War Between the States

To Captain Captured at Vicksburg

8 x 10 3/4, manuscript in ink.

Head Quarters Par.[oled] & Ex.[changed] Pris.[oners]
Enterprise, Miss., Jany. 20, 1864

Special Orders
No. 18

Capt. Jas. A. Wiggs, 1st Tenn. Heavy Artillery has permission to remain at Eufaula, Ala. until further orders or until exchanged.

By order of
Major Gen. Thomas
S. Croom

Capt. Jas. A. Wiggs
1st Tenn. Heavy Arty.
Par.[oled] Pris.[oner]

Docket on the reverse:

Hd. Qrs. Dept. Ala. & E. La.
Selma, Ala.
Oct. 5. 1864
Capt. Wiggs is permitted to return to Eufaula & remain there until further orders.
By Command of Lt. Gen. Taylor
P. Ellis, Jr.

Age toning and wear.

James A. Wiggs, the recipient of this document, was born on May 17, 1837, in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Shortly after the Civil War broke out, he enlisted on May 15, 1861, as a private, and was mustered into the 4th Tennessee Infantry. Governor Isham G. Harris soon promoted him to the position of Assistant Quartermaster General of Tennessee, on June 21, 1861. Afterwards he served the Confederacy in various positions including, Chief of Ordnance, on the staff of General Stephen D. Lee; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Francis A Shoup; he surrendered with the garrison at Vicksburg, on July 4, 1863; was captain in the 1st Tennessee Artillery; Chief of Staff, of General Bryan M. Thomas; Chief of Artillery, on the staff of General Marcus J. Wright, in the District of North Mississippi and West Tennessee; and he surrendered with the forces of Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, to Union General E.R.S. Canby, and was paroled at Jackson, Miss., on May 12, 1865. He died at Starkville, Miss., on January 27, 1911, and was buried in Vicksburg. His obituary, and photo can be found in the Confederate Veteran issue of February 1913, where he was described as having a "brilliant record for service and bravery during the four year's struggle."

The two signers of this document are Stephen Croom and Powhatan Ellis, Jr. Both men served as A.A.G. Croom had previously served on the staff of General John H. Forney. During the war, Ellis served on the staffs of Generals' Stephen D. Lee, William W. Loring, Leonidas Polk, and Lloyd Tilghman.

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