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This attractive light aqua hand blown whiskey bottle stands approximately 9 1/4 inches and sports a patriotic motif of clasped hands over <I>UNION</I> on one face with EAGLE & BANNER on the other.   The calabash style flask sports a classic iron pontil which retains a good portion of its original graphite residue.  Topped by an applied double collar mouth this period flask saw considerable popularity in the Civil War era.  All original and period with no chips, cracks or condition issues this colorful patriotic flask will set well in any period grouping. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!


 A highly collectable matched pair of salesman sample rubber boots each maker marked <I>CANDEE</I> and each remaining in excellent original condition, pliable with no flaking, tearing or other issues yet offering good evidence of age and originality.  Illustrated here with a quarter for size comparison, these miniature boots were intended as a sales sample for boots by <I>L. Candee & Co., Rubber Works</I> established in New Haven, Connecticut  in 1842.  Leverett Candee (1795-1863) manufactured the <I>new-fangled</I> rubber boots under licenses held by Charles Goodyear and was first in the world to manufacture rubber footwear.  An interesting collectable in a number of Americana categories. (see: Bart & Hickcox: <I>India Rubber & Gutta Percha Goods</I> 1860 catalog)  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

  

 First merchandised in the Civil War period as one of a number of combination mess utensils designed for easy carrying and sales appeal to a growing camp sutler and individual sales market, this popular design has been well documented Civil War camp site <I>diggers</I> who’s study and excavation efforts have served the collector community so well.  Recently acquired from an old collection put together when such quality could be found this exceptionally nice 19th century example is maker marked <B>F. ASMAN & Co.  SHEFFIELD </B> and remains in crisp, as new and unused condition yet with good evidence of age originality.  With no evidence of sharpening or use, this piece will appeal to the discriminating  antique knife collector as well as the Civil War buff looking for an especially nice example of the type. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>




 Our photos will offer the best description of this wonderful old <I>Apple Lady</I> but for the <I>word search</I> folks we will advise that this classic view of a grizzled old street lady remains in pleasing condition with strong contrast and sharp focus.  The back bears only a period penciled title<I>Apple Stand</I> with no photographer identification. An outstanding occupational and wonderful insight into a piece of 1800s Americana.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Union & Clasped Hands - PATRIOTIC WHISKE $165.00

 

c. 1800s miniature - Salesman Sample Rub $165.00

 

19th century traveling Knife & Fork – SH $225.00

 

mid 1800s Apple Vendor STEREO-VIEW $65.00

A most desirable instrument in style, condition and maker, this beautiful fife remains in wonderful condition measuring 17 inches in length with the classic 2 inch long silver ferrules indicative of the time.  Despite some wear from period use and carrying the marks of the Civil War era New York musical instrument maker  <B><I>GEO. Cloos</B></I> with the intertwined <B><I>G. C.</B></I> familiar to period musical instrument collectors is clearly desirable.  (see: Garofalo & Elrod’s <I>Civil War era MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS</I> )  Of special interest  to the <I>deep dish</I> collector will be that the fife retains its boldly signed <I>THE CLOOS</I> cheater.  With use of these pewter cheaters well verified by Civil War relic hunters, signed examples are extremely scarce.     All original and in outstanding condition with just enough evidence of careful period use to add to its charm and desirability. <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. (located at the top of the thumbnail page)   A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. 


 This <U>complete</U> set of old hand cut bone dominos remain in excellent condition and are housed in their original partitioned slide top game box along with a pair of period bone dice.  Extremely difficult to find on today’s market despite the popularity of the game of dominos in the era, it seems that as such miniature sets did not lend themselves to the conveyance of play of full size sets, thus were not preserved once the easy transport of the miniature sets was not a popular need.   This rare set will go especially well in any quality Civil War vintage personal item or gaming grouping.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  These little penny sized coins were struck in the early years of the American Civil War to fill a commercial need when people began hording hard currency.  By July of 1862 even the lowly copper cent had all but disappeared from public circulation.  Though the U. S. Mint began issuing substitute paper money in the usual coinage denominations and folks began using postage stamps to augment that effort, commercial needs demanded something more familiar and more durable. The private minting of what collectors refer to as <I>HARD-TIME</I> TOKENS began to appear in the fall of 1862.   These private issue coins fell in two categories, the <I>patriotic token</I> which did not carry the name of a specific redeemer and the so called <I>store-card</I> type which carried the name of a specific merchant.  The little private issue ‘penny’  filled the commercial need and soon enjoyed general acceptance as a means of exchange usually allotted the value of one cent.  The little copper cent was minted in several variations and designs (usually patriotic) and were almost immediately a collectable accounting for some limited availability of nice condition examples still available on today’s collectors market.  Not a common find outside of collector circles though, as the short lived Civil War token was outlawed by act of Congress in 1864 when the issuance of currency in any form by private individuals was forbidden.  We have acquired a small collection of these little relics and are offering them individually in our online shop for the collector who would enjoy a nice original example to go in a Civil War grouping or coin collection.  The patriotic example offered here remains in pleasing, uncirculated condition with a natural age patina.  (Will make a neat original Civil War vintage gift without spending lots of money.)You may view all of these that are currently on our site by entering <I> patriotic token </I>  in our search feature.  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !


 Organized in April of 1863 the shield device of the 23rd Army Corps was standardized and officially adopted by Special Field Order No. 121 issued September 25, 1864. Illustrated here with a quarter for size comparison, this brass shield badge of the 23rd Army Corps with its blue porcelain insert of the 3rd Division sports the classic <B>T</B>hinged fastening pin that Civil War collectors look for in dating corps badges and id pins.  Recently acquired from an old collection put together when such quality could be found, this examples remans in fine condition.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Civil War era Geo. CLOOS signed FIFE w $225.00

 

1800s pocket or haversack size – Traveli $175.00

 

Civil War ARMY & NAVY Patriotic / ‘HARD- $35.00

 

23rd Army Corps 3rd Division – CORPS BAD $195.00

A wonderful Civil War era display item in an especially desirable color, this all original and unopened textile dye packet measures approximately 2 ¾ X 1 ¾ X 1 inch thick  with classic patriotic graphic and nomenclature of <B> HOWE & STEVENS – Dye Color – LT. FAWN DRAB</B> with <B> Patented October 13, 1863</B> and the reminder that the content is for <I>Dyeing Silk, Woolen & Cotton Goods, Shawls, Scarfs, Ribbons, Dresses, Feathers, Bonnets, Hats and all kinds of Wearing Apparel, with perfect FAST COLORS.</I>   Pleasing with its period <I>Lady Liberty</I> patriotic graphic and <I>Light Fawn Drab</I> color (a.k.a. <I>BUTTERNUT</I>) this every day relic of the Civil War period make a nice companion <I>small</I> in any 19th century grouping. (see: Civil War vintage Boston Business Directories)   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  A classic <I>make-do</I> for want of iron, this nicely shaped knife measures 8 ½ inches in total length and is hand forged from a well-worn cast away horse shoe.  Stout enough to stand up to any task wheather carried as a belt knife or used around camp this product of blacksmith ingenuity will go well as a <I>user</I>or in any period collection as a display piece.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Housed in its 5 3/8 X 4 1/8 X 1 ½ inch dovetailed box, this attractive period stencil marking set is complete with a full complement of 2 X 2 ¼ inch sheet brass stencils forming the a alphabet of 1 inch letters with punctuation .  (see: <I>Excavated Artifacts from Battlefields & Campsites of the Civil War</I> by Phillips) With these are the period stenciling brush and block with water actuated stenciling ink.  While complete sets of the period sheet brass stencil components alone seldom survive, full kits containing stencils, period brush and ink are extremely difficult to find outside better museum and personal collections.  Another example of <I>stuff</I> acquired in the <I>good old days</I> and set aside in our 50 year accumulation.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 More commonly referred to today as a <I>mess-kit</I> as it appears at first glance as at least similar to the standard military issue mess kit used through WWII , Korea and into the Vietnam era.  Closer examination will reveal  marked differences in the Pattern of 1874 <I>Meet Can</I> so designated as a primary purpose in addition to serving as an eating utensil was to carry the daily ration of meat.  The top section or lid was designed to fit tightly into the pan so as to provide a protective seal.  The U. S. marked hinged iron handle is secured by three iron rivets.  As indicated by its <I>Pattern of 1874</I> designation, this <I>meat can</I> was accepted issue in 1874 with ensuing  minor variations designated as Type II and III.    A Pattern of 1874 <I>can</I> incorporating two of the subsequent issue improvement ( a solid ribbed handle as apposed to the first issue slotted handle and offset of the cover ring) was recovered along Custer’s 7th Cavalry retreat rout from  Little Big Horn Valley.  The recovery tells us that improvements in the Pattern were in the field as early as 1874. (see: Douglas C. McChristian’s <B><I>The U. S. Army In The West, 1870 – 1880</I></B>) additionally, a photo of the Little Big Horn example may be seen in Will Hutchinson’s <B><I> Artifacts of the Battle of Little Big Horn</I></B>  This example shows good age with evidence of period use and carrying yet remains in pleasing condition.  A nice display item for the post Civil War collector.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

unopened - Howe & Stevens Civil War vint $65.00

 

KNIFE - Blacksmith Forged from a Horse $165.00

 

Civil War era STENCIL SET $145.00

 

Original issue - U. S. type III - Patter $225.00

Illustrated here with a US quarter for size comparison is nice old pair of buttonhole shears marked <B><I>B S & Co.</I></B>(BARNARD - SON & Co. Waterbury, CT) <B><I>PATDE. 1864</I></B>.  A nice pair of scissors, dated with good evidence of age and period use yet remaining in pleasing, functional condition.  A nice sewing basket or soldiers <I>house wife</I> item.  ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!! Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques ! 


 This cover is postmarked Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 5, 1858, retains its original stamp, and is <U>self-addressed in Shaw’s hand</U> <B>Abner. O. Shaw Esq.</B> <I>Portland, Maine.</I>  As surgeon of the <B>20th Maine Infantry Regiment </B>, Maine physician, Abner O. Shaw had a distinguished Civil War record and is best remembered for his night long work in a Petersburg field hospital when he was brought to the aid of the horribly wounded <B>Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain</B> by the fallen hero’s brother, Capt. Thomas Chamberlain.  <U>Surgeon Abner O. Shaw would be credited with saving the life of the Colonel, soon to be Brigadier General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.</U>   The skilled regimental surgeon remained a close friend and the lifelong personal physician to Chamberlain.  A nice Chamberlain, 20th Maine  related Civil War relic without spending a lot of money.  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!


<CENTER><FONT COLOR=#800000>If you have an interest in neat Civil War period things or Maine in the time, you may enjoy our museum site at:</FONT COLOR=#800000></CENTER>

<CENTER><B><I>MaineLegacy.com</I></B></CENTER>

 The Civil War history of Brig. General George F. Shepley can best be found in the first pages of our on line personal collection site <B>MaineLegacy.com</B> but suffice it to say here that Maine native George Foster Shepley entered service in the Civil War as Colonel of the <B>12th Maine Volunteer Infantry</B> and was commissioned Brig. General, U. S. Volunteer General Staff ,US Volunteers General Staff on July 18, 1862.  During his tenure in Louisiana Shepley served briefly as <B>Acting Mayor of New Orleans</B> and was appointed <B>Military Governor of the occupied parishes of Louisiana</B> from 1862–1864.  He was appointed <B>Military Governor of the fallen Confederate Capital City of Richmond, Virginia</B> April 3, 1865 serving in that post until he returned to civilian life and Maine.  This Civil War vintage Carte de Visite remains in excellent condition with strong contrast and will be best described by our photo illustrations.   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


<CENTER><FONT COLOR=#800000>If you have an interest in neat Civil War period things or Maine in the time, you may enjoy our museum site at:</FONT COLOR=#800000></CENTER>

<CENTER><B><I>MaineLegacy.com</I></B></CENTER>

 Our photos will offer the best description of this pair of military US bridle rosettes.  All original with a deep unpolished age patina and good evidence of age, originality and period use.  please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

Civil War era - Pat. 1864 BUTTONHOLE SC $45.00

 

20th MAINE SURGEON Dr. Abner O. Shaw - $145.00

 

Brig. Gen. George F. Shepley – Anthony / $155.00

 

antique U. S. Bridle Rosettes $65.00




<b>United States Congressman from Tennessee


Member of the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress</b>


(1833-1903) Born in Maury Co., Tenn., he attended Amherst College, studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced in Columbia, Tennessee. He was a member of the constitutional convention of Tennessee in 1865; served in the Tennessee State House of Representatives, 1865-66; was a U.S. Congressman, 1866-71, including the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress; served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of State; also served on the Committee on Education and Labor; he was Postmaster of Columbia, Tenn., 1879-84; and superintendent of schools, 1884-86.


<u>Signature With State</u>: 5 1/4 x 3 3/4, in ink, Samuel M. Arnell, Tenn. Excellent.


 


<b>Union officer during the Civil War


Lieutenant Governor of Ohio


United States Congressman from Ohio


Member of the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress</b>


(1819-1902) Born in Knox County, Ohio, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1840, and commenced practice at Millersburg, Ohio. Judge of the 6th Judicial District of Ohio, 1852-57. Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, 1857-58, serving under Governor Salmon P. Chase. Appointed aide-de-camp, with rank of colonel, to the Governor of Ohio, August 10, 1861. Judge Advocate General of the State of Ohio, 1861. Appointed superintendent of drafting with rank of colonel under Governor Tod, August 15, 1862. Assistant Adjutant General, 1862. Enlisted in the Union Army as a private, in Co. C, 188th Ohio Infantry, and mustered out of service on September 21, 1865. Served as U.S. Congressman, 1865-71, including the 40th U.S. Congress which was the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress. Appointed United States Judge for the northern district of Ohio by President Ulysses S. Grant, in 1873, and served until 1889. 


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 5 1/4 x 3 1/2, in ink, M. Welker, Wooster, Ohio. Excellent.  


<b>Civil War Senator from Nevada


Member of the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress</b>


(1827-1909) Born in Wayne County, N.Y., he attended Yale College in 1849-50, moved to San Francisco in 1850 and was engaged in gold mining in Nevada County, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1852, and commenced practice in Nevada City. He served as district attorney in 1852; attorney general of California, 1854; moved to Virginia City, Nevada, in 1860; involved in early mining litigation and in the development of the Comstock lode; was a member of the Territorial council in 1861; member of the state constitutional convention in 1863; upon the admission of Nevada as a State into the Union was elected as a Republican to the U.S. Senate in 1864, serving until 1875; was re-elected in 1887 and served until 1905. Served as chairman of the Committee on Pacific Railroads; and chairman of the Committee on Mines and Mining.


<u>Signature With State</u>: 5 1/4 x 2, in ink, Wm. M. Stewart, Nevada. Excellent.  


<b>"Tell Bob he ought to have been with us at Corinth.  He thought he heard the cannons roar up in Tennessee, but he did not hear anything to what it was up at Corinth."</b>  


3 pages, 6 1/4 x 8, written in a bold and neat pencil hand by Sergeant B.J. Caldwell, Co. G, 2nd Mississippi Cavalry, to his wife.


<b><u>Camp Near Salem, [Miss.], October the 16th, 1862</b></u>


Dear Wife,


I again take my pencil in hand to drop you a few lines to let you hear from me again. I have no news to write on. Tom [is] well & doing very well.  I was right sick last Saturday night & Sunday.  I had a light chill Saturday night, but I think it was caused by getting wet Friday evening.  We rode in the rain all evening & got very wet.  Bob was sick yesterday but he is up today.  The rest is well.  Sally I received your kind letter sent by the Capt. & was very glad to hear from you & I would love to get another today for I study a good deal about home.  Sally we are camped about 2 miles west of Salem, but I can’t tell how long we will stay here nor where we will go to, but if the Yankees get down in our country I would love to come down there.  Sally I wrote you a letter last week & sent it by mail, but it is uncertain whether you got it or not.  I want you to have your corn gathered as soon as you can & if the army comes down there put your fattening hogs up & you must do what you all think best with Beck.  You are all there & know how things is better than I do.  Sally we have heard that the Yankees has got down to Tupelo & if they have I am afraid they will be all over the country & if they are I would like to come down there & help drive them back, but if they do come treat them as well as you can & if you have any meat or anything that they can take hide it out for that is the way the folks has had to do up here.  Sally I am sorry to hear of the Cherry Creek Boys being tore up so bad, but I am in hopes it is not as bad as we heard it was, but I want you to write to me what has become of Ben for I can’t hear nothing from him.  Sally tell all of the old folks that I would write them a letter this evening if I had time, but it is time to commence getting supper & Mr. Shettels is going to start home in the morning & I want to send my letter by him.  Tell Bob he ought to have been with us at Corinth.  He thought he heard the cannons roar up in Tennessee, but he did not hear anything to what it was up at Corinth.  Sam Campbell said he never heard the like.  Give my love to all & be certain to write when ever you have the chance of sending a letter, Nothing more only I remain yours until death.


B.J. Caldwell


Written on the back panel is, "Mrs. Sarah B. Caldwell, Cherry Creek, Miss.  By the politeness of Mr. Shettels."


Light age toning and wear with some scattered light staining. Typical misspelling and grammatical errors. Excellent content. Scarce. 


The 2nd Mississippi Cavalry fought in the army corps of Price, Jackson, Van Dorn, Lee and N.B. Forrest, and in the armies of the Department of Mississippi & East Louisiana, Army of Tennessee, Department of the West, Army of Mississippi, and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi & East Louisiana. After skirmishing in Mississippi it saw action at Various conflicts in North Georgia and Alabama. Some of the men were captured in the fight at Selma, and only a remnant surrendered with the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana. The field officers were Colonels Edward Dillon and J.L. McCarty, Lieutenant Colonel James Gordon, and Majors J.L. Harris and John J. Perry.

Autograph, Samuel M. Arnell $15.00

 

Autograph, Colonel Martin Welker $20.00

 

Autograph, William M. Stewart $25.00

 

2nd Mississippi Cavalry Letter $350.00




<b>Hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War


General-in-Chief of the United States Army


Autograph Letter Signed


Written to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur concerning the presidency of "Old Hickory," Andrew Jackson!</b>


(1786-1866) A year older than the Constitution, the venerable Winfield Scott, hero of the War of 1812 and the Mexican War, became General in chief of the U.S. Army in 1841, a position he still held at the start of the Civil War. A true professional soldier, he was one of the very few men in the country who saw the need to prepare for a major military effort as the impending Civil War grew ever closer. His "Anacondona Plan" proved to be very sound and helped to defeat the Confederacy. Succeeded by General George B. McClellan in November 1861, he retired to write his memoirs, and died at West Point in 1866 where he is buried. A Virginian, he was the only non-West Pointer of Southern origin in the Regular Army to remain loyal to the Union. His service as the Commanding General of the United States Army for twenty years was the longest that any officer ever held  that position.  


<u>Autograph Letter Signed</u>: 7 3/4 x 9 3/4, in ink. This is the post script of a folded letter written by Winfield Scott to the prominent lawyer and civil servant, Samuel L. Gouverneur, who was both the nephew, and son-in-law of U.S. President James Monroe. The content is excellent and this post script stands on its own merits as it is both signed and dated by Winfield Scott. Known as a folded letter, this letter sheet was used not only to write the letter on, but it was then folded using a blank panel on the reverse side to address it as an envelope would be. It is entirely addressed in the hand of Winfield Scott: "To Samuel L. Gouverneur, Esqr., Post Master, New York," and it has been free franked, stamped in red, "FREE." 


P.S. The debate on the deposit question was this morning postponed till tomorrow, some five sets of resolutions on the subject having been yesterday referred to a Commissioner & a report made thereon this morning, it became necessary to print the new resolutions. Rely upon it, the removal of the deposits will be strongly condemned by an immense majority. This condemnation, I think cannot [but help] to break the administration phalanx in the U.S.H. of Representatives & induce some thirty or forty Jackson** men to vote for a restoration. Rely also upon the appearance that the President will not dare to veto the Resolution if it passes the two Houses of Congress.


Yrs. truly,

Winfield Scott

Jan. 14, 1834


**General Winfield Scott is referring to President Andrew Jackson, who was serving as the 7th President of the United States when this event happened.


The letter is in very good condition with light age toning and wear and some paper loss at the upper left corner which does not affect any of the content. There is another area of paper loss at the left edge which does cause the loss of 2 words, and there are remnants of the original red wax seal at the right edge which does not affect any of the content. Very desirable.


The recipient of this letter, Samuel L. Gouverneur, was a prominent attorney, civil servant, and both the nephew and son-in-law of the 5th President of the United States James Monroe. Born in 1799 in New York City, his mother was the sister of President Monroe's wife. After his graduation from Columbia in 1817, he served as the private secretary of his uncle President James Monroe. Gouverneur married President Monroe's daughter (his first cousin), Maria Hester Monroe, on March 9, 1820, and it was the first wedding ever held in the White House for a child of a President of the United States. General Thomas Jesup served as groomsman at the wedding. Gouverneur was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1825, and he served as Postmaster of New York City from 1828 to 1836. He  helped former president Monroe press his claims to the U.S. Congress to repay mounting debts, and after Monroe's wife's death in 1830, the former president lived with his nephew/son-in-law until his own death in 1831. Gouverneur was executor of Monroe's estate, which had to be sold off to pay the debts. Monroe was buried in the Gouverneur family vault at the New York City Marble Cemetery, until descendants had the remains moved to the James Monroe Tomb in Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. Monroe's personal papers were left to Gouverneur, who started work on publishing them, but the project was never finished. The Gouverneur's later moved to Washington, D.C., where he worked in the consular bureau of the U.S. Department of State from 1844 to 1849. After congress agreed to buy the papers of President Monroe, Gouverneur proposed a similar arrangement, which was finally concluded in 1850. After his wife Maria died in 1850, he married Mary D. Lee, granddaughter of Thomas S. Lee, and they retired to the Lee estate called "Needwood," near Frederick, Maryland. The family relations reached a breaking point during the Civil War, as Gouverneur supported President Lincoln and the Federal Government, while his in-laws were deeply rooted in the Confederacy. Samuel L. Gouverneur died on September 29, 1865, living long enough to see the Federal victory, and peace restored to the Union that his uncle President James Monroe helped to create as one of the "Founding Fathers."             A bit out of our usual fare but a neat piece of Americana is this 23mm die struck <B> HOTEL GLENWOOD BAR</B> merchant token <B> GOOD FOR 12 ½ c</B>. (Shown here with a quarter for size comparison.)  Located in Glenwood Spring, Colorado the Hotel Glenwood opened in 1887 as a two story wood structure but was over the years was destined to become an ornate three story attraction of seventy-five rooms accommodating as many as two hundred guests. The Glenwood attracted the elite of the day attracting such well known of the period as gambler, gunfighter, and dentist <B>John <I>Doc</I>Holliday</B>.  After splitting with Wyatt Earp, an ailing Holliday took up residence in Glenwood Springs, Colorado where his health continued to deteriorate.  <I>Doc</I> Holliday died of tuberculosis at the Hotel Glenwood in 1887. A nice piece of Western Americana and a neat companion piece to set in any gambling or <I>Wild West</I> grouping.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  Illustrated here with a quarter for size comparison is an eye appealing, all original, decorated birch bark snuff box.  Dating from the mid-1800s through the later 19th century these little boxes were fashioned of native pine veneered with birch bark then finished with a coat of period <I>bug</I> shellac.  The early examples offer an attractive age patina that comes to the period finish only with time.  Decorated with a moose on the hinged lid and with a geometric design familiar to native American enthusiasts around the sides, this little antique snuff box will be of interest to tobacciana folks and all manner of <I>smalls</I> enthusiasts to include Civil War personals collectors.     please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

    

 An outstanding example of vintage Americana, this attractive old, black iron bound, canteen measures roughly 9 inches in diameter by 5 ½ inches thick and will fit properly in the  American Colonial and Revolutionary War era through Mexican War into Civil War eras.  Retaining its period iron suspension chain and brass drinking spout adjacent to the larger filler, this all original antique wagon, camp or Co. size canteen remains in solid condition, tight at the staves.  While the decorative star will <I>whistle Dixie</I> to the Confederate or Texas enthusiast, the history of this piece has been lost in time and must be left to speculation.  An exceptional piece of Americana!  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

Autograph, General Winfield Scott $350.00

 

Hotel Glenwood (Colorado home of Dock Ho $65.00

 

Victorian era - Birch Bark Snuff Box $55.00

 

outstanding early DECORATED CANTEEN $495.00

This eye appealing old iron padlock is just as you might expect to unearth at a Civil War camp site (see: Howard Crouch’s (Excavated) <I>Civil War Artifacts - A Guide for the Historian</I>) except this one, while it shows good evidence of age and period use, remains in excellent smoothly functioning condition and <U>retains its original key.</U>  Difficult to find in any condition and virtually always missing the key when you do see one, this offering will make a nice addition to any Civil War period grouping and will go especially well with a period chest or lock box. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !


 This attractive old folding wall shelf measures 9 ¾ inches wide with a hinged fold down shelf that is 5 inches deep.  Hand carved from American black walnut with Masonic embellishment, the wall shelf remains in pleasing all original condition, country made with classic handmade wire hinges and despite its flawless condition offers clear evidence of age and originality.  A wonderful backdrop for the display of a favorite Civil War period artifact, our illustrations will offer the best description of this nice old wall shelf.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  This outstanding heavy cast and turned bronze # 8 mortar and pestle set dates to the earlier through mid 1800s and remains in eye appealing condition with good evidence of age and period use while remaining in excellent condition with a nice untouched natural age patina.  The heavy bronze mortar stands approximately 5 3/8 inches high , is 5 3/8 inches in diameter at the mouth and 3 3/8 inches across the base.  The bronze pestle is size number 8 marked as is the mortar and measures about 9 7/8 inches in length.  Not to be confused with more frequently encountered later examples or the common Chinese castings, this rarely found 19th century bronze apothecary mortar & pestle set will make a nice addition to any quality medical grouping or will go well simply as a period decorative piece. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>  A nice item for the medical collector this period invalid feeder remains in excellent condition with no chips and a single hairline in the glaze as evidence of age and originality. This piece will go well with medical, nursing or hospital items of the Civil War period. see: Dammann’s <I>Collectors Encyclopedia of Civil War Medical Instruments & Equipment</I>. (An example of this desirable boat shaped feeder is included in the Gettysburg Visitors Center museum collection. please note: ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!. As with all direct sales, we are pleased to offer a no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased! Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Original Civil War era ‘Pat. Applied For $75.00

 

19th century carved walnut – MASONIC WAL $85.00

 

Vintage - Bronze APOTHECARY MORTAR & PES $125.00

 

19th century Hospital / Invalid Feeder $55.00

Acquired several years ago when we were fortunate enough to purchase several groupings from the personal collections of our longtime friend, Dr. Francis Lord, this piece will come with our letter to preserve its history as emanating from the personal collection of the pioneer Civil War collectables author. Our photos will provide the best description of this all original and untouched piece.  The extra heavy plate would have served equally well as a cross belt or cartridge box plate. As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques  


<b>Served as Provost Marshal at Gettysburg during the 1863 battle


United States Congressman from Pennsylvania


Member of the President Andrew Johnson Impeachment Congress 


Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives</b> 


(1828-90) Born in Philadelphia, he attended the University Academy in Philadelphia. Member of the Pennsylvania State Senate, 1858-59. During the Civil War, he served as a member of the First Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry, in 1861, and again as a captain in 1863, serving as Provost Marshal at Gettysburg during the campaign. He served as United States Congressman, 1863-90, and was the 33rd Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, serving from 1876-81. He was also the powerful chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, 1883-87. Highly regarded, Randall gained national prominence during the Reconstruction period when he exposed scandals in President Ulysses S. Grant's administration. 


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 5 1/4 x 2 1/4, in ink, Sam J. Randall, Philada. Excellent.

 


<b>He was stricken with yellow fever and died in 1862!</b>


(1809-1862) Graduated in the West Point class of 1829. In the next 7 years he served as an instructor at the United States Military Academy, studied law, was admitted to the bar, resigned from the army, and became a member of the faculty of Cincinnati College where he taught astronomy, philosophy and mathematics. It was as a dedicated student of astronomy that Mitchel gained his claim to fame. He was largely responsible for establishing the Naval Observatory, the Harvard Observatory, the Cincinnati Observatory, and the Dudley Observatory. On August 9, 1861, President Lincoln appointed him a brigadier general of volunteers and he was assigned as commander of the Department of the Ohio. In March 1862, he seized the Memphis and Charleston Railroad at Huntsville, Alabama, and sent raiding parties into Stevenson and Decatur to secure the tracks for the Union army. He was promoted to major general on April 11, 1862. He then commanded the Department of the South and was stricken with yellow fever and died at Beaufort, S.C., on October 30, 1862. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Seated view in uniform with rank of major general, posing with his arms folded across his chest and wearing his gauntlets. Backmark: E. & H.T. Anthony, New York, made from a photographic negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery. Pencil inscription on the reverse, "Maj. Gen. Mitchell, deceased." Very sharp image. Scarce view. Very desirable photograph.  We have three of these rare black iron door nails recovered from a museum deaccession and are offering them here individually priced for the collector who would like one.  Hand forged with a broad decorative head the <I>door nail</I> served to protect the heavy oak primary entrance doors of the time from damage and forced entry.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

Lord collection earlier 19th century thr $175.00

 

Autograph, Samuel J. Randall $35.00

 

CDV, General Ormsby M. Mitchel $125.00

 

17th early 18th century forged iron DOOR $30.00




<b>United States Congressman from Maryland


Member of the 1861 Peace Conference that tried to avert the Civil War!</b>


(1806-97) Born near Chestertown, Kent County, Md., he was educated at Washington College, Chestertown, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1830, and commenced practice in Princess Anne, Somerset County. He served as a member of the Maryland State House of Representatives in 1836. He was a member of the U.S. Congress, 1847-49. He was a delegate to the Maryland State constitutional convention in 1850; and served as a member of the 1861 peace conference held in Washington, D.C., whose goal was to try and prevent the impending Civil War. He returned to the U.S. Congress in 1861 serving until 1863. He was a delegate to the Union National Convention at Philadelphia in 1866. He located and founded the town of Crisfield, Somerset County, Md., in 1866; was instrumental in building the Eastern Shore Railroad and served as its president.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 1/4 x 1 1/4, in ink, J.W. Crisfield, Princess Anne, Maryland.  


<b>Unites States Congressman from Massachusetts</b>


(1795-1881) Born in Marlboro, Middlesex County, Mass., he fought in the War of 1812. He studied theology, was ordained as a Universalist minister in 1819, and was the author of religious textbooks and sacred memoirs. He served as a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives, 1828-33; served in the Massachusetts State Senate, 1833-39; and was a member of the Massachusetts State Board of Education, 1837-45. He served as a U.S. Congressman, 1841-49. He was a naval officer for the port of Boston from 1849-53. He edited the Boston Daily Atlas; and was an assessor of internal revenue from 1864-68.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 x 1 1/2, in ink, Charles Hudson, Westminster, Mass.  Fresh seasoning was a premium to the pallet in Colonial America through the Civil War and into the later 19th century.   By that time improved refrigeration and food preservation reduced the common use of seasoning to something more pleasurable than masking the taint of <I>gone buy</I> food.  Salt and pepper were the most commonly used seasonings with the heavy use of salt as a drying agent and preservative the most familiar.  Next in line, not as a preservative but as a masking agent was the nutmeg.  So prized  was the nutmeg in the 18th century that the walnut size woody seed  was commonly used as tender for trade and bartering.  This traveling grater with its’ lidded storage compartment  for the pungent little nut falls in the waining days of the time when the nutmeg was so well thought of that fakes were carved from dark hardwood for trade.  A neat piece of Americana of the Civil War period, this example retains much of its’ original <I>japanning</I> lacquer finish. (illustrated here with a U.S. quarter for size comparison)  A neat <I>common item</I> seldom considered worthy of preservation original period examples are seldom encountered in this condition.  A neat little personal item for the Civil War haversack without spending a lot of money.  <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!


 This attractive bronze collar bell measures approximately 4 7/8 inches across the mouth and stands about 4 1/4 inches high.  The bell sports an attractive cast in panoply of American Eagles with shield, banner and star bursts. ( Examples of these bells, with an account of their origin, may be seen in the U. S. Army Quartermaster Museum collection at Fort Lee Virginia.)   These bells were cast under contract to the U. S. Army during the Pierce and Buchanan administrations for use by experimental Army camel pack trains moving from Texas to the West Coast.  (Camels were trained to follow the lead or <I>Bell Camel</I> during long marches from Texas to the West coast).   Bells remaining in arsenal storage are said to have been pressed into use by the Union Army later in the Civil War with collectors of that era referring to the artifacts as <I>Union Cavalry Bells</I> referencing Dr. Francis Lord’s <I>Civil War Collectors Encyclopedia</I>.  Rarely seen in any size, these bells were cast in three sizes, this example being the intermediate of the three.  Sand cast and machined to a smooth surface at the mouth, this bell has a period blacksmith forged iron clapper and strap loop.  An attractive piece of Americana, this Army issue bell will go well with frontier West through Civil War era collectables.  (<B>NOTE: </B> Collectors are cautioned that modern cast reproductions of this bell are showing up.  Like most cast reproductions however, they are generally easily discernible to the experienced eye.) As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !

Autograph, John W. Crisfield $25.00

 

Autograph, Charles Hudson $10.00

 

antique traveling NUTMEG GRATER $45.00

 

Civil War & earlier U. S. ARMY BELL $245.00

Our photos will likely do best to describe this extra nice Sons of Union Veterans hat device.  All original and period, this G. A. R. auxiliary hat device is of gold wash, finely die struck brass in the <I>extra rich</I> false bullion style.  All complete and original with safety clasp pin and silvered <B>SUV</I> with Post # <B>46</B>.  (The numbers are easily removed but we would leave this fine condition piece as is.)  As with <U>all direct sales</U>, we are pleased to offer a <B>no questions asked three day inspection with refund of the purchase price upon return as purchased!</B> Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !  A great size for display, this 15 ¼ X 5 1/8 inch sheet brass marking stencil is for the <B>RULOFSON & De GARMO’S  IMPROVED  STRAIGHT DRAFT PLOW  PATENTED MARCH 12, 1861</B>.  The stencil sports a rich natural patina with good evidence of age, originality and period use.  It bears the marking of the stencil cutter <I>H. J. HOGGSON  NEW HAVEN Ct.</I>; fore-runner to the later <I>J. J. Hoggson & Pettis Manufacturing Co.</I>, New Haven makers of stamps and marking devices. (see: spring 1861 <I>RURAL NEW YORKER</I> for particulars on this Pat. 1861 plow)  An eye-catching Civil War vintage agricultural, rural Americana item. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 Boldly marked on one side for vertical display this colorful U. C. V. banner measures 12 inches wide at the top and is 22 inches in total length.   Stencil printed on cotton in the fashion common to the turn of the century the banner remains solid with some tattering yet bright in color and appears never to have been exposed to the weather or bright sun while offering good evidence of age and originality. Just rediscovered as we rummage through our long ago tucked away <I>stuff</I>, this old banner was recovered as part of a small grouping from, of all places, the attic remains of a long ago defunct <I>Yankee</I> G. A. R. hall. (Those were the days!) How the banner came to Maine Civil War veteran hall storage can only be left to the imagination though it seems more than likely that the piece was a souvenir of a trip South for one of the joint G. A. R. – U. C. V. reunions common in the waning years of first generation Civil War veterans.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!  


(1815-1872) Graduated 3rd in the West Point class of 1839. An assistant professor while still an undergraduate at the Military Academy, he first worked upon the fortifications of New York Harbor, and in 1844 inspected those of France. Upon his return to the U.S., he wrote a Report on the Means of National Defence, which was published by Congress and won him an invitation from the Lowell Institute of Boston to deliver a series of lectures. These were published as Elements of Military Art and Science, a work which enjoyed wide circulation among soldiers for many years. He received a brevet as captain in the Mexican War. At the beginning of the Civil War, General Winfield Scott recommended to Abraham Lincoln that Halleck be appointed major general in the regular service. In November 1861, Halleck relieved General Fremont at St. Louis and in a demonstration of his talents as an administrator quickly brought order out of the chaos in which his predecessor had plunged the Department of the Missouri. A series of successes by his subordinates at Forts Henry & Donelson, Pea Ridge, Island No. 10 and Shiloh, caused Halleck to shine in reflective glory, and his domain enlarged to include Ohio and Kansas. President Lincoln later recalled him to Washington to serve as general in chief of the U.S. Armies. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 4 card. Standing view of Halleck in uniform with rank of major general striking a Napoleonic pose. Backmark: D. Appleton & Co., 443 & 445 Broadway, N.Y., A.A. Turner, Photographer. "Genl. Halleck" is written in period script on the reverse. Very fine view of the Union general nicknamed "Old Brains."

period - Sons of Union Veterans - HAT DE $50.00

 

Large period agricultural stencil – Pate $225.00

 

Late 1880s / early 1900s UNITED CONFEDER $195.00

 

CDV, General Henry W. Halleck $95.00




Time Life Books, Alexandria, Va., 1996. 10 1/4 x 10 1/4, hardcover with dust jacket, 168 pages, illustrated, index. New condition.


This book is by and of the soldiers and civilians who experienced the Atlanta campaign. Through their words and images you can relive the emotions, the terrifying rush of events, the horrors- and even the human comedy- of one of the Civil War's major campaigns. Thus, you hold in your hands an album of personal recollections from letters, diaries, photographs, sketches and artifacts.


To compile this special volume, we combed hundreds of sources, both published and unpublished.  We were able to assemble a dramatic narrative told from many perspectives; manuscript letters and journals- some previously unpublished- regimental histories, privately printed memoirs, articles in little known historical society publications, and more. Then, we set about the painstaking task of locating photographs of the soldiers and townsfolk to accompany their personal accounts. 


That so many firsthand accounts survived is due to a few accidents of history. Soldiers could mail a letter home for only three cents. And the mail system set up by the opposing armies were amazingly reliable. Mail packets were even exchanged across enemy lines. A surprising number of recruits could write, and write vividly. Sam Watkins of the 1st Tennessee Infantry described the beginning of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, "It seemed that the arch-angel of Death stood and looked on with outstretched wings, while all the earth was silent, when all at once a hundred guns from the Federal line opened upon us, and for more than an hour they poured their solid shot, grape and shrapnel right upon this salient point, defended by our regiment alone..."


Field sketches abound, too. Before photoengraving was developed to reproduce photographs in newspapers and magazines, periodicals such as Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and Harper's Weekly employed artists who traveled with the army to depict events for readers. These correspondents, or "specials," drew virtually everything of possible interest; pitched battles, lounging soldiers, the odd piece of military equipment. Sketches dashed off in a few moments during a battle- often at great personal peril- were taken by courier to the publication, where they were transformed into woodblock engravings suitable for printing.


Another element that adds to the unique texture of this album is the photographs. Technical innovations during the 1850's brought the fledgling craft into its own, and the Civil War was the first in history to be extensively recorded by the camera. In the blockaded South, photographers lacked supplies and equipment and rarely covered the action. The North's activities, by contrast, are extensively chronicled, thanks to the efforts of men who endured great hardship. Travel was tedious with cumbersome equipment and portable darkrooms mounted on wagon beds. But photographers like Mathew Brady and his assistants spent months following the army, etching with light the brave faces of the soldiers, as well as the bodies stiffened on the field. When Brady's stark photographs of the dead were first exhibited in New York City in 1862, the public thought, albeit briefly, that such horrific images could actually bring the war to an end.


So you hold in your hands living testimony from the battlefields that led to the fall of the South's Gate City. As you look into the eyes of these husbands and wives, sons and daughters, as you read the words of soldiers and civilians dazed by the violence around them or the grief that follows the fighting, perhaps it will be possible to perceive more clearly the shattering experience that was the Atlanta campaign.


Front cover illustration: A scene at the intersection of Peachtree Street and the Georgia Railroad tracks shows some of the damage that was wrought in Atlanta after Sherman's troops ravaged the business district in mid November 1864.        


<b>4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry Volunteers


Signed by their gallant Colonel Joseph Drake commanding the regiment, who was captured at the fall of Fort Donelson!</b>


7 1/4 x 12, imprinted Confederate form on blue paper, filled out and signed in ink.


Form No. 3. Officers' Pay Account. The Confederate States to Lt. A.M. Reasons. For pay as a Lt. from 24th Aug. to 1st Dec., 1861. Co. F, 4th Regt. Miss. Vols. For 3 months and 8 days. Pay Per Month, 80.00. Amount 261.33. Stationed at Fort Henry with the account dated Dec. 22nd, 1861. There is a large imprinted paragraph at the center of the document certifying the accuracy of this account, etc.....It continues, "that I am not in arrears with the Confederate States on any account whatsoever; and that the last payment I received was from Paymaster was mustered into Service and to the 24 day of Aug. 1861. I at the same time acknowledge that I have received of H.T. Massengale Paymaster, this 24 day of Dec., 1861, the sum of Two Hundred Sixty One, 261, and 33 cents, being the amount in full of said account.


The document has a large A.E.S. as follows, "Approved, Joseph Drake, Col. 4th Regmt. Miss. Vols."


Signed very nicely at the bottom of the form by the officer whose pay account this is as, "A.M. Reasons, 3rd Lieut., 4th Reg. Miss. Vols."


Content on the reverse:


No. 382

Form No.3.

Officers' Pay Account.

A.M. Reasons

2 Lt.

From 24 Aug/61

To 1 Dec/61

261.33


Ornate Confederate imprinted form in excellent condition. Rare document from Fort Henry, Tennessee only about 6 weeks before the fort was captured by the Federal forces commanded by General Ulysses S. Grant. This was the first important Union victory in the western theater and it was the start of General Grant's star rising in the Northern press and among its citizenry. Very desirable Confederate document.


<u>Joseph Drake</u>: (1806-78) He was a lawyer, judge, and plantation owner, Confederate Colonel during the War Between the States, who led a brigade in two important battles, and served as a member of the Mississippi State Legislature before and during the war. His grandfather, Joseph Drake, was one of Daniel Boone's Kentucky "Long Hunters" who was killed by Indians near Boonesborough, Kentucky, in August of 1778. He attended Washington College in Lexington, Virginia in 1825-26, studied law, and was sworn in as an attorney in Carroll County, Mississippi in 1834. In 1835, Drake served as district attorney of the Circuit Court of the county, and he represented Carroll County in the Mississippi State House of Representatives from 1838–39, and served as probate Judge of Carroll County, from 1855-61. Drake was elected Captain of Company H, "Carroll County Rebels," which mustered into the  Mississippi State service at Carrollton, on August 24, 1861, and was organized at Grenada, Mississippi, as the 4th Regiment Mississippi Infantry, in the Second Brigade, Army of Mississippi, and they were enlisted for twelve months. He was elected Colonel of the regiment on September 11, 1861, in a camp near Trenton, Tennessee. The 4th Mississippi Infantry was then put under General Earl Van Dorn's command. After being promoted to major general on September 19, 1861, Van Dorn was transferred to Virginia under General Joseph E. Johnston. The 4th Mississippi infantry, which had been detached from Van Dorn's division was one of the two regiments at Fort Henry which were experienced in war, and the men conducted themselves as veterans. Colonel Joseph Drake sent two companies of Mississippians to meet the first advance of the enemy on February 4th, who held the rifle-pits alone until reinforced. During the bombardment of the 6th, which resulted in the surrender of Fort Henry, Colonel Drake commanded General Tilghman's 2nd Brigade. After the naval attack compelled the surrender of Fort Henry, Drake retreated to Fort Donelson, where he commanded General Bushrod Johnson's 3rd brigade. The 4th Mississippi was under fire in the trenches at Donelson during February 13th and 14th, and participated in the assault which was made on the 15th for the purpose of opening a line of retreat. General Johnson reported that Drake's Brigade, under its very gallant, steady and efficient commander, moved in admirable precision, almost constantly under fire, driving the enemy slowly from hill to hill until about 1 p.m., when he was instructed to return to the rifle pits. This left Drake's Brigade unsupported for a time, until Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest went to Drake's support and advised him to fall back, which he did without disorder. Colonel Smith's brigade advanced a short distance up the hill, repeatedly rushing and then falling to the ground in the prone position, all the while listening to taunts from Drake's Confederate Brigade opposing them. The surrender of Fort Donelson followed on the 16th. It is said that Colonel Drake broke his sword and threw it in the river when told of the surrender. Colonel Drake went on a monumental journey after his capture initially being imprisoned at Johnson's Island; he was then admitted to the Prison Hospital, at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois, on February 21, 1862; then transferred to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, on March 1st; transferred again on March 6th, to Fort Warren, Boston Harbor; and was released on parole on April 7, 1862, for the purpose of being exchanged for Union Colonel Milton Cogswell, of the 42nd New York Volunteers. He retired from the Confederate army after he was exchanged on August 27, 1862, considered to be too old for active service at 56 years of age. Colonel Joseph Drake then returned to his plantation and served as a member the Mississippi State Senate from Carroll County in 1864. He had a son, John Breckenridge Drake, (1840–1922) who served in Company K, of the 30th Mississippi Infantry, and who  surrendered on April 26, 1865, at Durham Station, North Carolina.


A.M. Reasons, enlisted on August 1, 1861, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. F, 4th Mississippi Infantry. He resigned on June 17, 1862. On September 1, 1862, he was commissioned captain in Co. F, 2nd Mississippi Partisan Rangers Cavalry. His date of discharge is not known. 

     


    


 This attractive little hand lamp was constructed from lead soldered, tinned sheet iron with a broad die truck base and classic long brass burner tube for use with camphene.  All original and untouched just as it was set aside decades ago. Most popularly in use in the 1840s & 1850s, camphene lighting fuel from, highly refined turpentine produced a bright clean light. Largely replaced in lighting by coal oil in the 1860s, camphene was extremely volatile necessitating the small diameter wick and longer burner tubes than were used with whale oil lighting fuel.  The longer burner tube, with a broad base were all common safety features of these  camphene finger lamps.  A nice all original little lamp illustrated here with a quarter for size comparison.   <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best.  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !


 Our illustrations will do best to describe this grouping of seven original Indian Wars era <I>general service</I> uniform coat buttons except to advise that they are all back marked by <I>HORSTMAN</I>.  A nice grouping at a reasonable price. <B>Don't forget to give our search feature a try</B> for special wants. A simple <B>key word</B> in lower case works best. Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!

Voices of the Civil War, Atlanta $25.00

 

Confederate Officer's Pay Account From F $250.00

 

c. 1840 / 1850 tin HAND LAMP $135.00

 

lot of 7 Indian War era Horstman EAGLE B $55.00




(1815-83) He was born in Cooperstown, N.Y., his maternal grandfather was a general during the Revolutionary War, and his father was a major general in the N.Y. State Militia, and at the time of his death was chief justice of the Michigan State Supreme Court. Morell graduated #1 in the West Point class of 1835. In the early part of 1861, he served as colonel and quartermaster on the staff of the major general commanding the New York militia, organizing and forwarding regiments to the seat of war. He then served in the Washington defenses and on August 9, 1861, was commissioned brigadier general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade of General Fitz John Porter's division of the 5th Corps during the 1862 Virginia Peninsular campaign, and rose to division command when Porter took over the corps. He fought gallantly and skillfully in the Seven Days battles, at 2nd Bull Run and Antietam, and was promoted to major general to rank from July 4, 1862. However, the court martial of Fitz John Porter destroyed Morell's career. It has been said that Porter was ruined because of his devotion to McClellan. It could equally be said that Morell was ruined because of his devotion to Porter. 


Wet plate, albumen carte de visite photograph, mounted to 2 3/8 x 3 3/4 card. Chest up view in uniform with rank of colonel. Backmark: Larcombe, Photographist, No. 25 Public Square, (S.W. Corner), Nashville, Tenn. The card has been trimmed and there is a horizontal crease which goes through the face of the subject. There is a small area of loss to the albumen paper at the upper right corner of the card which does not affect the subject. If this card were in excellent condition it would easily be priced somewhere between $150.00 and $250.00.  


<b>Written by Major Clark S. Edwards, future Colonel of the regiment


He commanded the 5th Maine Infantry during the battle of Gettysburg!


Promoted to Brevet Brigadier General for gallant conduct during the Civil War!


1862 eight page letter with original cover signed twice by Major Edwards with excellent content defending the Army of the Potomac and citing some of their recent battles!


"we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the Peninsula, and thousands of them are left at So. Mt., Crampton Pass, and Antietam."</b>


(1824-1903) Edwards was 37 years old when the news of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter reached the small town of Bethel, Maine.  He was high on a ladder shingling his roof and he immediately climbed down, obtained permission from the appropriate authorities to form a company of volunteers, and set out to gather recruits from Bethel and the surrounding towns.  This group of men became Company I, of the 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry, with Edwards commissioned as their captain on June 24, 1861.  He rose through the ranks and was appointed colonel of the regiment, on January 8, 1863, commanding the 5th Maine Infantry from that date forward. He was promoted to brevet brigadier general, on March 13, 1865, for his gallant and meritorious Civil War service record.


The 5th Regiment Maine Volunteer Infantry was one of the first Maine regiments to be mustered into the Union Army.  They fought in many battles from 1st Bull Run to Petersburg.  During the battle of Rappahannock Station the regiment is credited with capturing 4 Confederate battleflags and 1,200 prisoners.  Known as one of Maine's best fighting regiments, it captured more prisoners than the entire number of men who served in the regiment, and three times the number of battle flags than any other Maine regiment.  After three long years of hard fought service only 193 men were mustered out of the regiment when their term of service expired.  Among their battle honors are written the names of 1st Bull Run, Gaines' Mill, 2nd Bull Run, Crampton's Gap, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Rappahannock Station, Rapidan Crossing, Mine Run, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg.


8 pages, 5 x 8, in ink, written by Major Clark S. Edwards, to his wife. Comes with the original envelope which has been signed twice by Edwards, once with rank. Addressed in the hand of Major Edwards to his wife, "Mrs. C.S. Edwards, Bethel, Maine." Edwards has franked the envelope at the upper right corner, "Soldiers Letter, C.S. Edwards, Maj. 5th Me. Vo[l]." Manuscript "due" is written below his signature for postage due on the letter. Docketed at the upper left edge as the letter was in route to Maine, "Keedysville, Md., Oct. 31st." The docket at the left edge of the envelope, "Oct. 30th/62" was written by Mrs. Edwards. It was her habit to write the dates on the envelopes that her husband's letters were written on. This made it easier for her if she was looking for a letter from a certain date or time period.   

 

<b><u>Thursday Afternoon, Near Bakersville, Md., Oct. 30, 1862</b></u>


We are still on the old camp, but left it yesterday and went on picket at dawn [at] No. 4, but was relieved in the night by one of the Mass. Regts. and got into camp about midnight and I found a letter from you dated Oct. 21st, so you see it takes a full week for a letter to reach us.  Our mail matters is very bad or irregular of late.  I am very glad to hear the little ones are better.  I am glad you have become reconciled to my staying a time longer or at least are willing.  I should do what I thought for the best.  I am sorry to hear you are breaking down or getting worn out.  The little boys are old enough to do considerable in the way of chores.  I am sorry to hear of Dr. Luce’s  troubles, but it’s different from what it would have been if he had been killed in battle and left on here with our unknown as thousands are.  In regard to his good wishes towards me I am thankful of them, but in regard to my next promotion I know nothing about it or no more than you do and I presume not as much.  I am glad to hear that Mary is getting along well.  What is her opinion about having babies now, not so very bad after all.  Tell her she has got her hand in and she must keep it up.  You think I judged wrong in regard to the Bethel folks feeling bad because no more is killed.  I did not mean Bethel in particular, all the North.  <b>We of the Potomac Army are now called the stand still army by these Northern croakers.  Is it not enough to raise the indignation of any people after going through what we have since the first of Apl. [April] last, than we had one hundred & fifty thousand men, the finest army the world ever saw, but where is it now.  The remnants are here, but the largest half is gone, their bones are now whitening in every county, town and village on the [Virginia] Peninsula and thousands of them are left at So.[South] Mt. [Mountain], Crampton Pass, and Antietam, more than sixty thousand are left.  We have marched and countermarched for thousands of miles and fought the greatest battles this country ever have, and still because the great object is not obtained, that is the taking of Richmond, why the Potomac Army has done nothing in the mind of those that is all the time finding fault.  If Richmond had been taken in the first part of the season what then, why their army that has been opposing us would have been somewhere else to fight us where there would have been as much or more at stake.  The Rebels loss in Va. & Md. the past season cannot amount to less than one hundred & twenty thousand.  If Richmond was in our possession, what then?  Why that is one place out of ten thousand.  We hold more now than we can take care of.  A large part of Tenn. & Kentucky we have lost within the past year, but I will say no more on the subject as I may say too much.</b>  In regard to the New York ladies I think they will not compare with the Maine women.  I would not fear to have you come here and if we go into camp near the R.R. I will send for you.


Thursday Evening


As I have a few leisure moments I will close this.  It is now seven o’clock and I am in my tent alone as the Dr. is out.  We have orders to move in the morning at five o’clock, but I cannot tell you anything about where we go, but by the order about our baggage we are going on one of our long marches again, perhaps before this reaches you we will see more fighting, but the sooner it comes the sooner [its] over.  Our camp is all alive as the boys are fixing up to leave at an early hour, but we little know what we are going into.  I think we shall go into winter quarters within two or three weeks if the fall’s rains come on as early as usual, then as I have always write you.  I will try to go home.  I think you must be glad that I did not go at the time I first talked of.  If I had gone then I should not been in the two last fights and you know it is an honor to anyone to be in a fight.  You can see that by the way the 7th [Maine Infantry] was received in Portland.   We are in a beautiful camp here and I do not like the idea of moving, but we go as we are bid to go.  Our camp is in a beautiful grove and just outside the army tents is the grave of some poor soldier.  I did not notice it till after I put up my [tent] and as it was hardly finished I had it fixed up and a stone put at the head & foot.  It is within twenty feet of my [?].  I do not know the history of the poor fellow but as [the] Fourth Division was in camp on this ground I presumed it was one of them, perhaps one of that immortal 7th.  We think but little of camping down with the dead.  I find its any different from what I expected that is in myself in regard to these things, but after a man has been in the army a year & a half he can do most anything.  I must close this soon as I have got some packing up to do so to leave early.  I wish it was towards Maine and the whole Regt. was to go, but I do not know when that will be.  I will write you again as soon as we get to a place so I can.  I do not know how I will get along tomorrow as Mc [Mac] is lame and Findley, about every horse in the Regt. is at this time.  It is a sort of a disease among the horses, something like the scratches only a good deal worse.  You may say to [?] that I think they can have the sutlership of the Regt.  I will write them as soon as I get time.  I know they can make more money out of it, but it wants two to carry it on, one to buy & haul in, the other to sell.  If they think of coming it must be done soon as we shall have a sutler as soon as we go into winter quarters.  My love to all the little ones and regards to all.


Clark


Very fine 8 page letter. Excellent content with references to the recently fought  battles that the Army of the Potomac and the 5th Maine Infantry had participated in, and much more interesting news! Comes with the original cover bearing 2 signatures of Major Clark S. Edwards, one with rank. The cover shows edge wear from when it was originally opened and some edge chipping.  This attractive hand made antique checker board measures approximately 8 5/8 X 11 7/8 and was fashioned from a white pine board with the inscribed and milk painted game board on its face.  The game board retains a full compliment of hand crafted checkers in board matching colors.  Some period dings and wear along with a pleasing natural age patina front and back, offer good evidence of age, originality and period use.  A neat companion piece with any Civil War era personal grouping, no harm would come to this old game board if put to originally intended use. please note:   <B>ALL ITEMS ARE CURRENT & AVAILABLE UNLESS MARKED SOLD!!</B>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques !!



 This attractive 8 ½ inch pewter mess plate remains in honest, untouched condition with that deep gray patina that comes to pewter only with the decades.  Faint but discernable on the back is the once bold block letter <I>LONDON</I> in banner mark as seen on import pewter by Thomas Swanson, of that city.  (Swanson began exporting his wares to Boston in 1732.)  A nice honest piece just the proper size for the Revolutionary War haversack, this handsome old pewter plate will go well in any  Colonial era grouping.  <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>

CDV General George W. Morell $10.00

 

5th Maine Infantry Letter $250.00

 

hand crafted - antique CHECKER BOARD & C $135.00

 

18th Century Pewter Mess Plate $85.00

Tender with some tattering as  good evidence of age and originality, yet nicely displayable with lots of eye appeal, this approximately 10 X 13 inch, July 16, 1864 weekly issue of <I>The Scientific American</I> is complete and contains an account of George Custer’s U. S. Patent <I>improved</I> horse shoe design.  An appealing design line drawing is presented over the bold heading <B>CUSTER’S HORSE-SHOE</B> with an accompanying description of the design and intended <I>improvement</I> over the old standard design.  The little known <B>George Armstrong Custer</B> effort in the patent arena has been largely forgotten and lost in time with what may have been a <I>nail in the coffin</I> with respect to historical credit being a subsequent transcription error from period hand written 1870 U. S. Census records.  Very simply the name of George <B>A.</B> Custer was mistakenly transcribed in a research reference as <I>George <B>C</B> Custer</I>.  This simple transcription inaccuracy from the original record led to a conclusion published in Mike O’Keefe’s <I>Custer, the Seventh Cavalry & the Little Big Horn</I> that the subject patent was not issued by George A. Custer but another George Custer.  A look at renderings of original hand written census records will show that George A. Custer <U>was the only George Custer with a Monroe, Michigan</U> address as provided in official U. S. Patent documents.  (This offering will come with <U>convincing</U> research notes with respect to the above.)  Framed up or simply laid out with Civil War or Western Indian War material, this piece will add  A neat piece of Americana!   <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  <FONT COLOR=#0000FF>Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques! :</FONT COLOR=#0000FF>


 A nice Civil War vintage telescoping pewter cup, all original and in excellent condition with its japanned tin carrying case.  Un-polished and as found, the pewter displays a wonderful original luster and the base of the cup is marked <B>H. J. WOODMAN</B>.  The tin pocket case retains a substantial amount of its the original japanned lacquer finish. Though somewhat fragile, these soft pewter traveling cups were a popular item in the soldiers collection of personal items. Period examples are popular with collectors and are hard to find in this condition. <B>Buy with confidence! </B><I>  We are pleased to offer a <B><U>no questions asked</U> three day inspection with return as purchased on direct sales!</B> <I>Just send us a courtesy  e-mail to let us know your item will be returned per these provisions and your purchase price will be refunded accordingly.</I>  Thanks for visiting Gunsight Antiques!


 <b>Commander of the famed "Sussex Light Dragoons" of Virginia</b>


7 1/4 x 9 3/4, in ink, written to Captain Belsches on imprinted letter sheet, and signed by Washington Lafayette Riddick, who was the Assistant Adjutant General of General Albert G. Blanchard at this time.


Head Quarters Military Division. The words "Military Division" have been crossed out with slanted pen strokes, and written in above is "3d Brigade." The imprint continues Portsmouth, Va., with the month and day written in ink, "Sept. 16th" and the year 1861 imprinted on the letter sheet. 


The content of the letter is as follows:


Capt. B.W. Belsches

Sussex Cavalry


Sir:


In answer to your communication of this date, asking extension of leave of absence on account of your health, I am directed to say that the request is granted, and until such time as the condition of your health will prevent you to return to active duty.


You will however make weekly reports of your condition to these Head Quarters, accompanied by the certificate of your attending physician. 


Respty. Yr. Obt. Sevt.

W.L. Riddick

A. Adjt. Genl.


Sent by mail to Waverly Station [Virginia]


Light staining along the left edge of the paper, and some minor overall wear. Bold and neatly written. Very desirable and scarce document regarding the elite "Sussex Light Dragoons" of Virginia, and its commander Captain Benjamin W. Belsches. 


WBTS Trivia: During The War Between the States, Sussex Country, Virginia was the site of much military activity. The "Sussex Light Dragoons" adopted their name from an American Revolutionary War unit that also hailed from Sussex County, Virginia. The "Sussex Light Dragoons" were known as a wealthy organization and it is said that each member of the company had his own servant with him.   


The "Sussex Light Dragoons" wore a most distinctive uniform, their kepi being of such a height as to almost qualify it as a "shako," made of blue cloth with yellow braid, it bore a brass badge of the letters "S.L.D." over crossed sabres. Officers wore a variation of the regulation frock coat, but considerably longer than usual. Other ranks wore shirts with "plastron" style front panels, which may have been reversible to show a yellow panel for full dress. They were also known as bib-fronted battle shirts. Trousers for all ranks were dark blue. They were armed with the usual weapons of the sabre and revolver. [Source: Mine Creek Battlefield; American Uniforms].


Benjamin W. Belsches, was 43 years old when he enlisted on April 24, 1861, at Waverly, Virginia, as a captain. He was the commander of the famed "Sussex Light Dragoons." He also had service in Co. C, 5th Virginia Cavalry, and either the 13th Virginia Cavalry [see page 364 of Units of the Confederate States Army] or 15th Virginia Cavalry [see The Historical Data Systems, Inc.]. He was promoted to major on June 26, 1862. His date and method of discharge are unknown. He did however survive the war and died on October 13, 1872, and is buried in the Family Cemetery, in Sussex County, Virginia.


Washington Lafayette Riddick, was a 36 year old resident of Suffolk, Va., when he enlisted on June 24, 1861, at Suffolk, as a 2nd lieutenant, and was commissioned into Co. G, 5th Virginia Cavalry. On August 15, 1861, he was commissioned as a Confederate States Staff Officer, and assigned to the headquarters staff of General Albert G. Blanchard, as 1st lieutenant and adjutant. He was promoted to the rank of captain in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States of America, on October 5, 1861. He was wounded on June 1, 1862, at the battle of Seven Pines, Va.; he was assigned to Camp Lee, Richmond, Va., as Captain and Assistant Adjutant General, on August 15, 1863; assigned to the staff of General James L. Kemper as Assistant Adjutant General, on January 15, 1865; assigned to R.H. Anderson's Artillery, as Assistant Adjutant General, on January 28, 1865; and was paroled on May 2, 1865, at Richmond, Va. He died on February 3, 1871, in New Orleans, Louisiana.  

    


<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1798-1856) Born in La Plata, Md., he graduated from Yale in 1817, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1819 and commenced practice at Port Tobacco, Charles County, Md. He served as a member of the Maryland State House of Delegates from 1824-1832, and from 1843-1844, serving as speaker 1826-29, and again in 1844. Was a member of the Maryland State Senate, 1832-36, serving as president of that body from 1833-1836. He also served in the Maryland State Militia. He ran unsuccessfully for governor of Maryland in 1844. Served as a United States Congressman, from 1845-49, and was the chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia. Afterwards he resumed his law practice in Port Tobacco, and was the president of the State constitutional convention in 1851.


<u>Signature With State</u>: 5 1/4 x 1, in ink, J.G. Chapman, Maryland.

July 16 1864 Scientific American - C $95.00

 

Extra nice! Civil War vintage cased TEL $95.00

 

1861 Letter Written to Captain Benjamin $150.00

 

Autograph, John Grant Chapman $15.00




Civil War patriotic imprint with a full color vignette of General George Washington holding his sword aloft while holding an American flag in his opposite hand. Motto at the left edge, "Success To Our Volunteers." Slogan at the top, "Never Surrender." Imprint with lines to write in the name of the recipient, as well as the Regt., Co., Capt., State Volunteers, Col. Com'ding and Camp. Staining and light edge wear. 


***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.  

 


T-66. Richmond, Feb. 17, 1864. Bust view of Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Fancy blue reverse. Very tiny chip at bottom center edge. With red Treasury Seal stamped on obverse and reverse corners. Crisp note that is in about uncirculated condition. 

 


Used Civil War envelope that has been addressed to Mrs. Mary Varnam, Lawrence, Mass., with bold stamped "Due 3." At the top of the cover is written, "Soldier Letter, A.P. Browne, Adjt. 40th Mass." Light wear from being opened. 


Able Parker Browne, who mailed this envelope was a 26 year old clerk from Salem, Mass., when he enlisted on May 26, 1862, as a 1st sergeant, and was mustered into the Salem Cadets Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. On May 25, 1862, Union Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton, sent out an alarm for militia troops from various states to be sent to Washington, D.C. immediately because of the route of the forces of General Nathaniel P. Banks by Confederate General Stonewall Jackson stating that the enemy were in large force and advancing on Washington. The Salem Cadets were one of the organizations called upon in this emergency. Browne was discharged for promotion on August 25, 1862, and on September 5, 1862, he was commissioned into the field and staff of the 40th Massachusetts Infantry serving as 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant of the regiment. He was promoted to major on August 26, 1863, and resigned his commission on March 5, 1864. After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post #113, the Edward W. Kinsely Post, in Boston, Mass.  


<b>Signed by their Colonel who was  killed in action in 1862 while carrying the regimental battleflag and leading a charge at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.!


Also signed by an officer who was severely wounded in 1862 at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Virginia </b> 


8 x 7 1/4, in ink. Provision Return for Captain McCauley's Company I, Seventh Regiment North Carolina State Troops, Commencing January 8th and ending January 16th, 1862, at Camp Graham. Itemized account for 58 men and interestingly for 1 woman, and for rations of beef, pork, flour, rice, coffee, sugar, vinegar, candles, soap, and salt. Signed by Lieut. Wm. N. Dickey. The document also has an autograph endorsement signed by Colonel R.P. Campbell, as follows: "The A.C.S. will issue agreeably to the above, R.P. Campbell, Col. 7th N.C.T. Light age toning and wear. Very fine manuscript. Extremely desirable regiment.


Reuben P. Campbell, was a 43 year old resident of Iredell County, N.C., when he enlisted on May 16, 1861, as a colonel, and was commissioned into the 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was killed in action on June 27, 1862, at Gaines' Mills, Va., while carrying the regimental colors, and leading a charge against the Union lines. Campbell had been a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1840, and was commissioned 2nd lieutenant of the 2nd U.S. Dragoons. He was promoted to the rank of 1st lieutenant on November 3, 1845, and brevet captain, on February 23, 1847, for gallantry in the Mexican War battle of Buena Vista. Promoted to captain on August 8, 1851, Campbell resigned his commission in the U.S. Army, on May 11, 1861, to join the Confederate army, and was commissioned colonel of the 7th North Carolina Infantry with the further particulars as mentioned above.


William N. Dickey, was a 27 year old school teacher from Mecklenburg County, N.C., when he enlisted as a first lieutenant, on May 16, 1861, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 30, 1862, shot in the right thigh at the battle of Frayser's Farm, Va. He resigned from the Confederate army on February 23, 1863, as a result of the wound he had received in battle.


Captain James R. McCauley, whose company this provision return was made out for, was also a school teacher. He was 25 years old resident of Burke Co., N.C., when he enlisted as a captain on May 16, 1862, and was commissioned into Co. I, 7th North Carolina Infantry. He was wounded in action on June 27, 1862, at the battle of Gaines' Mill, Va.; was wounded a second time, this happening at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., on May 3, 1863; and McCauley met his ultimate fate on the battlefield at Reams' Station, Va., when he was killed on August 25, 1862.    


The hard fought 7th North Carolina Infantry took an active part in the fight at New Bern, N.C., then moved to Virginia where they became part of the Army of Northern Virginia. After fighting at Hanover Court House, the regiment participated in the various campaigns of the A.N.V. from the Seven Days Battles to Cold Harbor, and were also involved in the devastating siege of Petersburg, Va. They suffered 51 casualties at New Bern, 253 out of the 450 engaged during the Seven Days Battles, 69 at 2nd Manassas, 52 at Sharpsburg, 86 at Fredericksburg, 37 killed and 127 wounded at Chancellorsville, of the 291 engaged at Gettysburg, 31 per cent fell, 5 were killed and 62 wounded in the Wilderness, and 11 were killed and 28 wounded at Spotsylvania. On February 26, 1865, the regiment was sent back to North Carolina where they eventually surrendered with the Army of Tennessee with 13 officers and 139 men. A detachment of the unit had also been left with the A.N.V., and they surrendered with only 1 officer and 18 men left.

Success To Our Volunteers, Never Surrend $5.00

 

1864 Confederate $50 Note $75.00

 

Cover Sent by Adjutant of the 40th Massa $15.00

 

1862 Provision Return, 7th North Carolin $200.00




Civil War patriotic imprint with a vignette of Miss Liberty and a flag on a standard with the word "Union" and stars in the field, and a liberty cap on the top end of the standard. Slogan at the top, Onward to Victory. Light age toning and wear. 


***See our Patriotic Imprints section to read more information about this item.  


<b>United States Congressman from Massachusetts</b>


(1783-1882) Born in Winchendon, Worcester County, Mass., he worked on a farm, taught school in Hingham, Mass., from 1804-14, and became interested in the manufacture of the cotton gin in Bridgewater, Mass. He served as a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives in 1824, 1825, 1827, and 1828. He then served in the Massachusetts State Senate in 1833 and 1834. He served again in the Massachusetts State House from 1838-42. He was a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1853. He was elected as a Whig to the U.S. Congress and served from 1845-49. Was a presidential elector on the Lincoln-Johnson Republican ticket in 1864.


<u>Signature With Place</u>; 6 1/8 x 2, in ink, Artemas Hale, Bridgewater, Mass.


 


<b>United States Congressman from Maryland</b>


(1818-88) Born in Elkton, Cecil County, Md., he attended the public schools, was a civil engineer's assistant; attended the local academy at Elkton; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in Elkton; served as a Whig U.S. Congressman from Maryland, 1847-53.


<u>Signature With Place</u>: 6 1/4 x 1 1/2, in ink, Alexander Evans, Elkton, Maryland.  


Criswell #85. Authorized By The Act of Congress, C.S.A., Of August 18, 1861. Vignette of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and 3 female allegorical figures. Lithographed by B. Duncan, Columbia, S.C. Total number of bonds issued 1,491. Rarity 7. With 10 coupons attached. Very fine.

Onward to Victory $5.00

 

Autograph, Artemas Hale $15.00

 

Autograph, Alexander Evans $10.00

 

1861 Confederate $1, 000 Bond- Jefferson $150.00




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