilghman's 2nd Brigade. After the naval attack compelled the surrender of Fort Henry, Drake retreated to Fort Donelson, where he commanded General Bushrod Johnson's 3rd brigade. The 4th Mississippi was under fire in the trenches at Donelson during February 13th and 14th, and participated in the assault which was made on the 15th for the purpose of opening a line of retreat. General Johnson reported that Drake's Brigade, under its very gallant, steady and efficient commander, moved in admirable precision, almost constantly under fire, driving the enemy slowly from hill to hill until about 1 p.m., when he was instructed to return to the rifle pits. This left Drake's Brigade unsupported for a time, until Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest went to Drake's support and advised him to fall back, which he did without disorder. Colonel Smith's brigade advanced a short distance up the hill, repeatedly rushing and then falling to the ground in the prone position, all the while listening to taunts from Drake's Confederate Brigade opposing them. The surrender of Fort Donelson followed on the 16th. It is said that Colonel Drake broke his sword and threw it in the river when told of the surrender. Colonel Drake went on a monumental journey after his capture initially being imprisoned at Johnson's Island; he was then admitted to the Prison Hospital, at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois, on February 21, 1862; then transferred to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, on March 1st; transferred again on March 6th, to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor; and was released on parole on April 7, 1862, for the purpose of being exchanged for Union Colonel Milton Cogswell, of the 42nd New York Volunteers. He retired from the Confederate army after he was exchanged on August 27, 1862, considered to be too old for active service at 56 years of age. Colonel Joseph Drake then returned to his plantation and served as a member the Mississippi State Senate from Carroll County in 1864. He had a son, John Breckenridge Drake, (1840–1922) who served in Company K, of the 30th Mississippi Infantry, and who  surrendered on April 26, 1865, at Durham Station, North Carolina.

A.M. Reasons, enlisted on August 1, 1861, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. F, 4th Mississippi Infantry. He resigned on June 17, 1862. On September 1, 1862, he was commissioned captain in Co. F, 2nd Mississippi Partisan Rangers Cavalry. His date of discharge is not known.

Large period agricultural stencil – Pate $225.00


CDV, General Henry W. Halleck $95.00


Voices of the Civil War, Atlanta $20.00


Confederate Officer's Pay Account From F $250.00

(1815-83) He was born in Cooperstown, N.Y., his maternal grandfather was a general during the Revolutionary War, and his father was a major general in the N.Y. State Militia, and at the time of his death was chief justice of the Michigan State Supreme Court. Morell graduated #1 in the West Point class of 1835. In the early part of 1861, he served as colonel and quartermaster on the staff of the major general commanding the New York militia, organizing and forwarding regiments to the seat of war. He then served in the Washington defenses and on August 9, 1861, was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade of General Fitz John Porter's division of the 5th Corps during the 1862 Virginia Peninsular campaign, and rose to division command when Porter took over the corps. He fought gallantly and skillfully in the Seven Days battles, at 2nd Bull Run and Antietam, and was promoted to major general to rank from July 4, 1862. However, the court martial of Fitz John Porter destroyed Morell's career. It has been said that Porter was ruined because of his devotion to McClellan. It could equally be said that Morell was ruined because of his devotion to Porter. 

Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 3 3/4 card. Chest up view in uniform with rank of colonel. Backmark: Larcombe, Photographist, No. 25 Public Square, (S.W. Corner), Nashville, Tenn. The card has been trimmed and there is a horizontal crease which goes through the face of the subject. There is a small area of loss to the albumen paper at the upper right corner of the card which does not affect the subject. If this card were in excellent condition it would easily be priced somewhere between $150.00 and $250.00.  

<b>Written by Major Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment

He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!

Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!

1862 eight page letter with original cover signed twice by Major Edwards with excellent content defending the Army of the Potomac and citing some of their recent battles!

"we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the Peninsula, and thousands of them are left at So. Mt., Crampton Pass, and Antietam."</b>

(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.

The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

8 pages, 5 x 8, in ink, written by Major Clark S. Edwards, to his wife. Comes with the original envelope which has been signed twice by Edwards, once with rank. Addressed in the hand of Major Edwards to his wife, "Mrs. C.S. Edwards, Bethel, Maine." Edwards has franked the envelope at the upper right corner, "Soldiers Letter, C.S. Edwards, Maj. 5th Me. Vo[l]." Manuscript "due" is written below his signature for postage due on the letter. Docketed at the upper left edge as the letter was in route to Maine, "Keedysville, Md., Oct. 31st." The docket at the left edge of the envelope, "Oct. 30th/62" was written by Mrs. Edwards. It was her habit to write the dates on the envelopes that her husband's letters were written on. This made it easier for her if she was looking for a letter from a certain date or time period.   


<b><u>Thursday Afternoon, Near Bakersville, Md., Oct. 30, 1862</b></u>

We are still on the old camp, but left it yesterday and went on picket at dawn [at] No. 4, but was relieved in the night by one of the Mass. Regts. and got into camp about midnight and I found a letter from you dated Oct. 21st, so you see it takes a full week for a letter to reach us.  Our mail matters is very bad or irregular of late.  I am very glad to hear the little ones are better.  I am glad you have become reconciled to my staying a time longer or at least are willing.  I should do what I thought for the best.  I am sorry to hear you are breaking down or getting worn out.  The little boys are old enough to do considerable in the way of chores.  I am sorry to hear of Dr. Luce’s  troubles, but it’s different from what it would have been if he had been killed in battle and left on here with our unknown as thousands are.  In regard to his good wishes towards me I am thankful of them, but in regard to my next promotion I know nothing about it or no more than you do and I presume not as much.  I am glad to hear that Mary is getting along well.  What is her opinion about having babies now, not so very bad after all.  Tell her she has got her hand in and she must keep it up.  You think I judged wrong in regard to the Bethel folks feeling bad because no more is killed.  I did not mean Bethel in particular, all the North.  <b>We of the Potomac Army are now called the stand still army by these Northern croakers.  Is it not enough to raise the indignation of any people after going through what we have since the first of Apl. [April] last, than we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the [Virginia] Peninsula and thousands of them are left at So.[South] Mt. [Mountain], Crampton Pass, and Antietam, more than sixty thousand are left.  We have marched and countermarched for thousands of miles and fought the greatest battles this country ever have, and still because the great object is not obtained, that is the taking of Richmond, why the Potomac Army has done nothing in the mind of those that is all the time finding fault.  If Richmond had been taken in the first part of the season what then, why their army that has been opposing us would have been somewhere else to fight us where there would have been as much or more at stake.  The Rebels loss in Va. & Md. the past season cannot amount to less than one hundred & twenty thousand.  If Richmond was in our possession, what then?  Why that is one place out of ten thousand.  We hold more now than we can take care of.  A large part of Tenn. & Kentucky we have lost within the past year, but I will say no more on the subject as I may say too much.</b>  In regard to the New York ladies I think they will not compare with the Maine women.  I would not fear to have you come here and if we go into camp near the R.R. I will send for you.

Thursday Evening

As I have a few leisure moments I will close this.  It is now seven o’clock and I am in my tent alone as the Dr. is out.  We have orders to move in the morning at five o’clock, but I cannot tell you anything about where we go, but by the order about our baggage we are going on one of our long marches again, perhaps before this reaches you we will see more fighting, but the sooner it comes the sooner [its] over.  Our camp is all alive as the boys are fixing up to leave at an early hour, but we little know what we are going into.  I think we shall go into winter quarters within two or three weeks if the fall’s rains come on as early as usual, then as I have always write you.  I will try to go home.  I think you must be glad that I did not go at the time I first talked of.  If I had gone then I should not been in the two last fights and you know it is an honor to anyone to be in a fight.  You can see that by the way the 7th [Maine Infantry] was received in Portland.   We are in a beautiful camp here and I do not like the idea of moving, but we go as we are bid to go.  Our camp is in a beautiful grove and just outside the army tents is the grave of some poor soldier.  I did not notice it till after I put up my [tent] and as it was hardly finished I had it fixed up and a stone put at the head & foot.  It is within twenty feet of my [?].  I do not know the history of the poor fellow but as [the] Fourth Division was in camp on this ground I presumed it was one of them, perhaps one of that immortal 7th.  We think but little of camping down with the dead.  I find its any different from what I expected that is in myself in regard to these things, but after a man has been in the army a year & a half he can do most anything.  I must close this soon as I have got some packing up to do so to leave early.  I wish it was towards Maine and the whole Regt. was to go, but I do not know when that will be.  I will write you again as soon as we get to a place so I can.  I do not know how I will get along tomorrow as Mc [Mac] is lame and Findley, about every horse in the Regt. is at this time.  It is a sort of a disease among the horses, something like the scratches only a good deal worse.  You may say to [?] that I think they can have the sutlership of the Regt.  I will write them as soon as I get time.  I know they can make more money out of it, but it wants two to carry it on, one to buy & haul in, the other to sell.  If they think of coming it must be done soon as we shall have a sutler as soon as we go into winter quarters.  My love to all the little ones and regards to all.


Very fine 8 page letter. Excellent content with references to the recently fought  battles that the Army of the Potomac and the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in, and much more interesting news! Comes with the original cover bearing 2 signatures of Major Clark S. Edwards, one with rank. The cover shows edge wear from when it was originally opened and some edge chipping.  Tender with some tattering as  good evidence of age and originality, yet nicely displayable with lots of eye appeal, this approximately 10 X 13 inch, July 16, 1864 weekly issue of <I>The Scientific American</I> is complete and contains an account of George Custer’s U. S. Patent <I>improved</I> horse shoe design.  An appealing design line drawing is presented over the bold heading <B>CUSTER’S HORSE-SHOE</B> with an accompanying description of the design and intended <I>improvement</I> over the old standard design.  The little known <B>George Armstrong Custer</B> effort in the patent arena has been largely forgotten and lost in time with what may have been a <I>nail in the coffin</I> with respect to historical credit being a subsequent transcription error from period hand written 1870 U. S. Census records.  Very simply the name of George <B>A.</B> Custer was mistakenly transcribed in a research reference as <I>George <B>C</B> Custer</I>.  This simple transcription inaccuracy from the original record led to a conclusion published in Mike O’Keefe’s <I>Custer, the Seventh Cavalry & the Little Big Horn</I> that the subject patent was not issued by George A. Custer but another George Custer.  A look at renderings of original hand written census records will show that George A. Custer <U>was the only George Custer with a Monroe, Michigan</U> address as provided in official U. S. Patent documents.  (This offering will come with <U>convincing</U> research notes with respect to the above.)  Framed up or simply laid out with Civil War or Western Indian War material, this piece will add  A neat piece of Americana!   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


Civil War patriotic imprint with a full color vignette of General George Washington holding his sword aloft while holding an American flag in his opposite hand. Motto at the left edge, "Success To Our Volunteers." Slogan at the top, "Never Surrender." Imprint with lines to write in the name of the recipient, as well as the Regt., Co., Capt., State Volunteers, Col. Com'ding and Camp. Staining and light edge wear. 

***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.

CDV General George W. Morell $10.00


5th Maine Infantry Letter


July 16 1864 Scientific American - C $95.00


Success To Our Volunteers, Never Surrend $5.00

T-66. Richmond, Feb. 17, 1864. Bust view of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Fancy blue reverse. Very tiny chip at bottom center edge. With red Treasury Seal stamped on obverse and reverse corners. Crisp note that is in about uncirculated condition. 


Used Civil War envelope that has been addressed to Mrs. Mary Varnam, Lawrence, Mass., with bold stamped "Due 3." At the top of the cover is written, "Soldier Letter, A.P. Browne, Adjt. 40th Mass." Light wear from being opened. 

Able Parker Browne, who mailed this envelope was a 26 year old clerk from Salem, Mass., when he enlisted on May 26, 1862, as a 1st sergeant, and was mustered into the Salem Cadets Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. On May 25, 1862, Union Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, sent out an alarm for militia troops from various states to be sent to Washington, D.C. immediately because of the route of the forces of General Nathaniel P. Banks by Confederate General Stonewall Jackson stating that the enemy were in large force and advancing on Washington. The Salem Cadets were one of the organizations called upon in this emergency. Browne was discharged for promotion on August 25, 1862, and on September 5, 1862, he was commissioned into the field and staff of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry serving as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the regiment. He was promoted to major on August 26, 1863, and resigned his commission on March 5, 1864. After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post #113, the Edward W. Kinsely Post, in Boston, Mass.  

Civil War patriotic imprint with a vignette of Miss Liberty and a flag on a standard with the word "Union" and stars in the field, and a liberty cap on the top end of the standard. Slogan at the top, Onward to Victory. Light age toning and wear. 

***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.  <b>For The Army in 1781

American Revolutionary War Document</b>

6 1/2 x 3 5/8, imprinted receipt, filled out in ink. State Of Connecticut. Pay-Table Office, Hartford, Oct. 9, 1781. Sir, Pay unto Ralph Pomeroy, Esq. D.Q.M. or Order, Three Pounds in Lawful Silver Money, out of the Tax of Two Shillings and Six Pence on the ground, granted by the General Assembly in May last, and charge the State. John Lawrence, Esq., Treasurer. Signed by 3 members of the Committee, on the obverse, William Moseley, Eleazer Wales, and signed vertically by General Samuel Wyllys. Docketed and signed on the reverse by Ralph Pomeroy, No. 6576, L3 order, R. Pomeroy, D.Q.M., Oct. 9, 1781. For Ralph Pomeroy, D.Q.M. William Adams, A.D.Q.M. Very fine and quite desirable Revolutionary War document.

This receipt is dated only 10 days before the British defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, on October 19, 1781.

The military finances for the Colony of Connecticut were handled by the Committee called the Pay-Table during the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Pay Table members during this period included jurist Oliver Ellsworth, attorney Oliver Wolcott, Jr., (a future U.S. Secretary of the Treasury), Hezekiah Rogers (an aide-de-camp to General Jedediah Huntington, who was also a member), William Moseley, Fenn Wadsworth, Eleazer Wales and General Samuel Wyllys.

1864 Confederate $50 Note $75.00


Cover Sent by Adjutant of the 40th Massa $15.00


Onward to Victory $5.00


The Continental Connecticut Quartermaste $100.00

In a collecting field steeped with variations requiring a specialized appreciation of those variations, there is likely someone out there that will recognize this attractive Zouave fez as indicative to a particular regiment but we will leave that to the experts. With that said our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful crimson red fez.   Fashioned from that classic period wool felt that it seems was most desirable to hungry moths, original examples seldom survive in any kind of condition yet while this example exhibits some minor moth tracking as evidence of age and originality it is solid with no holes and retains its original bright crimson coloration with no fading.  An especially nice, high profile Zouave fez complete with its original leather sweat band and false bullion regimental number, this early Civil War fez will go well on its own or in any period headgear collection.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Our photo illustrations should do best to describe this nice old document except to advise that it is entirely original with a most appealing natural age patina and bears the name <B><I>C. C. Rise</I></B>.   please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!  Believed first made for export in the 1850s, the <I>Ring of Rings Puzzle</I> has existed to ancient times in China with the earliest known Western written reference set down by an Italian mathematician associate of Leonardo da Vinci in 1500.  Credited to craftsmen in Canton, China who first fashioned their cow bone <I>Ring of Rings</I> puzzle for export in the 1850s the now rarely surviving puzzle became a popular diversion throughout Europe and the Americas.  This period example remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains yet with good evidence of age and period construction. The puzzle remains complete even to its original, period appropriate, <I>rose-head</I> brass wires.  We will send the purchaser an internet link containing the puzzle resolution, that is to remove all nine bone rings trapped on the decoratively carved handle.  (This can be accomplished in 341 steps by following two simple rules.) <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our photos should do best to describe this nice original die-struck mounted artillery hat device except to offer that it is completely original, in fine unissued condition and is of the Civil War period  The piece measures approximately 1 15/16 inches wide with soldered brass wire fasteners. (Note that 2 wires are missing.)  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired this piece several years ago now when we were fortunate enough to purchase a number of items brought home by a W. Stokes Kirk clerk when the Philadelphia based Civil War surplus dealer closed up shop in 1976.  Founded in 1874, W. Stokes Kirk like Bannerman in New York purchased large quantities of Civil War surplus at government auction. Seems like an impossibility  now but we can remember wares of the two offering original Civil War material as late as the 1950s.  This piece offers a now rare opportunity to acquire such an item from what for years now has become an ever dwindling and now a nearly nonexistent supply. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

exceptional ! high profile Civil War er $650.00


1700s early 1800s brass DOCUMENT SEAL $65.00


19th century Antique Cantonese Puzzle – $175.00


W. STOKES KIRK - Civil War surplus - Mou $95.00

A large example, (shown here with a quarter for size comparison) intricately carved with dog and stag, our illustrations will likely do best to describe this attractive old hunting motif meerschaum tobacco pipe.  With lots of rich color as comes to natural meerschaum with many a pleasant smoke and a good period char as additional evidence of age and originality, this old hand carved pipe remains in pleasing condition and will display well in any tobacciana or period grouping.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

 Our photo illustrations will likely do best to describe this little baking utensil except to advise that remains in nice original condition with a pleasing natural age patina to brass and wood.   Obviously hand crafted and completely original, this little  pastry or <I>pie</I> crimper as they are commonly referred to, will lay in nicely with additional period kitchen collectables without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Augusta, Ga. C.D.S. Dietz Type B all in violet, 2 APR. (1864). The envelope has been boldly endorsed by a Confederate Georgia officer at the top left, "R.H. Atkinson, Capt. 1st Ga. Regulars." Very nicely addressed to "Mrs. E.A. Atkinson, Macon, Georgia." Coarse paper cover which is probably homemade. Very fine war period Confederate Georgia cover.

Robert Holt Atkinson was commissioned second lieutenant in Company G, 1st Georgia Regulars, on February 1, 1861. He was promoted to first lieutenant in Company A, on September 3, 1861. He served as the regimental adjutant for a period and then was promoted to captain of Company C, at the Battle of Olustee, Florida, on February 20, 1864. He survived the war and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. 

In the book, "Footprints of a Regiment; A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865," by W.H. Andrews, Andrews described Lieutenant Atkinson at the Battle of Second Manassas, Virginia, "To the right of me and walking down the line was our Adjutant Lieutenant R.H. Atkinson, with our flag in one hand and his sword in the other. Our colors had fallen for the fourth time. Our gallant color bearer Sergeant Baldwin had lost his life, besides two others who were killed who had lifted the colors up by the time they had struck the ground, the fourth man being wounded. Then Lieutenant Atkinson raised them up. He was certainly making a conspicuous target of himself, but fear was a stranger to him." 

This cover originated from Confederate philatelic expert John L. Kimbrough, and it has been in an advanced private Confederate collection for the last almost ten years before I was fortunate enough to acquire it. Mr. Kimbrough has signed and dated the cover in pencil on the reverse.

WBTS Trivia: The 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Macon, Georgia, in April 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were from Atlanta and Brunswick, and Glynn and Montgomery counties. It was brigaded under General Robert Toombs and in April, 1862, contained 367 effectives. Transferred to G.T. Anderson's Brigade, the unit fought gallantly with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. It was then ordered to Florida, assigned to G.P. Harrison's Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and fought at the battle of Olustee, Florida, the only major battle to be fought in Florida during the War Between the States. During the summer of 1864, it was stationed in the Charleston area and later saw action at Savannah and in North Carolina. The regiment reported 3 killed and 19 wounded at Savage's Station, had 27 killed and 77 wounded at Second Manassas, and lost 3 killed and 25 wounded at Olustee. Only 45 officers and men surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. [Source: Units of the Confederate Armies by Joseph H. Crute, Jr].  

Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 7, 1864 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/2 x 11. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. War date slave related sketch done by the celebrated illustrator A.R. Waud.

vintage – Dog & Stag MEERSCHAUM TOBACCO $95.00


earlier to mid1800s PASTRY CRIMPER $45.00


Confederate Cover From Captain, 1st Geor $185.00


Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery $95.00


Writes of the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia not long after the battle of Gettysburg!</b>

4 pages, 5 x 7 1/4, in ink, written by Private Philip Samuel Mosby, to his sister, Polly G. Woodson. Very neat and well written Confederate letter.

<b><u>Orange Ct. House, [Virginia] Aug.19th, 1863</b></u>

My Dear Sister,

I joyfully received you kind favor of the 22nd of July and hasten to reply the morning after getting it. I got one of the same date from Nancy, and it really looked to me that fortune had smiled upon me getting two letters from home at once although they took 26 days to reach me.  All that you both wrote was news to me. It is useless for me to say anything about Merry as the last I saw of him he belonged to Company I, a loafer, if he has not been home before now you may look for him soon. I hope he will stay in "I" as long as the war lasts if he can, and if there is any chance for him to do so without imposing his hand, I hope he will as he is no danger now since getting to be as the only danger "I" is in far from home the Yankees may play the grub game on them, but they will soon release them as they soon prove a curse to any country. Merry and myself go to see each other whenever we get in striking distance and have a good deal of our old dry fun. You will remember his old expression that there is no harm in old dry. I wish I could see him now but you may rest assured he is all right as I have heard from him on this side of the Potomac and the Yanks did not get him. Polly I reckon you are better able to judge what kind of creatures we are fighting since you have seen them. I was glad to hear the thieves treated you as respectfully as they did. We never have met them yet that we did not make them get further. I don’t feel under any obligations to the creatures for not calling on me.  I look upon that as providential and feel that our creator is heaping blessings upon me.  I was glad to hear from John and Joe as I haven’t heard from them since I went to Yankee land.  John feels to me if possible more than a brother. I never will forget his and Martin’s kindness to my family. He did not stay in service long enough to learn the slight of hand in pressing things into service. While in Yankee land I did not eat anything but my rations for I could not press as many of our men did and would not offer to buy as they had no use for our money. I have cleared my conscience thus far throughout the war and mean to do so as long as I stay in service. I was truly glad to hear B.F. Wittshire has gotten home. I hope the poor fellow will be able to stay. I am truly sorry for Mrs. Whittshire. I hope Frank will not be permanently injured as so much depends on him. Present my best regards to him and the family. As you all have heard of all of the boys before now I will not say anything about them more than I believe they are all safe that you inquired about. I was very sorry to hear of the death of Thommy Johnson. I hope the poor fellow is better off. I am truly sorry for your Uncle Peter. He has had a great deal of trouble. I hope it will put him to thinking of the future. I reckon poor Zence is not long for this world but she will be better off.  I told Josiah of the report of his being wounded it was true he was struck by a ball, but the skin was not broken. Joe sends his respects to you all. He is as good a fellow as ever lived. We are together all of the time. I saw J.H. Duggins [1] a few days ago. He is well and as dry and jokey as ever. Lucien Simms is also well, as well as the rest of the boys in his company from our neighborhood. A.B. Nacholds came to camp the other day and brought me the most glorious tidings that could possibly have reached my ears. I hope it is all true you must let me hear in your next. The news was this that all of you all and Nancy had joined the church after making a public profession of eternal happiness in the world. Polly you can’t imagine my feelings when I heard it. It is just what I have been praying for mos. When only my God and myself knew of it, my sister it seems to me that this war must end as there is so much religion in our land, great revivals are going on at home as well as in the army. We have meetings right here at us every night here of late. Joe and myself go every night together. Last night I did not sleep more than 3 hours after getting from meeting as I had to go on guard soon after getting to camp.  Last night I saw upwards of twenty men go up to join the church. You can’t imagine the pleasantness of my feelings when I witnessed it and thought of those so dear to me at home. I wish I could be with you all now and hope and pray and believe I will ere long as our army seems so much bent on seeking the Lord while he may be found. To see the men in the woods with their muskets stacked around them day and night on their knees asking God to have mercy on their souls is a glorious sight to one who feels an interest in the future. Nan told me in her last that Martin had an idea of joining my company. I hope he will as we might be very useful to each other as company besides all of this. I think this much the safest branch of service and I think it is the duty of every married man to save himself in any honorable way so he can in times like these. Martin feels as a dear brother to me. Tell him and all to write to me. Give my best love to all and tell them to write to me. You must write often. My greatest pleasure is to read a letter from some of you. I must close praying the blessing of our heavenly father on us all.

From your affect. brother,


Direct to Longstreet’s Corps, Alexander’s Battln., Woolfolk’s Co.

Philip Samuel Mosby enlisted as a private in the Hanover Light Artillery in Hanover County, Virginia, on March 25, 1862. When the battery broke up in October 1862, Mosby transferred to the Ashland Light Artillery on the eight day of that month. At some point during the month of July 1864, Mosby was detailed to the Medical Department of than General Edward Porter Alexander's Artillery Battalion for duty under Surgeon, Doctor Henry Vincent Gray, where he no doubt saw the horrors of war from an even closer more personal perspective. Discharged from the Confederate Army on November 12, 1864, Mosby returned to Hanover County where he began a successful career as a carpenter. 

Very well written letter by Philip S. Mosby a month and a half after General Lee's defeat at the battle of Gettysburg, as Lee's army regroups in Orange Court House, Virginia. There is some excellent content in the letter regarding the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia, and more. This letter was sold by Raynor's Historical Collectibles Auctions in November 2005 and clearly documents that the letter writer was Philip S. Mosby, of the Ashland Light Artillery. A copy of the auction lot write up will be included with this letter. I recently acquired it from the private collection it has been in since the Raynor Auction 12 years ago.

[1] The J.H. Duggins that Mosby mentions in his letter was Josiah H. Duggins, who enlisted on August 16, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was wounded in action at the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. His place and date of discharge are unknown. He does however appear active on Confederate muster rolls as late as January 15, 1865.

In Mosby's closing he directs his sister to have the folks direct their letters to Longstreet's Corps, Alexander's Battalion, Woolfolk's Company. He is referring to General James Longstreet, commander of the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia; Colonel Edward Porter Alexander, Chief of General Longstreet's Artillery Corps; and Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr., the commander of the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. Captain Woolfolk was severely wounded on July 2, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, receiving a severe gunshot wound to his right shoulder. Woolfolk was later captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Ky., when Longstreet's Corps transferred to The Army of Tennessee. Woolfolk was confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del., until being exchanged at Fortress Monroe, Va., on September 1, 1864.

Very desirable and scarce 1863 Confederate Ashland Virginia Light Artillery letter!

WBTS Trivia: Of the 103 members of the Ashland Light Artillery engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, 27 per cent were killed or wounded. This hard fought Virginia Artillery regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with only 2 officers and 64 men left. Captain Picheqru Woolfolk, Jr. was in command.             


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia

Loyal Virginia Unionist during the Civil War!

Arrested multiple times by the Confederate Government

Arrested in his home in Culpeper County, Virginia by General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863</b>

(1802-69) Born in Dumfries, Va., he was a lawyer and politician who stayed true to the Union. The most conspicuous arrest made during the Civil War under the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was that of this prominent Virginia citizen who had been a large part of the political life of Virginia for 30 years. He had served as a member of the Virginia State Legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a staunch opponent of secession declaring his state had no right to secede, and said that the leaders in the South were conspirators. He was arrested on March 2, 1862, in his home in Richmond, and confined in jail for several weeks. Through a personal interview with Confederate Secretary of War, George W. Randolph, he finally obtained permission to remain in his own home in Richmond, upon taking an oath to say nothing more that was prejudicial to the Confederacy. Tiring of confinement in his house, he purchased a farm in Culpeper County, Va., and moved there in January 1863. From there he started up again to denounce secession. His home was always full of Confederate officers and Union generals and he was arrested once again by orders of General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863, but was soon released without further molestation.

<u>Signature</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, Jno. M. Botts. Very desirable autograph!  

<b>Confederate President Jefferson Davis</b>

Criswell #125. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and nice view of the Confederate capitol city of Richmond, Virginia, at the upper right. Dejected figure of Liberty at the bottom. Some of the original coupons are still attached. One of the most popular of all War Between the States Confederate bonds. Very fine.  

1863 Confederate postage stamps. Scott #11. Corner block of four 10 cents, Confederate States of America, postage stamps with bust of President Jefferson Davis. Printed by Archer & Daly, Richmond, Va. Large portion of the blank sheet is visible to the left of the stamps. Light corner and edge wear but in unused condition.

1863 Confederate Artillery Letter, Ashla $300.00


Autograph, John Minor Botts $50.00


1863 Confederate $1, 000 Bond $125.00


Corner Block of Four Confederate 10 Cent $125.00

An especially nice item for the antique writing instrument collector, an attractive companion piece laid in a writing desk or displayed with a period ink well, we have a small number of original writing quills and are offering them here <U>individually priced</U> for the collector who would enjoy an original example for display.  Each of these original goose writing quills measures approximately 9 1/2 inches in length and remains in fine un-used condition.  These writing quills were acquired in their period slip top box with original label proclaiming the content as <B>CONGRESS QUILL PENS</B><U> which identifies the pens as the product of </U> <B>E. DeYoung</B> who is listed as a New York quill cutter from 1846 to 1854.  (see: <I>New York Historical Society Museum</I> and the <I>American Antiquarian Society,</I> Worcester, Massachusetts collections. (Each period quill pen will come with a copy of the original CONGRESS QUILL PENS label.)  A scarce acquisition for the antique writing instrument enthusiast.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia 

Civil War Congressman; Serving in West Virginia's First Delegation to the U.S. Congress!</b>

(1800-84) Born in Kingwood, Preston County, Virginia (now West Virginia), he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1823, and commenced practice in Kingwood, Va. Was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1832 and 1840-43. Served as a U.S. Congressman, 1845-49. Was a delegate to the Virginia State constitutional conventions in 1850 and 1861. Delegate to the Democratic National Conventions at Charleston, S.C., and Baltimore, Md., in 1860. He was elected as a Unionist to the 37th U.S. Congress serving 1861-63. Upon the admission of West Virginia as a state into the Union he was elected as an Unconditional Unionist from West Virginia and served 1863-65.  

<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 x 2, in ink, Wm. G. Brown, Kingwood, Va.  

<b>Written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment

He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!

Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!

1861 letter with excellent references to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia</b>

(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.

The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.

4 pages, 7 1/4 x 9 1/8, in ink, written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, to his wife.


<b><u>Clarmount, Va., July 30/61</b></u>

Dear Wife,

I have wrote you some three or four times since I rec. a letter from you the last letter I rec. from you was dated July 17th.  I have been looking for a letter from you the last week.  All the letters I have sent you of late was in frank[ed] envelope[s] and I begin to think you do not receive my letters.  I sent Frank a letter and papers not long since.  I think you are at Waterfall or Hayesburg or you would have written before now. Write me as soon as you receive this. Has Kate got home. Why cannot she write me if you cannot. We are now at Clarmount about four miles from Alexandria and about thirteen miles to Washington. We have the mail received to W.[ashington] every day after it is written. I am now writing on a box in my little tent, not the tent we had at Camp Preble, one not more than half as long. John B. Walker [1] is not very well. I think he will have to go to Washington or some place and have the best of care to stand this climate and still I think it is a beautiful climate, but we are on a low piece of land that a good many will have the shakes or fever ague as it is [a] common disease in this part of the country.  I am well as I was when I left Camp Preble, but not so heavy.  Tell Monroe’s wife that he is well and tuff.  J.B. Hammond [2] is pretty smart. David is in good health and the most of the boys, some of them have got colds, but will be better after they get where the Bull Run fight.  I see some of the Portland papers.  I have not seen a true account of it in any eastern paper, yet I see by the E. Augus[ta] that there was not but two or three officers on the field of battle, but it was a great mistake about all of [the] officers was on the field from one to two hours.  I want you to write me all of the news, write about the children, if they go to school, if they learn well, how they get along.


Wednesday Morning, July 31/61

Dear Wife,

I find myself well this morning and I hope you and all of the children are the same.  It is a beautiful morning here in old Va.  The country is beautiful but the Army make everything look bad where it goes.  There is not a garden in this vicinity.  The Boys are up to all sort of depredations.  I would say that I have not heard a word from W.B. Robertson, [3] C. Freeman, [4] and I do not think either one of them are killed.  Robertson & Charley was seen by our Regt. after the battle was over so the folks need not be alarmed about them as they will turn up by & by.  I would say that I am a going out on guard duty tonight and hope I shall have a good time.  It is a little risky business sometimes. Our Regt. is in rather bad condition.  We have not more than quarter tents enough as our tents was with the teams at Bull Run.  We also loss about all of our cooking ware, but are expecting the tents and ware of the First Regt.  They leave for home today by R.[ail] Road.  Some of them I think will be back in a few weeks again.  That is the way they talk.  They have had an easy time compared with our Regt.  They went into camp at Meridian Hill and have been there ever since.  Our Regt. has been on the move ever since we left Camp Preble.  Freeman is going home soon.  I do not know but what he goes today with the First Maine Regt.  He is quite unwell and has been for some time.  There is quite a number of this Regt. that is going home with the First Regt.  Some of them are sick and some of them are afraid they will have to go to Bull Run again, but some of them are really sick.  John Winship [5] is one of that number.  He is a going home today.  I must close as the mail leaves soon.  I cannot think of much to write as I have written you all of the news from day to day.  There was a man in the Saco Co. [Co. C, 5th Maine Infantry] that had a finger shot off by his pistol, but we think nothing of a man getting his finger or hand shot as it is so common a thing.  If you do [not] answer this I shall stop writing as I have not received but five letters from home since I came from Portland.  I write to C. & C.H. Mason a day or two ago and hope they will answer it soon.  Give my love or best respects to the people of Bethel.  Tell them I am alive and doing well and shall go home sometime between this and Dec.  I think Frank, Nellie, Waldo and Mason be good little children, and kiss the baby for me.

Good By for this time,

C.S. Edwards

Light staining. Very fine. Excellent content with references to the recently fought 1st battle of Bull Run which the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in. Signed with nice full signature.

[1] John B. Walker, was a 27 year old resident from Bethel, Maine when he enlisted as a 1st lieutenant, on June 24, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to captain in 1862, and discharged for disability on January 18, 1863.

[2] J.B. Hammond, was a 36 year old resident of Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a sergeant, on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on September 27, 1861.

[3] Washington B. Robertson, was a 33 year old resident from Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a private on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was then sent to Alabama. He deserted on June 15, 1862, and was discharged from the service on September 12, 1862.

[4] Charles Freeman, a 14 year old resident of Bethel, enlisted on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy, and was mustered into the 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was released on November 15, 1861, at Richmond, and was discharged for disability on Christmas Day, December 25, 1861.

[5] John O. Winship, was a 22 year old resident of Gorham, Maine, when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to 1st sergeant, June 1, 1861, and was discharged on July 28, 1861.    

<b>With Christmas Message and original pencil sketches on the reverse of the broadside</b>

5 7/8 x 9, imprint.

Our Subscription Books

Are Now Open For 1897

Winter is coming and the evenings are long; why not make a CHRISTMAS PRESENT to some one, of the POPULAR MAGAZINES. We have one advantage over our competitors- we get them earlier and deliver them at once by newsboys to any part of the city.

Review Of Reviews. McClure's. Cosmopolitan. Ladies' Home Journal. Century. Munsey. Harper's. Scribner's. And any other Publication you may want.


Printed by Evans. Light age toning and wear. Archival tape repairs on the reverse.

Interestingly there are 3 original pencil sketches on the reverse. Their origins are unknown.

original c. 1846-54 CONGRESS QUILL PENN b $55.00


Autograph, William G. Brown $25.00


5th Maine Infantry Letter $200.00


1897 Advertising Broadside For Carter & $15.00

<b>Signed and addressed by a Confederate captain who was wounded at Sharpsburg, Md., and Fort Harrison, Va.</b>

Confederate war period used postal envelope. The cover has been signed and addressed by Captain Winsmith as follows. Written at the upper left corner is, "From Capt. Winsmith, Co. H, 1st S.C.V." He has addressed it to his father, "Dr. J. Winsmith, Glenn Springs P.O., South Carolina." The cover has a C.D.S. from Winchester, Va., Oct. 18, and it has been stamped in black at the upper right, "Due 10." Light corner wear but otherwise a very nice war date Confederate cover.

John Christopher Winsmith, was a resident of Spartanburg, South Carolina, when he enlisted as a private on March 1, 1861, and was mustered into the 1st South Carolina Volunteers. He was promoted to lieutenant, and then captain of Co. H, the dates of his commissions being unknown. During the War Between the States, Winsmith was twice wounded; the first time being in the bloody battle of Sharpsburg, Md., in 1862, and his second wound was received in 1864 during action at Fort Harrison, Va., which was a very important part of the Confederate defenses of Richmond. 

The hard fought 1st Regiment of South Carolina Infantry were assigned to the brigades of Generals' Maxey Gregg and Samuel McGowan, and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor. It then participated in the very difficult Petersburg, Va. campaign and siege, and in the Appomattox campaign. The regiment lost 20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days Battles, had 53 percent disabled of the 283 engaged at Second Manassas, and had 4 killed and 30 wounded at Sharpsburg. It suffered 73 casualties at Fredericksburg, and 104 at Chancellorsville, and then lost 34 percent of the 328 that fought at Gettysburg. There were 16 killed, 114 wounded, and 7 missing at The Wilderness, and 19 killed, 51 wounded, and 9 missing at Spotsylvania. On April 9, 1865, the regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with 18 officers and 101 men.            

Austin, June 11, 1862. Under Act of Jany. 14, 1862, for Military Service. The Treasurer of the State of Texas Will Pay Five Dollars. Vignette of George Washington holding sword at the left. Printed on light blue paper with green overprinting. Roman numeral "V" at upper right. Fancy "FIVE" overprint at the bottom. You will seldom find these not cut cancelled like this one. Choice condition.  

<b>Featuring Confederate Generals' R.E. Lee, Hood, Ewell and Toombs!</b>

Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: PARDON. Columbia- Shall I Trust These Men. Executed by the notable illustrator Thomas Nast. Interesting scene showing Columbia sitting in a chair that looks like a throne with Union patriotic symbols all around her. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, down on one knee, is bowing before her as he presents his sword and a battle flag. At Lee's right is Confederate General Roger A. Pryor, a former U.S. Congressman, who is holding out a large document or newspaper to her. Among the notable Confederates seen kneeling in the view are Captain Raphael Semmes, C.S.N., commander of the famous Confederate raider, the C.S.S. Alabama; Governor John Letcher of Virginia; Confederate Secretary of State, and General Robert Toombs, who before the war was a U.S. Congressman and Senator from Georgia; General Richard S. Ewell, of Gettysburg fame; and General John Bell Hood, of Gettysburg fame, and who later was commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee; and others. 10 1/8 x 15. Light age toning. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Very desirable Nast illustration.  

<b>Franchise, And Not This Man?

Featuring a wounded, amputee United States Negro Soldier!</b>

Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: FRANCHISE, And Not This Man? This poignant illustration shows Columbia with patriotic adornments all around the scene. Columbia is standing with her hand on the shoulder of a wounded negro soldier in uniform. The soldier is holding his kepi in one hand while he proudly stands wearing the uniform of the Union Army with his U.S. belt plate clearly visible. He is standing on two crutches as one of his legs has been amputated above the knee. Executed by the famous illustrator Thomas Nast. Light age toning in the border areas. 10 x 15 1/4. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Extremely desirable black American Civil War soldier illustration, and a superb example of early African American military history representing the bravery and heroism that was displayed by the negro soldier during the Civil War!

Confederate Cover From Captain of 1st So $150.00


1862 State of Texas $5 Treasury Warrant $125.00


Pardon, Shall I Trust These Men $95.00


African American Civil War Soldier $125.00

<b>War Date Document Signed concerning an officer of the 136th New York Infantry</b>

(1831-78) Graduated in the West Point class of 1853. Military service: 2nd lieutenant, 4th U.S. Artillery, July 1, 1853; promoted to 1st lieutenant, May 1, 1856; regimental adjutant, Dec. 14, 1857, to Apr. 24, 1861; promoted to captain, 15th U.S. Infantry, May 14, 1861; promoted to major, a.d.c., July 3, 1862; promoted to lieutenant colonel, a.a.g., Aug. 20, 1862; served on the staff of Generals' Nathaniel P. Banks and John A. Dix; he was cited for gallantry at the battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., appointed brevet brigadier general, March 13, 1865, for valuable, distinguished and meritorious service in the field during the Civil War. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. 

<u>War Date Document Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 10 1/4, imprinted form, filled out in ink. 

War Department,

Washington City, July 7th, 1864


I am directed by the Secretary of War to inform you that you have been reported to this Department by the Second Comptroller as having failed to render your accounts for the month of April 1864 within the period prescribed by the act of July 17, 1862, a copy of which is hereto annexed. [the order referenced is printed below the signature of General Pelouze]. 

You are therefore instructed, immediately upon receipt of this communication, to forward your accounts to the proper office, and submit to this Department such explanation as you may desire to make in order to relieve yourself from the penalty of the act above cited.

Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Louis H. Pelouze

Asst. Adjt. Genl.

[to]: Orange Sackett, Jr., Capt. 136th N.Y. Vols., A.C.S.

Below this is the "Act" referenced in the body of the document: 

"AN ACT to provide for the more prompt settlement of the accounts of Disbursing Officers," approved July 17, 1862. [Please click on the enlargement to read the entire contents of this "Act." 

Very fine.

Orange Sackett, Jr., was 27 years old when he enlisted at Portage, New York, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 136th New York Infantry. He was promoted to captain, on March 18, 1863; and mustered out of the service on June 13, 1865, at Washington, D.C. 

<u>136th New York Infantry</u>

The 136th New York Volunteer Infantry were known as the "Ironclads," and the regiment was recruited in the counties of 

Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming and they  rendezvoused at Portage, New York, where it was mustered into the U.S. service for three years on Sept. 25-26, 1862. It left the state on Oct. 3; was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Steinwehr's) division, 11th corps; went into winter quarters with the corps at Stafford, Va.; fought its first battle at Chancellorsville, Va., losing a few men killed, wounded and missing; and was heavily engaged at Gettysburg on the first two days of the battle, losing 109 men in killed, wounded and missing.

In Sept., 1863, it was ordered to Tennessee with the 11th and 12th corps and was engaged the following month at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., losing 6 killed and wounded. It was active at Missionary Ridge in the Chattanooga-Ringgold campaign, losing 11 killed and wounded. When the 20th corps was formed in April, 1864, it was attached to the 3d brigade, 3d (Butterfield's) division of that corps, moving on into the Atlanta campaign early in May.

It was active at the battles of Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain and in the siege of Atlanta. Its heaviest loss was incurred at Resaca, where the casualties were 13 killed, 68 wounded and 1 missing.  

After the fall of Atlanta it remained there until November, when it marched with Sherman to the sea, engaged in siege of Savannah, and closed its active service with the Carolinas campaign, in which it was engaged at Fayetteville, Averasboro, Bentonville, Raleigh and at the Bennett's House, losing 45 men in killed and wounded in the battles of Averasboro and Bentonville.

After the close of the war it marched with its corps to Washington, D.C., where it took part in the grand review, and was mustered out on June 13, 1865.


The regiment lost by death during its Civil War service, 2 officers and 74 men, killed and mortally wounded; 1 officer and 91 men, died of disease and other causes, a total deaths of 168.

Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2


<b>The elite 1st Virginia Cavalry was commanded by the legendary Confederate Cavalryman Colonel J.E.B. Stuart in 1861!

Autograph Document Signed by a Confederate officer in J.E.B. Stuart's command who was wounded by a cannon ball in 1862!</b>

7 3/4 x 7 1/2, manuscript in ink, Autograph Document Signed, by Lieutenant John Milton Lock, 1st Regiment Virginia Cavalry.

The Confederate States, To John H. Brown, Dr., 1861 Nov. 26th, To Hire of Horse from Oct. 1st to Nov. 26th @.40 $23.80. 

I certify that the above account is correct and just, that the services were rendered as stated, and that they were necessary for the public service. John M. Lock, Lt. & A.Q.M., 1st Regt. Va. Cav. 

Very fine, neatly written, early war 1861 document from an extremely desirable Confederate cavalry regiment!

John Milton Lock, was a 30 year old farmer from Berryville, Virginia, when he enlisted on June 23, 1861, at Camp Jefferson Davis, Va. as a private, and he was mustered into Co. A, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Lock was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on July 1, 1861, and served for a time as the Regimental Quartermaster and Commissary of the Regiment. He was promoted to captain on April 23, 1862, and was wounded in action on November 1, 1862, when he was hit in the leg by a cannon ball. He was absent from his regiment as he convalesced from his wound until being assigned to command the Confederate post at Harrisonburg, Va., in the Shenandoah Valley, on May 15, 1864. Still needing the service of this gallant and experienced Confederate officer he was later transferred into the Veteran Reserve Corps. The date and place of his official discharge are unknown. After the war Captain Lock was a hotel owner in Harrisonburg, Va. He died on March 30, 1889, and is buried in the Green Hill Cemetery, at Berryville, Va.

<u>WBTS Trivia</u>: After fighting in the First Battle of Manassas, Va., the 1st Virginia Cavalry was brigaded under Generals J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee, Williams Carter Wickham, and Thomas T. Munford. It participated in more than 200 engagements of various types including the Seven Days Battles and General J.E.B. Stuart's famous ride around General George B. McClellan's Yankee army in 1862. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church, and Cold Harbor. Later it was involved in General Jubal Early's 1864 operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and in the Appomattox Campaign.

In April, 1862, the unit totaled 437 men, they lost 25 men at Gettysburg, and had 318 men fit for duty in September, 1864. The regiment cut through the Yankee lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from the regiment was present to surrender at Appomattox Court House! Among the regiment's most celebrated field officers were colonels J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee and William E. "Grumble" Jones, all going on to become famous Confederate generals, with Stuart and Jones both being killed during the war! [Source: Units Of The Confederate States Army].

<b><u>First Virginia Cavalry</b></u>

The Field Report of Colonel J.E.B. Stuart, First Virginia Cavalry, at the 1st Battle of Manassas.



July 26, 1861

GENERAL: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of my regiment in the battle of Manassas:

I received your order to charge the enemy's flank, and proceeded immediately across the run to his left flank, but finding that it would be easier to attain his right flank, I immediately returned and marched rapidly towards the heaviest fire. As I approached the ground General T.J. Jackson, whose brigade was then engaged, sent me word to protect his flanks, but particularly his left flank. I divided the regiment, giving Major Swan half(I had but 300 men for duty), and with the remainder hurried up to Jackson's left, leaving his right to Swan. Entering a skirt of woods, I received intelligence that the enemy was rapidly outflanking us. I hastened forward through several fences just as a regiment dressed in red was running in disorder towards a skirt of woods where the fire had been heaviest. I took them to be ours, and exclaimed with all my might: "Don't run, boys; we are here." They paid very little attention to this appeal. When passing in column of two's through a narrow gap to gain the same field and very close to them, I saw in their hands the U.S. flag. I ordered the charge, which was handsomely done, stopping their flank movement and checking the advance upon Jackson. I rallied again for another charge, as only a portion of my command was in the first, owing to the difficulty of closing up; but finding the enemy had gained the woods to my right and front, leaving no ground for charging, I retired to the next field to give them another dash if they penetrated beyond the woods, which, however, they did not attempt.

In this encounter the enemy's line, or rather column, was broken and many killed. Captain Carter's company on which the heaviest of the action fell, lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, and 18 horses killed. Captain Carter's horse was shot dead as he was gallantly leading his company into the enemy.

Of the gallantry of those engaged I cannot speak in too high terms. The regiment charged was the Fire Zouaves, and I am informed by prisoners subsequently taken that their repulse by the cavalry began the panic so fearful afterwards in the enemy's ranks.

Just after the charge our reenforcements arrived upon the field and formed rapidly on right into line. The first was Colonel Falkner's regiment of Mississippians, whose gallantry came under my own observation. As these reenforcements formed I gradually moved off to the left, where I soon found myself joined by a battery, under the direction of Lieutenant Beckham, which my cavalry supported. This battery made great havoc in the enemy's ranks and finally put them in full retreat. The principal credit here was due to this battery; but having thrown forward vedettes far out on the eminences, the important information I was thus enabled to give the battery as to position and movements must have contributed greatly to its success, and here I may add that this information was also sent back to the infantry, which was still far to our right, notifying what woods could be gained, &c.

The enemy being now in full retreat, I followed with the cavalry as rapidly as possible, but was so much encumbered with prisoners, whom I sent as fast as possible back to the infantry, that my command was soon too much reduced to encounter any odds, but I nevertheless followed our success until I reached a point twelve miles from Manassas, when, by sending back so many detachments with prisoners, I had but a squad left. The rear of the enemy was protected by a squadron of cavalry and some artillery. We cut off a great many squads, many of whom fired upon us as we approached, and the artillery gave us a volley of grape. One man of ours was killed and another was wounded at this point. I have no idea how many prisoners were taken.

I encamped that night on Sudley farm, where was a large church, used as a hospital by the enemy, containing about 300 wounded, the majority mortally.

I cannot speak in too high praise of those whom I had the honor to command on the field, but to Mr. L.T. Brian, and Mr. P.W. Hairston and Mr. J.F. Brown, having no commissions, whose meritorious conduct and worth have been made the subject of previous letters to the general, I was specially

indebted for their valuable assistance.

Of my regiment the acting chaplain, Reverend Mr. Ball, was conspicuously useful, while my attention was particularly attracted to the adjutant, Lieutenant W.W. Blackford; the sergeant major, Philip H. Powers, and Lieutenant Cummings, whose good conduct on this as on every other occasion deserves the highest commendation. Lieutenant Beckham deserves high praise for the success of his battery, as he acted as gunner to each piece himself. In the pursuit Lieutenant William Taylor alone captured six of the enemy with arms in their hands. A large number of arms, quantities of clothing and hospital stores, and means of transportation were found abandoned on the road.

Most respectfully, your obedient servant,


Colonel First Virginia Cavalry



Source:  Official Records


[Series I. Vol. 2. Serial No. 2.]


<b>United States Congressman from Mississippi

United States Secretary of the Interior

Inspector General in the Confederate Army

Confederate Secret Agent</b>

(1810-85) Born in Caswell County, North Carolina, he attended Bingham Academy, graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1831, and served as a member of their faculty in 1831-32. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1834, and commenced practice in Pontotoc, Mississippi. He was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Congress, and served from 1839-51. He was the chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs in the 29th Congress. He was appointed U.S. Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President James Buchanan and served from March 6, 1857, to January 8, 1861, when he resigned to throw his lot in with the Confederacy. Horace Greeley's New York Daily Tribune denounced Thompson as "a traitor," remarking, "Undertaking to overthrow the Government of which you are a sworn minister may be in accordance with the ideas of cotton growing chivalry, but to common men cannot be made to appear creditable." He served as Inspector General in the Confederate States Army during the War Between the States. Thompson later served as an aide to General P.G.T. Beauregard at the Battle of Shiloh, and was present at several other battles in the Western Theater of the war, including Vicksburg, Corinth, and Tupelo. He later was the leader of the Confederate Secret Service in Canada in 1864 and 1865. From there, he directed a failed plot to free Confederate prisoners of war on Johnson's Island, off Sandusky, Ohio. He also arranged the purchase of a steamer, with the intention of arming it to harass shipping in the Great Lakes. Regarded in the North as a schemer and conspirator, many devious plots were associated with his name. On June 13, 1864, Thompson met with former New York governor Washington Hunt at Niagara Falls. According to the testimony of Peace Democrat Clement Vallandigham, Hunt met Thompson, talked to him about creating a Northwestern Confederacy, and obtained money for arms, which was routed to a subordinate. Thompson gave Ben Woods, the owner of the New York Daily News, money to purchase arms. One plot was a planned burning of New York City on November 25, 1864, in retaliation for Union Generals' Philip H. Sheridan and William Tecumseh Sherman's scorched-earth tactics in the south. Some speculate that John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, met with Thompson, but this has not been proven. Thompson worked hard to clear his name of involvement in the assassination in the years after the war. His manor, called "Home Place," in Oxford, Mississippi was burned down by Union troops in 1864. After the war, Thompson fled to England and later returned to Canada as he waited for passions to cool in the United States. He eventually came home and settled in Memphis, Tennessee, to manage his extensive holdings. Thompson was later appointed to the board of the University of the South at Sewanee and was a great benefactor of the school. He died in Memphis in 1885 and is buried in Elmwood Cemetery.

<u>Signature With Place</u>: 4 3/4 x 1, in ink, J. Thompson, Oxford, Miss. Cut irregular at the top which does not affect any of his handwriting. Very desirable Confederate secret agent's autograph.  H 54in. X D 14in.

Autograph, General Louis Henry Pelouze $75.00


1st Virginia Cavalry Receipt For Hire of $150.00


Autograph, Jacob Thompson


INDUSTRIAL LIGHT #1786 $700.00

<b>U.S. Congressman & Senator from Mississippi

Governor of Mississippi

Confederate Captain

Confederate Senator</b>

(1813-80) Attended Mississippi College, and Jefferson College, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1833, and practiced law in Gallatin, Miss. Served as a member of the Mississippi state house of representatives, 1835-39; U.S. Congressman, 1839-41; Governor of Mississippi, 1844-48; U.S. Congressman, 1847-53; U.S. Senator, 1854-61. During the Civil War he served as captain, in the 18th Mississippi Infantry, and as Confederate Senator, 1862-65.

<u>Signature With Place</u>: 4 3/4 x 1 1/4, in ink. A.G. Brown, Gallatin, Missi.


War Between the States envelope addressed to Mrs. D.S. Stocking, Charleston, S.C., with C.D.S., Richmond, Va., Oct. 17, 1861, and hand stamped Due 5. Endorsed at the upper left, Priv. Jno. D. Munnerlyn, Georgia Hussars, Capt. J.F. Waring. Scarce and very desirable war date cover from the elite "Georgia Hussars."

The Georgia Hussars. Organized 13 February 1736. This troop of Mounted Rangers was raised by General Oglethorpe to patrol and protect the Colony of Georgia from the Spaniards and Indians. It fought at Bloody Marsh in 1742 and at the Siege of Savannah in 1779. Its record during The War 1861-1865 is unsurpassed as was its service in Mexico, World War I, World War II and Korea. It remained Horse Cavalry until October 1940. From Colonial times to Vietnam, Hussars have represented Savannah in all our Wars. It is still an active unit in the Georgia Army National Guard. [Inscription on The Georgia Hussars Marker located in Savannah, Georgia].

During The War Between the States, The Georgia Hussars, raised two companies to fight for the Confederacy; Company A, became Company F of the Jeff Davis Legion, and Company B, served as Company D, 2nd Battalion Georgia Cavalry.

Private John D. Munnerlyn, served in Captain Joseph Frederick Waring's company in the Jeff Davis Legion. Munnerlyn enlisted as a private on September 17, 1861, and served with the unit until being discharged on December 26, 1862, by reason of physical disability.

Captain Joseph Frederick Waring, was born in Savannah, Ga., on February 13, 1832. He graduated from Yale in 1852, studied law, and became a successful planter in Georgia, as well as being an Alderman in Savannah. When the war commenced in 1861, Waring was a Captain in the Georgia Hussars, and he took his company to Richmond, Virginia to report for duty. Originally assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry, this assignment did not last long. Captain Waring was seriously wounded in the face on December 4, 1861, near Annandale, Va., when he led a night raid in an attempt to capture a Union picket post. He received a gunshot wound to his right cheek, another bullet grazed his head, and he had a dozen holes shot through his cape and uniform coat, but he managed to survive. A few days later, Waring's company was assigned as Company F, of the Jeff Davis Legion. He was promoted to major in early 1862, and after seeing action in both the Virginia Peninsular campaign and the Maryland campaign, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Jeff Davis Legion, on December 2, 1862. When Colonel William F. Martin, the original commander of the Legion was promoted to brigadier general, and transferred to the western theatre of the war, Waring was appointed commander of the Jeff Davis Legion. His unit then served in General Wade Hampton's command where Waring led his troops through all of the major cavalry battles of the eastern theater of the war, including Brandy Station, Gettysburg, where he was wounded for the second time, and Trevilian Station. He was promoted to colonel in July 1864, and when General Hampton was ordered to South Carolina in February 1865, the Jeff Davis Legion commanded by Colonel Waring accompanied them south. They participated in the 1865 Carolinas campaign against General William T. Sherman, and Waring and his remaining troops surrendered at Bennett's Place, on April 26, 1865, with the army of General Joseph E. Johnston.              



  H 50in. X D 24in.

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sold as a pair only  H 8in. X W 36in. X D 19in.

Autograph, Albert Gallatin Brown $35.00


1861 Confederate Cover From The Elite Ge $150.00




INDUSTRIAL 3 GANG LIGHT #3177 $1800.00

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