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Boldly marked on one side for vertical display this colorful U. C. V. banner measures 12 inches wide at the top and is 22 inches in total length.   Stencil printed on cotton in the fashion common to the turn of the century the banner remains solid with some tattering yet bright in color and appears never to have been exposed to the weather or bright sun while offering good evidence of age and originality. Just rediscovered as we rummage through our long ago tucked away <I>stuff</I>, this old banner was recovered as part of a small grouping from, of all places, the attic remains of a long ago defunct <I>Yankee</I> G. A. R. hall. (Those were the days!) How the banner came to Maine Civil War veteran hall storage can only be left to the imagination though it seems more than likely that the piece was a souvenir of a trip South for one of the joint G. A. R. – U. C. V. reunions common in the waning years of first generation Civil War veterans.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  


(1815-1872) Graduated 3rd in the West Point class of 1839. An assistant professor while still an undergraduate at the Military Academy, he first worked upon the fortifications of New York Harbor, and in 1844 inspected those of France. Upon his return to the U.S., he wrote a Report on the Means of National Defence, which was published by Congress and won him an invitation from the Lowell Institute of Boston to deliver a series of lectures. These were published as Elements of Military Art and Science, a work which enjoyed wide circulation among soldiers for many years. He received a brevet as captain in the Mexican War. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Winfield Scott recommended to Abraham Lincoln that Halleck be appointed major general in the regular service. In November 1861, Halleck relieved General Fremont at St. Louis and in a demonstration of his talents as an administrator quickly brought order out of the chaos in which his predecessor had plunged the Department of the Missouri. A series of successes by his subordinates at Forts Henry & Donelson, Pea Ridge, Island No. 10 and Shiloh, caused Halleck to shine in reflective glory, and his domain enlarged to include Ohio and Kansas. President Lincoln later recalled him to Washington to serve as general in chief of the U.S. Armies. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Standing view of Halleck in uniform with rank of major general striking a Napoleonic pose. Backmark: D. Appleton & Co., 443 & 445 Broadway, N.Y., A.A. Turner, Photographer. "Genl. Halleck" is written in period script on the reverse. Very fine view of the Union general nicknamed "Old Brains."  


Time Life Books, Alexandria, Va., 1996. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4, hardcover with dust jacket, 168 pages, illustrated, index. New condition.


This book is by and of the soldiers and civilians who experienced the Atlanta campaign. Through their words and images you can relive the emotions, the terrifying rush of events, the horrors- and even the human comedy- of one of the Civil War's major campaigns. Thus, you hold in your hands an album of personal recollections from letters, diaries, photographs, sketches and artifacts.


To compile this special volume, we combed hundreds of sources, both published and unpublished.  We were able to assemble a dramatic narrative told from many perspectives; manuscript letters and journals- some previously unpublished- regimental histories, privately printed memoirs, articles in little known historical society publications, and more. Then, we set about the painstaking task of locating photographs of the soldiers and townsfolk to accompany their personal accounts. 


That so many firsthand accounts survived is due to a few accidents of history. Soldiers could mail a letter home for only three cents. And the mail system set up by the opposing armies were amazingly reliable. Mail packets were even exchanged across enemy lines. A surprising number of recruits could write, and write vividly. Sam Watkins of the 1st Tennessee Infantry described the beginning of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, "It seemed that the arch-angel of Death stood and looked on with outstretched wings, while all the earth was silent, when all at once a hundred guns from the Federal line opened upon us, and for more than an hour they poured their solid shot, grape and shrapnel right upon this salient point, defended by our regiment alone..."


Field sketches abound, too. Before photoengraving was developed to reproduce photographs in newspapers and magazines, periodicals such as Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly employed artists who traveled with the army to depict events for readers. These correspondents, or "specials," drew virtually everything of possible interest; pitched battles, lounging soldiers, the odd piece of military equipment. Sketches dashed off in a few moments during a battle- often at great personal peril- were taken by courier to the publication, where they were transformed into woodblock engravings suitable for printing.


Another element that adds to the unique texture of this album is the photographs. Technical innovations during the 1850's brought the fledgling craft into its own, and the Civil War was the first in history to be extensively recorded by the camera. In the blockaded South, photographers lacked supplies and equipment and rarely covered the action. The North's activities, by contrast, are extensively chronicled, thanks to the efforts of men who endured great hardship. Travel was tedious with cumbersome equipment and portable darkrooms mounted on wagon beds. But photographers like Mathew Brady and his assistants spent months following the army, etching with light the brave faces of the soldiers, as well as the bodies stiffened on the field. When Brady's stark photographs of the dead were first exhibited in New York City in 1862, the public thought, albeit briefly, that such horrific images could actually bring the war to an end.


So you hold in your hands living testimony from the battlefields that led to the fall of the South's Gate City. As you look into the eyes of these husbands and wives, sons and daughters, as you read the words of soldiers and civilians dazed by the violence around them or the grief that follows the fighting, perhaps it will be possible to perceive more clearly the shattering experience that was the Atlanta campaign.


Front cover illustration: A scene at the intersection of Peachtree Street and the Georgia Railroad tracks shows some of the damage that was wrought in Atlanta after Sherman's troops ravaged the business district in mid November 1864.        


<b>4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry Volunteers


Signed by their gallant Colonel Joseph Drake commanding the regiment, who was captured at the fall of Fort Donelson!</b>


7 1/4 x 12, imprinted Confederate form on blue paper, filled out and signed in ink.


Form No. 3. Officers' Pay Account. The Confederate States to Lt. A.M. Reasons. For pay as a Lt. from 24th Aug. to 1st Dec., 1861. Co. F, 4th Regt. Miss. Vols. For 3 months and 8 days. Pay Per Month, 80.00. Amount 261.33. Stationed at Fort Henry with the account dated Dec. 22nd, 1861. There is a large imprinted paragraph at the center of the document certifying the accuracy of this account, etc.....It continues, "that I am not in arrears with the Confederate States on any account whatsoever; and that the last payment I received was from Paymaster was mustered into Service and to the 24 day of Aug. 1861. I at the same time acknowledge that I have received of H.T. Massengale Paymaster, this 24 day of Dec., 1861, the sum of Two Hundred Sixty One, 261, and 33 cents, being the amount in full of said account.


The document has a large A.E.S. as follows, "Approved, Joseph Drake, Col. 4th Regmt. Miss. Vols."


Signed very nicely at the bottom of the form by the officer whose pay account this is as, "A.M. Reasons, 3rd Lieut., 4th Reg. Miss. Vols."


Content on the reverse:


No. 382

Form No.3.

Officers' Pay Account.

A.M. Reasons

2 Lt.

From 24 Aug/61

To 1 Dec/61

261.33


Ornate Confederate imprinted form in excellent condition. Rare document from Fort Henry, Tennessee only about 6 weeks before the fort was captured by the Federal forces commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant. This was the first important Union victory in the western theater and it was the start of General Grant's star rising in the Northern press and among its citizenry. Very desirable Confederate document.


<u>Joseph Drake</u>: (1806-78) He was a lawyer, judge, and plantation owner, Confederate Colonel during the War Between the States, who led a brigade in two important battles, and served as a member of the Mississippi State Legislature before and during the war. His grandfather, Joseph Drake, was one of Daniel Boone's Kentucky "Long Hunters" who was killed by Indians near Boonesborough, Kentucky, in August of 1778. He attended Washington College in Lexington, Virginia in 1825-26, studied law, and was sworn in as an attorney in Carroll County, Mississippi in 1834. In 1835, Drake served as district attorney of the Circuit Court of the county, and he represented Carroll County in the Mississippi State House of Representatives from 1838–39, and served as probate Judge of Carroll County, from 1855-61. Drake was elected Captain of Company H, "Carroll County Rebels," which mustered into the  Mississippi State service at Carrollton, on August 24, 1861, and was organized at Grenada, Mississippi, as the 4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry, in the Second Brigade, Army of Mississippi, and they were enlisted for twelve months. He was elected Colonel of the regiment on September 11, 1861, in a camp near Trenton, Tennessee. The 4th Mississippi Infantry was then put under General Earl Van Dorn's command. After being promoted to major general on September 19, 1861, Van Dorn was transferred to Virginia under General Joseph E. Johnston. The 4th Mississippi infantry, which had been detached from Van Dorn's division was one of the two regiments at Fort Henry which were experienced in war, and the men conducted themselves as veterans. Colonel Joseph Drake sent two companies of Mississippians to meet the first advance of the enemy on February 4th, who held the rifle-pits alone until reinforced. During the bombardment of the 6th, which resulted in the surrender of Fort Henry, Colonel Drake commanded General Tilghman's 2nd Brigade. After the naval attack compelled the surrender of Fort Henry, Drake retreated to Fort Donelson, where he commanded General Bushrod Johnson's 3rd brigade. The 4th Mississippi was under fire in the trenches at Donelson during February 13th and 14th, and participated in the assault which was made on the 15th for the purpose of opening a line of retreat. General Johnson reported that Drake's Brigade, under its very gallant, steady and efficient commander, moved in admirable precision, almost constantly under fire, driving the enemy slowly from hill to hill until about 1 p.m., when he was instructed to return to the rifle pits. This left Drake's Brigade unsupported for a time, until Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest went to Drake's support and advised him to fall back, which he did without disorder. Colonel Smith's brigade advanced a short distance up the hill, repeatedly rushing and then falling to the ground in the prone position, all the while listening to taunts from Drake's Confederate Brigade opposing them. The surrender of Fort Donelson followed on the 16th. It is said that Colonel Drake broke his sword and threw it in the river when told of the surrender. Colonel Drake went on a monumental journey after his capture initially being imprisoned at Johnson's Island; he was then admitted to the Prison Hospital, at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois, on February 21, 1862; then transferred to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, on March 1st; transferred again on March 6th, to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor; and was released on parole on April 7, 1862, for the purpose of being exchanged for Union Colonel Milton Cogswell, of the 42nd New York Volunteers. He retired from the Confederate army after he was exchanged on August 27, 1862, considered to be too old for active service at 56 years of age. Colonel Joseph Drake then returned to his plantation and served as a member the Mississippi State Senate from Carroll County in 1864. He had a son, John Breckenridge Drake, (1840–1922) who served in Company K, of the 30th Mississippi Infantry, and who  surrendered on April 26, 1865, at Durham Station, North Carolina.


A.M. Reasons, enlisted on August 1, 1861, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. F, 4th Mississippi Infantry. He resigned on June 17, 1862. On September 1, 1862, he was commissioned captain in Co. F, 2nd Mississippi Partisan Rangers Cavalry. His date of discharge is not known.

Late 1880s / early 1900s UNITED CONFEDER $195.00

 

CDV, General Henry W. Halleck $95.00

 

Voices of the Civil War, Atlanta $25.00

 

Confederate Officer's Pay Account From F $250.00

This attractive little hand lamp was constructed from lead soldered, tinned sheet iron with a broad die truck base and classic long brass burner tube for use with camphene.  All original and untouched just as it was set aside decades ago. Most popularly in use in the 1840s & 1850s, camphene lighting fuel from, highly refined turpentine produced a bright clean light. Largely replaced in lighting by coal oil in the 1860s, camphene was extremely volatile necessitating the small diameter wick and longer burner tubes than were used with whale oil lighting fuel.  The longer burner tube, with a broad base were all common safety features of these  camphene finger lamps.  A nice all original little lamp illustrated here with a quarter for size comparison.   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best.  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !


 Our illustrations will do best to describe this grouping of seven original Indian Wars era <I>general service</I> uniform coat buttons except to advise that they are all back marked by <I>HORSTMAN</I>.  A nice grouping at a reasonable price. <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!  


(1815-83) He was born in Cooperstown, N.Y., his maternal grandfather was a general during the Revolutionary War, and his father was a major general in the N.Y. State Militia, and at the time of his death was chief justice of the Michigan State Supreme Court. Morell graduated #1 in the West Point class of 1835. In the early part of 1861, he served as colonel and quartermaster on the staff of the major general commanding the New York militia, organizing and forwarding regiments to the seat of war. He then served in the Washington defenses and on August 9, 1861, was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade of General Fitz John Porter's division of the 5th Corps during the 1862 Virginia Peninsular campaign, and rose to division command when Porter took over the corps. He fought gallantly and skillfully in the Seven Days battles, at 2nd Bull Run and Antietam, and was promoted to major general to rank from July 4, 1862. However, the court martial of Fitz John Porter destroyed Morell's career. It has been said that Porter was ruined because of his devotion to McClellan. It could equally be said that Morell was ruined because of his devotion to Porter. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 3 3/4 card. Chest up view in uniform with rank of colonel. Backmark: Larcombe, Photographist, No. 25 Public Square, (S.W. Corner), Nashville, Tenn. The card has been trimmed and there is a horizontal crease which goes through the face of the subject. There is a small area of loss to the albumen paper at the upper right corner of the card which does not affect the subject. If this card were in excellent condition it would easily be priced somewhere between $150.00 and $250.00.  


<b>Written by Major Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!


1862 eight page letter with original cover signed twice by Major Edwards with excellent content defending the Army of the Potomac and citing some of their recent battles!


"we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the Peninsula, and thousands of them are left at So. Mt., Crampton Pass, and Antietam."</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


8 pages, 5 x 8, in ink, written by Major Clark S. Edwards, to his wife. Comes with the original envelope which has been signed twice by Edwards, once with rank. Addressed in the hand of Major Edwards to his wife, "Mrs. C.S. Edwards, Bethel, Maine." Edwards has franked the envelope at the upper right corner, "Soldiers Letter, C.S. Edwards, Maj. 5th Me. Vo[l]." Manuscript "due" is written below his signature for postage due on the letter. Docketed at the upper left edge as the letter was in route to Maine, "Keedysville, Md., Oct. 31st." The docket at the left edge of the envelope, "Oct. 30th/62" was written by Mrs. Edwards. It was her habit to write the dates on the envelopes that her husband's letters were written on. This made it easier for her if she was looking for a letter from a certain date or time period.   

 

<b><u>Thursday Afternoon, Near Bakersville, Md., Oct. 30, 1862</b></u>


We are still on the old camp, but left it yesterday and went on picket at dawn [at] No. 4, but was relieved in the night by one of the Mass. Regts. and got into camp about midnight and I found a letter from you dated Oct. 21st, so you see it takes a full week for a letter to reach us.  Our mail matters is very bad or irregular of late.  I am very glad to hear the little ones are better.  I am glad you have become reconciled to my staying a time longer or at least are willing.  I should do what I thought for the best.  I am sorry to hear you are breaking down or getting worn out.  The little boys are old enough to do considerable in the way of chores.  I am sorry to hear of Dr. Luce’s  troubles, but it’s different from what it would have been if he had been killed in battle and left on here with our unknown as thousands are.  In regard to his good wishes towards me I am thankful of them, but in regard to my next promotion I know nothing about it or no more than you do and I presume not as much.  I am glad to hear that Mary is getting along well.  What is her opinion about having babies now, not so very bad after all.  Tell her she has got her hand in and she must keep it up.  You think I judged wrong in regard to the Bethel folks feeling bad because no more is killed.  I did not mean Bethel in particular, all the North.  <b>We of the Potomac Army are now called the stand still army by these Northern croakers.  Is it not enough to raise the indignation of any people after going through what we have since the first of Apl. [April] last, than we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the [Virginia] Peninsula and thousands of them are left at So.[South] Mt. [Mountain], Crampton Pass, and Antietam, more than sixty thousand are left.  We have marched and countermarched for thousands of miles and fought the greatest battles this country ever have, and still because the great object is not obtained, that is the taking of Richmond, why the Potomac Army has done nothing in the mind of those that is all the time finding fault.  If Richmond had been taken in the first part of the season what then, why their army that has been opposing us would have been somewhere else to fight us where there would have been as much or more at stake.  The Rebels loss in Va. & Md. the past season cannot amount to less than one hundred & twenty thousand.  If Richmond was in our possession, what then?  Why that is one place out of ten thousand.  We hold more now than we can take care of.  A large part of Tenn. & Kentucky we have lost within the past year, but I will say no more on the subject as I may say too much.</b>  In regard to the New York ladies I think they will not compare with the Maine women.  I would not fear to have you come here and if we go into camp near the R.R. I will send for you.


Thursday Evening


As I have a few leisure moments I will close this.  It is now seven o’clock and I am in my tent alone as the Dr. is out.  We have orders to move in the morning at five o’clock, but I cannot tell you anything about where we go, but by the order about our baggage we are going on one of our long marches again, perhaps before this reaches you we will see more fighting, but the sooner it comes the sooner [its] over.  Our camp is all alive as the boys are fixing up to leave at an early hour, but we little know what we are going into.  I think we shall go into winter quarters within two or three weeks if the fall’s rains come on as early as usual, then as I have always write you.  I will try to go home.  I think you must be glad that I did not go at the time I first talked of.  If I had gone then I should not been in the two last fights and you know it is an honor to anyone to be in a fight.  You can see that by the way the 7th [Maine Infantry] was received in Portland.   We are in a beautiful camp here and I do not like the idea of moving, but we go as we are bid to go.  Our camp is in a beautiful grove and just outside the army tents is the grave of some poor soldier.  I did not notice it till after I put up my [tent] and as it was hardly finished I had it fixed up and a stone put at the head & foot.  It is within twenty feet of my [?].  I do not know the history of the poor fellow but as [the] Fourth Division was in camp on this ground I presumed it was one of them, perhaps one of that immortal 7th.  We think but little of camping down with the dead.  I find its any different from what I expected that is in myself in regard to these things, but after a man has been in the army a year & a half he can do most anything.  I must close this soon as I have got some packing up to do so to leave early.  I wish it was towards Maine and the whole Regt. was to go, but I do not know when that will be.  I will write you again as soon as we get to a place so I can.  I do not know how I will get along tomorrow as Mc [Mac] is lame and Findley, about every horse in the Regt. is at this time.  It is a sort of a disease among the horses, something like the scratches only a good deal worse.  You may say to [?] that I think they can have the sutlership of the Regt.  I will write them as soon as I get time.  I know they can make more money out of it, but it wants two to carry it on, one to buy & haul in, the other to sell.  If they think of coming it must be done soon as we shall have a sutler as soon as we go into winter quarters.  My love to all the little ones and regards to all.


Clark


Very fine 8 page letter. Excellent content with references to the recently fought  battles that the Army of the Potomac and the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in, and much more interesting news! Comes with the original cover bearing 2 signatures of Major Clark S. Edwards, one with rank. The cover shows edge wear from when it was originally opened and some edge chipping.

c. 1840 / 1850 tin HAND LAMP $135.00

 

lot of 7 Indian War era Horstman EAGLE B $55.00

 

CDV General George W. Morell $10.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter $250.00

This attractive hand made antique checker board measures approximately 8 5/8 X 11 7/8 and was fashioned from a white pine board with the inscribed and milk painted game board on its face.  The game board retains a full compliment of hand crafted checkers in board matching colors.  Some period dings and wear along with a pleasing natural age patina front and back, offer good evidence of age, originality and period use.  A neat companion piece with any Civil War era personal grouping, no harm would come to this old game board if put to originally intended use. please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!



 This attractive 8 ½ inch pewter mess plate remains in honest, untouched condition with that deep gray patina that comes to pewter only with the decades.  Faint but discernable on the back is the once bold block letter <I>LONDON</I> in banner mark as seen on import pewter by Thomas Swanson, of that city.  (Swanson began exporting his wares to Boston in 1732.)  A nice honest piece just the proper size for the Revolutionary War haversack, this handsome old pewter plate will go well in any  Colonial era grouping.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>





 Tender with some tattering as  good evidence of age and originality, yet nicely displayable with lots of eye appeal, this approximately 10 X 13 inch, July 16, 1864 weekly issue of <I>The Scientific American</I> is complete and contains an account of George Custer’s U. S. Patent <I>improved</I> horse shoe design.  An appealing design line drawing is presented over the bold heading <B>CUSTER’S HORSE-SHOE</B> with an accompanying description of the design and intended <I>improvement</I> over the old standard design.  The little known <B>George Armstrong Custer</B> effort in the patent arena has been largely forgotten and lost in time with what may have been a <I>nail in the coffin</I> with respect to historical credit being a subsequent transcription error from period hand written 1870 U. S. Census records.  Very simply the name of George <B>A.</B> Custer was mistakenly transcribed in a research reference as <I>George <B>C</B> Custer</I>.  This simple transcription inaccuracy from the original record led to a conclusion published in Mike O’Keefe’s <I>Custer, the Seventh Cavalry & the Little Big Horn</I> that the subject patent was not issued by George A. Custer but another George Custer.  A look at renderings of original hand written census records will show that George A. Custer <U>was the only George Custer with a Monroe, Michigan</U> address as provided in official U. S. Patent documents.  (This offering will come with <U>convincing</U> research notes with respect to the above.)  Framed up or simply laid out with Civil War or Western Indian War material, this piece will add  A neat piece of Americana!   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 A nice Civil War vintage telescoping pewter cup, all original and in excellent condition with its japanned tin carrying case.  Un-polished and as found, the pewter displays a wonderful original luster and the base of the cup is marked <B>H. J. WOODMAN</B>.  The tin pocket case retains a substantial amount of its the original japanned lacquer finish. Though somewhat fragile, these soft pewter traveling cups were a popular item in the soldiers collection of personal items. Period examples are popular with collectors and are hard to find in this condition. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

hand crafted - antique CHECKER BOARD & C $135.00

 

18th Century Pewter Mess Plate $85.00

 

July 16 1864 Scientific American - C $95.00

 

Extra nice! Civil War vintage cased TEL $95.00

<b>Commander of the famed "Sussex Light Dragoons" of Virginia</b>


7 1/4 x 9 3/4, in ink, written to Captain Belsches on imprinted letter sheet, and signed by Washington Lafayette Riddick, who was the Assistant Adjutant General of General Albert G. Blanchard at this time.


Head Quarters Military Division. The words "Military Division" have been crossed out with slanted pen strokes, and written in above is "3d Brigade." The imprint continues Portsmouth, Va., with the month and day written in ink, "Sept. 16th" and the year 1861 imprinted on the letter sheet. 


The content of the letter is as follows:


Capt. B.W. Belsches

Sussex Cavalry


Sir:


In answer to your communication of this date, asking extension of leave of absence on account of your health, I am directed to say that the request is granted, and until such time as the condition of your health will prevent you to return to active duty.


You will however make weekly reports of your condition to these Head Quarters, accompanied by the certificate of your attending physician. 


Respty. Yr. Obt. Sevt.

W.L. Riddick

A. Adjt. Genl.


Sent by mail to Waverly Station [Virginia]


Light staining along the left edge of the paper, and some minor overall wear. Bold and neatly written. Very desirable and scarce document regarding the elite "Sussex Light Dragoons" of Virginia, and its commander Captain Benjamin W. Belsches. 


WBTS Trivia: During The War Between the States, Sussex Country, Virginia was the site of much military activity. The "Sussex Light Dragoons" adopted their name from an American Revolutionary War unit that also hailed from Sussex County, Virginia. The "Sussex Light Dragoons" were known as a wealthy organization and it is said that each member of the company had his own servant with him.   


The "Sussex Light Dragoons" wore a most distinctive uniform, their kepi being of such a height as to almost qualify it as a "shako," made of blue cloth with yellow braid, it bore a brass badge of the letters "S.L.D." over crossed sabres. Officers wore a variation of the regulation frock coat, but considerably longer than usual. Other ranks wore shirts with "plastron" style front panels, which may have been reversible to show a yellow panel for full dress. They were also known as bib-fronted battle shirts. Trousers for all ranks were dark blue. They were armed with the usual weapons of the sabre and revolver. [Source: Mine Creek Battlefield; American Uniforms].


Benjamin W. Belsches, was 43 years old when he enlisted on April 24, 1861, at Waverly, Virginia, as a captain. He was the commander of the famed "Sussex Light Dragoons." He also had service in Co. C, 5th Virginia Cavalry, and either the 13th Virginia Cavalry [see page 364 of Units of the Confederate States Army] or 15th Virginia Cavalry [see The Historical Data Systems, Inc.]. He was promoted to major on June 26, 1862. His date and method of discharge are unknown. He did however survive the war and died on October 13, 1872, and is buried in the Family Cemetery, in Sussex County, Virginia.


Washington Lafayette Riddick, was a 36 year old resident of Suffolk, Va., when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, at Suffolk, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 5th Virginia Cavalry. On August 15, 1861, he was commissioned as a Confederate States Staff Officer, and assigned to the headquarters staff of General Albert G. Blanchard, as 1st lieutenant and adjutant. He was promoted to the rank of captain in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States of America, on October 5, 1861. He was wounded on June 1, 1862, at the battle of Seven Pines, Va.; he was assigned to Camp Lee, Richmond, Va., as Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, on August 15, 1863; assigned to the staff of General James L. Kemper as Assistant Adjutant General, on January 15, 1865; assigned to R.H. Anderson's Artillery, as Assistant Adjutant General, on January 28, 1865; and was paroled on May 2, 1865, at Richmond, Va. He died on February 3, 1871, in New Orleans, Louisiana.  

    


<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1798-1856) Born in La Plata, Md., he graduated from Yale in 1817, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1819 and commenced practice at Port Tobacco, Charles County, Md. He served as a member of the Maryland State House of Delegates from 1824-1832, and from 1843-1844, serving as speaker 1826-29, and again in 1844. Was a member of the Maryland State Senate, 1832-36, serving as president of that body from 1833-1836. He also served in the Maryland State Militia. He ran unsuccessfully for governor of Maryland in 1844. Served as a United States Congressman, from 1845-49, and was the chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia. Afterwards he resumed his law practice in Port Tobacco, and was the president of the State constitutional convention in 1851.


<u>Signature With State</u>: 5 1/4 x 1, in ink, J.G. Chapman, Maryland.  


<b>On a very rare patriotic letter sheet with Union gunboats and a quote from the Rebel newspaper, The Richmond Dispatch</b>


2 pages, 4 3/4 x 7 1/2, in ink, and signed with regimental identification.


There is a battle scene at the top of the letter sheet with Union ironclad gunboats bombarding a Confederate fort. Includes the following imprint: "There is no disaster of the present war which it is so difficult to bear with any degree of patience or philosophy, as the almost uniform success of the enemy's gunboats on our land batteries. It is a thing absolutely unprecedented in the history of warfare! Richmond Dispatch, Feb. 21, 1862."


<b><u>Franklin, Pendleton Co., Va.

May the 24th A.D., 1862</b></u>


Dear Sister,


I am well at present hoping these few words will find you enjoying the same blessing.  I received a letter from mother the other day and I was very glad to hear from home once more.  I wrote a letter to William yesterday tho[ugh] I thought I would write another today.  I get very lonesome without doing something.  We had a fight on the 8 day of May [1] and we are exempt 30 days from duty and we have nothing to do for 30 days.  It is very warm weather here now.  I have wrote several letters since we came here to Franklin.  It is the county seat of Pendleton County.  It is a nice little place.  I will send Emma a nice present, a little breast pin, and Sis and Dennis a few cents to buy candy for themselves.  I believe I must come to a close.  I have nothing more to write at this time so write soon.  Good to all; mother, sisters and brothers.  When you write to me Direct your letters to Franklin, Pendleton County, Virginia, 32 Regiment. Company F, in care Captain Potts, [2] O.[hio] V.[olunteers], U.S.A.


The letter is signed with a single initial.  I believe it is either an "L" or an "S." [3] 


I have to send the letters without paying postage on them.  There is no post stamps to get here.


Very neatly written letter by a soldier of Company F, 32nd Ohio Infantry, on a very rare illustrated gunboat patriotic letter sheet with quote from the Richmond Dispatch.


[1] On May 8, 1862, the date referred to in this letter, the 32nd Ohio Infantry participated in the battle of McDowell, Virginia, part of the celebrated 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign. In the regiment's history compiled in "The Union Army, Vol. 2," it states that "at the battle of McDowell the 32nd [Ohio] lost 6 killed and 53 wounded, some mortally, being the last regiment to leave the field."


[2] Benjamin Franklin Potts, was a 32 year old lawyer when he enlisted on September 4, 1861, as a captain, and was commissioned into Company F, 32nd Ohio Infantry. He was captured on September 15, 1862, at Harper's Ferry, during the Antietam campaign.  Promoted to lieutenant colonel, November 21, 1862; colonel, December 25, 1862; brigadier general, January 16, 1865; and brevet major general, March 13, 1865. He was mustered out of the service on January 16, 1866. He served as the Governor of Montana, 1870-82. He died on June 17, 1887 in Helena, Montana.


[3] It was not uncommon for Civil War soldiers to sign a letter written home to a family member with initials or their first name only, or even their family title or possibly a nickname since the recipients knew who the author of the letter was. If the original envelope had come with this letter that would have given us another way to fully identify him, but unfortunately the letter did not come with an envelope. What we do know for certain is that the letter writer served in Co. F, 32nd Ohio Infantry, but his name is lost to history. In my opinion the very rare patriotic gunboat letter sheet more than make up for that fact. Maybe someone else out there has other letters written by this same soldier and can shed some light as to his identification.   

   


Civil War patriotic imprint with a full color vignette of General George Washington holding his sword aloft while holding an American flag in his opposite hand. Motto at the left edge, "Success To Our Volunteers." Slogan at the top, "Never Surrender." Imprint with lines to write in the name of the recipient, as well as the Regt., Co., Capt., State Volunteers, Col. Com'ding and Camp. Staining and light edge wear. 


***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.

1861 Letter Written to Captain Benjamin $150.00

 

Autograph, John Grant Chapman $15.00

 

Letter Written by a Soldier in the 32nd $125.00

 

Success To Our Volunteers, Never Surrend $5.00




T-66. Richmond, Feb. 17, 1864. Bust view of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Fancy blue reverse. Very tiny chip at bottom center edge. With red Treasury Seal stamped on obverse and reverse corners. Crisp note that is in about uncirculated condition. 

 


Used Civil War envelope that has been addressed to Mrs. Mary Varnam, Lawrence, Mass., with bold stamped "Due 3." At the top of the cover is written, "Soldier Letter, A.P. Browne, Adjt. 40th Mass." Light wear from being opened. 


Able Parker Browne, who mailed this envelope was a 26 year old clerk from Salem, Mass., when he enlisted on May 26, 1862, as a 1st sergeant, and was mustered into the Salem Cadets Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. On May 25, 1862, Union Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, sent out an alarm for militia troops from various states to be sent to Washington, D.C. immediately because of the route of the forces of General Nathaniel P. Banks by Confederate General Stonewall Jackson stating that the enemy were in large force and advancing on Washington. The Salem Cadets were one of the organizations called upon in this emergency. Browne was discharged for promotion on August 25, 1862, and on September 5, 1862, he was commissioned into the field and staff of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry serving as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the regiment. He was promoted to major on August 26, 1863, and resigned his commission on March 5, 1864. After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post #113, the Edward W. Kinsely Post, in Boston, Mass.  


<b>Signed by their Colonel who was  killed in action in 1862 while carrying the regimental battleflag and leading a charge at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.!


Also signed by an officer who was severely wounded in 1862 at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Virginia </b> 


8 x 7 1/4, in ink. Provision Return for Captain McCauley's Company I, Seventh Regiment North Carolina State Troops, Commencing January 8th and ending January 16th, 1862, at Camp Graham. Itemized account for 58 men and interestingly for 1 woman, and for rations of beef, pork, flour, rice, coffee, sugar, vinegar, candles, soap, and salt. Signed by Lieut. Wm. N. Dickey. The document also has an autograph endorsement signed by Colonel R.P. Campbell, as follows: "The A.C.S. will issue agreeably to the above, R.P. Campbell, Col. 7th N.C.T. Light age toning and wear. Very fine manuscript. Extremely desirable regiment.


Reuben P. Campbell, was a 43 year old resident of Iredell County, N.C., when he enlisted on May 16, 1861, as a colonel, and was commissioned into the 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was killed in action on June 27, 1862, at Gaines' Mills, Va., while carrying the regimental colors, and leading a charge against the Union lines. Campbell had been a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1840, and was commissioned 2nd lieutenant of the 2nd U.S. Dragoons. He was promoted to the rank of 1st lieutenant on November 3, 1845, and brevet captain, on February 23, 1847, for gallantry in the Mexican War battle of Buena Vista. Promoted to captain on August 8, 1851, Campbell resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, on May 11, 1861, to join the Confederate army, and was commissioned colonel of the 7th North Carolina Infantry with the further particulars as mentioned above.


William N. Dickey, was a 27 year old school teacher from Mecklenburg County, N.C., when he enlisted as a first lieutenant, on May 16, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 30, 1862, shot in the right thigh at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Va. He resigned from the Confederate army on February 23, 1863, as a result of the wound he had received in battle.


Captain James R. McCauley, whose company this provision return was made out for, was also a school teacher. He was 25 years old resident of Burke Co., N.C., when he enlisted as a captain on May 16, 1862, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 27, 1862, at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.; was wounded a second time, this happening at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., on May 3, 1863; and McCauley met his ultimate fate on the battlefield at Reams' Station, Va., when he was killed on August 25, 1862.    


The hard fought 7th North Carolina Infantry took an active part in the fight at New Bern, N.C., then moved to Virginia where they became part of the Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House, the regiment participated in the various campaigns of the A.N.V. from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, and were also involved in the devastating siege of Petersburg, Va. They suffered 51 casualties at New Bern, 253 out of the 450 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, 69 at 2nd Manassas, 52 at Sharpsburg, 86 at Fredericksburg, 37 killed and 127 wounded at Chancellorsville, of the 291 engaged at Gettysburg, 31 per cent fell, 5 were killed and 62 wounded in the Wilderness, and 11 were killed and 28 wounded at Spotsylvania. On February 26, 1865, the regiment was sent back to North Carolina where they eventually surrendered with the Army of Tennessee with 13 officers and 139 men. A detachment of the unit had also been left with the A.N.V., and they surrendered with only 1 officer and 18 men left.

 


Civil War patriotic imprint with a vignette of Miss Liberty and a flag on a standard with the word "Union" and stars in the field, and a liberty cap on the top end of the standard. Slogan at the top, Onward to Victory. Light age toning and wear. 


***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.

1864 Confederate $50 Note $75.00

 

Cover Sent by Adjutant of the 40th Massa $15.00

 

1862 Provision Return, 7th North Carolin $200.00

 

Onward to Victory $5.00




<b>United States Congressman from Massachusetts</b>


(1783-1882) Born in Winchendon, Worcester County, Mass., he worked on a farm, taught school in Hingham, Mass., from 1804-14, and became interested in the manufacture of the cotton gin in Bridgewater, Mass. He served as a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives in 1824, 1825, 1827, and 1828. He then served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1833 and 1834. He served again in the Massachusetts State House from 1838-42. He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1853. He was elected as a Whig to the U.S. Congress and served from 1845-49. Was a presidential elector on the Lincoln-Johnson Republican ticket in 1864.


<u>Signature With Place</u>; 6 1/8 x 2, in ink, Artemas Hale, Bridgewater, Mass.


 


<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1818-88) Born in Elkton, Cecil County, Md., he attended the public schools, was a civil engineer's assistant; attended the local academy at Elkton; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in Elkton; served as a Whig U.S. Congressman from Maryland, 1847-53.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Alexander Evans, Elkton, Maryland.  


Criswell #85. Authorized By The Act of Congress, C.S.A., Of August 18, 1861. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and 3 female allegorical figures. Lithographed by B. Duncan, Columbia, S.C. Total number of bonds issued 1,491. Rarity 7. With 10 coupons attached. Very fine.  


<b>The author of this letter attended and witnessed and writes about a "Whore Ball" in Huntsville, Alabama!


Also includes content regarding famous Presbyterian clergyman, Frederick A. Ross, who had a national feud with the famous Methodist preacher William G. Brownlow of Tennessee!</b>


4 pages, 5 1/8 x 8 1/4, in in ink, written by W. Mastin to his friend Tom. 


<b><u>Huntsville, [Alabama], Jany. 18th [1861]</b></u>

 

Dear Tom,


I suppose you think Bob Shields* was very near true when he said I was a very poor correspondent as it has been nearly a week since I recd. your most welcome epistle.  You have heard ere this time that Dr. Patton was joined in holy wedlock with Mrs. Moore a few weeks ago. They took an extensive pleasure trip from here to Savannah and back and Miss Mary Beirne accompanied them.  They had a safe and pleasant journey and have now returned home.  Mrs. Moore looks a little the worst for wear and the Dr. looks fat & hearty rejoicing over his good luck.  The celebrated Dr. F. Ross is in our town and he has set the whole place in commotion.[1] "All must go and hear him" is the constant bawl of some person who busy interest about such foolishness.  I as a matter of course had to hear his lordship Sunday and was not as well pleased with him as I expected to be.  I had heard so much of him that I concurred Daniel Webster [2] would be no "whar" by the side of him.  The Methodist cry for [William G.] Brownlow [3] to come and give him hell. <b><I>We have a great amount of fun now.  We have what we term a stunning party ever Friday night. A crowd of young ladies & boys collect at some house without any invitation and dance until 11 or 12 o’clock then we politely retire and as it is Friday now, we would have one tonight, but for Mr. Ross.</b></I>  All the boys and girls Mothers will make them trot to hear "Brother Ross" as he is affectionately styled by all the Church members.  In my last letter I made several inquiries about Sam Matthews.**  You did not answer them.  How is old Sam coming on.  <b><I>I witnessed a pleasant little circumstance the other night in Huntsville.  We had a regular "Whore Ball" here and some boys got a little drunk and went in to see the dance I among them.  The men would dance to the women throw their arm around their necks, kiss them & hug them and after it broke up no doubt screw them, but I began to get tighter & tighter and drunker until I feared I could not get away and that some old man might find me in such a place so I left.</b></I> Will you give my love to old Sam. Write soon.


Your friend,

W. Mastin


Wat says he will write as soon as he has time. He is keeping book for McCausey and it keeps him very busy as he has acct. the asst. to draw off this month. Old Chris stays with Tobe most all the time now. Charlie Masters is as damned a rascal as ever. He drinks privately yet I am the same old chap. I always was, only I don’t use ardent spirits since my introduction to Mr. Peck.


Very neat and well written letter on blue stationary. This letter is extremely rare to find as moral values being as strict as they were in the 1860's people were discouraged from writing sexual content in their letters, or if they were brave, or brazen enough to ignore the common decency expected of them during this era of history, such letters were usually destroyed so as not to be found among the possessions of the recipients, or in the case of the Civil War, a person would not want to find such a letter among the possessions of a deceased soldier, or amongst the possessions kept by a friend or a loved one of a deceased soldier. It was very common for soldiers to throw away pipes, tobacco, playing cards, dice, and other objects that they didn't want to be sent home with their possessions should they be killed in battle. Sexual content items were even more taboo during this period. In my 39 plus years in business I have never seen a letter referring to a "whore ball" before!! Extremely rare!! Written examples with sexual contact from the Civil War are exceedingly rare to find!!  


Based on the information that was provided to me when I acquired this extremely rare letter, combined with the diligent research I did myself, this is what I know about the letter. It was once in the collection of a now deceased prominent Civil War collector, and out of respect I will not use their name in my description. This letter was found inside of a Confederate envelope that had been endorsed by Captain Thomas F. Spence, of Company E, 2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles who was very probably the recipient of the letter. All of the letters written to Captain Spence during the war period were addressed, "Dear Tom," as was this letter. Captain Spence enlisted on July 15, 1861, as a captain, and was commissioned into the above named regiment. He was killed in action at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on December 31, 1862. 


The letter writer, W. Mastin, mentions that it is Friday when he is writing and when I looked at my Civil War almanac the only January 18th that fell on a Friday during the war period was 1861. So Mastin no doubt wrote this letter on January 18, 1861, from Huntsville, Alabama, less than 2 months before the first guns of the war were fired. In researching all of the Mastin's that fought for the Confederacy that came from Alabama, assuming Mastin joined the Confederate army, I was only able to find two possibilities. One was William Mastin who enlisted on November 15, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into Co. A, 4th Alabama Cavalry. The second one was William F. Mastin, who enlisted on May 1, 1861, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. D, 7th Alabama Infantry.


[1] <u>Frederick Augustus Ross</u>: (1796-1883) Was a Presbyterian New School clergyman in Huntsville, Alabama, a slave owner, publisher and pro-slavery author of the book, "Slavery As Ordained of God" that was published in 1857. In the late 1840s, Ross began quarreling with Methodist minister and Whig newspaper publisher William G. Brownlow. Ross had earlier "declared war" on Methodism as a co-editor in his Calvinist Magazine, published from 1827 to 1832. Brownlow initially responded to Ross with a running column, "F.A. Ross' Corner," in the Jonesborough Whig. In 1847, he launched a separate paper, the Jonesborough Quarterly Review, which was dedicated to refuting Ross's attacks, and embarked on a speaking tour that summer. He derided Ross as a "habitual adulterer" and the son of a slave, and accused his relatives of stealing and committing indecent acts (Ross's son responded to the latter charge with a death threat). This quarrel between the two men continued until Brownlow moved his newspaper to Knoxville in 1849. Ross would go on to author a book in 1857 (written in response to the earlier 1852 book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin: or Life among the Lowly," by Harriet Beecher Stowe) that he entitled "Slavery As Ordained of God." Abraham Lincoln later read "Slavery As Ordained of God" and found in Ross's interpretation of the divine will pertaining to the national question of slavery as material for a telling passage as to how slavery advocates and owners themselves benefit from slavery within the 1858 Lincoln–Douglas debates. Ross died in Huntsville, Alabama in 1883. 


[2] <u>Daniel Webster</u>: (1782-1852) American statesman, lawyer and orator. Served as a United States Congresman, 1813-17, and 1823-27; United States Senator, 1827-41, and 1845-50; and United States Secretary of State, 1841-43, and 1850-52. He was one of the greatest orators of his time, well known for his brilliant speeches and eloquent public addresses. 


[3] <u>William G. Brownlow</u>: (1805-77) A leading Tennessee Unionist during the Civil War. He was originally a Methodist minister, thus earning the lifelong nickname of "Parson." He became editor of the Knoxville Whig in 1849. Although a strong pro-slavery man, he violently opposed secession in 1861 and soon became a leader of Unionist elements in east Tennessee. Confederate authorities suppressed his newspaper and later imprisoned him for several months during the winter of 1861-62 on suspicion of complicity in the bridge burning that so incensed Jefferson Davis. Later released, he became a firm advocate of a hard war against the South. He was elected governor of Tennessee on the Republican ticket in 1865, and again in 1867. In 1869, he became a U.S. Senator.


* I found a Robert G. Shields, who enlisted on May 1, 1862, as a private, and was mustered into the 37th Alabama Infantry. He was the only one with that last name and the first name of either Bob or Robert that I could find in an Alabama regiment.


** I found a Samuel H.B. Matthews, who served in Co. I, 4th Alabama Cavalry, the same regiment that I found a William Mastin serving in. This Matthews enlisted on October 1, 1862. There is no way to be certain these soldiers are the same men from this letter, but it does add another connecting dot that makes it a possibility.

Autograph, Artemas Hale $15.00

 

Autograph, Alexander Evans $10.00

 

1861 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $150.00

 

Extremely Rare 1861 Letter, Sex in the C $275.00

<b>Regarding Cotton


Folded letter used as the envelope to mail the correspondence from Augusta, Ga. to Graniteville, S.C.</b>


7 1/2 x 8 1/2, in ink, written by B.S. Dunbar to Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co. in Graniteville, South Carolina. The letter which bears the date line of Augusta, (Ga.), Dec. 3d, 1862 discusses the cotton business. It is signed, "Very Truly, B.S. Dunbar." The letter was folded in such a way as to create a blank panel that was used in the same way that an envelope would be used to address the letter to the recipient. In this particular instance it is addressed to "Messrs. J.J. Gregg & Co., Graniteville, S.C." This folded letter was mailed through the Confederate States of America postal system as it has a dark blue, Ten Cents, Thomas Jefferson postage stamp, (Paterson 2b) which has been tied on nicely with an Augusta, Ga. postmark. The date "3" is also clearly visible within the oval Augusta, Ga. postmark, so this letter was mailed on (Dec.) 3, (1862) since the letter is dated Dec. 3rd, 1862. There is also a docket on the reverse, "B.S. Dunbar, Dec. 3d, 1862." There is a tiny whole in the paper at the upper left which does not affect any of the content. This was most likely caused by gluing the letter closed and occurred when it was opened. There is also a very small piece of the upper right edge torn off, probably for the same reason. Small area of paper loss at the lower left edge which does not affect any of the content. Fine war date (1862) Confederate postage usage in folded letter format from Augusta, Ga. with a very nice dark blue 10 cents Thomas Jefferson Confederate postage stamp, and mailed to Graniteville, South Carolina.


WBTS Trivia: B.S. Dunbar were buyers of cotton on commission during the War Between the States. J.J. Gregg & Co. were clients of Dunbar who were engaged in the Confederate manufacturing business.     In a collecting field steeped with variations requiring a specialized appreciation of those variations, there is likely someone out there that will recognize this attractive Zouave fez as indicative to a particular regiment but we will leave that to the experts. With that said our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful crimson red fez.   Fashioned from that classic period wool felt that it seems was most desirable to hungry moths, original examples seldom survive in any kind of condition yet while this example exhibits some minor moth tracking as evidence of age and originality it is solid with no holes and retains its original bright crimson coloration with no fading.  An especially nice, high profile Zouave fez complete with its original leather sweat band and false bullion regimental number, this early Civil War fez will go well on its own or in any period headgear collection.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long and 3 ¼ inches wide, this nice old pouch or <I>poke</I> was hand fashioned from leather with a turned bone spout using a cotton string wound attachment. The poke remains in excellence all original condition and is as found retaining its period cork stopped.  Solid with no condition issues save desirable evidence of age and originality, these earlier to mid 1800’s pokes were at home in a hunting bag, prospector’s pocket or soldier’s haversack.  Ready to use or display!   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

1862 Confederate Business Letter From Au $125.00

 

exceptional ! high profile Civil War er $895.00

 

antique turned bone & leather POUCH $65.00

 

Measuring approximately 6 ¼ inches long $65.00

Believed first made for export in the 1850s, the <I>Ring of Rings Puzzle</I> has existed to ancient times in China with the earliest known Western written reference set down by an Italian mathematician associate of Leonardo da Vinci in 1500.  Credited to craftsmen in Canton, China who first fashioned their cow bone <I>Ring of Rings</I> puzzle for export in the 1850s the now rarely surviving puzzle became a popular diversion throughout Europe and the Americas.  This period example remains in excellent original condition with no chips, cracks or stains yet with good evidence of age and period construction. The puzzle remains complete even to its original, period appropriate, <I>rose-head</I> brass wires.  We will send the purchaser an internet link containing the puzzle resolution, that is to remove all nine bone rings trapped on the decoratively carved handle.  (This can be accomplished in 341 steps by following two simple rules.) <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Our photos should do best to describe this nice original die-struck mounted artillery hat device except to offer that it is completely original, in fine unissued condition and is of the Civil War period  The piece measures approximately 1 15/16 inches wide with soldered brass wire fasteners. (Note that 2 wires are missing.)  Of interest to the collector will be that we acquired this piece several years ago now when we were fortunate enough to purchase a number of items brought home by a W. Stokes Kirk clerk when the Philadelphia based Civil War surplus dealer closed up shop in 1976.  Founded in 1874, W. Stokes Kirk like Bannerman in New York purchased large quantities of Civil War surplus at government auction. Seems like an impossibility  now but we can remember wares of the two offering original Civil War material as late as the 1950s.  This piece offers a now rare opportunity to acquire such an item from what for years now has become an ever dwindling and now a nearly nonexistent supply. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  A large example, (shown here with a quarter for size comparison) intricately carved with dog and stag, our illustrations will likely do best to describe this attractive old hunting motif meerschaum tobacco pipe.  With lots of rich color as comes to natural meerschaum with many a pleasant smoke and a good period char as additional evidence of age and originality, this old hand carved pipe remains in pleasing condition and will display well in any tobacciana or period grouping.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 Found in a costal Maine attic, this approximately 37 X 25 inch piece of homespun linen is hand bound at the edges and retains a pinned on, meticulously penned, period notation preserving the relic as a: <I><B> Piece of English officer’s table cloth Used at the siege of Sebastopol</I></B> (Sevastopol) <B><I> Crimean war, 1855.  Brought home by Capt. John Lincoln Of Brunswick, Maine </B></I>  Our research of period census records produced a single John Lincoln in Brunswick, Maine.  The household consisted of John’s mother, his wife Mary, a brother George, an Englishman named William A. Stevens, his wife Clara and a dressmaker, Peabbecca Farrin.  <U>All three males were recorded as mariners. </U>   A faded red oval stamp in one corner to the table cloth is not discernable to us but may be of note to a collector of period British material. (see photo)  A neat old piece that will likely have a story to tell with some research, one must be fascinated with a connection between the Maine mariner and British sea service at the great Siege of Sebastopol?  Was Capt. John Lincoln simply a shrewd Maine seafarer who was enticed by the high profits nautical life of dangerous parts of the world or was he somehow more closely associated with the military aspects of the infamous siege.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! : </FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

19th century Antique Cantonese Puzzle – $175.00

 

W. STOKES KIRK - Civil War surplus - Mou $95.00

 

vintage – Dog & Stag MEERSCHAUM TOBACCO $95.00

 

c. 1855 Siege of Sebastopol / Crimean W $145.00

Our photo illustrations will likely do best to describe this little baking utensil except to advise that remains in nice original condition with a pleasing natural age patina to brass and wood.   Obviously hand crafted and completely original, this little  pastry or <I>pie</I> crimper as they are commonly referred to, will lay in nicely with additional period kitchen collectables without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 


Soldiers (Due) 10 with the Augusta, Ga. C.D.S. Dietz Type B all in violet, 2 APR. (1864). The envelope has been boldly endorsed by a Confederate Georgia officer at the top left, "R.H. Atkinson, Capt. 1st Ga. Regulars." Very nicely addressed to "Mrs. E.A. Atkinson, Macon, Georgia." Coarse paper cover which is probably homemade. Very fine war period Confederate Georgia cover.


Robert Holt Atkinson was commissioned second lieutenant in Company G, 1st Georgia Regulars, on February 1, 1861. He was promoted to first lieutenant in Company A, on September 3, 1861. He served as the regimental adjutant for a period and then was promoted to captain of Company C, at the Battle of Olustee, Florida, on February 20, 1864. He survived the war and surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. 


In the book, "Footprints of a Regiment; A Recollection of the 1st Georgia Regulars, 1861-1865," by W.H. Andrews, Andrews described Lieutenant Atkinson at the Battle of Second Manassas, Virginia, "To the right of me and walking down the line was our Adjutant Lieutenant R.H. Atkinson, with our flag in one hand and his sword in the other. Our colors had fallen for the fourth time. Our gallant color bearer Sergeant Baldwin had lost his life, besides two others who were killed who had lifted the colors up by the time they had struck the ground, the fourth man being wounded. Then Lieutenant Atkinson raised them up. He was certainly making a conspicuous target of himself, but fear was a stranger to him." 


This cover originated from Confederate philatelic expert John L. Kimbrough, and it has been in an advanced private Confederate collection for the last almost ten years before I was fortunate enough to acquire it. Mr. Kimbrough has signed and dated the cover in pencil on the reverse.


WBTS Trivia: The 1st Georgia Regulars Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Macon, Georgia, in April 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were from Atlanta and Brunswick, and Glynn and Montgomery counties. It was brigaded under General Robert Toombs and in April, 1862, contained 367 effectives. Transferred to G.T. Anderson's Brigade, the unit fought gallantly with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Fredericksburg. It was then ordered to Florida, assigned to G.P. Harrison's Brigade, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and fought at the battle of Olustee, Florida, the only major battle to be fought in Florida during the War Between the States. During the summer of 1864, it was stationed in the Charleston area and later saw action at Savannah and in North Carolina. The regiment reported 3 killed and 19 wounded at Savage's Station, had 27 killed and 77 wounded at Second Manassas, and lost 3 killed and 25 wounded at Olustee. Only 45 officers and men surrendered with the Army of Tennessee, on April 26, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. [Source: Units of the Confederate Armies by Joseph H. Crute, Jr].  


Authentic, original wood cut engraving that has been hand tinted in color and was published in the May 7, 1864 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery. Sketched by A.R. Waud. 15 1/2 x 11. Harper's Weekly and date are printed in the margin. Very desirable war date slave related sketch done by the celebrated illustrator A.R. Waud.  <b>Artillery


Writes of the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia not long after the battle of Gettysburg!</b>


4 pages, 5 x 7 1/4, in ink, written by Private Philip Samuel Mosby, to his sister, Polly G. Woodson. Very neat and well written Confederate letter.


<b><u>Orange Ct. House, [Virginia] Aug.19th, 1863</b></u>


My Dear Sister,


I joyfully received you kind favor of the 22nd of July and hasten to reply the morning after getting it. I got one of the same date from Nancy, and it really looked to me that fortune had smiled upon me getting two letters from home at once although they took 26 days to reach me.  All that you both wrote was news to me. It is useless for me to say anything about Merry as the last I saw of him he belonged to Company I, a loafer, if he has not been home before now you may look for him soon. I hope he will stay in "I" as long as the war lasts if he can, and if there is any chance for him to do so without imposing his hand, I hope he will as he is no danger now since getting to be as the only danger "I" is in far from home the Yankees may play the grub game on them, but they will soon release them as they soon prove a curse to any country. Merry and myself go to see each other whenever we get in striking distance and have a good deal of our old dry fun. You will remember his old expression that there is no harm in old dry. I wish I could see him now but you may rest assured he is all right as I have heard from him on this side of the Potomac and the Yanks did not get him. Polly I reckon you are better able to judge what kind of creatures we are fighting since you have seen them. I was glad to hear the thieves treated you as respectfully as they did. We never have met them yet that we did not make them get further. I don’t feel under any obligations to the creatures for not calling on me.  I look upon that as providential and feel that our creator is heaping blessings upon me.  I was glad to hear from John and Joe as I haven’t heard from them since I went to Yankee land.  John feels to me if possible more than a brother. I never will forget his and Martin’s kindness to my family. He did not stay in service long enough to learn the slight of hand in pressing things into service. While in Yankee land I did not eat anything but my rations for I could not press as many of our men did and would not offer to buy as they had no use for our money. I have cleared my conscience thus far throughout the war and mean to do so as long as I stay in service. I was truly glad to hear B.F. Wittshire has gotten home. I hope the poor fellow will be able to stay. I am truly sorry for Mrs. Whittshire. I hope Frank will not be permanently injured as so much depends on him. Present my best regards to him and the family. As you all have heard of all of the boys before now I will not say anything about them more than I believe they are all safe that you inquired about. I was very sorry to hear of the death of Thommy Johnson. I hope the poor fellow is better off. I am truly sorry for your Uncle Peter. He has had a great deal of trouble. I hope it will put him to thinking of the future. I reckon poor Zence is not long for this world but she will be better off.  I told Josiah of the report of his being wounded it was true he was struck by a ball, but the skin was not broken. Joe sends his respects to you all. He is as good a fellow as ever lived. We are together all of the time. I saw J.H. Duggins [1] a few days ago. He is well and as dry and jokey as ever. Lucien Simms is also well, as well as the rest of the boys in his company from our neighborhood. A.B. Nacholds came to camp the other day and brought me the most glorious tidings that could possibly have reached my ears. I hope it is all true you must let me hear in your next. The news was this that all of you all and Nancy had joined the church after making a public profession of eternal happiness in the world. Polly you can’t imagine my feelings when I heard it. It is just what I have been praying for mos. When only my God and myself knew of it, my sister it seems to me that this war must end as there is so much religion in our land, great revivals are going on at home as well as in the army. We have meetings right here at us every night here of late. Joe and myself go every night together. Last night I did not sleep more than 3 hours after getting from meeting as I had to go on guard soon after getting to camp.  Last night I saw upwards of twenty men go up to join the church. You can’t imagine the pleasantness of my feelings when I witnessed it and thought of those so dear to me at home. I wish I could be with you all now and hope and pray and believe I will ere long as our army seems so much bent on seeking the Lord while he may be found. To see the men in the woods with their muskets stacked around them day and night on their knees asking God to have mercy on their souls is a glorious sight to one who feels an interest in the future. Nan told me in her last that Martin had an idea of joining my company. I hope he will as we might be very useful to each other as company besides all of this. I think this much the safest branch of service and I think it is the duty of every married man to save himself in any honorable way so he can in times like these. Martin feels as a dear brother to me. Tell him and all to write to me. Give my best love to all and tell them to write to me. You must write often. My greatest pleasure is to read a letter from some of you. I must close praying the blessing of our heavenly father on us all.


From your affect. brother,

Phil

Direct to Longstreet’s Corps, Alexander’s Battln., Woolfolk’s Co.


Philip Samuel Mosby enlisted as a private in the Hanover Light Artillery in Hanover County, Virginia, on March 25, 1862. When the battery broke up in October 1862, Mosby transferred to the Ashland Light Artillery on the eight day of that month. At some point during the month of July 1864, Mosby was detailed to the Medical Department of than General Edward Porter Alexander's Artillery Battalion for duty under Surgeon, Doctor Henry Vincent Gray, where he no doubt saw the horrors of war from an even closer more personal perspective. Discharged from the Confederate Army on November 12, 1864, Mosby returned to Hanover County where he began a successful career as a carpenter. 


Very well written letter by Philip S. Mosby a month and a half after General Lee's defeat at the battle of Gettysburg, as Lee's army regroups in Orange Court House, Virginia. There is some excellent content in the letter regarding the Great Christian Revival in the Army of Northern Virginia, and more. This letter was sold by Raynor's Historical Collectibles Auctions in November 2005 and clearly documents that the letter writer was Philip S. Mosby, of the Ashland Light Artillery. A copy of the auction lot write up will be included with this letter. I recently acquired it from the private collection it has been in since the Raynor Auction 12 years ago.


[1] The J.H. Duggins that Mosby mentions in his letter was Josiah H. Duggins, who enlisted on August 16, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a sergeant, and was mustered into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was wounded in action at the hard fought battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. His place and date of discharge are unknown. He does however appear active on Confederate muster rolls as late as January 15, 1865.


In Mosby's closing he directs his sister to have the folks direct their letters to Longstreet's Corps, Alexander's Battalion, Woolfolk's Company. He is referring to General James Longstreet, commander of the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia; Colonel Edward Porter Alexander, Chief of General Longstreet's Artillery Corps; and Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr., the commander of the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. Captain Woolfolk was severely wounded on July 2, 1863, at the battle of Gettysburg, receiving a severe gunshot wound to his right shoulder. Woolfolk was later captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Ky., when Longstreet's Corps transferred to The Army of Tennessee. Woolfolk was confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del., until being exchanged at Fortress Monroe, Va., on September 1, 1864.


Very desirable and scarce 1863 Confederate Ashland Virginia Light Artillery letter!


WBTS Trivia: Of the 103 members of the Ashland Light Artillery engaged at the battle of Gettysburg, 27 per cent were killed or wounded. This hard fought Virginia Artillery regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with only 2 officers and 64 men left. Captain Picheqru Woolfolk, Jr. was in command.

earlier to mid1800s PASTRY CRIMPER $45.00

 

Confederate Cover From Captain, 1st Geor $200.00

 

Negroes Escaping Out Of Slavery $75.00

 

1863 Confederate Artillery Letter, Ashla $350.00




<b>United States Congressman from Virginia


Loyal Virginia Unionist during the Civil War!


Arrested multiple times by the Confederate Government


Arrested in his home in Culpeper County, Virginia by General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863</b>


(1802-69) Born in Dumfries, Va., he was a lawyer and politician who stayed true to the Union. The most conspicuous arrest made during the Civil War under the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was that of this prominent Virginia citizen who had been a large part of the political life of Virginia for 30 years. He had served as a member of the Virginia State Legislature and the U.S. House of Representatives. He was a staunch opponent of secession declaring his state had no right to secede, and said that the leaders in the South were conspirators. He was arrested on March 2, 1862, in his home in Richmond, and confined in jail for several weeks. Through a personal interview with Confederate Secretary of War, George W. Randolph, he finally obtained permission to remain in his own home in Richmond, upon taking an oath to say nothing more that was prejudicial to the Confederacy. Tiring of confinement in his house, he purchased a farm in Culpeper County, Va., and moved there in January 1863. From there he started up again to denounce secession. His home was always full of Confederate officers and Union generals and he was arrested once again by orders of General J.E.B. Stuart, on October 12, 1863, but was soon released without further molestation.


<u>Signature</u>: 5 x 1 1/4, in ink, Jno. M. Botts. Very desirable autograph!  Measuring approximately 7 ½ inches in total length (not counting the lanyard loop) this antique awl shows the original draw file marks under a deep natural iron patina on the metal and sports a grip of sail cord macramé.  A <I>must have</I> hand tool of the 19th century working sailor, aloft and on the deck, a stout awl suspended from a neck lanyard was ever present to aid in sail repair, <I>picking</I> knots or, in a pinch would serve as an effective weapon.  Entirely hand made with a classic nautical macramé grip this piece retains a collection inventory number.  A nice original period piece for the Civil War era nautical enthusiast.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !



 


Criswell #125. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and nice view of the Confederate capitol city of Richmond, Virginia, at the upper right. Dejected figure of Liberty at the bottom. Some of the original coupons are still attached. One of the most popular of all War Between the States Confederate bonds. Very fine.  


Unused, 8 x 10 3/4, illustrated letter sheet with a beautiful, large panoramic view of the city of Washington, D.C. Published by Charles Magnus & Co., 12 Frankfort St., N. York. Extremely desirable Magnus Civil War era letter sheet featuring our nation's capitol city. Excellent condition.

Autograph, John Minor Botts $50.00

 

antique macramé – SAILOR’S AWL $65.00

 

1863 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $125.00

 

City of Washington, D. C. Illustrated Let $25.00




1863 Confederate postage stamps. Scott #11. Corner block of four 10 cents, Confederate States of America, postage stamps with bust of President Jefferson Davis. Printed by Archer & Daly, Richmond, Va. Large portion of the blank sheet is visible to the left of the stamps. Light corner and edge wear but in unused condition.  

 An especially nice item for the antique writing instrument collector, an attractive companion piece laid in a writing desk or displayed with a period ink well, we have a small number of original writing quills and are offering them here <U>individually priced</U> for the collector who would enjoy an original example for display.  Each of these original goose writing quills measures approximately 9 1/2 inches in length and remains in fine un-used condition.  These writing quills were acquired in their period slip top box with original label proclaiming the content as <B>CONGRESS QUILL PENS</B><U> which identifies the pens as the product of </U> <B>E. DeYoung</B> who is listed as a New York quill cutter from 1846 to 1854.  (see: <I>New York Historical Society Museum</I> and the <I>American Antiquarian Society,</I> Worcester, Massachusetts collections. (Each period quill pen will come with a copy of the original CONGRESS QUILL PENS label.)  A scarce acquisition for the antique writing instrument enthusiast.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Our illustrations will do best to describe this Civil War vintage item except to advise that the two piece rock maple shoe last measures 10 7/16 inches from toe to the back of the heal and both pieces are marked <B>WHITMARSH PAT. 1864</B>   Our research identified the patentee as <I>Henry M. Whitmarsh</I>, listed as a resident <I>manufacturer</I> of Abington, Massachusetts in the 1860 U. S. Census.  A bit of a variation from the 1864 drawing, this example has the subject iron plate on the heel rather than the toe as illustrated in the drawing.   Well established as a <I>one industry</I>town (shoemaking) by the 19th century, at the time of the outbreak of the Civil War, Abington, Mass. was well positioned to respond to the Union’s desperate demand for footwear with major contracts for boots and shoes satisfied by Abington cobblers. 


 This Type III Grand Army of the Republic membership medal remains in excellent condition with its original ribbon remaining in equally nice condition.  Of significance to the <I>deep-dish</I> GAR enthusiast will be that this example offers the rarely seen numbers on back side points.  While such numbering was reserved for the earliest Type III medals held for issue to <B> National Officers</B>, this is the only known example of the appearance of <U>two</U> numbers on each of two points (see illustration).   Not to be confused with the letter and serial number appearing on the <U>edge</U> of later design membership medals, the information on these numbered Type III medals may be found in Robert J. Wolz’s fine G.A.R. reference <I>GRAND ARMY MEN – The GAR and its male organizations </I>.  Per Wolz who refers to Gen. Frederick Starring who designed the Type III, stating that the first of the new medals <U>were presented to national officers and numbered</U>.  Starring received No. 1 which remains in the family to this day.  Frequently referred to as the Medal of Honor type for its similarity to the Congressional Medal (particularly the design of the eagle), the type three was patent dated <B>Dec. 28, 1869</B> (see illustration) and was the first of the eagle with suspended star variations.  Some variation in color from medal to medal is attributed to the GAR requiring that the medals be struck from the bronze of captured Confederate cannon.  As this supply ran out, later examples were struck from standard (consistent) alloy.  A rare early example from the largest and most influential of  Civil War veteran organizations.  

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

Corner Block of Four Confederate 10 Cent $125.00

 

original c. 1846-54 CONGRESS QUILL PENN b $55.00

 

Henry M. Whitmarsh - PAT. 1864 SHOE LAS $95.00

 

Rare!! NUMBERED - Type III G. A. R. Memb $425.00

Measuring approximately 7 inches in total length, this wonderful old feather cockade remains in excellent original condition as you can see and comes as found with its period straight pin for fastening.  The un-backmarked period one piece disk button shows a pleasing age patina.  A rare accessory for your original Civil War or earlier military hat, we acquired four of these from an attic storage box years ago and as we <I>thin out</I> have decided to keep one and offer the remaining cockades individually priced.  Most frequently associated with uniform <I>slouch</I> and <I>Hardee</I> type headgear, these embellishments will go equally well on a forage cap.

<B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

 


<b>Chief of Artillery, of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia


It was Alexander's guns that bombarded the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for the immortal Pickett's Charge, at Gettysburg, on July 3, 1863!


From Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Ashland Virginia Light Artillery, who was severely wounded during the battle of Gettysburg and captured at Bowling Green, Kentucky!</b>


War date Confederate envelope with pair of 5 cents Jeff Davis (Scott #7) postage stamps, with ink cancellation. Addressed by Confederate Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, in ink, to Col. E.P. Alexander, Care Genl. Longstreet, Bragg's Army, Kingston, Georgia. Milford, Va., Sept. 24, is written in ink at the top of the cover, and it is docketed at the left edge in a bold pencil hand, Pich. Woolfolk, Sept. 24/63. Very fine. Extremely desirable!


<b><u>General Edward Porter Alexander</b></u>: (1835-1910) Born in Washington, Ga., he graduated from West Point in the class of 1857. He was appointed a captain of engineers in the Confederate army in May of 1861, and served as General Beauregard's signal officer at the battle of 1st Manassas, Va. Afterwards, he became chief of ordnance of the Army of Northern Virginia, with rank of lieutenant colonel, then chief of artillery of General James Longstreet's 1st Corps. He participated in most of the early battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, and it was at Gettysburg where Alexander's 75 guns raked the Union line on Cemetery Ridge in preparation for Pickett's Charge, on July 3, 1863. He accompanied Longstreet to Chickamauga, Ga., and Knoxville, Tenn., and was in the thick of the fighting at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Va., where he was severely wounded. He rejoined the army in time to make their last march to Appomattox Court House where he surrendered.


<b><u>Captain Pichegru Woolfolk</b></u>: He enlisted on August 14, 1861, at Ashland, Va., as a captain, and was commissioned into the Ashland Virginia Light Artillery. He was cited for gallantry by Colonel E.P. Alexander in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., on December 13, 1862. He was severely wounded by a gunshot wound to the right shoulder on July 2, 1863, during the battle of Gettysburg. He was captured on June 1, 1864, at Bowling Green, Kentucky, and confined at White House, Va., Washington, D.C., Fort Delaware, Delaware, and was exchanged on September 1, 1864, at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. He returned to duty and was recommended for promotion to major on March 24, 1865. Described as being 6 foot tall with black hair, he was killed on April 27, 1870, when the floor of the Virginia State Capitol, in Richmond, Va., collapsed. 

 


<b>United States Congressman from Virginia 


Civil War Congressman; Serving in West Virginia's First Delegation to the U.S. Congress!</b>


(1800-84) Born in Kingwood, Preston County, Virginia (now West Virginia), he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1823, and commenced practice in Kingwood, Va. Was a member of the Virginia State House of Delegates in 1832 and 1840-43. Served as a U.S. Congressman, 1845-49. Was a delegate to the Virginia State constitutional conventions in 1850 and 1861. Delegate to the Democratic National Conventions at Charleston, S.C., and Baltimore, Md., in 1860. He was elected as a Unionist to the 37th U.S. Congress serving 1861-63. Upon the admission of West Virginia as a state into the Union he was elected as an Unconditional Unionist from West Virginia and served 1863-65.  


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 x 2, in ink, Wm. G. Brown, Kingwood, Va.  


<b>Written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!


1861 letter with excellent references to the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


4 pages, 7 1/4 x 9 1/8, in ink, written by Captain Clark S. Edwards, to his wife.

 

<b><u>Clarmount, Va., July 30/61</b></u>


Dear Wife,


I have wrote you some three or four times since I rec. a letter from you the last letter I rec. from you was dated July 17th.  I have been looking for a letter from you the last week.  All the letters I have sent you of late was in frank[ed] envelope[s] and I begin to think you do not receive my letters.  I sent Frank a letter and papers not long since.  I think you are at Waterfall or Hayesburg or you would have written before now. Write me as soon as you receive this. Has Kate got home. Why cannot she write me if you cannot. We are now at Clarmount about four miles from Alexandria and about thirteen miles to Washington. We have the mail received to W.[ashington] every day after it is written. I am now writing on a box in my little tent, not the tent we had at Camp Preble, one not more than half as long. John B. Walker [1] is not very well. I think he will have to go to Washington or some place and have the best of care to stand this climate and still I think it is a beautiful climate, but we are on a low piece of land that a good many will have the shakes or fever ague as it is [a] common disease in this part of the country.  I am well as I was when I left Camp Preble, but not so heavy.  Tell Monroe’s wife that he is well and tuff.  J.B. Hammond [2] is pretty smart. David is in good health and the most of the boys, some of them have got colds, but will be better after they get where the Bull Run fight.  I see some of the Portland papers.  I have not seen a true account of it in any eastern paper, yet I see by the E. Augus[ta] that there was not but two or three officers on the field of battle, but it was a great mistake about all of [the] officers was on the field from one to two hours.  I want you to write me all of the news, write about the children, if they go to school, if they learn well, how they get along.

 

Wednesday Morning, July 31/61


Dear Wife,


I find myself well this morning and I hope you and all of the children are the same.  It is a beautiful morning here in old Va.  The country is beautiful but the Army make everything look bad where it goes.  There is not a garden in this vicinity.  The Boys are up to all sort of depredations.  I would say that I have not heard a word from W.B. Robertson, [3] C. Freeman, [4] and I do not think either one of them are killed.  Robertson & Charley was seen by our Regt. after the battle was over so the folks need not be alarmed about them as they will turn up by & by.  I would say that I am a going out on guard duty tonight and hope I shall have a good time.  It is a little risky business sometimes. Our Regt. is in rather bad condition.  We have not more than quarter tents enough as our tents was with the teams at Bull Run.  We also loss about all of our cooking ware, but are expecting the tents and ware of the First Regt.  They leave for home today by R.[ail] Road.  Some of them I think will be back in a few weeks again.  That is the way they talk.  They have had an easy time compared with our Regt.  They went into camp at Meridian Hill and have been there ever since.  Our Regt. has been on the move ever since we left Camp Preble.  Freeman is going home soon.  I do not know but what he goes today with the First Maine Regt.  He is quite unwell and has been for some time.  There is quite a number of this Regt. that is going home with the First Regt.  Some of them are sick and some of them are afraid they will have to go to Bull Run again, but some of them are really sick.  John Winship [5] is one of that number.  He is a going home today.  I must close as the mail leaves soon.  I cannot think of much to write as I have written you all of the news from day to day.  There was a man in the Saco Co. [Co. C, 5th Maine Infantry] that had a finger shot off by his pistol, but we think nothing of a man getting his finger or hand shot as it is so common a thing.  If you do [not] answer this I shall stop writing as I have not received but five letters from home since I came from Portland.  I write to C. & C.H. Mason a day or two ago and hope they will answer it soon.  Give my love or best respects to the people of Bethel.  Tell them I am alive and doing well and shall go home sometime between this and Dec.  I think Frank, Nellie, Waldo and Mason be good little children, and kiss the baby for me.


Good By for this time,


C.S. Edwards


Light staining. Very fine. Excellent content with references to the recently fought 1st battle of Bull Run which the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in. Signed with nice full signature.


[1] John B. Walker, was a 27 year old resident from Bethel, Maine when he enlisted as a 1st lieutenant, on June 24, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to captain in 1862, and discharged for disability on January 18, 1863.


[2] J.B. Hammond, was a 36 year old resident of Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a sergeant, on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was discharged on September 27, 1861.


[3] Washington B. Robertson, was a 33 year old resident from Bethel, Maine, when he enlisted as a private on June 24, 1861, and was mustered into Co. I, 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was then sent to Alabama. He deserted on June 15, 1862, and was discharged from the service on September 12, 1862.


[4] Charles Freeman, a 14 year old resident of Bethel, enlisted on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy, and was mustered into the 5th Maine Infantry. He was captured on July 21, 1861, at the 1st battle of Bull Run, Va., and confined in prison in Richmond, Va. He was released on November 15, 1861, at Richmond, and was discharged for disability on Christmas Day, December 25, 1861.


[5] John O. Winship, was a 22 year old resident of Gorham, Maine, when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, as a sergeant, and was mustered into Co. A, 5th Maine Infantry. He was promoted to 1st sergeant, June 1, 1861, and was discharged on July 28, 1861.

Original Civil War & earlier - ostrich f $125.00

 

1863 Confederate Cover Addressed to Colo $250.00

 

Autograph, William G. Brown $25.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter $195.00




<b>Signed and addressed by a Confederate captain who was wounded at Sharpsburg, Md., and Fort Harrison, Va.</b>


Confederate war period used postal envelope. The cover has been signed and addressed by Captain Winsmith as follows. Written at the upper left corner is, "From Capt. Winsmith, Co. H, 1st S.C.V." He has addressed it to his father, "Dr. J. Winsmith, Glenn Springs P.O., South Carolina." The cover has a C.D.S. from Winchester, Va., Oct. 18, and it has been stamped in black at the upper right, "Due 10." Light corner wear but otherwise a very nice war date Confederate cover.


John Christopher Winsmith, was a resident of Spartanburg, South Carolina, when he enlisted as a private on March 1, 1861, and was mustered into the 1st South Carolina Volunteers. He was promoted to lieutenant, and then captain of Co. H, the dates of his commissions being unknown. During the War Between the States, Winsmith was twice wounded; the first time being in the bloody battle of Sharpsburg, Md., in 1862, and his second wound was received in 1864 during action at Fort Harrison, Va., which was a very important part of the Confederate defenses of Richmond. 


The hard fought 1st Regiment of South Carolina Infantry were assigned to the brigades of Generals' Maxey Gregg and Samuel McGowan, and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor. It then participated in the very difficult Petersburg, Va. campaign and siege, and in the Appomattox campaign. The regiment lost 20 killed and 133 wounded during the Seven Days Battles, had 53 percent disabled of the 283 engaged at Second Manassas, and had 4 killed and 30 wounded at Sharpsburg. It suffered 73 casualties at Fredericksburg, and 104 at Chancellorsville, and then lost 34 percent of the 328 that fought at Gettysburg. There were 16 killed, 114 wounded, and 7 missing at The Wilderness, and 19 killed, 51 wounded, and 9 missing at Spotsylvania. On April 9, 1865, the regiment surrendered at Appomattox Court House with 18 officers and 101 men.            


Austin, June 11, 1862. Under Act of Jany. 14, 1862, for Military Service. The Treasurer of the State of Texas Will Pay Five Dollars. Vignette of George Washington holding sword at the left. Printed on light blue paper with green overprinting. Roman numeral "V" at upper right. Fancy "FIVE" overprint at the bottom. You will seldom find these not cut cancelled like this one. Choice condition.  


(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U.S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort. His Anacondona Plan proved to be very sound. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in Nov. 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union.


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Outdoor seated view of General Scott in his dress uniform with epaulettes and holding his sword. This view was taken at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., circa 1861. Period ink ID written (not in Scott's hand) in ink on the front mount. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York, From Photographic Negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Very fine.    

 


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in Harper's Weekly. Illustration of a negro man with a hoe and pick and several negroes working in the field can be seen in the background, while the plantation family sits on their porch. A caption from the mouth of the plantation owner says, "My boy we've toiled and taken care of you long enough. Now you've got to work." Caption below: The Great Labor Question From a Southern Point of View. 9 1/2 x 9 1/2.

Confederate Cover From Captain of 1st So $150.00

 

1862 State of Texas $5 Treasury Warrant $125.00

 

CDV General Winfield Scott $100.00

 

Slave With Hoe and Axe $45.00




<b>Featuring Confederate Generals' R.E. Lee, Hood, Ewell and Toombs!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: PARDON. Columbia- Shall I Trust These Men. Executed by the notable illustrator Thomas Nast. Interesting scene showing Columbia sitting in a chair that looks like a throne with Union patriotic symbols all around her. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, down on one knee, is bowing before her as he presents his sword and a battle flag. At Lee's right is Confederate General Roger A. Pryor, a former U.S. Congressman, who is holding out a large document or newspaper to her. Among the notable Confederates seen kneeling in the view are Captain Raphael Semmes, C.S.N., commander of the famous Confederate raider, the C.S.S. Alabama; Governor John Letcher of Virginia; Confederate Secretary of State, and General Robert Toombs, who before the war was a U.S. Congressman and Senator from Georgia; General Richard S. Ewell, of Gettysburg fame; and General John Bell Hood, of Gettysburg fame, and who later was commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee; and others. 10 1/8 x 15. Light age toning. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Very desirable Nast illustration.  


<b>Featuring a wounded, amputee United States Negro Soldier!</b>


Authentic, original woodcut engraving that was published in the August 5, 1865 issue of Harper's Weekly. Caption: FRANCHISE, And Not This Man? This poignant illustration shows Columbia with patriotic adornments all around the scene. Columbia is standing with her hand on the shoulder of a wounded negro soldier in uniform. The soldier is holding his kepi in one hand while he proudly stands wearing the uniform of the Union Army with his U.S. belt plate clearly visible. He is standing on two crutches as one of his legs has been amputated above the knee. Executed by the famous illustrator Thomas Nast. Light age toning in the border areas. 10 x 15 1/4. Harper's Weekly and date are printed at the top. Extremely desirable negro Civil War soldier related illustration, and a very positive piece of black Americana history representing the bravery and heroism displayed by the negro soldier!  At first glance our <I>well got up</I> young man will not make an exceptional impression on the Civil War enthusiast but little more than a glance at the back of the mount quickly arouses interest as we consider the period brown ink penned identification of <I><B>J. B. Montgomery   Sutler</I></B>.   A quick look at Francis Lord’s early reference <I>Civil War Sutlers and their Wares</I> (see our item # 5784) identifies our subject as <U>Camp Convalescent - Sutler</U>, <I>James B. Montgomery</I>.  The photographer back mark <B>MONITOR  GALLERY – L. H. LARRABEE - <U>Camp Hamilton, Va.</U></B> offers additional interest as the neighboring Union camp was the first to be located on Virginia soil after secession. It was established in May 1861 at the foot of Sutlers Hill, Alexandria, Virginia. (see our item # 4512)  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>



 This attractive old  table knife and fork set  is maker marked by Landers, Frary & Clark (<B><I>L.F.&C</I></B>) and remains in pleasing condition, un-touched and as found, with good evidence of age and originality yet remaining in pleasing condition, solid with no cracks, stains, nicks or other issues.  Sturdy enough for use yet with that attractive patina that comes to bone and pewter only with decades of age after careful period use, this set of four knives and four matching forks will go nicely in any 19th century table grouping. (note: Incorporated as <I>Landers, Fray & Clark</I> in 1862, <I>L.F.&C</I> was a housewares company based in New Britain, Connecticut.)  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!

Pardon, Shall I Trust These Men $75.00

 

Franchise, And Not This Man? $75.00

 

Civil War- Camp Convalescent, Virginia ( $225.00

 

Bone & Pewter mounted - TABLEWARE - KNIF $75.00




<b>War Date Document Signed concerning an officer of the 136th New York Infantry</b>


(1831-78) Graduated in the West Point class of 1853. Military service: 2nd lieutenant, 4th U.S. Artillery, July 1, 1853; promoted to 1st lieutenant, May 1, 1856; regimental adjutant, Dec. 14, 1857, to Apr. 24, 1861; promoted to captain, 15th U.S. Infantry, May 14, 1861; promoted to major, a.d.c., July 3, 1862; promoted to lieutenant colonel, a.a.g., Aug. 20, 1862; served on the staff of Generals' Nathaniel P. Banks and John A. Dix; he was cited for gallantry at the battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., appointed brevet brigadier general, March 13, 1865, for valuable, distinguished and meritorious service in the field during the Civil War. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. 


<u>War Date Document Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 10 1/4, imprinted form, filled out in ink. 


War Department,

Washington City, July 7th, 1864


Sir:


I am directed by the Secretary of War to inform you that you have been reported to this Department by the Second Comptroller as having failed to render your accounts for the month of April 1864 within the period prescribed by the act of July 17, 1862, a copy of which is hereto annexed. [the order referenced is printed below the signature of General Pelouze]. 


You are therefore instructed, immediately upon receipt of this communication, to forward your accounts to the proper office, and submit to this Department such explanation as you may desire to make in order to relieve yourself from the penalty of the act above cited.


Very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,

Louis H. Pelouze

Asst. Adjt. Genl.


[to]: Orange Sackett, Jr., Capt. 136th N.Y. Vols., A.C.S.


Below this is the "Act" referenced in the body of the document: 


"AN ACT to provide for the more prompt settlement of the accounts of Disbursing Officers," approved July 17, 1862. [Please click on the enlargement to read the entire contents of this "Act." 


Very fine.


Orange Sackett, Jr., was 27 years old when he enlisted at Portage, New York, as a 1st lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 136th New York Infantry. He was promoted to captain, on March 18, 1863; and mustered out of the service on June 13, 1865, at Washington, D.C. 


<u>136th New York Infantry</u>


The 136th New York Volunteer Infantry were known as the "Ironclads," and the regiment was recruited in the counties of 

Allegany, Livingston and Wyoming and they  rendezvoused at Portage, New York, where it was mustered into the U.S. service for three years on Sept. 25-26, 1862. It left the state on Oct. 3; was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 2nd (Steinwehr's) division, 11th corps; went into winter quarters with the corps at Stafford, Va.; fought its first battle at Chancellorsville, Va., losing a few men killed, wounded and missing; and was heavily engaged at Gettysburg on the first two days of the battle, losing 109 men in killed, wounded and missing.


In Sept., 1863, it was ordered to Tennessee with the 11th and 12th corps and was engaged the following month at the midnight battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn., losing 6 killed and wounded. It was active at Missionary Ridge in the Chattanooga-Ringgold campaign, losing 11 killed and wounded. When the 20th corps was formed in April, 1864, it was attached to the 3d brigade, 3d (Butterfield's) division of that corps, moving on into the Atlanta campaign early in May.


It was active at the battles of Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Cassville, Dallas, Kennesaw Mountain and in the siege of Atlanta. Its heaviest loss was incurred at Resaca, where the casualties were 13 killed, 68 wounded and 1 missing.  


After the fall of Atlanta it remained there until November, when it marched with Sherman to the sea, engaged in siege of Savannah, and closed its active service with the Carolinas campaign, in which it was engaged at Fayetteville, Averasboro, Bentonville, Raleigh and at the Bennett's House, losing 45 men in killed and wounded in the battles of Averasboro and Bentonville.


After the close of the war it marched with its corps to Washington, D.C., where it took part in the grand review, and was mustered out on June 13, 1865.

  

The regiment lost by death during its Civil War service, 2 officers and 74 men, killed and mortally wounded; 1 officer and 91 men, died of disease and other causes, a total deaths of 168.


Source: The Union Army, Vol. 2


 <b>, C.S.A.


Wounded 3 times during the War Between the States!


Frequently led General N.B. Forrest's immortal Kentucky Brigade into battle!


United States Congressman from Kentucky</b>


(1827-81) Born in Hickman County, Kentucky, he completed preparatory studies; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1852 and began practice at Clinton, Hickman County, Ky. Taking a leading place in the community he was chosen as the first Sheriff of Hickman County and served, 1851-1852. He was a member of the Kentucky State House of Representatives, 1857-1858. Crossland was among the first to organize companies for service in the Confederate States Army, and he was commissioned captain of the 1st Kentucky Infantry on April 23, 1861. He was soon promoted to major of the regiment and then to lieutenant colonel on April 19, 1862. The 1st Kentucky Infantry, was disbanded on May 14, 1862, after serving their one year term of enlistment, and Crossland was then commissioned to be the colonel of the 7th Kentucky Infantry on May 20, 1862. He commanded the regiment at the battle's of Baton Rouge, Corinth, Champion's Hill, and Jackson. Early in 1864, the 7th, 3rd and 8th Kentucky regiments were mounted and joined the command of the legendary Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest. He served under Forrest until the end of the war, participating in the battle of Brice's Crossroads and in other famous combats in Mississippi, the operations on the Tennessee River, the cavalry fighting of General John Bell Hood in Tennessee, including the defense of the rear guard on the retreat, and in the engagement with General Wilson's Union cavalry forces in the spring of 1865, when he was in command of the famous Kentucky Brigade. He received a serious wound at the battle of Paducah, Kentucky, on March 25, 1864, and barely escaped murder by local guerrillas the following night while recovering from his wounds at a nearby farm. He was also seriously wounded on July 15, 1864, at Old Town Creek, Mississippi, and again on November 21, 1864, at Butler Creek, Alabama. He surrendered on May 6, 1865, at Columbus, Mississippi. After the war Colonel Crossland returned to his home and was elected judge of the court of common pleas of the first judicial district of Kentucky, in August 1867, and he served on the bench until his resignation on November 1, 1870, to run for a seat in the U.S. Congress. Elected as a Democrat, he served from 1871-1875. He then resumed the practice of law in Mayfield, Graves County, Ky.; was elected judge of the circuit court for the first judicial district of Kentucky in August 1880, and served until his death in Mayfield, Ky., on September 11, 1881. He is buried in Maplewood Cemetery, in Mayfield.


<u>Signature as a Member of the U.S. Congress</u>: 3 1/2 x 1 1/8, in ink, Edward Crossland. Imprinted above his signature is "HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES," and at the lower right corner is, "M.[ember] C.[ongress]" Cut slightly irregular. Very desirable Kentucky Confederate related item.         


<b>The elite 1st Virginia Cavalry was commanded by the legendary Confederate Cavalryman Colonel J.E.B. Stuart in 1861!


Autograph Document Signed by a Confederate officer in J.E.B. Stuart's command who was wounded by a cannon ball in 1862!</b>


7 3/4 x 7 1/2, manuscript in ink, Autograph Document Signed, by Lieutenant John Milton Lock, 1st Regiment Virginia Cavalry.


The Confederate States, To John H. Brown, Dr., 1861 Nov. 26th, To Hire of Horse from Oct. 1st to Nov. 26th @.40 $23.80. 


I certify that the above account is correct and just, that the services were rendered as stated, and that they were necessary for the public service. John M. Lock, Lt. & A.Q.M., 1st Regt. Va. Cav. 


Very fine, neatly written, early war 1861 document from an extremely desirable Confederate cavalry regiment!


John Milton Lock, was a 30 year old farmer from Berryville, Virginia, when he enlisted on June 23, 1861, at Camp Jefferson Davis, Va. as a private, and he was mustered into Co. A, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Lock was promoted to 2nd lieutenant on July 1, 1861, and served for a time as the Regimental Quartermaster and Commissary of the Regiment. He was promoted to captain on April 23, 1862, and was wounded in action on November 1, 1862, when he was hit in the leg by a cannon ball. He was absent from his regiment as he convalesced from his wound until being assigned to command the Confederate post at Harrisonburg, Va., in the Shenandoah Valley, on May 15, 1864. Still needing the service of this gallant and experienced Confederate officer he was later transferred into the Veteran Reserve Corps. The date and place of his official discharge are unknown. After the war Captain Lock was a hotel owner in Harrisonburg, Va. He died on March 30, 1889, and is buried in the Green Hill Cemetery, at Berryville, Va.


<u>WBTS Trivia</u>: After fighting in the First Battle of Manassas, Va., the 1st Virginia Cavalry was brigaded under Generals J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee, Williams Carter Wickham, and Thomas T. Munford. It participated in more than 200 engagements of various types including the Seven Days Battles and General J.E.B. Stuart's famous ride around General George B. McClellan's Yankee army in 1862. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church, and Cold Harbor. Later it was involved in General Jubal Early's 1864 operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and in the Appomattox Campaign.


In April, 1862, the unit totaled 437 men, they lost 25 men at Gettysburg, and had 318 men fit for duty in September, 1864. The regiment cut through the Yankee lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from the regiment was present to surrender at Appomattox Court House! Among the regiment's most celebrated field officers were colonels J.E.B. Stuart, Fitzhugh Lee and William E. "Grumble" Jones, all going on to become famous Confederate generals, with Stuart and Jones both being killed during the war! [Source: Units Of The Confederate States Army].


<b><u>First Virginia Cavalry</b></u>


The Field Report of Colonel J.E.B. Stuart, First Virginia Cavalry, at the 1st Battle of Manassas.


HDQRS. FIRST VIRGINIA CAVALRY REGIMENT,

  

July 26, 1861


GENERAL: I have the honor to make the following report of the operations of my regiment in the battle of Manassas:


I received your order to charge the enemy's flank, and proceeded immediately across the run to his left flank, but finding that it would be easier to attain his right flank, I immediately returned and marched rapidly towards the heaviest fire. As I approached the ground General T.J. Jackson, whose brigade was then engaged, sent me word to protect his flanks, but particularly his left flank. I divided the regiment, giving Major Swan half(I had but 300 men for duty), and with the remainder hurried up to Jackson's left, leaving his right to Swan. Entering a skirt of woods, I received intelligence that the enemy was rapidly outflanking us. I hastened forward through several fences just as a regiment dressed in red was running in disorder towards a skirt of woods where the fire had been heaviest. I took them to be ours, and exclaimed with all my might: "Don't run, boys; we are here." They paid very little attention to this appeal. When passing in column of two's through a narrow gap to gain the same field and very close to them, I saw in their hands the U.S. flag. I ordered the charge, which was handsomely done, stopping their flank movement and checking the advance upon Jackson. I rallied again for another charge, as only a portion of my command was in the first, owing to the difficulty of closing up; but finding the enemy had gained the woods to my right and front, leaving no ground for charging, I retired to the next field to give them another dash if they penetrated beyond the woods, which, however, they did not attempt.


In this encounter the enemy's line, or rather column, was broken and many killed. Captain Carter's company on which the heaviest of the action fell, lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, and 18 horses killed. Captain Carter's horse was shot dead as he was gallantly leading his company into the enemy.


Of the gallantry of those engaged I cannot speak in too high terms. The regiment charged was the Fire Zouaves, and I am informed by prisoners subsequently taken that their repulse by the cavalry began the panic so fearful afterwards in the enemy's ranks.


Just after the charge our reenforcements arrived upon the field and formed rapidly on right into line. The first was Colonel Falkner's regiment of Mississippians, whose gallantry came under my own observation. As these reenforcements formed I gradually moved off to the left, where I soon found myself joined by a battery, under the direction of Lieutenant Beckham, which my cavalry supported. This battery made great havoc in the enemy's ranks and finally put them in full retreat. The principal credit here was due to this battery; but having thrown forward vedettes far out on the eminences, the important information I was thus enabled to give the battery as to position and movements must have contributed greatly to its success, and here I may add that this information was also sent back to the infantry, which was still far to our right, notifying what woods could be gained, &c.


The enemy being now in full retreat, I followed with the cavalry as rapidly as possible, but was so much encumbered with prisoners, whom I sent as fast as possible back to the infantry, that my command was soon too much reduced to encounter any odds, but I nevertheless followed our success until I reached a point twelve miles from Manassas, when, by sending back so many detachments with prisoners, I had but a squad left. The rear of the enemy was protected by a squadron of cavalry and some artillery. We cut off a great many squads, many of whom fired upon us as we approached, and the artillery gave us a volley of grape. One man of ours was killed and another was wounded at this point. I have no idea how many prisoners were taken.


I encamped that night on Sudley farm, where was a large church, used as a hospital by the enemy, containing about 300 wounded, the majority mortally.


I cannot speak in too high praise of those whom I had the honor to command on the field, but to Mr. L.T. Brian, and Mr. P.W. Hairston and Mr. J.F. Brown, having no commissions, whose meritorious conduct and worth have been made the subject of previous letters to the general, I was specially

indebted for their valuable assistance.


Of my regiment the acting chaplain, Reverend Mr. Ball, was conspicuously useful, while my attention was particularly attracted to the adjutant, Lieutenant W.W. Blackford; the sergeant major, Philip H. Powers, and Lieutenant Cummings, whose good conduct on this as on every other occasion deserves the highest commendation. Lieutenant Beckham deserves high praise for the success of his battery, as he acted as gunner to each piece himself. In the pursuit Lieutenant William Taylor alone captured six of the enemy with arms in their hands. A large number of arms, quantities of clothing and hospital stores, and means of transportation were found abandoned on the road.


Most respectfully, your obedient servant,


J.E.B. STUART,

Colonel First Virginia Cavalry


To: General JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON


  

Source:  Official Records

[CHAPTER IX.] THE BULL RUN CAMPAIGN. 

[Series I. Vol. 2. Serial No. 2.]

    Unlike the heavier and more commonly encountered British style snake buckle that saw common use in England, Canada and yes in the American Civil War where quantities were shipped to this country via blockade runner intended for issue by the Confederacy, collectors will note that this excavated example is the lighter, more finely detailed two headed snake most commonly associated with those marketed by <B>Isaac Campbell & Co.</B>  (see illustrations: <I>Suppliers to the Confederacy</I> by Barry & Burt) as they filled orders from the Southern Confederacy for all manner of arms and accoutrements. This example is offered as found without its ringed keeper but remaining in excellent original condition with a pleasing deep natural age patina. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Autograph, General Louis Henry Pelouze $75.00

 

Autograph, Colonel Edward Crossland, 7th $50.00

 

1st Virginia Cavalry Receipt For Hire of $150.00

 

Isaac Campbell type - Confederate SNAKE $165.00




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